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Council. In the same body, William C. Schenk was elected Secretary; George Howard, Door-keeper, and Abner Cary, Sergeant-at-Arms. The names of the members of the House of Representatives were as follows:
From the county of Hamilton.- William Goforth, William McMillan, John Smith, John Ludlow, Robert Benham, Aaron Cadwell, Cor Caldwell,) and Isaac Martin.
From the county of Ross.— Thomas Worthington, Samuel Finley, Elias Langham, and Edward Tiffin.
From the county of Wayne. --Solomon Sibley, Charles F. Chobert de Joncaire, and Jacob Visger.
From the county of Adams. — Joseph Darlington, and Nathaniel Massie.
From the county of Knox.-Shadrach Bond.
The House of Representatives elected Edward Tiffin, Speaker; John Reilly, Clerk; Joshua Rowland, Door-keeper; and Abraham Cary, Sergeant-at-Arms.*
On the 25th of September, Governor St. Clair addressed the Territorial Legislature, and, after calling the attention of that body to various subjects, closed his message in the following words: “ The providing for, and the regulating the lives and morals of the present and of the rising generation, for the repression of vice, and immorality, and for the protection of virtue and innocence, for the security of property, and the punishment of crimes, is a sublime employment. Every aid in my power will be afforded, and I hope we shall bear in mind, that the character and deportment of the people, and their happiness, both here and hereafter, depend very much upon the genius and spirit of their laws."
On the 3d of October, 1799, the Territorial Legislature elected a Delegate to Congress from the northwestern territory. William H. Harrison, who was elected, received eleven votes; and Arthur St. Clair, jr. (son of Governor St. Clair,) received ten votes.
* Atwater's History of Ohio, 162.
In the course of their session, which was terminated on the 19th of December, 1799, the Legislative Council and House of Representatives passed forty-eight acts. Of these acts, Governor St. Clair approved thirty-seven, and vetoed eleven. Among these eleven rejected acts there were six that related to the erection of new counties. The following is a list of the titles of the laws which were passed by the Legislature and approved by the Governor :
1. — An act to confirm and give force to certain laws, enacted by the Governor and Judges of the Territory.-- Approved on the 28th of October.
II.- An act regulating the admission and practice of attorneys and counsellors at law.- Approved on the 29th of October.
III. — An act regulating enclosures. — Approved on the 29th of October.
IV.- An act providing for the service and return of process in certain cases. — Approved on the 29th of October.
V.-An act regulating the interest of money, and fixing the same at six per centum per annum, and for preventing usury. - Approved on the 15th of November.
VI. — An act authorizing and regulating arbitrations. — Approved on the 15th of November.
VII. - An act to establish and regulate ferries. -- Approved on the 15th of November.
VIII. — An act making promissory notes and inland bills of exchange negotiable.-- Approved on the 15th of November.
IX.— An act to prevent trespassing by cutting of timber. Approved on the 15th of November.
X.- An act supplemental to an act entitled “an act to prevent trespassing by cutting of timber."- Approved on the 19th of December.
XI.— An act regulating grist-mills and millers. — Approved on the 2d of December.
XII. -- An act to regulate the disposition of water-crafts of certain descriptions, found gone or going adrift, and of estray animals. — Approved on the 2d of December.
XIII.-- An act for the prevention of vice and immorality.Approved on the 21 of December. [This act was designed to prevent Sabbath-breaking. profane swearing, drunkenness, duelling, cock-fighting, running horses on public highways, and garnbling at billiards, cards, dice, shovel-board, &c.]
XIV.-An act to create the office of a Territorial Treasurer and an Auditor of Public Accounts. — Approved on the 2d of December.
XV.- An act establishing courts for the trial of small causes. - Approved on the 2d of December.
XVI. — An act providing for the appointment of constables. - Approved on the 2d of December.
XVII.-- An act to ascertain the number of free male inhabitants, of the age of twenty-one, in the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio, and to regulate the elections of representatives for the same. — Approved on the 6th of December.
XVIII. — An act to prevent the introduction of spirituous liquors into certain Indian towns. - Approved on the 6th of December
XIX. --- An act regulating the firing of woods, prairies, and other lands. -- Approved on the 6th of December.
XX.- An act establishing and regulating the militia. — Approved on the 13th of December.
XXI. — An act defining and regulating privileges in certain cases. - Approved on the 6th of December.
XXII. -- An act for allowing compensation to the members of the House of Representatives, who attended to put in nomination the members of the Legislative Council, and for defraying the incidental expenses accrued thereon. - Approved on the 13th of December.
XXIII. -- An act for the relief of poor persons imprisoned for debt. - Approved on the 13th of December.
XXIV.-An act for opening and regulating public roads and highways. -- Approved on the 13th of December.
XXV.-An act levying a territorial tax on land. - Approved on the 19th of December. [By this act the owners of lands within the territory were taxed, for every hundred acres of first rate land, eighty-five cents; for every hundred acres of second rate land, sixty cents; for every hundred acres of third rate land, twenty-five cents; and so in proportion for a greater or smaller quantity.]
XXVI. - An act to regulate county levies. — Approved on the 19th of December.
XXVII.- An act allowing and regulating prison bounds.-Approved on the 19th of December. [The prison bounds allowed by this act did not extend in any direction more than two hundred yards from the jail.]
XXVIII. --- An act for the appointment of county treasurers. - Approved on the 19th of December.
XXIX.- An act for allowing compensation to the members of the Legislative Council and House of Representatives of the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio, and to the officers of both Houses. - Approved on the 19th of December. [This act allowed to each member of the Legislature the sum of three dollars, " for each and every day's attendance on the business of legislation,” and “at the commencement and ending of every session, three dollars for every fifteen miles of the estimated distance, by the most usual road, from his place of residence to the seat of the Assembly.” To the Secretary of the Council, the sum of three dollars per day, “ for his services in attending to the business of the Council, and the addit onal sum of three dollars per day for clerk hire and incidental expenses.” To the Clerk of the House of Representatives, three dollars per day for his services, "and the additional sum of four dollars per day for olerk hire and incidental expenses.” To the Sergeant-at-Arms for both Houses two dollars per day; and to the Door-keeper of each, one dollar and fifty cents per day, during the session.]
XXX.-- An act to regulate the enclosing and cultivating of common fields. - Approved on the 19th of December.
XXXI. – An act regulating the fees of the constables in the several counties within this territory. --- Approved on the 19th of December.
XXXII. -- An act to encourage the killing of wolves. -- Approved on the 19th of December.
XXXIII.- An act for the punishment of arson.--Approved on the 19th of December.
XXXIV.-- An act for allowing compensation to the Attorney-General of the territory, and to the persons prosecuting the pleas, in behalf of the territory, in the several counties. Approved on the 19th of December.
XXXV.- An act supplementary to the act entitled “a law for the relief of the poor.” — Approved on the 19th of December.
XXXVI. -- An act appropriating moneys for the payment of the debts due from this territory, and making appropriations for the ensuing year. - Approved on the 19th of December.
XXXVII. - An act repealing certain laws and parts of laws. -- Approved on the 19th of December.
On the 30:h of December, 1799, the President of the United States nominated Charles Willing Byrd to the office of Secretary of the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio; and, on the next day the Senate confirmed the nomination.
On the 7th of May, 1800, the President of the United States approved an act of Congress entitled "an act to divide the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio into two separate governments.” * The following copy of this act shall close the introduction to the History of Indiana:
“ Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the 4th day of July next, all that part of the territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio river, which lies to the westward of a line beginning at the Ohio, opposite to the mouth of Kentucky river, and running thence to Fort Recovery, and thence, north, until it shall intersect the territorial line between the United States and Canada, shall, for the purposes of temporary government, constitute a separate territory, and be called the Indiana Territory.
* Laws of the United Sates, iii. 367.