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Mexican general, Anaya, a number of them were cut off, others joined the independents, and but a small number made good their retreat to Xalapa. The Mexican congress was to assemble, and a constitution had been drawn up for the province.
On the whole it appears certain, that the attempt from Old Spain to recover its authority in these parts has been unsuccessful; and the more the character and proceedings of the Spanish government at home become known in the colonies, the less probability will there be of a re-union of the latter to the mother country.
The political storm by whteh France was agitated in this year extended its effects to the West Indies. In Martinique, the troops in possession of the forts displayed such a disposition to mount the tri-coloured cockade, and declare for Buonaparte, that the Count de Vaugirard, governor of the island, found it necessary to anticipate an open revolt by assembling the soldiery, and releasing from their obligations such of the officers as desired it, at the same time informing them that they must quit Martinique, and that an attempt to raise the standard of rebellion would be resisted by force. A revolutionary movement, however, in all probability, could not have been prevented, if Sir James Leith, commander of the British military force in the Leeward islands, had not sent over from St. Lucie an auxiliary body of troops, which, landing in the island on June 5th, occupied all the strong positions, and kept the disafiected under
controul. The whole of the French troops, with the exception of part of a regiment, were aftarwards permitted to depart from the island unarmed. The terms on which this succour was afforded by the British commander were perfectly liberal. The sovereignty of the island was to remain entire in the King of France; the British troops, which were to act as auxiliaries to the governor, were to be maintained at the exjiense of the English government, and to preserve strict discipline, and the persons and properties of the inhabitants were to be fully respected by them.
In the island of Guadaloupe the revolutionary cause obtained a temporary triumph. A vessel having arrived after a short passage from France, on June 18th, an insurrection broke out, in which both the military and citizens declared for Buonaparte. The governor, Admiral Count de Linois, was placed under arrest, doubtless by way of mere form, since on the next day he was set at liberty, and issued a proclamation, acquainting the soldiers and inhabitants that Napoleon had been received in France without resistance; that the tri-coloured flag was every where waving, and that the colonists were expected to concur in this change of government. He concluded with Vive VEmpereur! On the same day Buonaparte was proclaimed in grand ceremony at Point-a-Petre, under the direction of the commandant Fromentin, acting for General Boyer, and with every display of enthusiastic joy. It was not, however, by a sudden effervescence of (his kind that a durable revolution
was to be effected; and as soon as the affairs of Martinique were settled, preparations were making by the British commanders to wrest Guadaloupe from the imperial usurper. Sir James Leith, having collected troops from the Windward islands and the continent of America, and made arrangements with Rear-ad in. Sir Charles Durham, sailed on July 31st from Carlisle Bay in Bar bade*.?, whilst the land force from St. Lucie, Martinique, and Dominica, was ordered to rendezvous at the Saintes. On the 7th Aug. the whole force being assembled at the Saintes, it was resolved to lose no time in making the attack, expedition being rendered necessary as well by the approach of the hurricane season, as by the internal state of Guadaloupe, in which the sanguinary scenes of the French revolution were about to be renewed. The 15th of the month, being Buonaparte's birthday, was, according to report, to have been solemnized by the execution of a number of royalists already condemned to deathj and their rescue was an object of interest to the British commander. The troops of the line and armed militia in the island amounted to about 6000 men, posted in Grandterre and Basseterre, and it was the plan of Sir J. Leith to land his principal force so as to prevent the intended junction of the enemy. This was successfully effected on the 8th, and the troops were moved forward, driving the enemy from the position they had token. At the time of landing, theGeneral and Admiral circulated t proclamation of which they had Voi. LVU.
previously sent a copy to Linois with notice of their intention. Its substance was an information to the inhabitants of the events which had taken place in France since Buonaparte's landing, namely, his entire defeat at YVaterloo, the march of Wellington and Blucher to Paris, and the advance of all the allied armies to the French frontiers. They also announced their arrival with a powerful force to place Guadaloupe under the protection of his Britannic Majesty, and stated the terms on which they proposed to receive the colony.
Early on the 9th the troops advanced in columns with all possible rapidity, and a series of actions ensued (see Gazette) by which the enemy were completely cut off from making their intended junction. Ou that night an officer came to propose a capitulation on the part of Linois; but the answer returned was, that no other conditions would be accepted than those mentioned in the proclamation. On the next morning, preparations being made for an attack on Morne Houel, a white flag was hung out as a signal that the troops in it had surrendered as prisoners of war, and that all the forts in the colony had yielded to the British arms. This conquest was obtained with a small loss, and by it an end was put to revolutionary attempts in the French West Indies. By the articles of capitulation it was agreed that the Count de Linois, Baron Boyer, the French troops of the line, with the military administration, should be sent to France to the Duke of Wellington as prisoners
[K] * rf of war: that the militia who had already withdrawn to their habitations should be protected in person and property, but that those who were still in arms should be treated as prisoners of war, and sent away: that no individual should be molested by the British government on account of his political conduct to the present moment: and that the laws, and private property on shore, should be respected. All the forts, redoubts, &c. in the island, with magazines, arms, and eveiy thing military, were to be delivered to the British troops ; and all persons under arms were to surrender them.
By later intelligence from the West Indies it appeared that Guadaloupe, though completely in the martial occupation of Great Britain, was not reduced to a state of tranquillity. A number of French soldiers who had deserted previously to the surrender of the island, took refuge in the woods, whence they carried on a desultory and ferocious war ngainstthe posts of the English, several of whom were killed in their desperate sallies. Many of the inhabitants of Foint-a-Petre, who formerly pursued the trade of privateering, were suspected of holding correspondence with them, and supplying them with provisions and ammunition. Measures had however been taken to prevent this intercourse, and a force had been sent against the insurgents. A letter from Batseterre, dated Nov. 2d, asserts that about 300 of Buonaparte's adherents in the island had been apprehended, and that a ship load had been sent to Europe, many still remaining under
strong guard in the fort. An exact police was maintained in tii ■ capital, by which order was perfectly preserved, though it wai evident that the French inhabitants looked upon their conqueron with great aversion.
Some important proceedings in the House of Assembly of Jamaica have been reported as taking place in the month of October. They originated from the receipt in that island of the copy of the bill relative to the registry and regulation of slaves, introduced by Mr. Wilberforce to the House of Commons in the last session. A committee had been appointed by the House of Assembly to take into consideration the bill in question, which in their report gave an opinion that a more solemn investigation, by a committee vested with fuller powers, ought to be made into the allegations and facts set forth in the bill. They afco recommended that the House should without delay take into consideration the constitutional question arising out of the said bill, concerning the legislative authority within the island. Witk relation to this point, they drew tip and offered certain resolutions, declaratory of what they considered as the constitutional and unalienable rights of the inhabitants of Jamaica. The first of these declares the right of the colonists of Jamaica to enjoy, so long as ther have no representatives in the British parliament, a distinct and en* tire civil government. The subsequent resolutions are supplemental to the claim advanced in the first. The fifth, however, acknowledges the authority of parliament to make laws for the general THE vast extension of the British Company's possessions in the East Indies having proportionally enlarged the sphere of their contact with the neighbouring powers, always either jealous of their sway, or envious of their prosperity, it cannot be expected that they should long remain in the enjoyment of perfect peace, even supposing no ambitious views on the part of their own servants; and the present year has afforded some interesting intelligence of the military kind from that quarter of the world.
East India.—'Attacks on Kalunga and result.—War of Nepaul.—Conquest of Candy, and Annexation of the whole of Ceylon.—Disputes urith the Chinese.—Embassy .—Converts to Christianity.—Expedition of the Viceroy of Egypt against the H'ahabees.—Revolution at Tunis.
A dispatch from the Adjutantgeneral of the Company's forces in Bengal, dated Luc-know, Nov. 9th, 1814, communicated an account of the unfortunate result of an attack upon the fort of Kalunga, in the Dlioon district, made by Slajor-gen. Gillespie, on Oct. 31st. After various unsuccessful attacks on the fort, attended with a great loss of officers and men, the General himself gallantly cheering on his men within thirty yards of the gateway, received a mortal wound, and the attempt was given up. A battering train having been brought from Delhi, operations against Kalunga were resumed on November 25th, and a practicable breach being re
ported on the 27th, an assault was directed by Colonel Maw by. The storming party, however, met with insuperable obstacles; and after the exposure during two hours to a galling fire, they were ordered to abandon the attack.— Their efforts, though unsuccessful at the time, produced such an effect on the enemy, that the fort was evacuated by its Nepaulese garrison on the 30th, and left to the occupation of the British. In the same month some small forts garrisoned from Gorkah in Nepaul were taken; and a Nepaulese Subah was surprized in his position, and slain. i
The British government in India was now engaged in a direct war with the state of Nepaul j and the Vice-president at Fort William thought it proper to publish, on January 6th, a declaration of the causes which had produced hostilities between them. It begins with observing, that the course of the Gorkah (Nepaulese) conquests having approximated their frontier to that of the company, of its ally the Nawaub Vizier, and of the protected Sikh chieftains, through a great extent of country, it was scarcely to be expected that differences would not arise among the inhabitants and public officers