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Art. 6. The Indians who sign this treaty, as well in behalf of all their tribes as of them selves, do acknowledge the lands east, south, and west, of the lines described in the third article, so far as the said Indians formerly claimed the same, to belong to the United States ; and none of their tribes shall presume to settle upon the same, or any part of it.
Art. 7. The post of Detroit, with a district beginning at the mouth of the River Rosine, on the west end of Lake Erie, and running west six miles up the southern bank of the said river, thence northerly and always six miles west of the strait, till it strikes the Lake St. Clair, shall be also reserved to the sole use of the United States.
Art. 8. In the same manner, the post of Michilimackinac, with its dependencies, and twelve miles square about the same, shall be reserved to the use of the United States.
Art. 9. If any Indian or Indiang sball commit robbery or murder on any citizen of the United States, the tribe to whicb such offenders may belong, shall be bound to deliver them up at the nearest post, to be punished according to the ordinances of the United States.
ART. 10. The Commissioners of the United States, in pursuance of the humane and liberal views of Congress, upon this treaty's being signed, will direct goods to be distributed among the different tribes for their use and comfort.
SEPARATE ARTICLE. It is agreed that the Delaware chiefs, Kelelamand, or Colonel Henry, Hengue Pushees, or the Big Cat, Wicocalind, or Captain White Eyes, who took up the hatchet for the Uni. ted States, and their families, shall be received into the Delaware nation, in the same situ. ation and rank as before the war, and enjoy their due portions of the lands given to the Wyandot and Delaware nations in this treaty, as fully as if they had not taken part with America, or as any other person or persons in the said nations.
Daungbquot, bis x mark,
Abraham Kuhn, his x mark,
Ottawerreri, his x mark,
Hobocan, his x mark,
Walendightun, his x mark,
Talapoxic, his x mark,
Wingen um, his x mark,
Packelant, bis x mark,
Gingewanno, his x mark,
Waanoos, bis s mark,
Konalawassee, his x mark,
Shawnagum, his x mark,
Quecookkia, his x mark.
TREATY OF FORT STANWIX - Page 311. Articles of a treaty concluded at Fort Stanwix, on the twenty-second day of October, one
thousand seven hundred and eighty-four, between Oliver Wolcott, Richard Butler, and Arthur Lee, Commissioners Plenipotentiary from the United States, in Congress assem bled, on the one part, and the sachems and warriors of the Six Nations, on the other. The United States of America give peace to the Senekas, Mohawks, Onondagas, and Cayugas, and receive them into their protection upon the following conditions:
Art. 1. Six hostages shall be immediately delivered to the commissioners by the said nations, to remain in possession of the United States, till all the prisoners, wbite and black, which were taken by the said Senekas, Mohawks, Onondagas, and Cayugas, or by any of them, in the late war, from among the people of the United States, shall be delivered up.
ART. 2. The Oneida and Tuscarora nations shall be secured in the possession of the lands on which they are settled.
Art. 3. A line shall be drawn, beginning at the mouth of a creek, about four miles east of Niagara, called Oyonwayea, or Johnston's Landing Place, upon the lake, named by the Indians Oswego, and by us Ontario; from thence southerly, in a direction always four miles east of the carrying path, between lake Erie and Ontario, to the mouth of Tehoseroron, or Buffalo creek, on Lake Erie; thence south, to the north boundary of the state of Pennsylvania; thence west, to the end of the said north boundary ; thence south, along the west boundary of the said state, to the river Ohio; the said line, from the mouth of the Oyonwayea to the Ohio, shall be the western boundary of the lands of the Six Nations; so that the Six Nations shall and do yield to the United States, all claims to the country west of the said boundary; and then they shall be secured in the peaceful possession of the lands they inhabit, east and north of the same, reserving only six miles square, round the fort of Oswego, to the United States, for the support of the same.
Art. 4. The commissioners of the United States, in consideration of the present circum. stances of the Six Nations, and in execution of the humane and liberal views of the United States, upon the signing of the above articles, will order goods to be delivered to the said Six Nations, for their use and comfort.
Oheadarighton, his x mark,
Kendarindgon, his x mark,
Tayagonendagighti, his x mark,
Tehonwaeaghrigagi, his x mark,
Otyadonenghti, his x mark,
Daga heari, his x mark,
Oraghgoanendagen, his a mark,
Onongbsawenghti, his x mark,
Tharondawagon, his x mark,
Kayenthoghke, his a mark.
AN ORDINANCE, ETC. An ordinance for ascertaining the mode of disposing of lands in the Western Territory.
Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, that the territory ceded by individual states, to the United States, which has been purchased of the Indian inhabitants, shall be disposed of in the following manner:
A surveyor from each state shall be appointed by Congress, or a committee of the States, who shall take an oath for the faithful discharge of his duty, before the geographer of the United States, who is hereby empowered and directed to administer the same ; and the like oath shall be administered to each chain-carrier, by the surveyor under whom he acts.
The geographer, under whose direction the surveyors shall act, shall occasionally form such regulations for their conduct, as he shall deem necessary; and shall have authority to suspend them for misconduct in office, and shall make report of the same to Congress, or to the committee of the States; and he shall make report in case of sickness, death, or resignation, of any surveyor.
The surveyors, as they are respectively qualified, shall proceed to divide the said territory into townships of six miles square, by lines running due north and south, and others crossing these at right angles, as near as may be, unless where the boundaries of the late Indian purchases may render the same impracticable, and then they shall depart from this rule no farther than such particular circumstances may require. And each surveyor shall be allowed and paid at the rate of two dollars for every mile in length he shall run, includ ing the wages of chain carriers, markers, and every other expense attending the same.
The first line running north and south as aforesaid, shall begin on the River Ohio, at a point that shall be found to be due north from the western termination of a line which has been run as the southern boundary of the State of Pennsylvania : and the first line running east and west, shall begin at the same point, and shall extend throughout the whole territory; provided, that nothing herein shall be construed, as fixing the western boundary of the State of Pennsylvania. The geographer shall designate the townships or fractional parts of townships, by numbers, progressively, from south to north; always beginning each range with No. 1; and the ranges shall be distinguished by their progressive numbers to the westward. The first range, extending from the Ohio to the Lake Eric, being marked No. 1. The geographer shall personally attend to the running of the first cast and west line; and shall take the latitude of the extremes of the first nortli and south line, and of the mouths of the principal rivers.
The lines shall be measured with a chain ; shall be plainly marked by chaps on the trees, and exactly described on a plat ; whercon shall be noted by the surveyor, at their proper distances, all mines, salt springs, salt licks, and mill seats, that shall come to his knowledge; and all water courses, mountains, and other remarkable and permanent things, over or near which such lines shall pass, and also the quality of the lands.
The plats of the townships, respectively, shall be marked, by subdivisions, into lots of one mile square, or 640 acres, in the same direction as the external lines, and numbered from 1 to 36; always beginning the succeeding range of the lots with the number next to that with which the preceding one concluded. And where, from the causes beforementioned, only a fractional part of a township shall be surveyed, the lots protracted thereon shall bear the same numbers as if the township had been entire. And the surveyors, in running the external lines of the townships shall, at the interval of every mile, mark corners for the lots which are adjacent, always designating the same in a different manner from those of the townships.
The geographer and surveyors shall pay the utmost attention to the variation of the magnetic neelle, and shall run and note all lines by the true meridian, certifying with eve: ry plat what was the variation at the times of running the lines thereon noted.
As soon as seven ranges of townships, and fractional parts of townships, in the direction from south to north, shall have been surveyed, the geographer shall transmit plats thereof to the board of treasury, who shall record the same, with the report, in well bound books to be kept for that purpose. And the geographer shall make similar returns, from time to time, of every seven ranges, as they may be surveyed. The secretary of war shall have recourse thereto, and shall take by lot therefrom a number of townships and fractional parts of townships, as well from those to be sold entire, as from those to be sold in lots, as will be equal to one-seventh part of the whole of such seven ranges, as nearly as may be, for the use of the late continental army; and lie shall make a similar draught, from time to time, until a suflicient quantity is drawn to satisfy the same, to be applied in manner hereinafter directed. The board of treasury shall, from time to tiine, cause the remaining numbers, as well those to be sold entire as those to be sold in lots, to be drawn for, in the name of the thirteen states, respectively, according to the quotas in the last preceding requisition on all the states: provided, that in case inore land than its proportion is allotted for sale in any state at any distribution, a deduction he made therefor at the next.
The board of treasury shall transmit a copy of the original plats, previously noting thereon the townships and fractional parts of townships, wbich shall have fallen to the several states, by the distribution aforesaid, to the commissioners of the loan office of the several states, who, after giving notice of not less than two, nor more than six monthis, by causing advertisements to be posted up at the court houses or other noted places in every county, and to be inserted in one newspaper published in the states of their residence, respectively, shall proceed to sell the townships or fractional parts of townships, at public vendue, in the following manner, víz: the township or fractional part of a township No. 1, in the first range, shall be sold entire; and No. 2, in the same range, by lots; and thus, in alternate order, through the whole of the first range. The township or fractional part of a township No. 1, in the second range shall be sold by lots; and No. 2, in the same range, entire; and so, in alternate order, through the whole of the second range; and the third range shall be sold in the same manner as the first, and the fourth in the same manner as the second; and thus, alternately, throughout all the ranges : provided, that none of the lands within the said territory be sold under the price of one dollar the acre, to be paid in specie or loan office certificates, reduced to specie value by the scale of depreciation, or cer. tificates of liquidated debts of the United States, including interest, besides the expense of the survey and other charges thereon, which are hereby rated at thirty-six dollars the township, in specie or certificates as aforesaid, and so in the same proportion, for a fractional part of a township or of a lot, to be paid at the time of sales, on failure of which pay. ment the said lands shall again be offered for sale.
There shall be reserved for the United States out of every township, the four lots, being numbered 8, 11, 26, 29, and out of every fractional part of a township, so many lots of the same numbers as shall be found thereon, for future sale. There shall be reserved the lot No. 16, of every township, for the maintenance of public schools within the said township; algo, one-third part of all gold, silver, lead, and copper mines, to be sold, or otherwise dis. posed of, as Congress shall hereafter direct,
When any township or fractional part of a township, shall have been sold as aforesaid, and the money or certificates received therefor, the loan officer shall deliver a deed in the following terms :
The United States of America, to all to whom these presents shall come, greeting :
in the range
Know ye, that for He consideration of dollars, we have granted, and hereby do grant and confirm, unto
the township (or fractional part of the town ship, as the case may be) numbered in the range — excepting therefrom, and reserving, one-third part of all gold, silver, lead, and copper mines, within the same; and the lots no 8, 11, 26, and 29, for future sale or disposition, and the lot No 16, for the main. tenance of public schools. To have to the said
his heirs and assigns, forever; (or, if more than one purchaser, to the said
their heirs and assigns, forever, as tenants in common.) In witness whereof, A. B. commissioner of the loan of fice in the State of -, hath, in conformity to the ordinance passed by the United States, in Congress assembled, the twentieth day of May, in the year of our Lord 1785, hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal, this —
in the year of our Lord
and of the independence of the United States of America And when any township, or fractional part of a township, shall be sold by lots as aforesaid, the commissioner of the loan office shall deliver a deed therefor in the following form:
The United States of America, to all to whom these presents shall come, greeting :
ye, that for the consideration of - dollars, we have granted and hereby do grant and confirm, unto
-, the lot (or lots, as the case may be, in the township or fractional part of the township, as the case may be) numbered
excepting and reserving one third part of all gold, silver, lead, and copper mines, within the same, for future sale or disposition. To have to the said
his heirs and assigns, forever; (or, if more than one purchaser, to the said their heirs and assigns, forever, as tenants in common.) In witness whereof, A. B. com. missioner of the continental loan office in the State of —-, hath, in conformity to the ordinance passed by the United States in Congress assembled, the twentieth day of May, in the year of our Lord 1785, hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal, this of
in the year of our Lord , and of the independence of the United States of America
Which deeds shall be recorded in proper books, by the commissioner of the loan office, and shall be certified to have been recorded, previous to their being delivered to the purcha. ser, and shall be good and valid to convey the lands in the same described.
The commissioners of the loan offices, respectively, shall transmit to the board of treasury, every three months, an account of the townships, fractional parts of townships, and lots, committed to their charge; specifying therein the names of the persons to whom sold, and the sums of money or certificates received for the same ; and shall cause all certificates by them received, to be struck through with a circular punch; and they shall be duly charged in the books of the treasury with the amount of the moneys or certificates, distinguishing the same, by them received as aforesaid.
If any township, or fractional part of a township or lot, remains unsold for eighteen months after the plat shall have been received by the commissioners of the loan office, the same shall be returned to the board of treasury, and shall be sold in such manner as Congress may hereafter direct,
And whereas Congress, by their resolutions of September 16th and 18th, in the year 1776, and the 12th of August, 1780, stipulated grants of land to certain officers and soldiers of the late continental army, and by the resolution of the 220 September, 1780, stip. ulated grants of land to certain officers in the hospital department of the late continental army; for complying, therefore, with such engagements, be it ordained, that the Secretary of War, from the returns in his office, or such other sufficient evidence as the nature of the case may admit, determine who are the objects of the above resolutions and engagements, and the quantity of land to which such persons or their representatives are, respectively, entitled, and cause the townships or fractional parts of townships, herein before reserved