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truth say, that I think he possesses every qualification to render him hereafter one of the brightest ornaments of his pr-ofession.
I cannot conclude without expressing how much indebted, the army is to Rear Admiral Malcolm, who had the immediate charge of landing and re-embarking the troops: he remained on shore to the last, and by his abilities and activity smoothed every difficulty. I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed)
P. S. I regret to have to report, that during the night of the 25th, in very bad weather, a boat containing two officers, viz. Lieutenant Brydges and Cornet Hammond, with thirty-seven of the 14thlightdragoons, unfortunately fell into the hands of the enemy, off the mouth of the Regolets: I have not been able to ascertain correctly the particular circumstances.
Return of Fasualties in Action with the Enemy near New Orleans, on the 23d and 24th of December, 1814.
Total—4 captains, 1 lieutenant, 7 Serjeants, 1 drummer, 33 rank and file, killed) 1 lieutenant colonel, 1 major, 2 captains, 8 lieutenants, lOserjeants, 4drummers, 141 rank and file, wounded; 1 major, 1 lieutenant, 1 ensign, 3 Serjeants, 58 rank and file, missing.
Return of Casualties between the Ihth and 31st December, 1814. Total—1 captain, 1 drummer,
14 rank and file, killed; 1 lieu
tenant, 2 ensigns, 1 serjci-t, 3>4 lank and file, wounded; 2 rank and file missing.
Return of Casualties between the 1st and 5th of January, 1815. Total—3 lieutenants, 2 Serjeants, 27 rank and file, killed;
4 lieutenants, 40 rank and file, wounded; 2 rank and tile missing.
Return of Casualties on the 8th of
1 lieutenant colonel, 2 major?,
5 captains, 2 lieutenants, 2 ensigns, 11 Serjeants, 1 drummer, 266 rank and file, killed; 2 major generals, 8 lieutenant colonel*,
2 majors, 18 captains, 38 lieutenants, 9 ensigns, 1 staff, 54 serr jeants, 9 drummers, 1126 rank ana file, wounded; 3 captains, 12 lieutenants, 13 Serjeants, 4 drummers, 452 rank and file missing.
Return of Casualties between the
1 lieutenant, 1 Serjeant, 3 rank
and file, wounded.
Return of the Ordnance taken from the enemy by a detachment of the army acting on the Right Bank of the Mississippi under the command of Colonel Thornton.
Redoubt, Right Bank of the Mississippi, Jan. 8, 1815. 1 brass ten-inch howitzer, 2
brass four-pounder field pieces,
3 twenty-four pounders, 3 twelvepounders, 6 nine-pounders, 1
twelve pounder carronade, not
On the howitzer is inscribed,
Major, Capt. Royal Artillery.
Admiralty-Office, March 9. Dispatches, of which the following are copies, addressed by Vice-Admiral the Honourable Sir Alexander Cochrane, G.C.B., &c. to John Wilson Croker, Esq. were yesterday brought to this office by the Honourable Captain William Henry Percy, late of his Majesty's ship Hermes.
Armide, off hle-au-Chat,
Sir,—Having arrived at the anchorage off Chandeleur Islands on the 9th instant, Captain Gordon, of. the Seahorse (which ship, with the Armide and Sophie, 1 had sent on from off Pensacola to the anchorage within Isle au Vaisseau), reported to me that two gunvessels of the enemy, apparently large size sloops, of very light draught of water, had fired at the Armide upon her way down, from within the chain of small islands that ran parallel to the coast from Mobile towards Lac Borgne, and ha\ing afterwards joined three others cruising in the Lake, were then visible from his mast head.
The Bayone Catalan (or des Pecheurs) at the head of Lac Borgne, being the contemplated point of disembarkation, the distance from the inner anchorage of the frigates and troop ships to the Bayone full sixty miles, and our
principal means of transport open boats, it became impossible that any movement of the troops could take place until this formidable flotilla was either captured or destroyed.
Real Admiral Malcolm joined me with the fleet upon the 11th instant; and upon the 13th I placed the launches, barges, and pinnaces of the squadron, with Captain Montressor of the Manly, and Captain Roberts, of the Meteor, under the command of Captain Lockyer of the Sophie, and sent them into Lac Borgne in pursuit of the enemy, while the frigates, troop ships, and smaller vessels moved into the inmost anchorage, each vessel proceeding on until she took the ground.
After an arduous row of thirtysix hours, Captain Lockyer had the good fortune to close with the flotilla, which he attacked with such judgment and determined bravery, that notwithstanding their formidable force, their advantage of a chosen position, and their studied and deliberate preparation, he succeeded in capturing the whole of these vessels, in so serviceable a state, as to afford at once the most essential aid to the expedition.
For the particulars of this brilliant affair, I refer their Lordships to the accompanying copy of CapT tain Lockyer's letter, detailing his proceedings, which I am fully aware their Lordships will duly appreciate.
Captain Lockyer's conduct on this occasion, in which he has been severely wounded, and his long and active services as a commander, justly entitling him to their Lordships' protection, and finding
finding it expedieat to place his flotilla collectively upon the establishment of a thirty-six gun frigate, I hare appointed him to the command thereof.
Captain Montressor, whom I hare placed in the command of the gun vessels, until Captain Lockyer's wounds will admit of his serving, and Captain Roberts, whom I have before had occasion to mention to their Lordships, together with Lieutenants Tatnell and Roberts of the Tonnant, and the whole of the officers mentioned by Captain Lockyer, I trust will not fail to meet their Lordships' notice.
Our loss has been severe, particularly in officers; but considering that this successful enterprize has given us the command of Lac Borgne, and considerably reduced our deficiency of transports, the effort has answered my fullest expectation.
I have the honour to be, &c.
Vice Admiral and Commander
John Wilson Croker, Esq. &c.
His Majesty's Sloop Sophie, Cat Island Roads, Dec. 18, 1814. Sir,—I beg leave to inform you, that in pursuance of your orders, the boats of the squadron which ypu did me the honour to place under my command, were formed into three divisions (the first headed by myself, the second by CaptainMontressor, of the Manly, and the third by Captain Roberts, of the Meteor), and proceeded on the night of the 12th instant, from the frigate's anchorage, in quest of the enemy's flotilla.
After a very tedious row of 30 hours, during which the enemy attempted to escape from us, the wind fortunately obliged him to anchor off St. Joseph's island, and nearing him on the morning of the 14th, 1 discovered his force to consist of five gun-vessels of the largest dimensions, which were moored in a line abreast, with springs on their cables, and boarding nettings triced up, evidently prepared for our reception.
Observing also, as we approached the flotilla, an armed sloop, endeavouring to join them, Captain Roberts, who volunteered to take her with part of his division, succeeded in cutting her off and capturing' her without much opposition.
About ten o'clock having closed to within long gun-shot, I directed the boats to conic to a grapple, and the people to get their breakfasts; and as scon as they had finished, Ave again took to our oars, and pulling up to the enemy against a strontr current, running at the rate of nearly three miles an hour, exposed to a heavy and destructive fire of round and grape, about noon I bad the satisfaction of closing with the Commodore in the Seahorses barge.
After several minutes obstinate resistance, in which the greater part of the officers and crew of this boat were either killed or wounded, myself amongst the latter, severely, we succeeded in boarding, and being seconded by the Seahorse's first barge, commanded by Mr. White, midshipman, and aided by the boats of the Tonnant, commanded by Lieutenant Tatnell, we soon carried
her, and turned her guns with good effect upon the remaining four.
During this time Capt. Montressor's division was making every possible exertion to close with the enemy, and with the assistance of the other boats, then joined by Captain Roberts, in about five minutes we had possession of the whole of the flotilla.
I have to lament the loss of many of my brave and gallant companions, who gloriously fell in this attack; but considering the great strength of the enemy's vessels (whose force is underneath described) and their state of preparation, we have by no means suffered so severely as might have been expected.
[The letter concludes with expressions of acknowldgement to several officers.]
(Signed) Nich. Luckylr, Captain. Sir Alexander Cochrane,
&c. &c. &c. A return of the seamen and marines killed and wounded in the boats of his Majesty's ships at the capture of the American gun vessels, near New Orleans.
Total—3 midshipmen, 13 seamen, 1 private marine, killed; 1 Captain, 4 lieutenants, 1 lieutenant of marines, 3 masters' mates, 1 midshipmen, 50 seaawn, 11 marines, wounded.— Grand total — 17" killed j 77 wounded.
Armide, off Isle au Chat, Jail. 18, 1815. Sir,—An unsuccessful attempt to gain possession of the enemy's
lines near New Orleans on the 8th instant, having left me to deplore the fall of Major-General the Honourable Sir Edward Pakenham, and Major-General Gibbs; and deprived the service of the present assistance of Major-General Keaike, who is severely wounded; I send the Flantagenet to England to convey a dispatch from MajorGeneral Lambert, upon whom the command of the army has devolved, and to inform my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty of the operations of the combined forces since my arrival upon this coast.
The accompanying letters, Nos. 163 and 169, of the 7th and 16th ult. will acquaint their lordships with the proceedings of the squadron to the 15th of December.
The great distance from the anchorage of the frigates and troop ships to the Bayone Catalan, which from the best information we could gain appeared to offer the most secure, and was indeed the only unprotected spot whereat to effect a disembarkation, and our means, even with the addition of tlie captured enemy's gun-vessels, only affording us transport for half the army, exclusive of the supplies that were required, it became necessary, in order to have support for the division that would tirst land, to assemble the whole at some intermediate position, from whence the second division could be reembarked in vessels draught light into the Lake, as near the Bayone as might be practicable, and remain there until the boats could land the first division and return.
Upon the 16th, therefore, the advance, advance, commanded by Colonel Thornton of the 85th regiment, was put into the gun vessels and boats, and Captain Gordon of the Seahorse proceeded with them and took post upon the Isle aux Poix, a small swampy spot at the mouth of the Pearl river, about 30 miles from the anchorage, and nearly the same distance from the Bayone, where Major-General Keane, Rear-Admiral Codrington and myself joined them on the followingday; meeting the gun vessels and boats returning to the shipping for troops, and supplies of stores and provisions.
The Hon. Captain Spencer of the Carron, and Lieutenant Peddy of the Quarter-Master General's department, who were sent to reconnoitre the Bayone Catalan, now returned with a favourable report of its position for disembarking the army; having, with their guide, pulled up in a canoe to the head of the Bayone, a distance of eight miles, and landed within.a mile and a half of the high road to, and about six miles below, New Orleans, where they crossed the road without meeting with any interruption, or perceiving the least preparation on the part of the enemy.
The severe changes of the weather, from rain to frosh gales and hard frost, retardingthe boats in their repeated passages to and from the shipping, it was not until the 51st that (leaving on board the greater part of the two black regiments and the dragoons), we could assemble troops and supplies sufficient to admit of our proceeding; and on that day we commenced the embarkation of the second, division in the gun
vessels, such of the hired craft as could be brought into the Lakes, and the Anaconda, which by the greatest exertions had been got over the shoal passages.
On the 22d these vessels being filled with about two thousand four hundred men, the advance, consisting of about sixteen hun dred, got into the boats, and at eleven o'clock the whole started, with a fair wind, to cross Lac Borgne. We had not, however, proceeded above two miles, when the Anaconda grounded, and the hired craft and gun-v&sscls taking the ground in succession before they had got within ten miles of the Bayone; the advance pushed on, and about midnight reached the entrance.
A picquet, which the enemy had taken the precaution to plate there, being surprised and cut off, Major-General Keane, with Rear- Admiral Malcolm and the advance, moved up the Bayone, and having effected a landing at day-break, in the course of the day was enabled to take up a por sition across the main road toNew Orleans, between the river Mississippi and the Bayone.
In this situation, about an hour after sunset, and before the boats could return with the second division, an enemy's schooner of 14 guns, and an armed ship of 16 guns, having dropped down the Mississippi, the former commenced a brisk cannonading, which was followed up by an attack of the whole of the American army. Their troops were, however, beaten back, and obliged to retire with considerable loss, and Major-Gencral Keane advanced somewhat beyond his for*