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can, the fashion of the upper ranks and the wealthy, abridge themselves of necessaries of life for the sake of ornament and show. Those whose circumstances are below mediocrity, or who have barely a competency, cannot, without injury to themselves and others, live in a stile which may well become the opulent. The latter have, indeed, no warrant to be wasteful. A care that nothing be loft, is incumbent on both. A single family may live in affluence on a large estate ; but when that estate is divided among a number of heirs, shall these begin life with as plentiful a table as their frugal parents, after many years' industry and good management, could furnish? With like application and forecast, they may, in time, attain to similar circumstances. Otherwise they may waste their patrimony fafter than it was acquired. It is with families and focieties as with an individual. His ease and credit depend upon his care to fulfil his engagements. So do theirs. If, through inevitable providence, his means are small, he muft not go into various articles of expence, which larger means would admit--articles of luxury or mere ornament. Expensive amusements especially must be avoided.

Seeft thou a man diligent in his business, guided by rules which steady experience pronounces to be wise, neither withholding more than is meet, nor lavishing the fruits of industry, he shall, by the ordinary blessing of providence, have a competency, if not an affluence. He will enjoy his portion the better, having acquired and preserved it by proper application and discretion. He will be content with such things as he hath, and useful in his sphere, willing to live honestly, and inclined to relieve indigence and distress according to his ability. When heads of families shew a pattern of industry and discreet behaviour, alligning time and place to every concern, order is then conspicuous. Every member knows his place, and is treated according as he demeans himself. There is no lack through neg. lect, or waste through capriciousness. This good householder brings out of his treasure, things new and old.Provision is made, so far as human foresight can make it, against contingences, misfortune and the days of darkness. Such an householder is training up his family to be both comfortable and useful. Habits of industry, discretion and fobriety, to which children and servants are early inured, yield fruit, like the generous olive, that honours God and man. The example of this householder sheds its salutary influence, not merely on the subordinate members of his family, but also on the neighbourhood, and on others who have opportunity to observe it.

Among other examples, the scriptures make honourable mention of female diligence, prudence and charity. The industrious and charitable Dorcas was respected in life for good works and alms-deeds. The coats and garments she manufactured, and which clothed the poor, were shewn after her death, by the widows who bewailed her. The fruit of her hands praised her in the gates. Lydia was employed in honest traffic. Having, from this fource, fupplies for hospitality, she was diftinguished for largeness of heart ; and her piety and alms are mentioned with honour. Among the qualifications of indigent widows, whom St. Paul commends to the charity of the church, we observe these : “ Well reported of for good works; if she have “ brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, " if she have washed the faints' feet, if the have relieved “ the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every “ good work.” There is reference to an ancient usage, and to the then dispersed and perfecuted state of the church. But the general meaning and application are plain. In opposition to such virtuous and pious matrons are the “ idle and wanton, tattlers and busy “ bodies,” who “ wander from house to house,” instead of “guiding” their own. Such are excluded from charity. Some of the temptations and mischiefs of idleness the apostle mentions in the above words. There is scarce a vice that can be named, to which it is not a temptation. They who mind not their own business, intermeddle with that of others. They lie open to falsehood, dishonesty, intemperance, uncleanness, envy, back-biting. They are a burden to themselves, a dead load on their connections, and the bane of society. In middle age, or the decline of life, they are filled with the follies and extravagancies of their youth -the sloth, indiscretion or profusion of that period of life, in which they should have made provision for misfortune, infirmity, or age.

Apply the subject to public characters and communis ties. In civil society, as in the natural body, “ those “ members, which seem to be more feeble, are necef

sary. The eye cannot say to the hand, I have no “ need of thee ; nor again the head to the feet, I have “ no need of you.

you.” Studying to be quiet, and do his own business, every one is useful to the community.Be his station ever fo obscure, or his talents ever so small, he casts his mite into the public treasury. However inconsiderable his offering, compared with the much which others cast in; yet it helps to fill the treasury. Every man serves his generation, when he walks as God hath diftributed to him, and called him. When the tax-gatherers asked Jesus, “ What shall we “ do?” his answer was, “ Exact no more than that “ which is appointed you.” When the soldiers asked the fame question,“ Do violence to no man,” said he, “ neither accuse any falsely, and be content with your

wages. Let every man abide in the same calling « in which he is called.” Those who are in circumstances above dependence, should be examples of application, in various ways beneficial to themselves and to mankind. Their industry and private economy, as well as the riches of their liberality, reflect honour on them, and are of much utility to the world.

Look to the ruler, who labours and watches for the welfare of his people, in imitation of him who never flumbereth. Look to the public character, who considers that public frugality is as judicious and needful as private; as falutary to the community as the other is to a man's personal affairs. Such a ruler is a benefactor to his people. A striking contrast to this character is exhibited by most in power. They layish the public treasure on vain magnificence, luxury, ambition and corruption. The poverty of the body of the people is humiliating and wretched beyond defcription. To be fond of the splendour and profusion, the great inequality, which have long been the curse of the European nations, must be extreme folly in a young and republican government. A free republic, as that of the United States, instituted at a period of such light and improvement as the present, should have original manners : It should seek no other foreign connection than commerce; and this on terms of reciprocal advantage. Frugality, with a great degree of equality, support the respectability of such a republic.

Let us finally apply the subject as Christians. In this character it ill becomes us to be captivated with the pride of life. This is to favour the things that be of men : The foe. of God and man allures fouls by proffers of worldly grandeur. Simplicity and humility mark the disciples of him, who“ came not to be ministered unto,

but to minister”—who said, “ Blessed are the poor “ in spirit, blessed are the meek.” The Christian will not seek great things for himself, will not seek his own things, if he looks to Jesus. He will not be allured by the fashion of the world; forhe reflects that it passeth away. He forgets

his Master's caution, whenever he seeks the highest

Shall any glare of exterior greatness occupy the mind of one, who professes to seek the honour of God and of a crucified Saviour? The real Christian passeth through honour and dishonour as one who ac

room,

counts it a small thing to be judged of man's judgment. He knows both how to be abased, and how to be exalted, how to abound, and how to suffer need. He reflects, that he brought nothing into this world, and can carry nothing out. Having food and

raiment he is content. Contentment with godliness is great gain. It being the good pleasure of his heavenly Father to give him the kingdom, he is not of doubtful mind as to other things. He is not envious that others have a larger share of earthly things than himself. If raised above them in these things, he condescends to men of low degree; his heart and treasure are in heaven. To obtain a treasure there should swal. low up all other cares.

In ways of well doing we may cast all our cares upon God; and shall always be satisfied with his difposal of events. We know not beforehand, whether this or that undertaking shall prosper. Anxious care is as opposite to our peace as to piety. When we go out or come in, in whatever business we are employ, ed, whatever our rank or circumstances, our high calling should be uppermost. In the

regular pursuit of the duties of life, we go to the offices of religion with a mind more serene and devout. In the regular attendance on the offices of religion, we shall be more diligent and faithful, cheerful and contented in difcharging the duties of life. The true Christian is the best servant of his generation ; and the good servant of his generation is the best Christian. The Author of our faith came not to subvert the distinctions and order of society. His followers are “ blameless and “ harmless, the children of God without rebuke, and “ shine as lights in the world. They render to all “ their dues ; tribute, to whom tribute is due ; cus. “ tom, to whom custom ; fear, to whom fear; honour, “to whom honour"

Soon, very soon, every interest of time will be swallowed up in eternity. May this folemn thought be habitual and familiar. So shall we give all diligence to make our calling and clection sure.--AMEN,

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