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TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Northwestern Territory.--The Spaniards, the English, and the French, plant colonies
Spain claims a large territory in North America-Louis XIV. determines to establish
Number of French families in the northwestern territory: attempts to check the growth
Settlements increase in Kentucky-General McIntosh ordered to protect the western
The fertile and populous states of Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan, contain within their limits, collectively, the fairest portion of that large region which, from 1787 to 1800, was known and governed as “ THE TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES NORTH-WEST OF THE River Ohio.” This Territory, in its greatest extent, was bounded on the south by the river Ohio, on the east by Pennsylvania, and on the north and west by the lines which divided the United States from the dominions of Great Britain and Spain. Almost a century and a half passed away after the discovery of America, before any portion of this region was explored by Europeans.
During the course of the sixteenth century, the Spaniards, the English, and the French, struggling separately against many formidable obstacles, and suffering many disasters and defeats, persevered steadily in their efforts to establish colonies in North America. In 1568, the Spaniards made their first effectual settlement, in Florida. The English made their first permanent settlement, in 1607, at Jamestown, in Virginia. The French planted a small colony at Port Royal, in Nova Scotia, in 1605; and three years afterwards, in 1603, a number of adventurers from France founded the city of Quebec. From this time until 1763, a period of one hundred and fiftyfive years, France and Great Britain were the great rivals in the contests concerning the commerce, the territory, and the government, of North America. The rivalry of these nations