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Northwestern Territory.--The Spaniards, the English, and the French, plant colonies

in North America-Catholic missionaries—British Colonies in America, in 1670.-_Pro.

ceedings of the French--Allouez and Dablon-opinions concerning the Mississippi river-

Marquette and Joliette visit the Mississippi - Ambitious projects of Robert Cavelier de La

Salle; his adventures and death-Missionaries among the Illinois Indians-Cabokia and

Kaskaskia founded.-p. 1.


Spain claims a large territory in North America-Louis XIV. determines to establish

colonies in Louisiana-French settlement founded at Biloxi-Jealousy of the English states-

men: permanent settlement founded at Detroit-conditions on which the first French

settlers at Detroit received grants of land-Fur Trade--The Sieur Juchereau and the

missionary Mermet attempt to found a settlement--the missionary Marest-Detroit be-

sieged-Commerce of Louisiana granted to Crozat-Crozat relinquishes the grant—The

Province of Logisiana ceded to the Western Company: a new government formed for the

Province-Settlers transported to the valley of the Mississippi-New Orleans founded -

The Indies Company acquire the Province of Louisiana--Ordinance enacted for the benefit

of the inhabitants of Louisiana, on the 2d of September, 1721-trade and commerce-form

of granting lands to settlers-Ordinance published by Louis XV. in the month of March,

1724—the French settlements at Natchez destroyed by the Indians—the Natchez nation

of Indians exterminated by the French-p. 28.


Number of French families in the northwestern territory: attempts to check the growth

of settlements in the west-George Washington and others visit the valley of the Obio, in



Settlements increase in Kentucky-General McIntosh ordered to protect the western
frontiers--treaty with the Delaware Indians--Colonel John Todd visits Vincennes and
Kaskaskia ; issues a proclamation; institutes a Court at Vincennes-proceedings of the
Court-Col. John Bowman's expedition--Capt. Byrd's expedition-Clark's expedition, La
Balme's expedition--Capt. Don Eugenio Pierre's expedition--Col. Broadhead's expedition :
Col. David Williamson's expedition-Indians attack Estell's station-death of Capt. Estell :
Col. Crawford's expedition-- Indians attack Bryant's station ; attack Laughery's party-
Clark's expedition: treaty of peace between the United States and Great Britain; boundaries
of the United States--proclamation by Congress-General Clark dismissed from the service










The fertile and populous states of Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan, contain within their limits, collectively, the fairest portion of that large region which, from 1787 to 1800, was known and governed as THE TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES NORTH-WEST OF THE River Ohio.” This Territory, in its greatest extent, was bounded on the south by the river Ohio, on the east by Pennsylvania, and on the north and west by the lines which divided the United States from the dominions of Great Britain and Spain. Almost a century and a half passed away after the discovery of America, before any portion of this region was explored by Europeans.

During the course of the sixteenth century, the Spaniards, the English, and the French, struggling separately against many formidable obstacles, and suffering many disasters and defeats, persevered steadily in their efforts to establish colonies in North America. In 1568, the Spaniards made their first effectual settlement, in Florida. The English made their first permanent settlement, in 1607, at Jamestown, in Virginia. The French planted a small colony at Port Royal, in Nova Scotia, in 1605; and three years afterwards, in 1603, a number of adventurers from France founded the city of Quebec. From this time until 1763, a period of one hundred and fiftyfive years, France and Great Britain were the great rivals in the contests concerning the commerce, the territory, and the government, of North America. The rivalry of these nations

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