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Intestate succession, to filiusfamilias

with peculium, 344.
Intimidation, effect of, on validity of

dispositions, 541, 550.
Invecta et illata, 319, 417.
Inventory, Justinian's introduction of,

277, а98-

Iudex, original conception of, 619:
pedaneus, 643.

Iudicia divisoria, 538, 633.

legitima, 577.

publica, 605 sq.

quae imperio continentur, 577.

Iudiois arbitrive postolatio,624,630.

Iudioium Cascellianum, 590.

contrarium, 600.

Iura in re aliena, 204.

Iurata promissio liberti, 388, 593.

Iuridioi, 43, 155.

Iuris quasi possessio, 209, 321.

lus, signification of, 90: ras and judi-
cium, 626, 638.

lus adcrescendi, 226.

anulorum, 110.

civile, 27, 56.

edicendi, 29.

gentium or naturale, 27-30, 36-

38, 56, 92, 101.

Papirianum, 3.

praetorium, 29, 30, 39, 42.

protimeseos, 315.

quod ad actiones pertinet, 489 sq.

quod ad personas pertinet, 80, 84:

changes in, between Gaius and Jus-
tinian, 87.

quod ad res pertinet, 176 sq.:

changes in, between Gaius and Jus-
tinian, 181, 182.

respondendi, 50.

scriptum and non scriptnm, 93.

Iusiuranduro, 534, 535: see Oath.

in litem, 546, 635.

Iusta causa traditionis, 200.

or iustus titulus in usucapio, 216.

in in integrum restitutio, 550.

Iustae nuptiae, 119.

J.

Joint and several liability, 472 sq.
Joint guarantors of right, 617, 618.
Joint tutors and curators, 162.
Judgment, effect of, on rights of

action, 581-583.
Judioial functions, how acquired by

the state, 620.
Jurists, their influence on Roman law,

44-48, 50-52, 58: schools of, 48, 49:

defect in their method, 53.

K.

Kings of Borne, 4: expelled, 9.

Z1.

Laesio enormia, 419.
Latinitas, 26, 27.

Latini Iuniani, 109: succession to,
Збз, 363.

Law of Citations, 59, 60.

Legacy, nature of, 279: form of, 279,
280: conjunctive and disjunctive, 282,
283: remedies for recovery of, 280:
ademption and transference of, 294:
to be paid after death of heir, etc.,
292: given poenae nomine, 293: le-
gatum partitionis, 303-305.

Legal education at Bome, 45, 53,

54. S». 7i-
Legal terminology of the Romans,

its evidence as to their original con-
dition, 613-615.

Leges curiatae, 3.

Iuliae iudiciariae, 626.

Liciniae, 22.

Fubliliae, 22, 23.

regiae, 3.

Valeriae, 9.

Legis actiones, 29, 620-625: defects
of, 624, 626: limited survival of,
626.

Legitimation of children, 127, 128.
Letting and hiring, contract of, 424

sq.: rights and duties of the parties,

426-428.
Lex as a mode of acquisition, 215.
Lex Aebutia, 30, 33, 34, 626,627,640. Aelia Sentia, 108, 109, 111, 126,

272.

Anastasiana, 467.

Apuleia, 411, 412.

Aquilia, 488, 504, 511 sq., 525,

566.

Atilia, 152.

Atinia, 218.

Calpumia, 568, 625, 630.

Canuleia, 21.

Cassia, 12.

Cicereia, 411, 535.

Cincia, 222, 224, 225, 583.

commissoria, 316, 320.

Cornelia, 32.

de falsis, 238, 245, 267, 609.

de iniuriis, 523.

de sicariis, 102, 516, 523,

524, 607, 608.

maiestatis, боб.

de imperio, 42.

decimaria, 255.

Fabia de plagiariis, 503, 524, 610.

Falcidia, 241, 266, 295-297, 300,

305-

Fufia Caninia, 108, 109, 113.

Furia de sponsu, 411, 412, 573.

Lex Furia testamentaria, 223, 225,

з95. , .

. Horaria Valer1a, зо.

Hortensia, 23, 94.

Hostilia, 567.

Iulia caducaria, 366.

de adulteriis, 108, 122, 126,

227, 253, 524, 606.

de ambitu, 610.

de annona, 6r1.

de bonorum cessione, 377,

583.

de cuítate, 26.

de fundo dotali, 123.

. de maritandis, 223, 602.

de rebus vi possessis, 21S.

de residuis, 611.

de vi, 511, 524, 598, 609.

maiestatis, 606.

peculatus, 608-610.

repetundarum, 611.

Iulia et Titia, 152.

Iunia Norbana, 27, 107-109, 244,

254. 362.

Iunia Velleia, 249.

Maenia, 25.

Mamilia, 538.

Menenia, 12.

Ovinia, 22.

Papia Poppaea. 43, 120, 123, 140,

212, 223, 254, 255, 282, 287, 300,
33о. 35 •> 360, 366.

Papiria, 12.

Petronia, 102.

Pinaria, 12, 624, 625, 627.

Plaetoria, 159, 160, 583.

Poetelia, 375, 376, 640.

Pompeia de parricidiis, 117, 608.

Publilia, 11, 411.

Rhodia de iactu, 202.

Rubria, 375.

Scribonia, 209.

Sen-ilia, 568.

Silia, 624, 625, 627, 629, 630.

Tarpeia, 12.

Voconia, 223, 254, 295, 300. 348.

Libel and Slander, 520, 523.
Libellary procedure, 539, 540, 643.
Libellas conventions, 529, 539, 540.
Libertini, 23, 330, 360 sq., 388, 593.
Limitation of actione, 573, 574: of

exceptions, 585.
Lis crescens, 445.
Literal Contract, 478 sq.
Litis contestatio, 618,638: as a mode

in which obligations are discharged,

455.

Locatio conductio, 424 sq.
Longi temporis possessio or pre-
script io, 217.
Lucrum cessans, 515.

M.

Maglstratus maiores and minores,

29.

Mala fide possessor, 195, 198.
Mancipat1o, 215, 564.
Mancipium, 115.
Mandata, 95.
Mandatum, 435 sq.

qualificatum, 415, 437, 438.

M anus, 114.

Manus iniectio, 375, 376, 621, 623,
640.

Marriage, 119 sq.

Measure of damages in an action,
515.

Metus, 54 r, 550.

Minus petitio, 552,

Missio in possessionem, 376.

Mistake, effect of, on validity of testa-
mentary dispositions, 290, 291: o1
contracts, 407, 408: as a ground for
in integrum restitutio, 551.

Mora, 409, 410.

Mutuum, 381.

N.

Natural and Civil, opposition be-
tween, з8г93.

Naturalis obligatio, 462 sq.

Negotiorum gestio, 442, 443.

Nexi liberatio, 448.

Nexum, 333.

Nomina arcaría, 479.

Nominatores, 164.

Novatio, 452-454, 478: necessaria,
455.

Novellae constitutlones, 62, 73.
Noxol surrender of slaves, etc., 561
sq.

О.

Oatb, the, as a mode of deciding dis-
puted questions, 534, 535, 580, 618.

Obligatio, meaning of, 331, 332, 460
sq.: relation to actio, 332: obliga-
tions civil and praetorian, 377: civil
and natural, 462 sq.: the sources of
obligations, 332, 333, 378, 379, 487,
489: modes of discharge, 447 sq.:
obligatio a persona heredis incipere
non potest, 405.

Occupatio, 188, 199.

Omnia indicia absolutoria, 576.

Operae locori non solitae, 428.

Operoe servorum and auiraalium,
214.

Orationes, 95.

Ordinarii and v1carii servi, 286, 558.

P.

Facta muda and vestita, 378.
Factum de non petendo, 456, 476.
Fapian, 63.

Partition of the Empire, 55.
Partnership, contract of, 429 sq.:

rights and duties of partners inter se,

433: in relation to third person, 434.
Patria pot estas, 116 sq.: modes of

origination, 119: of termination, 133

sq.

Patriciate, the, 135.
Pauperies, 564, 565.
Peculium, 230, 231, 445: will of, 244:

succession to, on intestacy, 344.
Penalties, use of, in stipulation, 393.
Pendency of actions, 577.
Perceptio, 198.
Perduellio, 338.

Periculum rei in contracts of sale,

420, 421.
Permutatio, 387.

Perpetua mulierum tutela, 139—141.

Persona, meaning of, 80 sq.

Pignoris capio, 620, 621, 026, 642.

Pignus, 228, 316-319, 385, 594.

Plebiscita, 9, 10, 25.

Plebs, 5: its influence on Roman law,
ib.: its military importance, 8: se-
cessions of, 10, 20: disabilities of, 11.

Pledge, 315-320: right of, how ex-
tinguished, 319, 320.

Plus petitio, 547-549.

Poena, original meaning of, 616, 617.

Poenae temeré litigantium, 494,
600-602.

Pontiflces, 2, 12, 14, 18, 25.

Possessio pro herede and possessore,
221, 594.

Possession, 321-328, 596, 597: deri-
vative or representative, 323: how
acquired, 323-325. 597: through
agents, 229 sq., 324, 325: how re-
tained and lost, 325, 326, 597: why
protected by law, 326, 327.

Postliminium, 135, 136.

Fostumi, 143, 247, 248: institution of
postumus alienus, 290.

Fraedia stipendiaria and tributaria,
200.

Praeiudieia, 167, 535. 536, 636.
Praescriptio longi temporis, 217.

pro actore, 628.

pro reo, 637, 638.

Praetor, 22, 29, 30-32: his influence

on law through control of procedure,

632.

peregrinus, 32, 34, 35.

Pragmatic sanctions, 97.
Precarium, 316, 387.

Prescription, 456, 585: see Limita-
tion of actions.

Private law, its original relation to
Public law, 15 sq.

Procurators, 568-572.

Prodigi, interdiction of, 161.

Prudentes, 44 sq.

Pubortaa, 157, 403.

Public law, 91.

Publica iudicia, б0б sq.

Publicatio, 432.

Q.

Quanti ea res est, 515.
Quarta Antonina, 131, 270.
Quasi-contract, 378, 442 sq.
Quasi-delict, 379, 525-5а7-
Quasi-usufruct, 211, 212.
Querella inoffleiosi testamenti, 268

sq-. 574, 575.
Quinquaginta decisiones, 65.

В.

Real actions, forms of, under the
formulary system, 635, 636.

Heal and Personal security, 315.

Real contracts, 380 sq.

Beceptum nautarum, etc., 527.

Becuperatores, 34, 627.

Regreesus, 474, 477.

Regula Catoniana, 284, 292.

Relegatio in insulana, 135.

Replicado, 586, 587, 637.

Repraesentatio, 285, 390.

Res, classifications of, 175.

Res communes, 183.

corporales and incorporales, 203.

fungibiles, 381, 384.

in and extra commercium or Patri-
monium, 183, 397.

mancipi and nec mancipi, 17,

187.

publicae, 184.

religiosae, 185.

sanctae, 186.

sacrae, 185.

Res iudicata, 581-583.

Res iudicata« as a source of Roman

law, 28.
Res perit domino, 421.
Rescripta, 95 sq.

Besponsa prudentium, 51, 98: enact-
ment of Hadrian relating to, 5 2, 58:
Law of Citations respecting, 59, 60.

Robbery, 488, 508-511.

Roman franchise, extension of, 26.

Roman Law before the Twelve Tables,
2: history of, after Justinian, 73.

Boman populus, original constitution
of, 3. 4-

S.

Sabinians and Proculiana, 48, 49.
Sacramentum, 613, 624.
Sacrilege, penalties for, 610.
Sale, contract of, 201,417 sq.: vendor's

obligation to compensate on eviction,

421, 422: sales on approval, 423.
Salvias Iulianus, bis edictum per-

petuum, 43.
Satio, 195.
Satisdatio, 569, 573.
Savigny, his arrangement of Frivate

Law, 67-70.
Sectio bonorum, 215.
Security real and personal, 315.
Security required from parties to an

action, 569-573.
Self-redress, 614-616.
Semel heres semper hcres, 235, 256,

258, 275, 3о1-
Senate, 4, 10, 23, 25, 40, 41.
Benatusconsulta, question as to their

original force, 41.
Senatusconsultum Afinianum, 342.

Claudianum, 102, 103, 331, 377.

Iuventianum, 221, 452, 543, 594.

Largianum, 363.

Libonianum, 143, 237.

Macedonianum, 41, 381, 414, 463,

493- 559-561» 583-

Neronianum, 280, 282.

Orfitianum, 329, 345, 351, 353,

356- Зб5.

Pegasianum, 266, 300-305.

Silanianum, 106.

Tertullianum, 329, 349, 351, 356,

365.

Trebellianum, 300-305, 583, 631.

Velleianum, 139, 416, 560, 583,

585-

Separatio bonorum, 276.

Sequestration, 384.

Serví poenae, 103.

Senri vicarii and ordinarii, 286, 558.

Servitudes, 204: praedial, 206 sq.:

modes of origination, 207 sq.: modes

of extinction, 209, 210: inalienability

of, 210.
Servius Tullius, 6, 8.
Set-off, 543-545.
Slavery, 93, 101, 102, 103.
Social Compact Theory, 612.
Societas, 429 sq.: omnium bonorum,

200, 553; leonina, 431.
Solidary Obligation, 393, 394, 472-

474-
Solutio, 450.
Spécif1ent lo. 192, 193.
Sponsalia, 120.

Sponsio as a form of suretyship, 410,
4"-

poenalis, 625, 629.

praeiudicialis, 636.

Sportulae, 539.
Statuliberi, 104.

Status, 81, 84, 146,147 : ofcivitas, 82:
of children, 102, 105,138: of familia,
83: of libertas, 82.

Statue controversia, 167.

Stipulation, derivation, 388: nature
of, 388: form of, 333, 334, 388, 389.

Stipulations judicial and praeto-
rian, 395.

Stoicism, influence of, upon Roman
law, 36-38.

Subscriptiones, 96.

Substitutio exemplaris or quasi-pupil-
laris, 262.

pupillaris, 261-264.

vulgaris, 260, 261.

Superficies, 313.

Suretyship, law of, 410 sq., 437, 438,

587, 588: by women, 416.
Syngraphae, 479.

T.

Talio, 522, 615.
Taxatio, 634.

Tempus utile and continuum, 274,
369. 532-

Testamentifactio, 238. 243, 300, 344.
Testamentum in comitiis calatis, 236,
618.

in procinctu, 236.

inofficiosum, 268 sq.

militare, 240 sq.

per aes et libram, 236, 239, 618.

praetorium, 236.

tripertitum, 237.

Testis, original meaning of,617, 618.

Theft, 487, 488, 498-508.

Thesaurus, 199.

Titulns putat1vas, 220.

Traditio, 199, 201: brevi manu, 324.

Transactio, 387, 456.

Transcriptio, 478.

Transfer of inheritance, 256.

of rights of action, 465 sq.

Transmission of rights of action, 574-
576.

Tribal Constitution of the Romans,

3. 5. 1O-

Tribuni militum, 21.

Tribunl plebis, 11.

Triplicatio, 586, 587, 637.

Tutor, Atilianus, 140, 151, 152: ces-
sicius, 140: dativus, 1t2, 154: ex
lege Iulia et Titia, 152: fiduciarius,
140,151 : honorarius, 163: legitimus,

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