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mg the equilibrium and independence of Europe, they feel them•ehes bound to represent to his -Royal Highness, that they do not think a war undertaken for personally proscribing the present Ruler of France, necessary for ■accomplishing those ends; but, •on the contrary, that such a war appears to them questionable in •its principles, and fraught with the greatest danger; and to entreat his Royal Highness to open new communications with the allies for engagements on a defensive principle.

This amendment Was opposed by Lord Bathurst, and also by the noble mover's closest political ally on other occasions, Lord Grenville, who declared most unequivocally his conviction of the necessity of a war. Oil a division, the amendment was rejected by a majority of 156 to 44, and the address was carried.

In the proceedings relative to \ht address to the Prince Regent, moved on May 25th in the House of Commons, Lord Castlereagh began with informing the House, in answer to an objection drawn from the want of the Emperor of Austria's conclusive accession to the treaty, that he on that morning exchanged ratifications with the Austrian ambassador, thereby rendering the act complete. His lordship also read a note signed by Prince Metternich, expressing the full concurrence of the Emperor of Austria in the explanation'!by the British government of the 8th article of the Treaty, which declared, that it was not intended to prosecute the war for the? purpose of imposing any particular government on the people

Vol. LV1I.

of France. The subsequent debate was exactly the counterpart of that in the House of Lords.— The same address was moved, and the same amendment to it; and there was the same defection of members who usually voted with the opposition; among whom Mr. Grattan was distinguished by the eloquence of his Speech in favour of the war. The amendment was rejected by 331 to 9ci.

On May 26, the House of Commons being in a committee for considering that part of the Prince Regent's message which related to the engagements for subsidizing the allied powers, Lord Castlereagh rose to make a statement of the extent of the charges under that head likely to be imposed on this country in the present session. He began with making a. distinction between subsidy and pecuniary arrangement, in the instance of Holland, for whose colonies retained by us we were, by way of compensation, to pay the half of certain charges which would otherwise fall upon Holland alone; and he intimated that parliament would be called upon in the course of the present year for one million on that account. Another arrangement not in the nature of a specific grant, was for the interest of a loan obtained in Holland by Russia, and applied towards the fortifications in the Low-countries, which was to be borne jointly by Great Britain and the King of the Netherlands.— Having explained the nature and purposes of this agreement, his lordship proceeded to the conditions of the treaty between the allies, binding each to bring into the field a contingent of 150,000 men. [D] He

He stated that Austria, Russia, His lordship concluded with irtovand Prussia were all prepared to isitc, "That a sum not xceeiliiitr contribute to the common cause live millions be granted to his a much larger force than they hail Majesty to make good the engageengaged for, and that several of ments entered into with the kmthe inferior powers were also to peror of Austria, the I&mperor of furnish very considerable contin- Russia, and the King of Prussia." gents. Of the whole collective Being asked various questions force, he gave the following state- respecting the distribution of the went :— sum to be disposed of among the

Austria 300,000 smaller powers, Lord C. said he

Russia 225,000 was not empowered to give spc

Prussia 236,300 oific answers; nor did he choose

States of Germany 150,000 to pledge government to limit itGreat Britain 50,000 self to the sum of 2j millions as

Holland 50,000 signed for the above purpose.—

Mr. Banket then rose and objected

Total 1,011,000 at some length to the disproportionate share of the burden to be

As we only furnished 50,000 taken by this country in a war

men, we were to pay for 100,000, for a common cause. The sense

which wouldamonntto2,500,000/. of the House, however, in favour

.The same sum was to be applied of the greatest possible exertion

in aid of the confederacy in such at this crisis, was shewn by the

manner as would be calculated to division, in which the motion was

produce the most satisfaction, carried by 100 votes to 17.

CHAPTER

CHAPTER IV.

The Budget, English and Irish.

THE House of Commons having resolved itself into a Committee of Ways and Means, on June 14,

The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in rising to submit to the committee tiie terms on which he had contracted a loan that morning, could not but regret that circumstances had made it necessary for him to propose that a provision should be made for the prosecution of a war on the most extensive scale, while the country was jet labouring under the burthens thrown upon it by a former contest. It would be in the recollection of the committee, that but a few months had elapsed since that House was employed in debating what provision would be nctessary for the peace establishment of the country, and by what means the nation should be gradually released from the charge of the expenditure imposed upon it by the events of the late struggle in the cause of Europe. Scarcely, however, had the ratification of the treaty of peace with America arrived, before circumstances occurred which had led to a renewal of the war with France. The circumstances which had attended the landing of Buonaparte in France were of a nature so extraordinary and unprecedented, that they could neither be by possibility foreseen, nor prevented by

any act of theBritishgovernment; and they were felt throughout Europe as an electric shock, which in a moment rouzed all its nations into arms. The declaration of the allies of the 13th of March, issued at a time when it was not possible for them to have had any communication with this country, proved that the impulse had not been given by England, but that it was the opinion of all the great sovereigns on the continent, that with a government like the present government of France, whose authority rested on no right— which was founded on oppression at home, and insatiable ambition abroad—there was no safety for them but in war> satisfied as they were, that such a power would labour to effect the subjugation of Europe, if it were not overpowered itself. This country had at that time made some progress in the reduction of its expenditure. The American war was at an end; but at the same time large demands were existing against tl'e nation. Though this war was closed, it was still necessary to provide for the return of our army from America, anil also for the paying off the large • arrears which remained in consequence of that contest in Europe which had preceded it. These circumstances being taken into the consideration of the commit-* [D 2] lec,

tee, they would not wonder that a loan, in its amount beyond all example, should be called for; and he trusted that it would not be thought too gveat, when it \vas remembered that it was intended to meet not only the charges of a new war in which we were engaged, but also to extinguish the arrears of an old one. Though he regretted the necessity for it, ttill he could not but derive some consolation from the reflection, that the manner in which it had been raised would prove to the world how large were our resources, and how prosperous the state of the country. Undoubtedly it was satisfactory to him, that great as the sums called for were, and extensive as were the charges which the country had to bear, he had no reason to comment in detail upon the different articles which caused this expenditure, as they had already undergone the consideration, and for the most part received the sanction, of parliament. He had only to recapitulate the supplies which had been granted; and what were the means by which it was proposed that they should be met. There might be some further expenses to be provided for, which in the course of his statement he would take an opportunity to point out. The total amount of the charge for the service of the navy for the present year was 14,897,000/., and for transports 3,747,0001. making together the sum of 18,644,000*. Here, however, It was to be observed, two millions were included for the repayment of the navy debt, and which therefore formed no part of the service of the current year. The different expen

ses on account of the army amounted to 13,876,000/. The arrears of the extraordinarles unprovided for, were 11,983,0002. For the extraordinaries of the current year, including Ireland, a sum of no less than 12,000,000/. had been voted. The charge for the barrack service was 99,000/., which had not yet been voted, but which would be proposed in the committee of supply the same evening. This sum would appear uncommonly small; but he would shortly assign the reasons which might be expected to render it sufficient, and any further circumstances requiring notice would be fully explained by his right hon. friend in proposing the vote. The total amount of the sums called for on account of the barrack service, was 250,000/. The difference between the sum last mentioned and the 99,000/. proposed to be voted, was occasioned by a saving arising from the sale of the old stores, and of barracks no longer necessary for the public service. The commissariat caused a charge of 1,10O,0O0/.; the storekeeper-general one of 91,600/.; giving a total on account of the military service, of 39,150,000/. For the ordnance service, the supply was 4,431,000/. For the expense of subsidies this year to the allies, the House had voted 5,000,000/. They had also voted 1,650.000/. for the re-payment of the bills of credit created under act of 1813; but there remained other expenses to be provided for, arising out of the deficiency of the force which we were bound to maintain on the continent by the additional treaty of Chaumont, and out of some other subsidiary

subsidiary engagements. On account of the supplementary convention of Chiiumont, (he was not sure the sum he was about to name was quite correct, as the accounts were not finally made up, but he was satisfied it would prove nearly accurate), there was a charge of 370,000/. To complete the subsidies granted to Austria under former treaties, a sum of 400,000/. was necessary. This arose partly from the circumstance of some stores which were intended to be delivered for the Austrian service, having been otherwise employed; and of some other stores having been charged in the subsidiary account which it had been agreed to omit, and the value of which in both cases was consequently to be made up in money. The greater part of this sum had already been paid, and the account had been laid before the House. He had stated the bills of credit voted by parliament, to amount to 1,650,000/. There remained the sum of about 900,000/. to be made good to complete the two millions and a half, which we were bound to provide by the treaty, together with the interest due; but for this sum he should not propose any vote in the present session, as its amount could not exactly be ascertained, depending on the course of exchange. There was also due to Russia on engagements contracted during the former war, the sum of abo.it 530,000/.; 100,000/. had been paid to Spain, and 200,000/. to Portugal, on a similar account; and a sum was also due to Hanover. He considered himself as justified in stating the supplies

for these services, the accounts of which were under the examination of the House, to amount to about 3,500,000/.; which, with 1,000,000/. voted as a compensation to Sweden for the cession of Guadaloupe, made a charge of 4,500,000/. for foreign expenditure; of which, about 4,000,000/. would be payable within the year, in addition to the 5,000,000/. voted as subsidies to the three great powers, Austria, Russia, and Prussia. The total amount therefore of the charge for foreign payments, including bills of credit, was 9,000,000/. He should have besides to propose to parliament a vote, to make good to the army which had fought under lord Wellington the amount of the. value of stores captured by them in different fortresses. This charge, not being altogether of an ordinary nature, would require some explanation; but he trusted that, though considerable in its amount, it would be received with favour, in consideration for what that army had achieved for the glory and advantage of their country. On the reduction of a fortress an estimate was commonly made of the value of the stores captured, which were applied to the public service, and afterwards accounted for to the captors. During the war in the Peninsula, the account had been kept in the usual manner, but no payment had yet been made ; and from the extent of the service performed in the course of a war which had continued for seven years, this charge formed a considerable item; it was estimated at eight hundred thousand pounds: to this the sum of one hundred and forty two thousand pounds

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