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FOREIGN STATE PAPERS.
Convention between Great Britain and the United Netherlands, signed at London on the 13th of August 1814.
Article I. Great Britain agrees to restore the Dutch Colonics, with the exception of the Cape of Good Hope, Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, to be disposed of in a Supplementary Convention.
2 and 3. Great Britain cedes to the Netherlands the Island of Banca, in the Eastern Seas, in exchange for Cochin and its dependencies, on the coast of Malabar. The places and forts in the respective settlements to be exchanged in the state in which they were at the signing of the present Convention.
4. Grants the same privileges to the subjects of the Netherlands in British India as are granted to the most favoured nations. No forts to be erected in the Dutch settlements which are within the limits of the British Sovereignty in India, and only the number of troops necessary for the maintenance of police to be maintained.
5. The places to be restored on the American Continent to be given up within three months; those beyond the Cape of Good Hope within six, from the date of the Convention.
6. No persons in the places to
be restored to be questioned for their former political opinions.
7. The natives and aliens in the countries in which a change of sovereignty takes place are allowed six years for the disposal of their property, and retiring if they think fit.
8. The Sovereign of the Netherlands engages to prohibit all liis subjects, in the most effectual manner, and by the most solemn laws, from taking any share whatsoever in that inhuman traffic, the Slave Trade.
9. Stipulates for the ratification within three weeks, or sooner if possible.
The first additional article stipulates, that to provide for the defence and incorporation of the Belgic provinces with Holland, and also a compensation in virtue of the 9th article of the treaty of Paris, for the cessions made by Sweden, which Holland should furnish, Great Britain engages to defray the following charges :—
1st, The payment of one million sterling to Sweden, in satisfaction of the claims aforesaid, and in pursuance of a Convention executed with his Swedish Majesty's Plenipotentiary to that effect.
Sdly. The advance of two millions sterling, to be applied in concert with the Prince Sovereign
of the Netherlands, and in aid of an equal sum to be furnished by him towards augmenting and improving the defences of the Low Countries.
Sdly To bear, equally with Holland, such further charges as may be agreed upon between the said High Contracting Parties and their Allies, towards the final and satisfactory settlement of the Low Countries in union with Holland, and under the dominion of the House of Orange, not exceeding in the whole, the sum of three millions, to be defrayed by Great Britain.
In consideration of the above engagements, the Cape of Good Hope, Demerara, Essequibo, and Bei bice are ceded toGreat Britain, but w ith condition that the Dutch proprietors have liberty under certain regulations to trade with Holland. It is also agreed that Dutch ships may resort freely to the Cape of Good Hope for the purposes of refreshment and repairs, without being liable to other charges than such as British subjects are required to pay.
Second Additional Article. — The small district of Bernagore, situated close to Calcutta, is ceded to his Britannic Majesty, upon a payment of such sum annually to his Royal Highness, as may be considered by Commissioners to be appointed by the respective Governments, to be just and resonable.
Declaration against, the Rajah of Nipaul.
His Excellency the Vice President in Council, is pleased to
publish the following Declaration of the causes of the war in which the British Government is engaged with the State of Nipaul, for general information.
The British Government having been compelled to take up arms against the Nipaulese, his Excellency the Right Hon. the Governor-General has judged it proper to make known to the powers in alliance and friendship with the Hon. Company, the origin and progress of the transactions which have terminated in this crisis; in the full conviction that the exposition will establish beyond dispute the extraordinary moderation and forbearance of the British Government, and the injustice, violence, and aggression of the State of Nipaul.
The course of the Gorkah conquests having approximated their frontier to that of the Honourable Company, and of its ally the Nawaub Vizier, and the protected Sikh Chieftains, throughout an extent of country stretching from the eastern border of Moning to the banks of the Sutlege, it was scarcely to be expected that differences should not occasionally arise between the inhabitants of the contiguous districts belonging to the two States, and even among the local public officers of each government; but a just and firm line of conduct on the part of the two governments, combined with a sincere disposition to maintain uninterrupted the relations of amity, and to respect the rights of each other, could not have failed to arrest the progress of those unhappy disputes which have terminated in war. While the conduct of the British
ish government has been uni'ormly regulated in its relations vvith the Nipaulese, by the most scrupulous adherence to the principles of justice and moderation, there is scarcely a single district within the British frontier throughout the whole of the extensive line above described, in which the Gorkahs have not usurped and appropriated lands forming the ascertained dominions of the Honourable Company. Questions originating in the usurpations of the Nipaulese have arisen in l'urnea, Tirhoot, Sarun, Goruckpore, and Baricilly, as well as in the protected territory between the Sutlege and the Jumna; and each case might be appealed to in proof of the moderation and forbearance of the British government, and the aggressive and insolent spirit of the Nipaulese. It will be enough, however, to advert in detail to two instances only, namely, those which have occurred in Sarun and in Goruckpore, which more particularly demonstrate the systematic design of the Nipaulese to encroach on the acknowledged possessions of the Honourable Company, and in fact have been proximate causes of the war.
In the former district (Sarun) they have at different times established their authority over portions of the territory of Betteah; but the British government abiding by those principles of moderation ami forbearance so conspicuous in all its transactions with the Nipaulese, contented itself for a considerable period with remonstrances and representations, trust>ng that the justice of its cause would become apparent to the Nipaulese government, and produce
the proper effect on the mind of its Rajah and his Ministers. The repeated complaints of its subjects, and the occurrence of a new instance of encroachment in the Tuppah of Nunnore, forming a portion of Betteah, which led to an affair in which Subah Luchinger, an officer of the Nipaulese government was slain, at last induced the British government to depute one of its Civil Officers on the spot, where he was met by Deputies from the State of Nipaul, in concert with %vhom proceedings were held and evidence taken for the puqxwe of ascertaining the claims of the parties. The result left no doubt of the right of the British government, and of the unjust and violent procedure of the Nipaulese.
A more striking proof of the spirit of rapacity and unjustaggression by which the Nipaulese were actuated, cannot be adduced, than the fact; that after having agreed in the investigation referred to above, and after the actual deputation of officers liy.each government, the Nipaulese suddenly seized an additional tract of country belonging to the Company, at a very short distance from the scene of their former nggressions. This violent and ui; just procedure would have warranted an immediate demand for restitution, or even the actual re-occupation of the lands by force, and it may now be subject of regret to the British government that this course was not pursued. Far, however, from resenting or punishing this daring outrage as it deserved, the British government resolved to persevere in the amicable course which it had pursued in other cases, and permitted Mr. Young,
the the gentleman deputed to meet the Nipaulese Commissioners, to extend lus inquiries to the lands newly seized as above stated, as well as those which formed the original object of his deputation.
The pretext by which the Nipaulese attempted to justify their occupation of the lands in Nunnoar, which consisted of no less than 22 villages, was, that they were included in the Nupah of Rotqhut, forming a division of Pergunah Sunnown, which Tuppah was restored to the Nipaulese in the year 1780, with the rest of the Terraice of Muckwanpore, which had been conquered by the British arms under Major Kinloch. The utter groundlessness of this pretext was proved by the evidence taken by Mr. Young, which clearly established that the disputed lands were situated in the Tuppah of iS unnoar, a portion of Purgunnah Suurawan which had been reserved by the Company at the time of the restitution of Rotehut and Muckwanpore.
[The declaration goes on to charge the Nipaulese with having acted on a premeditated system of gradual encroachment, which, owing to the unexampled forbearance and moderation of the British government, they had already found to be successful; and that die assertion of the 22 villages having been included in the Tuppah of Rotehut, was merely brought forward to give a colour to their conduct. The attempt to fix on the subjects of the Honourable Company the guilt of the murder of Suboh Luchingir, and io urge, because the Rojah of Betteah, and his followers, were not punished for that
act, that they were justified is their subsequent proceedings, Lrebutted by the uncontested fact that Luchinger had, previously tc the occurrence of the affray i a whicl. he died, possessed himself of some v illages in Betteah, and was preparing to extend his encroachments.— The declaration then proceeds.]
As the final resolution of tk British government, with respec: to the usurped lands in Betteah. was in part influenced by the conduct of the Nipaulese, relative to the disputed territory of Bootwul Sheonij in Goruckpore, it will be proper to advert to the circumstances of that transaction is this place.
It is notorious, and it has oU been proved by reference to authentic records, and by the unimpeacbed testimony of living witnesses that the whole of Bootwul to the very foot of the hills, with uV exception of the town of Bootwualone, was held by the Rajahs of Palpali, from the Nawaub Vizier -for a considerable period antecedent to the treaty of cession in 1801: and that it was transferred to the Company by tk terms of that treaty, being specifically included in the scbeduk thereunto annexed. It is no lesmaUer of notoriety that the district of Bootwul actually Cook into the possession of the Britut. government by virtue of the cession, and that a settlement was made by tlve collector of Goruckpore with the agent of the late Rajah of Palpoh, at that time a prisoneratCatmandhoo, for an annjal rent of thirty-two thousand rupees, without the semblance o: an objection on the part of the Rajah of Nipaul. So it remaineti