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justified me in doing so, I decided, after the best consideration I couW give the matter, that it was the most proper course I could pursue for the good of the cause I was employed on.
As I felt, that the committing the transports and their lading in the river, at a time it was in full possession of the enemy, was a strong measure, and as there were serious obstacles to overcome, in a well defended entrance and a hazardous navigation, I considered it my duty to render our means as effective as possible before the attempt was made, and as the Pactolus was on the spot, I stated my opinion fully to Captain Ayliuer, requesting the junction of his ship to those under my orders. Captain Aylmer having acceded to the request, and being the senior officer, of course the command of the squadron* devolved on him, and your Lordship will learn from that officer the further proceedings of the expedition.
I have the honour to be, &c.
Edmund Palmer, Captain. To Admiral Viscount Keith, G. C. B. &c. &c. &c.
Downing-Street, July 23, 1815. A dispatch, of which the following is a copy, has been this day received by Earl Bathurst, addressed to his Lordship by Colonel the Baron de Montalembert, dated in the Gironde, July 13, 1815.
My Lord,—With the greatest satisfaction I have the honour to
inform your Lordship, that tie ship, with the arms, equipments, and ammunition, placed under my charge, entered the Gironde this morning, protected by hb Majesty's ships Pactolus, Hebrm, and Falmouth. On our approach near the fort of Royan, which commands the entrance of the river, Captain Palmer of the Hebrus hoisted the white flag at the main. The effect produced by this emblem of loyalty and honour was instantaneous. Not a gun was fired from the batteries, the Verdun one excepted, and we were received as friends and deliverers.
The communications we bare had with the inhabitants dunn? the few hours we have been at anchor, are of the most favourable nature, and such as might have been expected from their well-known attachment to the cause of their legitimate Sorereign. General Clause! still occupies Bourdeaux with some force. Our appearance in this river, $sA the means we will immediately pursue to arm the population, will produce the double effect of paralyzing his measures to keep possession of the town, and of preventing his sending any reinforcement to the French anny behind the Loire.
I cannot close this communkition, without stating to your Lordship, that to Captain Palmer's zeal for the cause, and indefatigable exertions, we are entirely indebted for our present advantageous position in t Irisrm r 1 have, &c. (Signed)
Le Baron de Montalbmbut. To Earl Bathurst, &c
Douming-Street, July 24, 1815. Dispatches, of which the following are extracts, have been received at this office, addressed to Earl Bathurst, by Major-Gen. Sir Hudson Lowe:—
Genoa, July 4. Pursuant to the information contained in my letter of the 1st instant, of which a duplicate is enclosed, I have the honour of acquainting your Lordship of my having embarked a portion of the force at this place; and am proceeding with it, in conjunction with the ships of war, under Lord Exmouth, to the neighbourhood of Marseilles, there to act as circumstances may point out.
Marseilles, July 11.
I have the honour to inform yetir Lordship of my arrival at this place, in company with Lord Exmouth, having under my command the force stated in my letter of the 4 th instant from Genoa, of which a duplicate is enclosed.
The forces will disembark here as soon as the transports with the troops and arms shall have come to an anchor.
Downmg-Street, July 24.
A dispatch, of which the following is a copy, has been this day received from Lieut.-Gen. Sir i. Lekh, commanding his Majesty's forces in the Leeward Islands, and addressed to Earl B:tfhifrst, one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State.
Ikad-Qnarters, Fort-Royal, Martinique, June 10, 1915. My Lord,—I am happy to inform you, that I have occupied the military points of Martinique by a British auxiliary force^which landed here on the morning of the 5th instant.
The situation of Martinique was, indeed, critical; for the troops of the line, consisting of thirteen hundred men, who possessed the forts, shewed too much of the same disposition which has manifested itself in France. The majority of the officers were decidedly for Buonaparte, some putting up the tri-coloured cockade, and others, with similar sentiments, less avowed, pretending that they only wished to return to France. The soldiers were chiefly refractory conscripts, who had never served, and hail no attachment to Buonaparte, but having escaped from the army under his severe system, findingthemselves expatriated tinder the King's government, was not likely to create an attachment to the Bourbon cause, they generally wished to return home.
lie Comtc dc Vaugtraud acted with much good sense in anticipating the mischief which might have arisen, and which he had not the power to have controlled, by assembling the troops, and releasing those of the officers who desired it from their obligations, informing them at the same time, that they must quit Martinique, and declaring that any attempt to raise the standard of rebellion would be repelled by force, and punished as an act of mutiny, in defiance of the oaths of fidelity O which which they had taken to Louis the Eighteenth.
I had desired Le Comte de Vaugiraud to give it to be understood, that the white flag was the only permanent security of the troops, or of the colony, and I immediately assembled the force now in possession of the island, in Gros Islet Bay, St. Lucia, within four hours sail of Fort Royal, to give effect to the Gomte de Vaugiraud's measures.
This fine colony was several times on the point of being thrown into a state of revolutionary convulsion, by the conduct of the troops, all of whom, with the exception of the remainder of the 26th regiment, amounting to four hundred and fifty men, including officers, who remain under the white flag, have been permitted to depart, unarmed, and are actually gone. •
The militia of Martinique amount to about 6,000 men, who are well disposed; one half only have arms: 150 are mounted.
Immediately after the occupation of the military points by the troops under my command, the government of the colony published a i decree by which British vessels are received on the same footing as the French. This act was perfectly spontaneous, and indeed has been marked by the same spirit of cordiality which has actuated the Comte de Vaugiraud in every part of the intercourse which I have had with him.
It would be unjust to Comte de Vaugiraud not to express my sense of the honourable devotion which he has uniformly shewn to the zealous performance of his
duty to his Sovereign, of his dignity and good sense under very critical circumstances, and of his grateful attachment to the Prince Regent, the British government and nation, for the assistance which has saved Martinique. The gratitude, indeed, of the colony at large, has been most unequivocally testified.
I shall be happy to find that the steps 1 have taken have been such as may be approved by the Prince Regent.
I have the honour to be, &c. Jambs Leith, Lieut. Gen. Commanding the forces. Earl Bathurst, &c.
Douning-street, Aug. 2, 1815.
A dispatch, of which the following is a copy, was this day received from Lieut.-General Sir C. Brownrigg, K. B. dated Candy, February 25, 1815, addressed to Earl Bathurst, one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State.
British Head Quarters, Candf,
My Lord,—For some days subsequent to the date of the last dispatch, which I had the honour to address toyourLordship, on I'aiidian affairs, dated 16th January, no circumstance occurred of sufficient consequence to be reported to your Lordship, the several divisions of the invading force be ing partly in movement and partly preparing to move.
It was found, however, that great. gteat, and apparently insurmountable difficulties would occur in provisioning the troops, on so many routes, with our scanty means of conveyance, and I determined in consequence on a modification of the plan. This alteration consisted chiefly in disposing the march of the troops in such a manner, that the 1st and 2d divisions, the 3d and 4th, the 6th and 7th, should arrive on the same line, and, at certain convenient points, unite together; an arrangement which, I am happy to say, brought the supplying of the army within our means, and laid the ground-work of a successful progress towards the several assigned places of destination above the hills.
On the 1st of February I learnt, by a letter of the 30th of January, from Major Hook, that the 1st division, under the command of that officer, had reached Ganetynni, situate at the foot of the Balani Mountains, and on the great road leading through the Pass or Gravet of that name towards the city of Candy.
Lieutenant O'Connell, with the 3d division, was close in the rear, advancing to the same point, from which Major Hook was then to diverge to the left towards Weywode, in the seven Korles, tocooperate with Captain De Bussche, already in that quarter, with a small force, formed to supply the absence of the auxiliary corps, originally expected from Madras.
No serious opposition was made to the advance of these divisions. The first Adikar of the King of Candy, by name Molligodde, brother to the Dessave of the
three Korles, who had previously come over to the Britishterritory, and himself Dessave of the four Korles, kept hovering in front of Major Hook's march, with some followers, but had intimated, both to Major Hook and Mr. D'Oyley, that he was desirous to join the British standard, and was only prevented from doing so by his apprehension for the fate of his family, who were under the King's power in the capital, but whose liberation or escape he expected as soon as the troops should advance sufficiently near to Candy to induce the King to retire from that place: he further gave it to be understood, that although he was obliged to keep up the appearance of firing, he would do no harm; and in all these points, although Ms assurances could not in prudence be fully confided in at the time, he afterwards faithfully kept his word.
In the evening of this day (the 1st of February) I left Colombo to join the army, and proceeded by the route of Avissahavelle (usually called Sittawakka) and through the three and four Korles towards Lieut. - Colonel O'Connell's camp at Ganniteynne. While at Kooroonagodde, on the 3d of February, a letter from the Lieut. Colonel, dated at Ganneiteynne.on the 2d, informed, that the advance of that division, under Major Moffatt, of the 1st Ceylon regiment, having been detached to support a patrole which was conceived to be in danger, had advanced so near the fortified post which commands the Balani Pass, that it was deemed advisable to attack it: and it had been carried, after a trifling opposition. 0 2 ~ At
At Attypittyn, on the 4th, I received Major Hook's report, (fated from Gerigamrae the preceding day, apprizing me that he had taken possession of that strong position and the neighbouring hill fort of Galgederah, with hardly any resistance, and no loss.
On the 6th I reached Ganniteynne, where it became necessary to halt for some days, to give time for the concentration of the divisions advancing from Trincomalee and the east side of the Candian territory. Lieutenant Colonel O'Connell was encamped here, and Major Moffatt posted at Amenoopoora, one mile and a half beyond the pass, and a free communication opened between the two corps.
Here the Adikar Molligodde, by a message throughMr.D'Oyley, requested permission to surrender himself with the banners and records of the four Korlcs, of which he is Dcssave, having received intimation of the escape of his family from Candy. My consent being signified to him, he, on the 8th of Feb. came into camp in state, attended by a number of Chiefs of the four Korles, who had not previously appeared, and formally gave up the insignia and records of his Dessave into the hands of Mr. D'Oylcy, whom I had depiited as Commissioner on the part of the British Government to confer with him.
Learning by reports from Major Kelly, commanding the 3d division, and proceeding through the province of Saffragam and Ourah towards the Indulgasinha Pass, that he could be sufficiently advanced to support a forward movement on the part of Licut.
col. O'Connell and Major Hook'* divisions, I, on the 10th, directed Lieut.-col. O'Connell to ascend the Pass, and occupy Major Moffatt's position, sending his detachment a little in advance; and on the evening of the same day, I joined the camp at Amenoopoora.
The Adikar Cheylapola, who had followed my progress as far as Ganiteynne, proposed to take a different route from thence; and being furnished with an escort of about 50 men, proceeded up the mountains, by a road to the right, leading into the province of Ondinoora, the inhabitants of which he was desirous to communicate with.
Late in the evening of the 11th, a report was brought to Mr. D'Oyley, that a division of the British troops, supposed to be that commanded by Major Hook, had reached Kattugastotte, a ferry of the great river called Mahaviliganga, about three miles distant from Candy; that the King had quitted the capital, and that the defences at Gonarooha, another ferry of the same river, about an equal distance from the city, were abandoned.
A patrole, sent forward during the night, under the command of Major Brownrigg, reached Gonarooha early in the morning, and, fording the river, ascertained the truth of the intelligence in all its parts. Batteries of great extent were erected here, reaching from the common place of crossing for a considerable distance along the opposite bank, and commanding the ford; but were entirely destitute either of men or guns H ideoii* objects of the King's resentment here presented themselves, in thf rcmsisi