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of creating, ib. 1: modes of extinc-
tion, ib. and 3: of things quae ipso
usu consumuntur, ib. 2, only a quasi-
usufruct, ib.: effect of determination
of usufruct, ib. 4: rights of usufruc-
tuary, ii. 5. 1: he has not possession,
ii. 9. 4: usufruct not extinguished by
capitis deminutio minima, iii. 10. 1.

V.

Vespasian, ii. 13. 5.
viatores, iv. 6. 24.

vindicatio, defined, iv. 6. 15: in cases

of theft, iv. 1. 19.
vis maior, iii. 14. a.

witnesses to a will, must have testa-
menti factio, ii. 10. 6: who cannot
be, in any case, ib. and 7: others
excluded on grounds of relationship,
ib. 9 and 10.

X.

Xenophon. iv. 18. 5.

GENERAL INDEX.

(The refcrcnces are to the pagcs.)

A.

Acceptilatio, 450-452.
Accessio, 190, 191, 196, 197.

temporis or possessionis, 2 20, 2 21.

Accrual between co-legatees, 283; bc-
"twcen co-heirs, 296, 354.
Acquisition, modes of, 188; civil

modes, 215.
Acta intervenientia, 133, 539, 569.
Actio, meaning of the term, 489, 528:

Justinian's divisions of actions, 491 sq.
Actio ad exhibendum, 546.

ad supplendam legitimam, 270.

aestimatoria, 423.

bonorum vi raptorum, 509.

calumniae, 600.

confessoria, 530, 629.

de dote, 285.

de effusis et deiectis, 526.

de eo quod certo loco, etc., 392.

de in rem verso, 486, 557, 558.

de pauperie, 564, 565.

de peculio, 557, 558.

de pecunia constituta, 534.

. de rationibus distrahendis, 156.

de tigno iniuncto, 194.

doli, 550.

ex stipulatu, 630.

—— exercitoria, 486, 556.

familiae erciscundae, 444, 604.

fiduciae, 316.

finium regundorum, 538.

furti, 501.

hypothecaria, 533, 594.

in factum civilis, 386, 387, 633.

institoria, 486, 556.

legis Aquiliae, 514, 537, 539.

negatoria, 530, 629.

Pauliana, 532.

positi aut suspensi, 526.

praescriptis verbis, 386, 387,633.

Publiciana, 188, 208, 317, 327,

530, 531, 582, 631, 635.

quasi institoria, 486.

quasi-Serviana, 533.

quod iussu, 555.

quod metus causa, 541, 550.

recepticia, 534.

redhibitoria, 423, 537.

rei uxoriac, 543.

Actio servi corrupti, 539.

Serviana, 533, 594, 631.

suspecti tutoris, 169, 170.

tributoria, 556.

tutelae, 155, 444.

Actiones adicctitiae qualitatis, 477,
486, 492, 555.

arbitrariae, 545-547,°3°> 634, 635-

bonae fidei, 541, 542, 624, 630,

634. 635-

certae and incertae, 629, 630.

civiles and honorariae, 632.

directae and utiles, 518, 630, 633.

fictitiae, 631.

in bonum et aequum conceptae,

543- .

in factum, 518.

• in ius and in factum conceptae,

629-632.

in rem and in personam, 529.

legitimae, 632.

noxales, 561 sq.

perpetuae and temporales, 573,

—— populares, 169, 526, 574, 575.

praeiudiciales, 535, 536, 636: see

praeiudicia.

stricti iuris, 541, 542.

Actionis editio, 539.
Addictio, 215.

Aditio hereditatis, 157, 235, 256:
how made, 278, 279: effccts of, 275,
276.

Adiudicatio, 215, 605, 633.
Adoptio naturam imitatur, 131.
Adoption, 128 sq.: form of, 130.
Adrogation, 129, 331, 371, 372: of

impuberes, 131.
Adsignatio libertorum, 363, 364.
Adstipulatio, 516.
Aedile, 22, 97, 397, 422, 565.
Aequitas as a source of Roman law, 28.
Aestimatum, 387.
Afflrmatores, 164.

Agency in the acquisition of ownership
and possession, 229 sq.: as a species
of contract, 435 sq.: how far the
agent entitles or binds his principal,
483-486: agency in the coiiduct of
actions, 567-569.

Agnates, defined, 145.

Agnltlo bonorum possessionis, 367.

Agri veotigales, 313.

Albi oorruptio, 535.

Animas domini, 322.

Appellate Jurisdiction under the Re-
public and the Empire, 639, 640.

Apprehensio, 323.

Aquae et ignis interdictio, 134.

Aquilian stipulation, the, 451, 452.

Arbitration, its place in the history of
Roman civil procedure, 619.

Arbitria, cf. aotiones arbitrariae.

Arra, 417, 418.

Assignment of contractual rights, 465
sq.

Auctoratus, 104.

Austin, Mr., on the law of Persons,
80, and of Things, 176, 180; on
Customary law, 99.

B.

Bankruptcy, 374-377, 640 sq.
Beneflcium abstinendi, 272, 273, 338.

cedendarum actionum, 413, 477.

competentiae, 377, 456, 551, 553.

divisionis, 412, 474, 477.

inventarii, 277.

ordinis sive excussionis, 413, 474,

533-

Bona fide possessor, 197.
Bona fides (in usucapion), 216.
Bona vacantla, 220.
Bona vi rapta, 488, 509 sq.
Bonorum addictio libertatis causa,
373-

Bonorum cessio, 377, 641.

Bonorum distractio, 377.

Bonorum possessio, in general, 275,
366 sq.: origin and development of,
457-459: ab intestato, 365 sq.: con-
tra tabulas, 251, 252: cum and sine
re, 267, 36S: secundum tabulas, 237,
267.

Bonorum venditio, 272, 375, 376,
641.

Breach of promise of marriage, 120.
O.

Caduca, 255.

Calumnia, 600, 601.

Capitis deminutio, 146 sq., 172-174,

267, 354. 432, 551-
Capture in war, 103, 190.
Casus, 471.

Causa civilis in contracts, 379.
Causae probatio, 127.
Cautio (bond attesting a contract^,
467, 481.

Cautio damni infecti, 396. de dolo, 396.

de persequendo servo, etc., 396.

de rato, 397, 570, 571.

legatorum, 397.

Muciana, 259.

rem salvam fore pupilli, 397.

Censors and the Census, 21, 107.

Centumviri, 624, 626.

Centuries, 8, 9.

Cessio bonorum, 377, 641.

Cessio nominum or actionum, 466.

Chirographe, 479.

Christianity, influence of, on Roman

law, 56.
Clausula codicillaris, 311.
Clientes, 5.

Code of Justinian, 64, 65, 71, 7a: of

Theodosius II, 61, 62.
Codex Alaricianus, 63.

Gregorianus, 63.

Hermogenianus, 63.

repetitae praelectionis, 71, 72.

CodiciUi, 299, 309-312.

Codification, 72.

Coemptio, 115, 140,

Cognatio spiritualis, 124.

Cognitio extraordinaria, 300,642,643.

Cognitors, 568.

Coheirs, 276.

Coilatio bonorum, 276, 341.
Colonatus, 104.
Coloniae Latinae, 26.
Colonus, 104, 198.
Comitia calata, 3, 236.

centuriata, 9, 23-25.

curiata, 3, 10, 25.

tributa, 7, 11, 23, 25.

Commercium, 187.
Oommodatum, 382, 383.
Commodum repraesentationis, 285.
Compensatio, 543-545.
Composition for wrong, idea of, 616,
617.

Compromissum, 456, 619.

Concubinatus, 126.

Concurrence of actions de eadem re,

565-567-

Concurrence of causae lucrativae,
281.

Condemnatio, 633, 634.

Condicio, 152, 153; in wills, 258, 259,

287, 291-293; in contracts, 391.

impossibilis, 259, 444.

Condictio, 388, 478, 536, 624, 625,

629, 630.

causa data causa non secuta, 386.

furtiva, 507, 508, 575.

indebiti, 381, 382, 445, 464.

Confarreatio, 115.
Confusio, 209, 275, 455.
Conn ubi um, 119, 110.
Consietorium, 97.
Consolidatio, log.

Constitutions of the Emperors, 94 sq.
Constitutum, 415, 479, 534.

possessorium, 325.

Consuls, 9.

Contract, development of, 333, 335,
336, 380: Roman notion of, 378,
379: place of performance, 392:
time of performance, 408, 409: how
far third persons bound or entitled
under contracts, 399 sq.: contract
and obligation, 180.

Contractual decision of disputes,
618, 619.

Contraria voluntas as a mode of dis-
charging consensual contracts, 454.
Contributory negligence, 513.
Contubernium, 126.
Correal obligation, 393, 394, 474 sq.
Costs, 601.

Cretio continua and vulgaris, 274.

Culpa, 469 sq., 513.

Cura of minors, 159, 160: of furiosi

and prodigi, 160, 161.
Curators, 1.59 sq.
Customary law, 2, 56, 98.

D.

Damage to property, law of, 511 sq.
Damages, measure of, in actions, 515.
Damnum indi rectum, 515.
Damnum iniuria datum, 488, 511 sq.
Dare, faceré, praestare, 461,629, 630.
Datio in solutum, 450.
Decemviri, 12, 624.
Decreta, 95 sq.
Decuriones, 127.
Dediticii, 109: succession to, 363.
Deductio de peculio, 464.
Defensio, 465.
Defensor, 572, 573.
Delatio hereditatis, 235.
Delict, nature of, 487, 497.
Demonstratio, 628,
Deportati о in insulam, 134.
Depositum, 383, 384.

irregulare, 384.

miserabile, 384.

Dereliction, 202.
Detention, 321, 322.
Dies, 153, 154: in wills, 258: in con-
tracts, 389, 390.
Dies cedit and venit, 286, 287.
Dies interpellat pro nomine, 409.
D1es nefasti and fasti, 44.
Difiarreatio, 122.
Digest of Justinian, 65, 66.
Diligentia, 469 sq.

Distress, law of, in primitive societies,

615-617, 621, 622.
Divislon of inheritance among coheirs,

257-

Divorce, 121, 122.
Dolus, 469 sq., 513, 550.
Dominium, Roman conception of, 177,

178, 187, 188.
Donatio, 221 sq.

inter vivos, 223 sq.

mortis causa, 222, 223, 295, 298.

propter nuptias, 225, 226.

Dos, 123 sq., 553.
Dotis diet 10. 387.
Duplicatio, 586, 587, 637.

E.

Edict of the Praetor, 30-39.
Edicts of the Emperors, 95.
Edictum Carbonianum, 367.

provinciale, 32.

Theodorici, 63.

Emancipation, 136, 137.
Emperors, their legislative authority,

42, 94-97.
Emphyteusis. 315-317, 425.
Empire, establishment of, 40.
Emptio sub corona, 215.
Emptio venditio, 201, 417 sq.: see

Sale.

Epistola Hadriani, 412, 583.
Epistolae, 96.
Ereption, 255.

Exceptio doli, 480, 550, 579, 580, 584.

in factum composita, 579, 584.

iurisiurandi, 580.

legis Cinciae, 225, 583.

legis Iuliae (de bonorum cessione),

583.

legis Plaetoriae, 583.

litis dividuae, 552, 585.

litis residuae, 552, 585.

longi temporis, 578.

pacti, 580, 584, 637.

pecuniae non numeratae, 480-482,

prae1ud1cu, 578.

procuratoria, 577, 585.

quod metus causa, 550, 579, 584.

rei in iudicium deductae, 577, 581.

rei iudicatae, 577, 581-583.

SCi. Macedoniani, 560, 583.

SCi. Trebelliani, 583.

SCi. Velleiani, 416, 583, 584.

Exceptiones, 493. 577 sq., 636, 637;
perpetuae and temporales, 587: pre-
scription of, 585: exceptions opposed
to ipsum ius, 448.

Execution for debt and in bankruptcy,

374-377. 640 sq-
Exheredation, 246-251.
Existimatio, 14R, 601.
Expensilatio, 478 sq.
ExpromisBio, 465.

Extension of the Roman franchise,
26.

».

Falcidian fourth, з95 sq.
Pictio legis Corneliae, 245, 267.
Fictions, 30, 6}2.

Fideicommissa, 299 sq.: differences

between, and legacies, 300, 307:

proof of, 307, 308.
Fideicommissaria hereditas, 3-1:

transfer of, how regulated, 301. 303,

3о4-

Fideiussio, 410 sq.

Fidepromissio, 410, 411.

Fiducia, 315, 316, 380, 384: in eman-
cipation, 137, 350.

Filiusfamilias, his position in respect
of contract, 118, 402, 446: of pro-
perty, 229-231: of capacity to sue,
118. 521.

Forgery, penalties for, 609.

Formula, the, 627 sq.: parts of, 627-
638.

Formulary procedure, 627 sq.: abo-
lition of, 643.

Freedom, modes of obtaining other
than manumission, 106.

Fructus civiles and naturales, 198,
199.

Fructus licitatio, 590.

Fructuum perceptio, 197.

Fruits, title to, 197.

Furiosus, his capacity to bind himself
by contract, 402.

Furtum, 487, 488, 498-508: concep-
tum, 500: lance et licio conceptum,
500: manifestum, 500: non exhibi-
tum, 501: oblatum, 500: prohibi-
tum, 501.

G.

Gaius, 49, 60.
Gentiles, 355.

Gifts between husband and wife, 224.
Glossators, 73.

Guardianship, 138 sq.: by women,
139: over women, 139-141: over
impuberes, 141 sq.: duties of guar-
dian, 141, 444.

H.

Habitatio, 214.

Heredes necessarii, 271, 272.

sui et necessarii, 272.

Hereditas, 234, 235. jacens, 234.

Hunter, Mr., on the Gaian classif1ca-
tion of law, 180, 181 : on Possession,
3з7, 3а8.

Husband and wife, their proprietary

relations, 122 sq.
Hypothec*. 318-320, 594.

I.

Ignominia, 149.
Imperium. 29.

Impossibility of performance, effect
of, on validity of contract, 397, 398.

In bonis habere, 187, 188.

In integrum restitutio, 372, 532,549-
552, 588.

In iure cessio, 215 : of hereditas, 2 56,377.
In ius vocatio, 539, 623.
In libertate esse, 104.
Inaedificatio, 194.
Incertae personae, 24S, 254.
Infamia, 149, 601, 602.
Infantia, 403.

Ingenuitas, modes of acquiring, 111.

Iniuria, 4"iS, 489, 519-524.

Innominate contract, 386, 387.

Institutes, the, composition of, 67.

Institution of heres, 252: of servus
alienus, 255, 256: of postumus alien-
us, 290: who could not be instituted,
2 54: institution ex re certa, 306.

Intentio, 628, 633.

Interdicts, 30, 326, 494, 588 sq. : Inter-
dict procedure under the Formulary
system, 588-591 : under Justinian,591.

Interdictum de arboribus caedendis,
59i-

de homine libero, etc., 591.

de liberis exhibendis, 591.

de mortuo inferendo, 592.

de superficie, 313.

de vi annata, 598.

fraudatorium, 532, 591.

ne vis fiat, etc., 591.

possessorium, 591, 595.

quorum bonorum, 366, 457 sq.,

59.'. 594-

Salvianum, 534, 594. ,

sectorium, 591, 595.

unde vi, 591, 598.

uti possidetis, 589, 592, 595, 596,

598-

utrub1, 589, 595, 596, 598.

Interpellatio, 409.

Interpretatio, 45.

Interusurium, 285. .

Intestate succession, law relating to,
Зз9~331: to freedmen, 330, 360 sq.:
the law as regulated by the XII
Tables; of sui, 337: agnates, 346:
gentiles, 355: as regulated by the
Edict: of liberi, 340: legitimi, 348,
349: cognati, 355 sq.; under novel
cxviii, 370, 371.

to emancipatus, 344, 345.

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