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II. - An act to augment the terms of the County Courts of Common Pleas from two to four terms in the year; and to increase the number of Judges in the said court, and also of the Justices of the Quorum in the several counties. — Passed on the 6th of November, 1790. [By this act the Governor was authorized to commission not less than three nor more than seven Judges in each county; and to increase the Justices of the Quorum, in the several counties, to any number not exceeding nine in each and every county.]

III. - An act to authorize and require the Courts of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace to divide the counties into townships, and to alter the boundaries of the same when necessary; and also to appoint Constables, Overseers of the Poor, and Clerks of the townships; and for other purposes therein mentioned. - Passed on the 6th of November, 1790.

IV.- An act supplementary to a law entitled “A law respecting crimes and punishments,” published at Marietta, on the 6th of September, 1788.- Passed on the 22d day of June, 1791.

V.-An act for the punishment of persons tearing or defacing publications set up by authority.— Passed on the 22d day of June, 1791. [The second section of this act was in the words following: “And be it further enacted, That if, as aforesaid, any person shall wilfully and maliciously deface, obliterate, tear down, or destroy, in part or in whole, any publication of the Banns of Matrimony, or advertisement respecting Estrays, or any other notification set up in pursuance of any act or law now or which hereafter may be in force within this territory, such offender shall for every such offence of which he may be convicted, as aforesaid, be set in the stocks for three hours and pay costs, or stand committed to prison till the same are paid: any thing in this or any other act or law to the contrary notwithstanding.]

VI. — An act creating the office of Clerk of the Legislature. Passed on the 22d day of June, 1791.

VII.- An act for rendering authentic as evidence in the Courts of this Territory, the public acts, records and judicial

proceedings of Courts in the United States. — Passed on the 22d day of June, 1791.

VIII. — An act abolishing the distinction between the crimes of Murder and Petit Treason.- Passed on the 22d day of June, 1791.

IX.— An act regulating the enclosures of grounds.- Passed on the 29th day of June, 1791.

X.-- An act to alter and amend the Militia Laws.— Passed on the 2d day of July, 1791. [By the second section of this law it was enacted “That whenever persons enrolled in the Militia of this territory shall assemble at any place of public worship, every such person shall arm and equip himself according to law, as if he were marching to engage the enemy."]

XI.-An act for granting Licenses to Merchants, Traders, and Tavern-keepers.-- Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792. [One of the clauses of the fifth section of this act was in these words: “And each and every person obtaining license from the commissioners as aforesaid, shall set up, in a proper manner, on the front and outside of his house next the street, a board or sign with his or her name written thereon, and some device expressive of his business as a Tavern-keeper or Retailer of Liquors, on which board or sign shall also be written in fair large letters • BY AUTHORITY A Tavern,' or BY AUTHORITY A RETAILER,' as the case may be.]

XII. - An act creating the offices of Treasurer General of the Territory, and Treasurers for the Counties. — Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792.

XIII. - An act directing the manner in which money shall be raised and levied to defray the charges which may arise within the several counties in the Territory.- Passed on the 1st of August, 1792.

XIV. An act for opening and regulating Highways. – Passed on the 1st of August, 1792.

XV.- An act directing the building and establishing of a Court House, County Jail, Pillory, Whipping Post and Stocks, in every county.-- Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792.

XVI. — An act for the better regulation of Prisons.- Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792. [By a clause in the fourth section of this act, it was declared that “the person assisting in an escape

shall be punished by fine, imprisonment, whipping, pillory, or setting on the gallows with a rope about his or her neck; or any one or more of the said punishments as the court having cognizance thereof shall think proper to inflict.”]

XVII.-An act for the disposition of Strays.- Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792.

XVIII. — An act to repeal certain parts of an act entitled “ an act creating the office of clerk of the Legislature.”- Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792.

XIX.-An act supplementary to a law entitled “a law regulating Marriages.” — Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792. [By this act Justices of the Peace were empowered to solemnize marriages within their respective counties, on the banns being published according to law, or by special license from the Governor.]

XX.- An act to regulate the admissions of Attorneys.Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792. [By this act attorneys were required to take and subscribe an oath in the following form: "I swear that I will do no falsehood, nor consent to the doing of any, in the Courts of Justice; and if I know of

; any intention to commit any, I will give knowledge thereof to the justices of the said courts or some of them, that it may be prevented. I will not wittingly or willingly promote or sue any false, groundless, or unlawful suit, nor give aid or counsel to the same; and I will conduct myself in the office of an Attorney within the said courts according to the best of my knowledge and discretion, and with all good fidelity as well to the courts as my clients. So help me God.”

XXI.- An act empowering the Judge of Probate to appoint Guardians to Minors and others. — Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792.

XXII. - An act prescribing the forms of writs in civil causes, and directing the mode of proceeding therein. — Passed on the Ist day of August, 1792.

XXIII. -- An act establishing and regulating the fees of the several officers and other persons therein mentioned. — Passed on the 1st day of August, 1792. [This act allowed “to the Attorney of the United States for drawing an Indictment in the Sessions, fifty cents. — To Jailors, for turning the key on the commitment of each prisoner, fifteen cents in and fifteen cents out.” To the foreman of a Grand Jury, sixty cents per day; to each other Grand Juror fifty cents per day. To a Justice of the Peace, " for hearing a complaint, and issuing a warrant, twenty-five cents," etc.]


On the 2d day of March, 1793, Benjamin Lincoln, of Massachusetts, Beverley Randolph, of Virginia, and Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania, were appointed, by the President of the United States, commissioners for the purpose of negotiating a peace with the nations of Indians in the northwestern territory. These negotiators, or a majority of them, (or any one of them, in case of the death, sickness, or non-attendance of the other two,) were, by their public commissions, invested with “full power and authority to confer on, treat of, renew, conclude, and sign, with such persons as by the said nations shall appear to them to be fully authorized thereto, a treaty or treaties of peace and amity between the United States and the said Indian nations.” The following passages are copied from the secret instructions which were given by the President of the United States to Messrs. Lincoln, Randolph and Pickering on the 26th day of April, 1793.

“Gentlemen: You must be well aware of the extreme dislike of the great majority of the citizens of the United States to an Indian war, in almost any event; and with how much satisfaction they would embrace a peace upon terms of justice and humanity. To you, therefore, this negotiation is entrusted,

, with the hope that you will, by your intelligence and perseverance, be able to close a scene of hostilities, which, on the part of the United States, have been dictated by the protection due their frontier citizens. In order that you may possess all the knowledge in the power of the executive to give, you have herewith furnished the several papers upon this subject, enumerated in the schedule annexed, which contains information,

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