« PreviousContinue »
The constant attachment the Neapolitan people are known to have ever borne their legitimate sovereign, makes it unnecessary to detail to your Lordship their joy at his return. His Majesty reassumes the government of his country, beloved and respected by all classes of his subjects.
Downing-Street, July 7Captain Lord Arihur Hill arrived last night with dispatches, of which the following are an extract and a copy, addressed to Earl Bnthurit ty his Grace the Duke of Wellington, dated Gonasse, 2d and 4th instant.
Gouasse, July 2, 1815.
The enemy attacked the advanced guard of Marshal Prince Blucher's corps at Villars Coterets, on the 29th, but the main body coming up they were driven off, with the loss of 6 pieces of cannon, and about 1000 prisoners.
It appears that these troops were on the march from Soissons to Paris, and having been driven off that road by theTrussian troops at Villars Coterets, they got upon that of Meaux. They were attacked again upon this road by General Bulow, who took from them five hundred prisoners,, and drove them across the Marne.
They have, however, got into Paris.
The advanced guard of the allied army under my command crossed the Oise on the 29th, and the whole on the 30th, and we yesterday took up a position with -the right upon the height of Roche
bourg, and the left upon the Bois de Bondy.
Field Marshal Prince Blucher having taken the village of Aubervilliers, or Vertus, on the morning of the 30th June, moved to his right, and crossed the Seine at St. Germain as 1 advanced, and he will this day have his right at Plessis Pique, his left at St. Cloud, and the reserve at Versailles.
The enemy have fortified the heights of Montmartre and the town of St. Denis strongly; and by means of the little rivers Rouillon and la Vielle Mar, they have inundated the ground on the north side of that town, and water having been introduced into the canal de l'Ourcq, and the bank formed into a parapet and batteries, they have a strong position on this side of Paris.
The heights of Belleville are likewise strongly fortified, but I am not aware that any defensive works have been thrown up on the left of the Seine.
Having collected in Paris all the troops remaining after the battle of the ISth, and all the depots of the whole army, it is supposed the enemy have there about 40 or 50,000 troops of the liii« and guards, besides the national guards, a new levy called Les Tiralleurs de la Garde, and the Federes..
I have great pleasure in informing your Lordship that Quesnoy surrendered to His Royal Highness Prince Frederick of the Netherlands on the 29th June.
I enclose the copy of His Royal Highness's report upon this subject, in which your Lordship will observe with satisfaction the intelligence and spirit with which
thit ••lis young Prince conducted this a flair.
I likewise understand that Basiaume has surrendered to the officer sent there by the King of France to take possession of that town.
Petit Wargnies, June 18, 1815.
"On the day before yesterday I had the honour of receiving your Grace's letter, dated Joncourt, 26th inst. sent by your Aide-de-Camp, Capt. Cathcart, whom I have requested to inform your Excellency that Marshal Count Rothallier bad arrived this morning to summon the place in the name of Louis XVIII. He entered into a negociation with Lieutenant-General Despreaux, Governor of Quesnoy. The only result, however, produced by this was a very singular reply from the Governor, from which it appeared to me that he might possibly be induced to capitulate, and I determined at once on firing some shells and shot into the town, and of advancing our tirailleurs to the very glacis, to annoy them in every quarter, with a view of making some impression on the Commandant, and of endeavouring by that means to excite to revolt the National Guards and inhabitants, who are said to be well disposed towards us.
From information collected as to the fortifications, there appeared to me no reasonable chance of taking it by escalade, the ditches being filled with water, in addition to the inundation which had been made. At eleven o'clock at night, I ordered five howitzers and six six-pounders to open on the
town and I continued the fire until three o'clock at day-break. The town was at one time on fire in three places, but the fire was shortly extinguished. Some men were killed in the town, and several wounded, which appears to have produced exactly the effect which I wished. Last night General Anthing, who commands the Indian Brigade, sent an officer with the proposals to the Commandant, according to the authority which I had given to him, and coupled with a threat of bombardment and assault.
Upon this a negotiation was entered into, which ended in the signing of the following capitulation this night: that is to say, that he would send an officer, with an Aid-de-Camp of General Anthing, to Cambray, to ascertain the fact of the residence of the King of France in that town, and the abdication of Buonaparte in favour of his son, and that, thereupon, he would give U9 this night, at six o'clock, possession of the Porte des Forets, to be occupied by a company of artillery, and that the next morning the garrison should inarch out of the town; the National Guards to lay down their arms and return to their homes; the Commander, and that part of the garrison whe were not National Guards, were to go and receive the orders of Louis XVIII. in whose name we shall take possession of the town.
Gonasse, July 4, 1815.
My Lord, Field Marshal
Prince Blucher was strongly opposed by the enemy in taking the position on the left of the Seine, which I reported in my dispatch
of of the 2d inst. that he intended to take up on that day, particularly on the heights of St. Cloud and Mention, but the gallantry of the Prussian troops, under General Ziethen, surmounted every obstacle, and they succeeded finally in establishing themselves on the heights of Meudon, and in the village of Issy. The French attacked them again in Issy, at three o'clock in the morning of the 3d, but were repulsed with considerable loss; and rinding that Paris was then open on its vulnerable side, that a communication was opened between the two Allied Armies by a bridge which I had established at Argenteuil, and that a British corps was likewise moving upon the left of the Seine, towards the Pont de Neuilly, the enemy sent to desire that the firing might cease on both sides of the Seine, with a view to the negociation, at the palace of St. Cloud, of a Military Convention between the armies, under which the French army should evacuate Paris.
Officers accordingly met on both sides at St. Cloud; and I enclose the copy of the Military Convention which was agreed to last night, and which had been ratified by Marshal Prince Blucher and me, and by the Prince d'Eckmuhl on the part of the French army.
This Convention decides all the military questions at this moment existing here, and touehes nothing political.
General Lord Hill has marched to take possession of the posts evacuated by agreement this day, and I propose to-morrow to take possession of Montmartre.
I send this dispatch by my Aide-de-Camp, Captain Lord Arthur Hill, by way of Calais. He will be able to inform your Lordship of any further particulars, and I beg leave to recommend him to your favour and protection.
This day, 3d of July, 1815, the Commissioners named by the. Commanders in Chief of the respective' armies, that is to say, the Baron Bignon, holding the Portefeuille of Foreign Affairs; the Count Guillenuont, Chief of the General Staff of the French army; the Count de Bondy, Prefect of the Department of the Seine, being furnished with the full powers of his Excellency the Marshal Prince of Eckmuhl, Commander in Chief of the French army on one side, and Major General Baron Muffling, furnished with the full powers of his Highness the Field Marshal Prince Blucher, Commander in Chief of the Prussian Army ; Colonel Hervey, furnished with the full powers of his Excellency the Duke of Wellington, Commander in Chief of the English army on the other side, have agreed to the following articles:
Art. I. There shall be a suspension of arms between the allied armies commanded by his Highness the Prince Blucher, and his Excellency the Duke of Wellington, and the French army under the walls of Paris.
Art. II. The French array shall put itself in march to-morrow, to take up its position behind the Loire. Paris shall be completely evacuated in three days; and the movement movement behind the Loire shall be effected within eight days.
Art. III. The French army shall take with it all its materiel, Held artillery, military chest, horses, and property of regiments, without exception. All persons belonging to the depots shall also be removed, as well as those belonging to the different branches of administration, which belong to the army.
Art. IV. The sick and wounded, and the medical officers whom it may be necessary to leave with them, are placed under the special protection of the Commanders-inchief of the English and Prussian armies.
Ait. V. The military and those holding employments to whom the foregoing article relates, shall be at liberty immediately after their recovery to rejoin the corps to which they belong.
Art. VI. The wives and children of all individuals belonging to the French army, shall be at liberty to remain in Paris. The wives shall be allowed to quit Paris for the purpose of rejoining the army, and to carry with them their property, and that of their husbands.
Art. VII. The officers of the line employed with the Federes, or with the Tirailleurs of the National Guard, may either join the army or return to their homes, or the places of their birth.
Art. VIII. To-morrow, the 4th of July, at mid-day, St. Denis, St. Ouen, Clichy, and Neuilly, shall be given up. The day after to-morrow, the 5th, at the same hour, Montmartre shall he given up. The third day, the 6th, all the barriers shall be given up.
Art. IX. The duty of the city of
Paris shall continue to be done by the National Guard, and by the corps of the municipal gens d'armerie.
Art. X. The' Commanders-inchief of the English and Prussian armies engage to respect, and to make those under their command respect, the actual authorities so long as they shall exist.
Art. XI. Public property, with the exception of that which relates to war, whether it belongs to the Government, or depends upon the Municipal Authority, shall be respected, and the Allied Powers will not interfere in any manner with its administration and management.
Art. XII. Private persons and property shall be Squally respected. The inhabitants, and in general all individuals who shall be in the capital, shall continue to enjoy their rights and liberties without being disturbed or called to account either as to the situations which they hold, or may have held, or as to their conduct or political opinions.
Art. XIII. The foreign troops shall not interpose any obstacles to the provisioning of the capital, and will protect, on the contrary, the arrival and the free circulation of the articles which are destined for it.
Art. XIV. The present Convention shall be observed, and shall serve to regulate the mutual relations until the conclusion of peace. In case of rupture, it must be denounced in the usual forms, at least ten days beforehand.
Art. XV. If difficulties arise in the execution of any one of the articles of the present Convention,
the the interpretation of it shall be made in favour of the French army and of the city of Paris.
Art. XVI. The present Convention is declared common to all the Allied Armies, provided it be ratified by the Powers on which these armies are dependant.
Art. XV11. The ratifications shall be exchanged to-morrow, the 4th of July, at six o'clock in the morning, at the bridge of Neuilly.
Art. XVIII. Commissioners shall be named by the respective parties, in order to watch over the execution of the present Convention.
Done and signed at St. Cloud, in triplicate, by the Commissioners above named, the day and year before mentioned.
Count de Bondy.
The Prince D'eckmuhl.
Downing-street, July 6, 1815. Dispatches, of which the following are copies, have been this day received by Earl Bathurst, from Field Marshal his Grace the Duke of Wellington, dated Louvres, the 30th of June, and Goaasse, the 2d of July, 1815.
Louvres, June 30, 1815.
My Lord,---I have the honour of enclosing to your Lordship, the returns of the killed and wounded of the army, on the 16th, 17th, and 18th; lists of officers, &c.
Brigadier General Hardinge, who was employed by me with the Prussian army, is not included in these returns; but he received a severe wound in the battle of the 16th, and has lost his left hand. He had conducted himself during the time he was so employed, in such a manner, as to obtain the approbation of Marshal Prince Blucher, and the officers at the Prussian head quarters, as well as mine, and I greatly regret hU misfortune.
I have the honour to be,
Total of the British Lou in the Action of the 16th ult.—1 general staff, 1 lieutenant colonel, 4 captains, 14 lieutenants, 9 ensigns,
1 staff, 17 Serjeants, 3 drummers, 26«t rank and file, 19 horses killed, 4 lieutenant-colonels, 7 majors, 35 captains, 68 lieutenants, 23 ensigns, 4 staff, 100 Serjeants, 5 drummers, 1,909 rank and fik, 14 horses, wounded; 1 captain,
2 Serjeants, 2 drummers, 27 rank and file, 1 horse, missing.
Total Loss of Hanoverians,—* lieutenants, 2 Serjeants, 1 drummer, 29 rank and file, killed; 3 captains, 6 lieutenants, 5 ensigns, 11 Serjeants, 193 rank and file, wounded; 1 captain, 2 ensigns, 4 Serjeants, 142 rank and fik, missing.
Total of British Loss on the 17'* ult.