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successful, and they afforded opportunities to our cavalry to charge, in one of which Lord E. Somerset's brigade, consisting of the life guards, royal horse guards, and 1st dragoon guards, highly distinguished themselves, as did that of Major-general Sir \V. Ponsonby, having taken many prisoners and an eagle.
These attacks were repeated till about seven in the evening, when the enemy made a desperate effort •with the cavalry and infantry, supported by the fire of artillery, to force our left centre near the farm of La Haye Saiute, which after a severe contest was defeated; and having observed that the troops retired from this attack in great confusion, and that the march of General Bulow's corps by Euschermont upon Planchenorte and La Belle Alliance, had begun to take effect, and as I could perceive the fire of his cannon, aud as Marshal Prince Blucher had joined in person, with a corps of his army to the left of our line by Obaim, I determined to attack the enemy, and immediately advanced the whole line of infantry, supported by the cavalry and artillery. The attack succeeded in every point; the enemy was forced from his position on the heights, and fled in the utmost confusion, leaving behind him, as far as I could judge, 150 pieces of canaon, with their ammunition, which fell into our hands. I continued the pursuit till long after dark; and then discontinued it only on account of the fatigue of our troops, who had been engaged during twelve hours, and because I found myself on the same road with Marshal Blucher, who
assured me of his intention to follow the enemy throughout the night. He has sent me woid this morning that he had taken sixty pieces of cannon belonging to the Imperial Guard, and several car- . riages, baggage, &c. belonging to Buonaparte, in Genappe.
I propose to move, this morning, upon Nivelles, and not to discontinue my operations.
Your Lordship will observe, that such a desperate action could not be fought, and such advantages could not be gained, without great loss; and I am sorry to add, that ours has been immense. In Lieut.-general Sir Thomas Picton, his Majesty has sustained the loss of an officer who has frequently distinguished himself in his service, and he fell gloriously leading his division to a charge with bayonets, by which one of the most serious attacks made by the enemy on our position, was defeated. The Earl of Uxbridge, after having successfully got through this arduous day, received a wound by almost the last shot fired, which will, I am afraid, deprive his Majesty for some time of his services.
His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange distinguished himself by his gallantry and conduct till he received a wound from a musket ball through the shoulder, which obliged him to quit the field.
It gives me the greatest satisfaction to assure your Lordship, that the army never, upon any occasion, conducted itself better. The division of Guards, under Lieut.-gen. Cooke, who is severely wounded; Major-gen. Maitland and Major-gen. Byng, set N "" ■* an example which was followed by all; and there is no officer, nor description of troops, that did not behave well. This corps is the only one remaining entire.
I must, however, particularly mention, for his Royal Highness's approbation, Lieut.-gen. Sir H. Clinton, Major-gen. Adam, Lieut.gen. Charles Baron Alten, severely wounded; Major-general Sir Colin Halket, severely wounded; Colonel Ompteda, Col. Mitchell, commanding a brigade of the 4th division; Major-gen. Sir James Kempt, and Sir Denis Pack, Major-gen. Lambert, Major-general Lord E. Somerset; Major-genSir W. Ponsonby, Major-general Sir C. Grant, and Major-gen. Sir H. Vivian; Major-gcn. Sir O. Vandeleur; Major-general Count Dornbergj I am also particularly indebted to General Lord Hill for his assistance and conduct upon this as upon all former occasions.
The artillery and engineer department were conducted much to my satisfaction by Col. Sir G. Wood and Colonel Smyth; and I had every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the Adjutantgen. Major-gen. Barnes, who was wounded, and of the QuarterMaster-general Col. Delancy, who was killed by a cannon shot in the middle of the action. This officer is a serious loss to his Majesty's service, and to me at this moment. I was likewise much indebted to the assistance of Lieut.-col. Lord Fitzroy Somerset, who was severely wounded, and of the officers composing my personal staff, who have suffered severely in this action. Lieut.-col. the hon. Sir Alexander Gordon, who has died of his wounds, was a most pro
mising officer, and is a serious loss to his Majesty's service.
General Kruse, of the Nassau service, likewise conducted himself much to my satisfaction, as did General Trip, commanding the heavy brigade of cavalry, and General Vanhope, commanding a brigade of infantry of the King of the Netherlands.
General Pozzo di Borgo, General Baron Vincent, General Muffling, and General Alvoa, were in the field during the action, and rendered me every assistance in their power. Baron Vincent is wounded, but I hope not severely; and General Pozzo di Borgo received a contusion.
I should not do justice to my feelings, or to Marshal Blucher and the Prussian army, if I did not attribute the successful result of this arduous day, to the cordial and timely assistance I received from them.
The operation of General Bulow, upon the enemy's flank, wa» a most decisive one; and even if I had not found myself in a situation to make the attack, which produced the final result, it would have forced the enemy to retire, if his attacks should have failed, and would have prevented him from taking advantage of them, if they should unfortunately have succeeded.
I send, with this dispatch, two eagles, taken by the troops in this action, which Major Percy will have the honour of laying at the feet of his Royal Highness.
I beg leave to recommend him to your Lordship's protection. I have the honour, &c.
P, S. Since writing the above, I have received a report, that Major-General Sir William Ponsonby is killed, and, in announcing this intelligence to your lordship, I have to add the expression of my grief, for the fate of an officer, who had already rendered very brilliant and important services, and was an ornament to his profession.
MP.S. I have not yet got the returns of killed and wounded, but I enclose a list of officers killed and wounded on the two days, as far as the same can be made out without the returns; and I am very happy to add, that Col.. Delancey is not dead, and that strong hopes of Ids recovery arc entertained.
June 23, 1815. A dispatch, of which the following is a copy, was this day received from Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, K. G. to Earl Bathurst, his Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the War Department.
Brussels, June 19, 1815. My Lord,—I have to inform your lordship, in addition to my dispatch of this morning, that we have already got here five thousand prisoners, taken in the action of yesterday, and that there are above two thousand more coming in to-morrow; there will probably be many more. Among the prisoners are the Count Lobau, who commanded the 6th corps, and General Cambrone, who commanded a division of the
guards. I propose to send the whole to England by Ostend. I have the honour to be, &c. WELLINGTON. Earl Bathurst, &c.
Dovning-street, June 29, 1815.
Dispatches, of which the following are extracts, have been this day received by Earl Bathurst from Field-Marshal his Grace the Duke of Wellington, dated Cateau, 22d, and Joncouit, 25th instant.
Le Cateau, June 22, 1815.
We have continued in march on the left of the Sambre since I wrote to you. Marshal Blucher crossed that river on the 19th, in pursuit of the enemy, and both armies entered the French territory yesterday; the Prussians by Beaumont, and the allied army, under my command, by Bavay.
The remains of the French army have retired upon Laon. All accounts agree in stating, that it is in a very wretched state; and that, in addition to its losses in battle and in prisoners, it is losing vast numbers of men by desertion.
Tbe soldiers quit their regiments in parties, and return to their homes; those of the cavalry and artillery selling their horses to the people of the country.
The 3d corps, which in my dispatch of the 19th I informed your lordship had been detached to observe the Prussian army, remained in the neighbourhood of Wavre till the 20th; it then made good its retreat by Namur aad Dinaut
I am not yet able to transmit your lordship returns of the killed and wounded in the army in the late actions.
It gives me the greatpst satisfaction to inform you, that Col. Delancy is not dead: he is badly wounded, but his recovery is not doubted, and I hope will be early.
Joncourt, June 25, 1815.
Finding that the garrison of Cambray was not very strong, and that the place was not very well supplied with what was wanting for its defence, I sent Lieutenant-general Sir Charles Colville there, on the day before yesterday, with one brigade of the 4th division, and Sir C. Grant's brigade of cavalry; and upon his report of the strength of the place, I sent the whole division yesterday morning.
I have now the satisfaction of reporting that Sir Charles Colville took the town by escalade yesterday evening, with trifling loss, and from the communications which he has since had with the governor of the citadel, I have every reason to hope that that post will have been surrendered to a governor sent there by the King of France, to take possession of it, in the course of this day.
St. Quentin has been abandoned by the enemy, and is in possession of Marshal Prince Blucher; and the castle of Guise surrendered' last night.
All accounts concur in stating, that it is impossible for the enemy to collect an nrmy to make head against us.
It appears that the French corps which was opposed to the Prussians on the 18th inst. and had been at Wavre, suffered considerably in its retreat, and lost some of its cannon.
Douming-street, July 3. A dispatch, of which the following is an extract, was received last night by Earl Bathurst, addressed to his lordship by the Duke of Wellington, dated
OrvilU, June 2S, 1815.
The citadel of Cambray surrendered on the evening of the 25th instant, and the King of France proceeded there with his Court and his troops on the 2Gth. I have given that fort over entirely to his Majesty.
I attacked Peronne, with the 1st brigade of guards, under Major-GeneralMaitland, on the 26th in the afternoon. The troops took the hornwork, which covers the suburb on the left of the Somme, by storm, with but small loss; and the town immediately afterwards surrendered, on condition that the garrison should lay down their arms and be allowed to return to their homes.
The troops upon this occasion behaved remarkably well; and I have great pleasure in reporting the good conduct of a battery of artillery of the troops of the Netherlands.
I have placed in garrison there two battalions of the troops of the King of the Netherlands.
The armies under Marshal Blucher and myself have continued rued their operations since I last ■wrote to your lordship. The necessity which I was under of halting at Cutcau, to allow the pontoons and certain stores to reach me, and to take Cambray and Peronne, had placed the marshal one march before me: but I conceive there is no danger in this separation between the two armies.
He has one corps this day at Crespy, with detachments at Villars Coterets and La Ferte M ilon; another at Senlis; and the fourth corps, under General Bulow, towards Paris: he will have his advanced guard to-morrow at St. Denis and Gonasse. The army under my command has this day its right behind St. Just, and its left behind Taub, where the high road from Compiegne joins the high road from Roye to Paris.
The reserve is at Roye.
We shall be upon the Oise tomorrow.
It appears by all accounts, that the enemy's corps collected at Soissons, and under Marshal Grouchy, have not yet retired upon Paris; and Marshal Blucher's troops are already between them and that city.
FOREIGN OFFICE, JULY 5.
Dispatches, of which the following are extracts, have been received at this office.
Extract of a dispatch from Wm. A'Court, Esq. his Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the King of the two Sicilies, to Viscount Castlercagh, dated
Naples, June 17-
your Lordship, that his Sicilian Majesty made this day his public entry into his capital, after an absence of nine years. The crowd that thronged the road all the way from Portici was immense, and notliing could exceed the enthusiasm of the people on the appearance of their legitimate Monarch. It was impossible to mistake the public feeling upon this occasion. The theatrical processions of Murat drew crowds, as I am told, of curious spectators, but curiosity was not the inducement here; in every countenance might be read the honest expression of heartfelt joy, at the return of a beloved and native sovereign.
His Majesty was received, on his arrival at the palace, by all the principal nobility of the country, the great majority of whom appeared to partake of the enthusiasm which had been previously demonstrated by the lower classes. In fact, never was national joy so unequivocally and so universally displayed.