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command of Captain Rickctts, of the Vengeur, effected a landing of the troops intended for this service about three mi les to the eastward of the fort, which was immediately invested,and our trenches, in the course of 49 hours, pushed to within pistol-shot of the enemy's works.
The batteries being completed upon the 11th, the fort was summoned, when the officer commanding it, seeing the impossibility of effecting any good by further resistance, agreed to surrender, upon the terms proposed to him by Major-General Lambert (a copy of the capitulation is enclosed), and on the following day the garrison, consisting of al>out 3G6 soldiers of the enemy's 2d regiment of infantry and artillery, marched out and grounded their arms, and were embarked on board the ships of the squadron.
The fort was found to be in a complete state of repair, having 22 guns mounted, and being amply provided with ammunition. To Captain Rickctts, and to the Hon. Captain Spencer, who commanded the seamen landed with the army, I am indebted for their zeal and exertions in landing and transporting the cannon and supplies, by which the fort was so speedily reduced.
Articles of Capitulation agreed upon betweenLieutenant-Colonel Lawrence and Major-General Lambert, for the surrender of Fort Boyer, on Mobile Point.
February 11, 1815. Art. 1. That the fort shall be
surrendered to the army of his
Britannic Majesty in its existing? state as to the works, ordinance, ammunition, mid every species of military store.
Art. 2. That the garrison shall be considered as prisoners of war j the troops to march out with their colours flying and drums beating, and ground their arms on the glacis, the officers retaining their swords; and the whole to be embarked in such ships as the British naval commander-in-chief shall appoint.
Art. 3. All private property to be respected.
Art. 4. That a communication shall be made of the same immediately to the commanding officer of the 7th military district of the United States, and every endeavour made to effect an early exchange of prisoners.
Art. 5. That the garrison of the United States remain in the fort, until twelve o'clock to-morrow, a British guard being put in possession of the inner gate at three o'clock to-day, the body of the guard remaining on the glacis, and that the British flag be hoisted at the same time; an officer of each service remaining at the head-quarters of each commander, until the fulfilment of these articles.
Agreed, on the part of the Royal Navy.
(Signed) T. R. Ricketts, Captain of his Majesty's ship Vengeur.
(Signed) H. G. Smith, Major and Military Sec.
(Signed) R. Chamberlain, Capt. of the2d regiment United States infantry.
(Signed) Alex. Cochrane, Commander • inChieffof his Majesty's ships, &c.
(Signed) J. Lambert. MajorGen. Commanding.
(Signed) Wm. Lawrence, Lieut. - Colonel 2d infantry, Commanding.
FOREIGN-OFFICE., JUNE 5.
Letters, of which the following are extracts, have been this morning received by Lord Castlereagh from E. Cooke, esq. one of his Majesty's Under Secretaries of State for Foreign Affairs, dated
Rome, a Via delta Croci,
I enclose copies of military reports from Colonel Church, who is employed under Gen. Nugent, to the 18th inst. by Lord Stewart's directions.
On Tuesday last I went to Civita Vecchia, with the view of communicating with Lord Exmouth in his passage from Genoa to Naples. On Thursday evening his Lordship's flag appeared in the offing, with four sail of the line, and I went on board, and put him in possession of all details; upon which he proceeded forthwith to the Bay of Naples, where he must have arrived this morning.
The Berwick, of 74 guns, Captain, Bruce, came to Civita Vecchia on Saturday; finding that a
French frigate' had gone into Gaeta, probably with a view of carrying off the Buonaparte family, he proceeded, by my desire, on Tuesday evening, in order to blockade Gaeta.
A Neapolitan General arrived at Civita Vecchia on Wednesday fromPalermo, which he left thcSth; he reported to me, that the King had left Palermo for Messina; and that the British and Sicilian troops were ready to embark. Letters had been sent from Genera] Nu» gent and Lord Burghersh, by Terracina and Ponza to General M'Farlane, advising the debark* ation to be as near Naples as possible.
If Lord Burghersh's dispatches have arrived, your Lordship will have been informed that the Due «le Gallo had surrendered two sail of the line, and the whole arsenal of Naples, by capitulation, to Captain Campbell, of the Tremendous, on his threatening to bombard the city.
The accounts herewith sent will prove satisfactorily to your Lordship, that the war is on the eve of being successfully terminated. The Neapolitan army does not support the cause of Murat, much less the people, who receive the allied troops as liberators, and are merely anxious for the restoration of their anrient and legitimate Sovereign, being exasperated and disgusted with all ihe vexations, deceptions, and perfidies of Murat.
I have sent the originals of Colonel Church's reports to Lord Stewart at Vienna.
I most sincerely congratulate your Lordship on the prospect of so early and happy a termination to the projects of Murat. M 2 Army
ARMT OF NAPLES.
Head-Quarters of General Count Nugent, Bivouac o/Arce, May 15, 1815.
My Lord,—My last report, dated Rome, the 11th instant, stated the march of Gen. Count Nugent's corps from Valmontone, in the Roman States, on Firentine, and towards the frontier of the kingdom of Naples: the enemy retiring before him, and only engaging in partial combat occasionally, has since that period been driven beyond the Garigliano, as far back as St. Germa.no, a distance of thirty miles from his frontier, followed by the advance guard, close to that town.
On the 14th, Marshal Murat having arrived in person at St. Germano, and the enemy being considerably reinforced, he advanced again from St. Germano. and drove back the advance guard of this army; the same evening he attacked the outposts at all points, and surrounded them with great superiority of numbers; notwithstanding which, the gallantry of the troops was such, that every detached guard not only cut its way through the enemy, but brought in a number of prisoners, to the amount of three or four hundred. The attack of the outposts was not followed up, as we had reason to expect, by a serious operation against our position at Ceprano on the Garigliano, in expectation of which the troops remained the greater part of the day in order of battle. On the 15th the enemy began again to retire; his movement was then plainly ascertained to be a manoeuvre to cover and facilitate the
escape of Marshal Murat to Capua., who arrived at St. Germano, with only three or four officers, and a few dragoons, and left it again in a couple of hours. Towards sunset on the same day, General Nugent resumed the offensive, notwithstanding the disparity of numbers, the enemy having near 10,000 men: crossing the Garigliano on a bridge thrown over it, to replace that burnt by the French General Manheis, when he sacked and burnt the unfortunate town of Ceprano, he pursued his march on the road towards St. Germano, and bivouacked under the little town of Arce, whence this report is dated.
General Manheis has been joined by the Minister at War M'Donald, and it is probable that their combined force will occupy this night a position on the Melfa, a few miles from this camp.
On the line of operations of General Count Nugent, the right occupies Ponte Corvo, Fondi, and Itri, and the left extends as far as Isola and Sora.
I have great satisfaction in informing your Lordship of the loyal disposition of the inhabitants of this part of the country, where the cockade of the legitimate Sovereign is universally worn.
The army will advance again to-morrow, and the details of its progress transmitted to your Lordship as soon as St. Germano is occupied, or a combat accepted.
I have the honour to be &&.
ARMY OF NAPLES.
Uead-quarleri of General Count Nugent, San Germano, May 17, 1815.
My Lord,—My last dispatch, Jiitcd from the bivouac of Arce, brought the details of the operations of General Count Nugent's corps up to the date of the 15th instant.
I have now the satisfaction to inform your Lordship, that, since that period, a scries of bold and rapid movements, on the part of that General, have been crowned with the most complete success, and the enemy's army opposed to him defeated and totally dispersed.
On the night of the 15th, the advanced guard moved forward from the camp of Arce on the road towards St. Germano, having the enemy in front strongly posted on the banks of tlieMelfa; during the night, however, he retreated to San Germano, breaking down the bridge across that river. No time was lost in throwing a bridge over the Melfa, and at ten o'clock on the morning of the 16th, it was crossed by the infantry: the cavalry in the mean time having passed it where it was fordable for horses.
On the same day before daylight, General Nugent advanced his whole corps to the Melfa, and having there received a reinforcement of hussars and chasseurs, he marched forward in order of hattle to attack the enemy at San Germano, where the united forces of Macdonald, Manheis, and I'ignatclli had taken post. A small corps of advance had marched
from Ponte Corvo to turn the enemy's left flank, and which had already got behind his position, and the armed inhabitants of the village of Piedmonte, with a few soldiers, possessed themselves of the strong position of the Convent of Monte Casino, upon the mountain which protects the right flank of San Germano: the army at the same time advanced upon the high road, preceded by the whole of the Tuscan cavalry, and some squadrons of hussars. On the approach of the troops, the enemy declined the combat, and hastily abandoned his position, leaving behind him many prisoners and deserters, and fell back to the village of Mignano, nine miles distant from this place; San Germano was in consequence immediately occupied by the allied troops.
The taking of San Germano was but the prelude to a movement which terminated gloriously for this army, in the total annihilation of the enemy's corps opposed to it.
In the position of Mignano, where his whole force was again united, he was attacked at midnight by the advanced guard commanded by Baron D'Aspre, with about 7 or 800 men, the darkness of the hour preventing him from ascertaining the strength of the attackingcorps, the enemy's troops ufter a few discharges of musketry were totally routed, saving only his cavalry and artillery. In this attack, singularly successful and highly creditable to Baron D'Aspre and the troops under his orders, above 1,000 prisoners have been made, a quantity of arms, and military equipments taken,
and and the whole of the enemy's infantry dispersed. Deserters, in companies of hundreds, have come in and are hourly joining this camp.
This brilliant affair has concluded the operations of Count Nugent in this quarter, in which he has destroyed the army called the Army of the Interior, with a force originally very inferior to that of the enemy. During the last ten days, the Neapolitan army has lost at least from 6 to 7,000 men; and the whole number of this army (alluding solely to the army opposed to General Nugent) escaped from the general overthrow, cannot amount to more than 700 men. In the course of this General'!- movement*, commencing at Pistoia, he has, at different periods, defeated the enemy's Generals Carascosa, Manheis, Livron, Macdonald, and the two Pignatellis, besides others; and not even the presence of Marshal Mural himself, at San Germa.no, on the 15th, could prevent the destruction of his army, and consequently the ruin of his authority.
General Count Nugent's headquarters are at Miguano, from whence I have returned and forward this report; and the column of his right wing, which advanced from Terracina, occupies Mola di Gaeta, the enemy having retired over the Garigliano, and burnt the bridge.
1 have the honour to be, &c.
Lord Stewart, G. C. B.
&c. &c &c. Vienna.
ARM Y OF NAPLES.
Head-quarters, Bivouac of Cajaniello (near Calvi,) -U-j 18,1815.
My Lord,—I had the honour to transmit to your Lordship a report, dated yesterday, with details of the occupation of St. Germano, and of the defeat of the enemy at Mignano; I have now to report the junction of the whole Austrian force, under the command of General Baron Kianchi. at this camp; Cajaniello being the angle of the junction of the high roads leading from Rome, Aquila, and Pescara to Capua and Naples. The different divisions commanded by the Generals Nugent, Mohr.Neyperg, and LVEckart, form for the moment hut one corps, the advanced guard of which, under General Stahremberg, is at Calvi. The shattered and wretched remains of the enemy's army, which little more than a month ago Marshal Murat published to the world as consisting of 80,000 combatants, is now reduced to a corps perhaps not amounting to 8,000 effective men, including the detachments of invalids, gendarmerie, civic guards, &c. drawn from Naples and the provinces; with this force, broken in spirit, the majority of which detest the cause of the usurper, it appears that Marshal Murat will take post in and about Capua, until finally overwhelmed by the superb and victorious army which will now surround bim in every direction.
Having but this moment reached the general head-quarters with General Nugent's corps, I cannot