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men composing my detachment has bsen such as to merit my warmest approbation.
I have the honour tu be, &c. ■v •-. W. Thojiipsok, Lieut.-Col. Commanding the reserve. Camp, Deboo-ka-Tibba, Dec. 31, 1814.
ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, SEPT. 19.
Copies of letters and their enclosures from Admiral Lord Exmouth, K. C B. Commander in Chief of his Majesty's ships in the Mediterranean, addressed to John Wilson Croker, Esq.
The first letters contain details of the operations before Gaeta, which>terminated in a blockade; the last letter contains an account of the submission of that fortress, as follows:—
His Majesty's ship Malta, Gaeta Bay, Aug. 9. My Lord,—In my letter of the 2d instant, I expressed my intention of sending the next day to the Governor of Gaeta an account of Buonaparte's surrender, which having been done, 1 have now the pleasure to acquaint your Lordship, that it led to communications which terminated in the submission of that fortress yesterday.— At six p.m. the sea-gate was taken possession of by the marines of his Majesty's ship under my command, and the others by the Austrian and Sicilian troops, and this day the garrison marched out, and were disposed of according to the terms of submission (a copy of which is heiewith transmitted): the four first articles having been dictated by his Sicilian Majesty.
Inventories are taking, but a* they will employ some time I do not think it necessary to wait tifl they are finished, cS Colonel Robinson, who is appointed on our part, will remain, and send a copy, when completed. There are two hundred and twenty-seven piece! of ordnance; one hundred and fifty-two of which are mounted, and provisions remaining for near three months.
In acquainting your Lordship with the conclusion of this service, I cannot deny myself the satisfaction of again expressing my sense of the zealous assistance afforded to me by Captain Brace, while he continued under my orders, and Colonel Robinson, who did so to the last moment; and without meaning to attach more importance or merit to the operations in which we have been engaged, than they may be fairly considered to deserve, I yet venture to express my hope, that your Lordship will feel yourself at liberty to place them in such a light before my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, as may obtain their Lordships' favour and consideration towards Col. Robinson and the first Lieutenant of this ship, who is a most deserving officer.
I have the honour to be, &c.
William Cha. Fahii. To the Right Hon. Admiral LordExmouth, K.C.B.
Articles of Submission of the Fortress of Gaeta, which the undersigned have established in consequence of the authorities given them.
Art. 1. The Commandant, Mr.
'Begani, commanding the fortress of Gaeta, will surrender the said fortress to his Majesty Ferdinand the Fourth, King of .the Two Sicilies, and all that it contains.
Art. '2. His Majesty grants his pardon to Mr. Begani, but he will not admit him in his service. He will submit himself to the generosity of his Majesty respecting the necessary means (should he be in want) to undertake immediately to travel out of the kingdom.
Art. 3. His Majesty grants to all Neapolitan officers and soldiers the same conditions which have been granted to his subjects in the capitulation of Capa Lauzu
Art. 4. The subjects of his Majesty the Emperor of Austria and those of his Majesty Louis the Eighteenth will remain at the disposal of their respective Sovereigns.
Art. 5. The fortress will be surrendered to-morrow the 9th instant, at 4 o'clock, p. m. The marine port gate, as well as that of the land will be occupied today, at six o'clock, p. m. by the troops of the allies, and this evening the Commissaries will begin to take charge of the magazines.
Art. 6. The garrison will march put to-morrow the 9th instant, at four o'clock, p. m. by the landgate, and will lay down their arms on the glacis. The officers will lveep their swords. The standards and drums, as well as the musical instruments, will be left in the fortress.
Art. 7. The Neapolitan officers and soldiers will embark the same day at Castellone for Castel Volturno, where they will find means
of conveyance by transports to Capua, the place of their destination. The families and equipages of the said officers will be likewise embarked in the same day at the Mole for Castel Volturno.
Art. S The foreign officers and soldiers will embark the same day, the 9th inst. at Castellone, for Leghorn, where they are to wait for their destination from the Allied Powers. The said transports will be furnished at the expense of his Majesty.
Art. 9. Three separate stalls will be made of the foreign troops, as well as of the Neapolitans composing the garrison.
Art. 10. The archives, plans, 'papers, projects, chests, magazines, provisions, ammunitions, artillery, fortilications, marinehospitals, and arsenals, will be delivered to-day to the Commissaries appointed for the same; separate inventories in triplicate will be made of such deliveries, during which no person will be allowed either to enter the city, or to come out from the same.
Art. 11. The Commandant, M. Begani, and the Commissaries in charge of the fortress will be strictly responsible that the whole of the effects of government property, as well as those of Murat, which may be there, should be delivered to the Commissaries of his Majesty.
Art. 12. The horses and carriages of government property will be delivered to the Commissaries appointed for the same, as well as those belonging to the foreign officers. The Neapolitan superior officers will keep their horses. Art. 13. The civil and military . functionaries
functionaries will continue, to do . duty until further orders from hit Majesty.
r . Art. 14. The sick and wounded . of the foreign troops will be treated with all hospitality, and they will receive their allowances up to their recovery.
Art. 15. Will be strongly recommended to the allied powers ..all those Honum, Tuscan, and Piedmontese officers and soldiers who have no other trade than that of the army.—In the mean time they will be embarked with their effects for Leghorn, where they will wait for their destination, as the other foreign officers.
Art. 1G. It will he allowed to the foreign officers to send to Capua a commissioner to take their effects, and to call for their families left in that fortress.
Art. 17. All the baggage of the military men will be examined by a commission of officers of the allied troops; such examination will be made at the Marine-gate at the time of the embarkation of the baggage. Such measure is taken in consequence of a report which has been spread, and believed, that Murat had left considerable sums of money in the fortress. The object of all this, therefore, is to preserve the decorum of the besieged as well as of the besiegers entering into the fortress, and not to cause the least injury to the garrison.
Art. 17". His Majesty will be recommended to be pleased to grant a month's pay to all the foreign officers composing the garti,jfaffi), to defray expenses of the passage, in the same manner as ^.jyya^pra'c^ed with the others.
Art. 19- To be recommended to the generosity ,of his Majesty, the individuals of'Gaeta and Burgo who have lost in the bombardment their houses, as well as those individuals who have lost on that occasion their parents, or any limb, whose loss would render them incapable to procure themselves a living.
Art. 20. No civil or military individual will be molested for the last political opinion.
Art. 21. The ceased royal family, on quitting Gaeta, presented the Governor, M. Bcgani,. witk some carriages which could not be embarked for want of conveyance. The said Governor offers them to his Majesty as a token of his perfect devotion.
Art. 22. The present eapitulalation is guaranteed from his Majesty and the Allied Powers.
Borgo di Gaeta, Aug. 8, 1815, (Signed) Chiutti, Capo Bart, al 12 mo di Linca. 11 Gente. Col. Comte
del Genio Vinci. II Barone Col Etti, Colonello al lOmo de Linca. Mukgitsch, Commandant Batt. de Spleny. II Capo dello Stato Magre. Carre, d«l Real Ordlne del Merito, Carlo De La Rocca. W. Robinson, Colonel commanding combined flotilla before
Gae^r.„ >;in, .
. IlMarcsciallo aiCorn
Gaeta, Ispettore Ge
.viwjil nWale d'Artigneria,
,! dhl-:"'-;•'' Com. del Real Or
dine delle Due Sici
lie, Barone Begani.
co di Gaeta. William Charles FaHie, commanding BritishSquadron before Gaeta.
Nob. 14, 1815. A dispatch, dated Futtyghur, let of June, 1815, has been received at the East India-house . from General the Earl of Moira, .fL.G. Governor-general and Commander in Chief of the British territories in India; together with the following enclosures.
, .^ These enclosures consist of letters from Colonel Nioolls and Major Button, detailing a variety
jof operations against the enemy in Nepaul, of which the result is related in the following
General Orders by his Excellency the Governor-general.
Goorkah Chiefs in Kemaoorr, by which, in return: for perutis'sion to retire across the Sirdah with their troops, they engage to evaluate all the fortified places in the province, in ten days, surrendering at the moment the fortresses immediately round the capital; his Excellency is pleased to direct, that a royal salute be fired at all the principal stations of the army, in honour of the signal and distinguished success of the British troops at Almorah, and the reduction to the British power of the valuable and important province of Kemaoon.
By command of his Excellency the Governor-general.
Published by command of the Honourable the Vice-President in Council.
General Order, by the Right Hon. the Governor-general.
Futtyghur, May 3, 1815.
The Governor-general has singular satisfaction in acknowledging the important service rendered by Colonel Nicolls in the reduction of the province of Kemaoon.
The judgment of Colonel Nicolls in his preparatory measures, the unremitting activity with which he pursued the object intrusted to his n>nnagoment, and the gallant promptitude ' with which he seized and improved every opening that could lead to the fulfilment of his instructions, not only reflect the highest credit on himself, but afford so salutary a lesson for the whole army, that his Lordship cannot let slip the opportunity of recommending it to their attention.
The success of Colonel Nicolls (and the observation will be supported by the brilliant consequences which have attended siinilar exertions on the part of Major-general Ochterlony), under the complicated difficulties presented by the quality of the country, the fortifications by which its natural strength was assisted, and the obstinate resistance of a courageous enemy, should prove the superiority conferred by military service, and the certainty that a strenuous application of its principles must entail honourable distinction on a commander.
Warfare in a mountainous region offers embarrassments which, ■when viewed at a distance, appear insurmountable, but which dwindle into comparative insignificance ■under the grasp of vigour and genius. It is only in unusual situations, demanding readiness of resource and animated efforts, that the diffeience between officer an i officer can be displayed; and it ought to be always present to the mind of every military man, that he who in circumstances of perplexity tries and fails, has to plead those chances from which no operation in war can be secured; his pretensions to the character of zeal and energy being in the mean time maintained; while he who contents himself with urging difficulties as an excuse for doing nothing, voluntarily registers his own inefficiency.
'Tlie Governor General, in expressing his warm approbation of the excellent conduct of Colonel Nicolls, desires also to record the merits of those whose services in this enterprise have been indicated as possessing peculiar claim tp notice.
Colonel Nicolls has earnestly represented the admirable management of Lieut.-Col. Gardner, at the head of his irregular corps, in forcing the enemy to abandon so many strong positions; and in finally establishing himself before Alinora; the skill and spirited decision of Major Paton, commanding the 2d battalion 5th regiment, in the attack of the detached corps, Xvhich he defeated on the 23d of April; the exemplary valour manifested by Capt. Faithful, commanding 1st battalion 4th regiment, in the successive assaults of the different works of the enemy on the 25th, nobly emulated by Lieutenant Wight; and thebehaviour of Captain Leys, marked equally by intrepidity and judgment at the head of the flank battalion.
Lieutenants Field and Pun is, of 4th regiment, with Lieutenant) Bell and Wilson, of the artillery,, are also mentioned in terms of strong commendation.
To all those officers the Governor General offers his sincere applause, as likewise to all theother officers, (native as well as Europeans), non-commissioned officer* and men, who have so becomingly supported the character of the British army in this laborious service; and his Lordship trusti that this splendid proof of what a just confidence in their own powers can achieve, will satisfy our native troops of thff'.r own infinite superiority over the enemy with whom they have to cope.
By command of the Might Honourable the Governor General. (Signed) J. Ai>am, Sec. to Gov.