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open his communication with the columns moving to the attack of Morne Palmiste, and to menace his retreat from thence to Morne Houel.
Major-Gencral Douglass was, if necessary, also to detach from his rear, for the purpose of taking the passes of Zougeres, Pont de Nostiereand Constantine, commanding the approaches to the strong heights of Matouba, in reverse: so that the enemy might not have the means of equivocating between those positions, but be compelled to choose at once his dernier resource.
The enemy, who had been driven by the vessels covering the landing, collected on the heights, and attacked the light company of the o'3d regiment, who were advanced; they gallantly maintained their ground against upwards of three hundred of the enemy, who came down to attack them. Captain Lynch and Lieut. Wis;ley were wounded on that occasion.
Major-General Douglass, in person, supported them by part of the York Chasseurs, under Lieutenant-Colonel Ewart, and he was immediately driven with loss.
While this operation was going on, the columns of the 1st and 2d brigades gained the heights of Morne Palmiste, from whence the cr.einy was driven at all points, and wiis now retiring to Morne Houel, which he had fortified with eight pieces of artillery. This was the position where Comte Linois and General Boyer had professed their determination of ultimately disputing the superiority in the field.
I received information that the Commandant of Grande-Terre, with the whole armed force, was, as 1 expected, moving in my rear to form a junction with the main body at Morne Houel. I accordingly reinforced my rear-guard to protect our communications, and occupied in force all the passes of the Gallion, a river running through a formidable ravine at the foot of Morne ralnjiste. Thus the troops from Grandeterre were completely cut off from forming their junction, which they attempted without success by paths through the wood, late in the afternoon, but with light sufficient to point out to Comte Linois ami General Boyer that all their plans of concentration were defeated.
After these laborious movements, which the troops executed in the most creditable manner, there was only time before night to plaee the columns in readiness to attack the formidable position of Morne Houel at day-break ia the morning.
The troops accordingly took op their bivouacs. It rained heavily. At 11 o"clock p. m. in the night of the 9th, the commanding French engineer came to me on the top of Morne Palmiste verbally to propose a capitulation in the name of Le Comte de Linois, to which I replied, that the only terms I ever would accede to were already published in the proclamation issued on landing, and that I would not delay the attack on Morne Houel to wait for any farther communications. It was so dark, and the rain fell in such torrents, that the otficer from the enemy and Captain Moody, vaj
aide-de-camp, took -up the greatest part of the night in finding their way to the enemy's position.
The troops were put in motion at day-break. An officer soon after met me with written proposals, which I positively refused, and proposed some additional conditions. A white flag was displayed on Morne Houel, but I sent Major-General Murray (who had joined the army from Demerary the preceding night), and my Aid-de-camp, Captain Leith Hay, with the British flag, to say, that the only signal which should stop the troops would be to see it displayed on the parapet.
I had the satisfaction immediately after to see the British standard flying on Morne Houel, and thereby to ascertain that all the troops were prisoners of war, and all the forts and the colony in our possession.
I am happy to be enabled to assure your Lordship, that the conduct of the troops has been most zealous, gallant, and exemplary.
To the naval commander-inchief, Rear-Admiral Sir Charles Durham, the service is highly indebted for his prompt and active exertions in whatever concerned the co-operation of the naval force with the army on this expedition.
From Major-Gen. Sir Charles Shipley, Stehelin, Johnston, and Douglass, 1 have received most useful and zealous assistance, as also from Major-General Murray since his joining the army. MajorGeneral sir Charles Shipley was employed in the preliminary occupation of Mariegalante, and in
reconnoitring Guadaloupe, which he executed with much advantage to the service.
Major-General Douglass, to whose assistance as AdjutantGeneral I am much indebted, served on this expedition with a brigade, and executed the service on which he was detached, in a> gallant and soldierlike manner.
The exertions of all the captains and officers of the navy who conveyed troops, covered and conducted the disembarkation, are deserving of the highest commendation, and I hope may recommend them to favour.
Major-General Douglass has especially reported the-obligations he is under to Captains Chads and Deacon, in the service of the second leeward division.
Lieutenant Sandilands, of the flag ship, accompanied me as an aid-de-camp, and assisted me with such intelligence and activity as I hope may recommend him to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty.
Lieutenant-Colonel Starck conducted the service intrusted to him with intelligence and gallantry.
Lieutenant-Colonel Farquharson displayed throughout the service a zeal and attention to the discipline of the 25th regiment, which was proved by the usual efficiency and good conduct of that corps under his command.
Lieut.-Colonel Ewart, York Chasseurs, is reported to me, by Major-General Douglass, as having distinguished himself.
During the absence of MajorGeneral Douglass, with the line, Lieutenant-Colonel Berkeley, Deputy Adjutant-General, has conducted ducted that department with zeal and ability, and has rendered me essential assistance. I am particularly indebted to LieutenantColonel Popham. and the officers of the Quarter-Master General's Department. Lieutenant-Colonel Walker, Assistant Quarter-Master General, fitted up and conducted the mortar boats, which would have been of great use, had an opportunity of employing them presented itself.
The medical arrangements were conducted by Doctor Fergusson, Inspector of Hospitals, in a manner that might be expected from his zeal, knowledge, and experience j and I have every reason to be satisfied with Mr. Bullock, Commissary-General, and the officers of his department.
I must not omit to mention to your Lordship the zeal and intelligence of the officers of the Royal Artillery and Engineers.
I received every assistance from the intelligence and activity of the officers of my personal staff.
I have the honour to transmit herewith returns of the killed, wounded, and missing, of the troops under my command, which, I am happy to say, are inconsiderable.
When it is considered that this beautiful and extensive colony, ■with a population of 110,000 souls, with forts, and an armed force numerically greater than ours—when it is known that every sanguinary measure had been devised, and that the worst scenes of the revolution were to be re-commenced, that the 15th of August, the birth-day of Buonaparte, was to have been solemnized by the execution of
the royalists, already condemn?! to death, it is a subject 8f oongratulation to see Guadeloupe completely shielded from Jacobin fury in two days, and without the loss of many lives.'
Thus, my Lord, the flag of the most unprovoked rebellidrf, under which the slaves had been called to arms, and many were wrought up to a pitch of sanguinary frenzy, threatening the immediate destruction of the colony, has disappeared from the American Archipelago, while the colonies, faithful to his Most Christian Majesty, are secured to his dominions by British garrison*. I cannot avoid on this occasion expressing my sense of the honourable, firm, and wise conduct of Admiral le Comte de Vaupraud, Governor-General of Martinique, who had afforded me every information and assistance in his power against the common enemy.
This dispatch will be delivered to you by Captain Leith Hay, mj aid-de-camp and military secretary, who was on my staff the whole Peninsular war; he wul be enabled to give any information which you may be pleased to require. I beg leave to recommend him to your Lordship's pro* tection.
I have the honour to be, &c.
His Majesty's ship Ventral, Aug. 3, 1815. Sir,—We send you a prod*' mation, which it is our intention to circulate upon landing at Guadeloupe. ..t i It is unnecessary to m»ke «V conuneoU
comment on the contents, as they are applicable to you, Sir, as well as every other individual of the colony.
We are, Sir, yours, &c.
P. C. Durham, Commander-in-Chief of his Britannic Majesty's Naval Forces. To Le Comte De Linois, &c. &c. &c. Guadaloupe.
(Translation.) By Lieutenant-General Sir James Leith, K.G.C.B. &c. &c. commanding in chief his Britannic Majesty's land forces in the Leeward Islands, andRear-Admiral Sir C. Durham, commanding in chief his Majesty's naval forces.
Inhabitants of Guadaloupe !— The misrepresentations and artifices which have been employed to deceive you with regard to the true situation of Europe, the principles resulting at the same time from despotism and anarchy by which your revolutionary chiefs have conducted you to the brink of the precipice on whicli you stand, can no longer prevail. The "veil is torn—your eyes are opened. You are not ignorant that it was the intention of our Sovereign to furnish every assistance for the support of your legitimate government; but these generous offers have been rejected by the men who have misled you. We consequently come with a Vol. LVII.
formidable military and naval force to place Guadaloupe.under the protection of his Britannic Majesty.
The loyal and honourable supporters of Louis XVIII. will see, that after haying done every thing which depended on us tor maintain the white flag, no other alternative remained, either for the salvation of Guadaloupe or for our own secui ity, but to hoi9t the British standard.
We are not the less, however, the allies of the legitimate government of France, and we invite all good and loyal Frenchmen to rally round us.
It is necessary to make known to you the situation of Europe and France, which has, no doubt, been concealed from you by your revolutionary chiefs. Buonapaite has been defeated by the Duke of Wellington and Prince Blucher in a great and decisive battle, fought on the 18th of June—his army annihilated, and all his artillery and baggage taken. The usurper fled with some of his perjured generals, and reached Paris, where, knowing how desperate was his situation, he abdicated the pretended Imperial Crown.
The allies were at La Fere and Laon on the 24th of June, in full march on Paris, where they would arrive on the 26th; there was no* thing to oppose them.
The Austrians and Russians were penetrating into France, in moss, by Italy, Switzerland, and Alsace. At the same time his Most Christian Majesty had reentered France, and by the latest accounts was advancing from Cambray. Q The
The terms upon which we propose to receive the colony, and the consequences which will resuit from a refusal are briefly these :•"
As there is reason to believe that many officers and soldiers of the line, have only yielded to circumstances, and serve under the tri-coloured flag, merely with the hope of seizing the first favourable opportunity to evince their loyalty; those who shall immediately so declare themselves, shall be admitted to the protection of the British flag, and shall be recommended in the strongest manner to Count Vaugirard, Governor-General of the French Islands, and Representative of his Most Christian Majesty.
All officers and soldiers of the line actually serving under the tricoloured flag, who shall so declare and separate themselves from the partizans of Napoleon Buonaparte, and who shall surrender with their arms to the British forces, shall be sent to France as prisoners of war, to be disposed of according to the orders of the Duke of Wellington. The officers and soldiers who shall thus surrender themselves, shall preserve their baggage.
The militia and other inhabitants, in arms under the tricoloured flag, who shall immediately separate themselves from the troops of the line serving under the revolutionary banner, and lay down their arms, shall be permitted to return immediately to their respective homes, where they shall be protected as well as their property.
Every officer or soldier of the line who after the j^fblicatioq of
this notice shall continue to oppose the arms of his Britamr Majesty shall be sent a prisonerof war to England. •' -•>
Every officer or soldier of militia, and every other inhabitant, who after this proclamation shall be found in arms, shall be treated as a prisoner of war, and sent immediately out of the colony to be placed in confinement.
Provided Guadalonpe shdil immediately submit to His Britannic Majesty's forces, and its inhabitants shall take an oath of fidelity for the time the colony may remain under Britlsfi:dominion, the inhabitants and their private property shall be protected, and the commerce of the colony shall be placed upon a mow advantageous tooting than during the last war.
The religion and laws of the country shall be respected.
No person who shall availhimself of the advantages of thfePnv ciamation shall lie molested on account of his opinions or political conduct, previous tothedaj of its promulgation.
Every- person who shall not immediately avail him of this proclamation shall be treated, as well as his property, according to the laws of war, and the ririrt of conquest.
(Signed) Jambs Leitm.
(translation.) Capitulation between His Excellency Sir J. Leith, G. C. B. &c &c. and the Count deLinoisand Baron Dover dc Pen e leau. if-.
Conditions demanded by HI' Excellency Rear-admiral Count