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on a very large scale, were brought away, and nothing fell into the enemy's hands excepting six iron eighteen pounders, mounted on sea carriages, and two carronades which were in position on the left bank of the Mississippi: to bring them off at the moment the army was retiring was impossible, and • to have done it previously would have exposed the whole force to any fire the enemy might have sent down the river. These batteries were of course destroyed, and the guns rendered perfectly unserviceable. Only four men were reported absent next morning, and these, I suppose, must have been left behind, and have fallen into the hands of the enemy; but when it is considered the troops were in perfect ignorance of the movement, until a fixed hour during the night, that the battalions were drawn off in succession, and that the picquets did not move off till half past three o'clock in the morning, and that the whole had to retire through the most difficult new made road, cut in marshy ground, impassable for a horse, and where, in many place?, the men could only go in single files, and that the absence of men might be accounted for in so many ways, it would be rather a matter of surprise the number was so few.
An exchange of prisoners has been effected with the enemy upon very fair terms, and their attention to the brave prisoners, and wounded, that have fallen into their hands, has been kind and humane, I have every reason to believe.
However unsuccessful the termination of the late service the army and navy have been employed
upon has turned out, it would be injustice not to point out how much praise is due to their exertions, ever since the 13th of December, when the army began to move from the ships; the fatigue of disembarking and bringing up artillery and supplies from such a distance has been incessant: and I must add, that owing to the exertions of the navy, the army has never wanted provisions. The labour and fatigue of the seamen and soldiers were particularly conspicuous on the night of the 7th instant, when fifty bcv.ts weredragged through a canal into the Mississippi, in which there were only eighteen inches of water; and I am confident that Vice Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, who suggested the possibility of this operation, will be equally ready to admit this, as well as the hearty cooperation of the troops on all occasions.
From what has come under my own observation since I joined this army, and from official reports that have been made to me, I beg to call your Lordship's attention to individuals, who from their station have rendered themselves peculiarly conspicuou.1. Major Forrest, at the head of the Quarter-mastergeneral's department, I cannot say too much of. Lieut. Evans and Peddie of the same, have been remarkable for their exertions and indefatigability: Sir John Tylden, who has acted in the field as Assistant Adjutant General with me (Lieut.-Col. Stovin having been wounded on the 23d ult. though doing well, not as yet being permitted to take active service) has been very useful. On the night of the 7th, previous to the attack,
Rear Rear Admiral Malcolm reports the great assistance he received from him in forwarding the boats into the Mississippi. Captain Wood of the 4th regiment, Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, has filled that situation since the first disembarkation of the troops with zeal and attention.
During the action of the 8th instant, the command of the 3d brigade devolved upon Lieutenant Colonel Brooke, 4th regiment; that of the 3d upon Colonel Hamilton, 5th West India regiment; and the reserve upon Colonel Blakeney, royal fusiliers ;—to all these officers 1 feel much indebted for their services. • Lieutenant Colonel Dickson, royal artillery, has diplayed his usual abilities and assiduity; he reports to me his general satis faction with all the officers under his command, especially Major Munro, senior officer of the royal artillery, previous to his arriv.il, and of the officers commanding companies.
Lieutenant Colonel Burgoyne, royal engineers, afforded me every assistance that could be expected from his known talents and experience : that service lost a very valuable and much esteemed officer Lieutenant Wright, who was killed when reconnoitring on the evening of the 31st ultimo.
Lieutenant Colonel Merin, of the 43d, and Lieutenant Colonel Gubbins, 85th regiments, field officers of the picquets on the 18th, have great credit for the manner in ■which they withdrew the out-posts on the morning of the 19th, under the direction of Colonel Blakeney, royal fusiliers.
I request in a particular manner to express how much this army is
indebted to the attention and diligence of Mr. Robb, Deputy Inspector of Hospitals: he met the embarrassments of crowded hospitals, and their immediate removal, with such excellent arrangements, that the wounded were all brought off with every favourable cirsumstance, except Such cases as would have rendered their removal dangerous.
Captain SirThoinasTroubridge, royal navy, who commanded a battalion of seamen, and who was attached to act with the troops, rendered the greatest service by his exertions in whatever way they were required j Col.Dickson, royal artillery,particularly mentions how much he was indebted to him.
The conduct of the two squadrons of the 14th light dragoons, latterly under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Baker, previously of Major Mills, has been the admiration of every one, by the cheerfulness with which they have performed all descriptions of service. I must also mention the exertions of the royal staff corps under Major Todd, so reported by the Deputy Quarter Master General.
Permit me to add the obligations I am under to my personal staff, Lieutenant the hon. Edward Curzon, of the royal navy, who was selected as naval aide-de-camp to the commanding officer of the troops on their first disembarkation, each of whom have expressed the satisfaction they had in his appointment, to which I confidently add my own.
Major Smith, of the 95th regiment, now acting as Military Secretary, is so well known for his zeal and talents, that I can with
truth say, that I think he possesses every qualification to render him hereafter one of the brightest ornaments of his pr-ofession.
I cannot conclude without expressing how much indebted, the army is to Rear Admiral Malcolm, who had the immediate charge of landing and re-embarking the troops: he remained on shore to the last, and by his abilities and activity smoothed every difficulty. I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed)
P. S. I regret to have to report, that during the night of the 25th, in very bad weather, a boat containing two officers, viz. Lieutenant Brydges and Cornet Hammond, with thirty-seven of the 14thlightdragoons, unfortunately fell into the hands of the enemy, off the mouth of the Regolets: I have not been able to ascertain correctly the particular circumstances.
Return of Fasualties in Action with the Enemy near New Orleans, on the 23d and 24th of December, 1814.
Total—4 captains, 1 lieutenant, 7 Serjeants, 1 drummer, 33 rank and file, killed) 1 lieutenant colonel, 1 major, 2 captains, 8 lieutenants, lOserjeants, 4drummers, 141 rank and file, wounded; 1 major, 1 lieutenant, 1 ensign, 3 Serjeants, 58 rank and file, missing.
Return of Casualties between the Ihth and 31st December, 1814. Total—1 captain, 1 drummer,
14 rank and file, killed; 1 lieu
tenant, 2 ensigns, 1 serjci-t, 3>4 lank and file, wounded; 2 rank and file missing.
Return of Casualties between the 1st and 5th of January, 1815. Total—3 lieutenants, 2 Serjeants, 27 rank and file, killed;
4 lieutenants, 40 rank and file, wounded; 2 rank and tile missing.
Return of Casualties on the 8th of
1 lieutenant colonel, 2 major?,
5 captains, 2 lieutenants, 2 ensigns, 11 Serjeants, 1 drummer, 266 rank and file, killed; 2 major generals, 8 lieutenant colonel*,
2 majors, 18 captains, 38 lieutenants, 9 ensigns, 1 staff, 54 serr jeants, 9 drummers, 1126 rank ana file, wounded; 3 captains, 12 lieutenants, 13 Serjeants, 4 drummers, 452 rank and file missing.
Return of Casualties between the
1 lieutenant, 1 Serjeant, 3 rank
and file, wounded.
Return of the Ordnance taken from the enemy by a detachment of the army acting on the Right Bank of the Mississippi under the command of Colonel Thornton.
Redoubt, Right Bank of the Mississippi, Jan. 8, 1815. 1 brass ten-inch howitzer, 2
brass four-pounder field pieces,
3 twenty-four pounders, 3 twelvepounders, 6 nine-pounders, 1
twelve pounder carronade, not
On the howitzer is inscribed,
Major, Capt. Royal Artillery.
Admiralty-Office, March 9. Dispatches, of which the following are copies, addressed by Yice-Admiral the Honourable Sir Alexander Cochrane, G.C.B., &c. to John Wilson Croker, Esq. were yesterday brought to this office by the Honourable Captain William Henry Percy, late of his Majesty's ship Hermes.
Armide, off Lle-au-Chat, Dec. 16, 1814. Sir,—Having arrived at the anchorage off Chandeleur Islands on the 8th instant, Captain Gordon, of the Seahorse (which ship, with the Armide and Sophie, 1 had sent on from off Pensacola to the anchorage within Isle au Vaisseau), reported to me that two gunvessels of the enemy, apparently large size sloops, of very light draught of water, had fired at the Armide upon her way down, from within the chain of small islands that ran parallel to the coast from Mobile towards Lac Borgne, and hating afterwards joined three others cruising in the Lake, were then visible from his mast head.
The Bayone Catalan (or des Pecheurs) at the head of Lac Borgne, being the contemplated point of disembarkation, the distance from the inner anchorage of the frigates and troop ships to the Bayone full sixty miles, and our
principal means of transport open boats, it became impossible that any movement of the troops could take place until this formidable flotilla was either captured or destroyed.
Real Admiral Malcolm joined me with the fleet upon the 11th instant; and upon the 12th I placed the launches, barges, and pinnaces of the squadron, with Captain Montressor of the Manly, and Captain Roberts, of the Meteor, under the command of Captain Lockyer of the Sophie, and sent them into Lac Borgne in pursuit of the enemy, while the frigates, troop ships, and smaller vessels moved into the inmost anchorage, each vessel proceeding on until she took the ground.
After an arduous row of thirtysix hours, Captain Lockyer had the good fortune to close with the flotilla, which he attacked with such judgment and determined bravery, that notwithstanding their formidable force, their advantage of a chosen position, and their studied and deliberate preparation, he succeeded in capturing the whole of these vessels, in so serviceable a state, as to afford at once the most essential aid to the expedition.
For the particulars of this brilliant Affair, I refer their Lordships to the accompanying copy of Capr tain Lockyer's letter, detailing his proceedings, which I am fully aware their Lordships will duly appreciate.
Captain Lockyer's conduct on this occasion, in which he has been severely wounded, and his long and active services as a commander, justly entitling him to their Lordships' protection, and finding
finding it expedient to place his flotilla collectively upon the establishment of a thirty-six gun frigate, I hare appointed him to the command thereof.
Captain Montressor, whom I hare placed in the command of the gun vessels, until Captain Lockyer's wounds will admit of his serving, and Captain Roberts, whom I have before had occasion to mention to their Lordships, together with Lieutenants Tatnell and Roberts of the Tonnant, and the whole of the officers mentioned by Captain Lockyer, I trust will not fail to meet their Lordships' notice.
Our loss has been severe, particularly in officers; but considering that this successful enters prize has given us the command of Lac Borgne, and considerably reduced our deficiency of transports, the effort has answered my fullest expectation.
1 have the honour to be, &c.
Vice Admiral and Commander in Chief. John Wilson Croker, Esq. &c.
His Majesty's Sloop Sophie, Cat Island Roads, Dec. 18, 1814. Sir,—I beg leave to inform you, that in pursuance of your orders, the boats of the squadron which you did me the honour to place under my command, were formed into three divisions (the first headed by myself, the second by Captain Montressor, of the Manly, and the third by Captain Roberts, of the Meteor), and proceeded on the night of the 12th instant from the frigate's anchorage, in quest of the enemy's flotilla.
After a very tedious row of 38 hours, during which the enemy attempted to escape from U9, the wind fortunately obliged him to anchor off St. Joseph's island, and nearing him on the morning of the 14 th, 1 discovered his force to consist of five gun-vessels of the largest dimensions, which were moored in a line abreast, with springs on their cables, and boarding nettings triced up, evidently prepared for our reception.
Observing also, as we approached the flotilla, an armed sloop, endeavouring to join them, Cap* tain Roberts, who volunteered to take her with part of his division, succeeded in cutting her off and capturing' her without much op» position.
About ten o'clock having closed to within long gun-shot, I directed the boats to come to a grapple, and the people to get their breakfasts; and ns scon as they had finished, we again took to our oars, and pulling up to the enemy against a strong current, running at the rate of nearly three miles an-hour, exposed to a heavy and destructive fire of round and grape, about noon I had the satisfaction of closing with the Commodore in the Seahorse's barge.
After several minutes obstinate resistance, in which the greater part of the officers and crew of this boat were either killed or wounded, myself amongst the latter, severely, we succeeded in bparding, and being seconded by the Seahorse's first barge, commanded by Mr. White, midshipman, and aided by the boats of the Tonnant, commanded by Lieutenant Tatucll, we soon carried