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Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be established within the said Territory a government, in all respects similar to that provided by the ordinance of Congress, passed on the thirteenth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, for the Territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio; and the inhabitants thereof shall be entitled to, and enjoy, all and singular the rights, privileges and advantages, granted and secured to the people by the said ordinance.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the officers of the said Territory, who, by virtue of this act, shall be appointed by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall, respectively, exercise the same powers, perform the same duties, and receive for their services the same compensations, as, by the ordinance aforesaid, and the laws of the United States, have been provided and established for similar officers in the Territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio. And the duties and emoluments of superintendent of Indian Affairs shall be united with those of Governor: Provided, That the President of the United States shall have power, in the recess of Congress, to appoint and commission all officers herein authorized; and their commissions shall continue in force until the end of the next session of Congress.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of the ordinance for the government of the Territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio river, as relates to the organization of a General Assembly therein, and prescribes the powers thereof, shall be in force and operate in the Indiana Territory, whenever satisfactory evidence shall be given to the Governor there. of, that such is the wish of a majority of the freeholders, notwithstanding there may not be therein five thousand free male inhabitants of the age of twenty-one years and upwards: Provided, That until there shall be five thousand free male inhabitants, of twenty-one years and upwards, in said Territory, the whole number of Representatives to the General Assembly shall not be less than seven, nor more than nine, to be apportioned by the Governor to the several counties in said territory
agreeably to the number of free males of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, which they may respectively contain.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed so as in any manner to affect the government now in force in the Territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio river, further than to prohibit the exercise thereof within the Indiana Territory, from and after the aforesaid fourth day of July next: Provided, That, whenever that part of the Territory of the United States which lies to the eastward of a line beginning at the mouth of the Great Miami river, and running thence, due north, to the territorial line between the United States and Canada, shall be erected into an independent state, and admitted into the union on an equal footing with the original states, thenceforth said line shall become and remain permanently the boundary line between such state and the Indiana Territory, any thing in this act contained to the contrary notwithstanding.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That, until it shall be otherwise ordered by the Legislatures of the said Territories, respectively, Chillicothe, on Scioto river, shall be the seat of the government of the Territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio river; and that Saint Vincennes, on the Wabash river, shall be the seat of the government for the Indiana Territory.”
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TREATY OF FORT M'INTOSH. Articles of a treaty concluded at Fort M'Intosh, the twenty-first day of January, one thou
sand seven hundred and eighty-five, between the Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one part, and the sachems and warriors of the Wyan. dot, Delaware, Chippewa, and Ottawa nations of the other.
The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States in Congress assembled, give peace to the Wyandot, Delaware, Chippewa, and Ottawa nations of Indians, on the follow. ing conditions :
Art 1. Three chiefs, one from among the Wyandot, and two from among the Delaware nations, shall be delivered up to the Commissioners of the United States, to be by them relained till all the prisoners, white and black, taken by the said nations, or any of them, shall be restored.
ART. 2. The said Indian nations do acknowledge themselves and all their tribes to be under the protection of the United States, and of no other sovereign whatsoever.
ART. 3. The boundary line between the United States and the Wyandot and Delaware nations, shall begin at the mouth of the River Cayahoga, and run thence up the said river to the portage between that and the Tuscarawas branch of Muskingum; then down the said branch to the forks at the crossing place above Fort Lawrence; then westerly to the por. tage of the Big Miami, which runs into the Ohio, at the mouth of which branch the fort stood which was taken by the French in one thousand seven hundred and fifty-two; then along the said portage to the Great Miami or Ome River, and down the south-east side of the same to its mouth; thence along the south shore of Lake Erie, to the mouth of Caya. hoga, where it began.
ART. 4. The United States allot all the lands contained within the said lines to the Wy. andot and Delaware nations, to live and to hunt on, and to such of the Ottawa nation as now live thereon; saving and reserving for the establishment of trading posts, six miles square at the mouth of Miami or Ome River, and the same at the portage on that branch of the Big Miami wbieb runs into the Ohio, and the same on the lake of sandusky where the fort formerly stood, and also two miles square on each side of the lower rapids of Sandusky River, which posts and the lands annexed to them, shall be to the use and under the gov. ernment of the United States.
Art. 5. If any citizen of the United States, or other person, not being an Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands allotted to the Wyandot and Delaware nations in this treaty, except on the lands reserved to the United States in the preceding article, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States, and the Indians may punish him as they please