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It being agreed between ViceAdmiral Sir Alexander Cochrane and myself that operations should be,carried towards Mobile, it was decided that a force should be sent against Fort Bowyer, situated on the eastern point of the entrance of the bay; and from every information that could be obtained, it was considered a brigade would be sufficient for this object, with a respectable force of artillery. I ordered the 2d brigade, composed of the 4th, 21st, and 44th regiments, for this service, together with such means in the engineer and artillery department as the chief and commanding officer of the royal artillery might think expedient. The remainder of the force had orders to disembark on Isle Dauphine, and encamp; and Major-General Keane, whom I am truly happy to say has returned to his duty, superintended this arrangement.
The weather being favourable on the 7th for landing to the eastward of Mobile Point, the ships destined to move on that service, sailed under the command of Captain Ricketts, of the Vengeur, but did not arrive in sufficient time that evening to do more than determine the place of disembarkation, which was about three miles from Fort Bowyer.
At day-light the next morning the troops got into the boats, and six hundred men were landed, under Lieut.-Colonel Dcbbcig, of the 44 th, without opposition, who immediately threw out the light companies, under Lieut. Bennct, of the 4th regiment, to cover the landing of the brigade. Upon the whole being disembarked, a dis
position Was made to move on towards the fort, covered by th« light companies- The enemy was not seen until about twelve hundred yards in front of their work: they gradually fell back, and no firing took place, until the whole had retired into the fort, and our advance had pushed on nearly to within three hundred yards. Having reconnoitred the fort with Lieutenant - Colonels Burgoyne and Dickson, we were decidedly of opinion, that the work was only formidable against an assault -. that batteries being once established, it must speedily fall.— Every exertion was made by the navy to land provisions, and the necessary equipment of a battering train, and engineers' stores. We broke ground on the night of the 8th, and advanced a firing party to within one hundred yards of the fort during the night. The position of the batteries being decided upon the next day, they were ready to receive their guns on the night of the 10th, and on the morning of the 11th the lire of a battery of four 18-pounders on the left, and two 8-inch howitzers on the right, each at about one hundred yards distance, two 6-pounders at about three hundred yards, and eight small cohorns advantageously placed on the right, with intervals between one hundred and two hundred yards, all furnished to keep up an incessant fire for two days, were prepared to open. Preparatory to commencing, I summoned the fort, allowing the commanding officer half an hour for his decision upon such terms as were proposed. Finding he was inclined
to consider them, I prolonged the period at his request, and at three o'clock the fort was given up to a British guard, and British colours hoisted, the terms being signed by Major Smith, military secretary, and Captain Ricketls, R. N. and finally approved of by the Vice-Admiral and myself, which I have the honour to enclose. I am happy to say, our loss has not been very great; and we are indebted for this, in a great measure, to the efficient means attached to this force. Had we been obliged to resort to any other mode of attack, the fall could not have been looked for under such favourable circumstances.
We have certain information of a force having been sent from Mobile, and disembarked about 13 miles off, in the night of the 10th, to attempt its relief; two schooners, with provisions, and an intercepted letter, fell into our hands, taken by Captain Price, "R. N. stationed in the bay.
I cannot close this dispatch without naming to your Lordship again, Licut.-Colonels Dickson, royal artillery, and Burgoyne, royal engineers, who displayed their usual zeal and abilities; and Lieutenant Bennett, of the 4th, who commanded the light companies, and pushed up close to the enemy's works.
Captain Honourable R. Spencer, R. N. who had been placed with a detachment of seamen under my orders, greatly facilitated the service in every way by his exertions.
From Captain Ricketts, of the R. N. who was charged with the landing and disposition of the naVol. LVII.
val force, I received every as• sistance: .
(Signed) John Lambert. Major-Gen. Commanding. Earl Bathurst, &c.
Return of Casualties in the army under the command of Major-General Lambert, employed before Fort Boyer, between the 8th and 12th February; 1815.— Total—13 killed, 18 wounded. (Signed) J. Stoven, D. A. G.
Return of the American Garrison of Fort Boyer, which surrendered to the force under Major-Gen Lambert, Feb. 11, 1815.
1 field-officer, 3 captains, 10 subalterns, 2 staff, 16 Serjeants, 16 drummers, 327 rank and file, 20 women, 16 children, 3 servants, not soldiers. (Signed) Fred. Stoven, D. A. A. G.
Extract of a letter from ViceAdmiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, G. C. B. &c. to John W. Croker, esq. dated on board His Majesty's ship Tonnant, off Mobile Bay, the \4th of February, 1815. It being the intention of Major General Lambert and myself to have attacked Mobile, and finoSing the entrance into the bay so guarded by Fort Boyer as to render it unsafe to attempt forcing a passage with the smaller ships of war, the Major-General and myself thought it advisable to attack the fort by land, and on the 7th a detachment of ships, under the M command command of Captain Rickctts, of the Vengeur, effected a landing of the troops intended for this service about three mj les to the eastward of the fort, which was immediately invested.and our trenches, in the course of 48 hours, pushed to within pistol-shot of the enemy's works.
The batteries being completed upon the 11th, the fort was summoned, when the officer commanding it, seeing the impossibility of effecting any good by further resistance, agreed to surrender, upon the terms proposed to him by Major-General Lambert (a copy of the capitulation is enclosed), and on the following day the garrison, consisting of about 366 soldiers of the enemy's 2d regiment of infantry and artillery, marched out and grounded their arms, and were embarked on board the ships of the squadron.
The fort was found to be in a complete state of repair, hiiving 22 guns mounted, and being amply provided with ammunition. To Captain Rickctts, and to the Hon. Captain Spencer, who commanded the seamen landed with the army, 1 am indebted for their zeal and exertions in landing and transporting the cannon and supplies, by which the fort was so speedily reduced.
Articles of Capitulation agreed uponbetweenLieutenant-Colonel Lawrence and Major-General Lambert, for the surrender of Fort Boyer, on Mobile Point.
February 11, 1815. Art. 1. That the fort shall be
surrendered to the army of his
Britannic Majesty in its existing? state as to the works, ordinance, ammunition, and every species of military store.
Art. 2. That the garrison shall be considered as prisoners of war; the troops to march out with their colours flying and drums beatine;, and ground their arms on the glacis, the officers retaining their swords; and the whole to be embarked in such ships as the British naval commander-in-chief shall appoint.
Art. 3. All private property to be respected.
Art. 4. That a communication shall be made of the same immediately to the commanding officer of the 7th military district of the United States, and every endeavour made to effect an early exchange of prisoners.
Art. 5. That the garrison of the United States remain in the fort, until twelve o'clock to-morrow, a British guard being put in possession of the inner gate at three o'clock to-day, the body of the guard remaining on the glacis, and that the British flag be hoisted at the same time; an officer of each service remaining at the head-epjartersof each commander, until the fulfilment of these articles.
Agreed, on the part of the Royal Navy.
(Signed) T. R. Ricketts, Captain of bis Majesty's shipVengeur.
(Signed) H. G. Smith, Major and Military Sec.
(Signed) R. Chamberlain, Capt.of the2d regiment United States
(Signed) Alex. Cochrane, Commander • inChiefjofhis Majesty's ships, &c.
(Signed) J. Lambert. MajorGen. Commanding.
(Signed) Wm. Lawrence, Lieut. - Colonel 2d infantry, Commanding
FOREIGN-OFFICE, JUNE 5.
Letters, of which the following are extracts, have been this morning received hy Lord Castlereagh from E. Cooke, esq. one of his Majesty's Under Secretaries of State for Foreign Affairs, dated
Rome, a Via dclla Croci,
I enclose copies of military reports from Colonel Church, who is employed under Gen. Nugent, to the 18th inst. by Lord Stewart's directions.
On Tuesday last I went to CiTita Vecchia, with the view of communicating with Lord Exmouth in his passage from Genoa to Naples. On Thursday evening his Lordship's flag appeared in the offing, with four sail of the line, and I went on board, and put him in possession of all details; upon which he proceeded forthwith to the Bay of Naples, where he must have arrived this morning.
The Berwick, of 74 guns, Captain Bruce, came to Civita Vecchia on Saturday; finding that a
French frigate had gone into Gaeta, probably with a view of carrying off the Buonaparte family, he proceeded, by my desire, on Tuesday evening, in order to blockade Gaeta.
A Neajwlitan General arrived at Civita Vecchia on Wednesday fromPalermo, which he left thcSthj he reported to me, that the King had left Palermo for Messina; and that the British and Sicilian troops were ready to embark. Letters had been sent from General Nugent and Lord Burghersh, by Terracina and Ponza to General M'Farlane, advising the debarkation to be as near Naples as possible.
If Lord Burghersh's dispatches have arrived, your Lordship will have been informed that the Due tie Gallo had surrendered two sail of the line, and the whole arsenal of Naples, by capitulation, to Captain Campbell, of the Tremendous, on his threatening to bombard the city.
The accounts herewith sent will provie satisfactorily to your Lordship, that the war is on the eve of being successfully terminated. The Neapolitan army does not support the cause of Murat, much less the people, who receive the allied troops as liberators, and are merely anxious for the restoration of their ancient and legitimate Sovereign, being exasperated and disgusted with all the vexations, deceptions, and perndies of Murat.
I have sent the originals of Colonel Chwrch's reports to Lord Stewart at Vienna.
I most sincerely congratulate your Lordship on the prospect of so early and happy a termination to the projects of Murat. M 2 *KM*
ARMY OF NAri.ES.
Head-Quarters of General Count Nugent, Bivouac of Arce, May 15, 1815.
My Lord,—My last report, dated Rome, the 11th instant, stated the march of Gen. Count Nugent's corps from Valmontone, in the Roman States, on Firentine, and towards the frontier of the kingdom of Naples: the enemy retiring before him, and only engaging in partial combat occasionally, has since that period been driven beyond the Garigiiano, as f»r back as St. Germano, a distance of thirty miles from his frontier, followed by the advance guard, close to that town.
On the 14th, Marshal Murat having arrived in person at St. Germano, and the enemy being considerably reinforced, he advanced again from St. Germanrt. and drove back the advance guard of this army; the same evening he attacked the outposts at all points, and surrounded them with great superiority of numbers; notwithstanding which, the gallantry of the troops was such, that every detached guard not only cut its way through the enemy, but brought in a number of prisoners, to the amount of three or four hundred. The attack of the outposts was not followed up, as we had reason to expect, by a sorious operation against our position at Ccprano on the Garigiiano, in expectation of which the troops remained the greater part of the day in order of battle. On the 15th the enemy began again to retire; his movement was then plainly ascertained to be a manoeuvre to cover and facilitate the
escape of Marshal Murat to Capua, who arrived at St. Germano, v. ith only three or four officers, and a few dragoons, and left it again in a couple of hours. Towards sunset on the same day, General Nugent resumed the offensive, notwithstanding the disparity of numbers, the enemy having near 10,000 men: crossing the Garigiiano on a bridge thrown over it, to replace that burnt by the French General Mauheis, when he sacked and burnt the unfortunate town of Ceprano, he pursued his march on the road towards St. Germano, and bivouacked under the little town of Arce, whence this report is dated.
General Manheis has been joined by the Minister at War M'Donald, and it is probable that their combined force will occupy this night a position on the Melfa, a few miles from this camp.
On the line of operations of General Count Nugent, the right occupies Ponte Corvo, Fundi, and Itri, and the left extends as far as Isola and Sora.
I have great satisfaction in informing your Lordship of the loyal disposition of the inhabitants of this part of the country, where the cockade of the legitimate Sovereign is universally worn.
The army will advance again to-morrow, and the details of iu> progress transmitted to your Lordship as soon as St. Germano is occupied, or a combat accepted.
I have the honour to be &c
Lord Stewart, G. C. B.
&c. &c. &c. Vienna.