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ceiving to the paying in the sum. An Ordi- the same by some members of their own. muace for 3 months Assessment was ordered Resolved, That, for determining what members to be brought in the next morning. The Com- of this house shall carry the Letter to his mamittee were also to consider how the 50,0001 jesty, the several members of it shall put in pawhich was voted to be presented to bis majesty pers of names; and that it be referred to a may be remitted to him, to his best advan- committee to view those papers, and make retage, and so that there be no loss upon the ex- port to the house who have the greatest munchange.
ber of voices.-Ordered, also, That the Leiter Sir John Grenville thanked by the Speuker agreed to by this house, in Answer to his maof the H. of Commons.] The commons being jesty's gracious Letter, shall be kept by the informed that sir John Grenville, who brought clerk, under such privacy, that no copy thereof the King's Letter, was at the door, he was may come to any band, till it batb been comcalled in to receive the Thanks of this house, municated to biš majesty.-- The Letter was as according to the order of yesterday; who, follows:* standing at the bar, the Speaker said to him, To the King's Most Excellent Majesty, in effect, as followeth : “ Sir John Grenville, I “ Most Royal Sovereign ; We your majesty's need not tell you with what grateful and thank- most loyal subjects, the commons of England ful hearts the commons, now assembled in assembled in parliament, do with all humbleparliament, bave received his majesty's gra- vess, present unto your majesty the unteigned cious Letter : res ipse loquitur : you yourself thankfulness of our hearts, for those gracions have been ocularis & auricularis testis de rei expressions of piety and goodness, and love to veritate :' our bells and our bonfires have al- us and the nations under your dominion, which ready proclaimed his majesty's goodness, and your majesty's Letter of April 14th, dated from our joys. We have told the people that our Breda, together with the Declaration inclosed king, the glory of England, is coming home in it, of the same date, do so evidently conagain ; and they have resounded it back again tain ; for which we do, w the first place, look in our ears, that they are ready, and their up to the great King of Kings, and bless his hearts are open, to receive him. Both parlia- name, who hath put these thoughts into the ment and people have cried aloud to the King heart of our king, to make him glorious in the of Kings, in their prayers, ' Long live King eyes of his people, as those great deliverances Charles the Second !? -Sir, I am likewise to which that divine majesty bath afforded unto tell you, that this house doth not think it fit your royal person from many dangers, and the that you should return back to our royal so- support which he hath given unto your heroic vereign, without some testimony of respect to and princely mind, under various trials, make yourself: they have therefore ordered and ap- it appear to all the world, that you are precious pointed that 5001 shall be delivered to you to in his sight.-And give us leave to say,
That as buy a Jewel, as a badge of that honour which your majesty is pleased to declare your conis due to a person whom the king bath ho- fidence in parliaments, your esteem of them, noured to be messenger of so gracious a mes- and this your judgment and character of them, sage: and I am commanded, in the name of That they are so necessary for the Government the house, to return you their very hearty of the kingdom, that neither prince nor people Thanks."
can be in any tolerable degree happy without The Answer of the House of Commons to the them; and therefore say, that you will hearken King's Letter.] After this, the house sent a unto their counsels, be tender of their privimessage to the lords by sir Wm. Lewis, to ac- leges, and careful to preserve and protect quaint their lordships, That they had prepared them : so we trust, and will with all bumility an Answer to bis majesty's gracious Letter sent be bold to affirm, That your majesty will.not to their house, and that they intended to send be deceived in us, and that we will never de
part from that fidelity which we owe unto your *“ So great and sudden a change was this, | majesty, that zeal which we bear unto your serthat a servant of the King's, who, for near ten vice, and a constant evdeavour to advance years together, had been in prisons, and under your honour and greatness.— And we beseech confinements, only for being the King's servant, your majestv we may add this further, for the and would, but three months before, have been vindication of parliaments, and even of the last put to have undergone a shameful death, if he parliament convened unto your royal father, had been known to have seen the King, should of happy memory; when, as your majesty well be now rewarded for bringing a Message from observes, through mistakes and misunderhim! From this time there was such an emu- standings, many inconveniences were produced lation and impatience in Lords, Coinmons, and which were not jotended : that those very inCity, and generally over the kingdom, who conveniences could not have been brought should make the inost lively expressions of upon us by those persons who had designed their duty and of their joy, that a man could them, without first violating the parliament not but wonder where those people dwelt who had done all the mischief, and kept the King * The above Letter is not entered in the so many years from enjoying the comfort and Journals, but it was printed by order of the support of such excellent subjects." Lord commons, by Edward Husbands and Thomas Clarendon, vol. vi. p. 761.
itself; for they well knew it was not possible, will do what behts dutiful, loving, and loyal to do a violence to that sacred person, whilst subjects, who are yet more engaged to honour, the parliament, which had vowed and cove- and bighly esteem your majesty for your denanied for the defence and safety of that per- clining, as you are pleased to say, all toreign son, remained entire. Surely, sir, as the per- assistance, and rather trust to your people, who, sons of our kings bave ever been dear unto we do assure your majesty, will, and do, open parliaments, so we cannot think of that horrid their arms and hearts to receive you, and will act committed against the precious life of our spare neither their estates nor their lives, when late sovereign, but with such a detestation and your service shall require it of them.-And we abhorrency as we want words to express
have yet more cause to enlarge our praises and And, next to wishing it had never been, we our prayers to God for your majesty, that you wish it may never be remembered by your ma- have continued unshaken ju your faith: that jesty, to be unto you an occasion of sorrow, as neither the temptation of allurements, persuait will never be remembered by us, but with sions, and promises from seducing papists on that grief and trouble of mind which it deserves, the one hand, nor the persecution and hard being the greatest reproach that ever usage from some seduced and misguided proincurred by any of the English nation; an fessors of the protestant religion on the other otience to all the Protestant Churches abroad, hand, could at all prevail upon your majesty and a scandal to the profession of the truth of to make you forsake the Rock of Israel, the Religion here at home; though both profession God of your fathers, the true Protestant Reliand irue professors, and the nation itselt, as I gion, in which your majesty hath been bred ; well as the parliament, were most innocent of but you have still been as a rock yourself, firm it, having been only the contrivance and act of to your covenant with your and our God, everr some few ambitious and bloody persons, and now expressing your zeal and aftection for the such others as, by their intluence, were misled. Protestant Religion, and your care and study - And as we hope and pray that God will not for the propagation thereof. This hath been impute the guilt of it, nor of all the evil conse- a rejoicing of heart to all the faithful of the qriences thereof unto the land, whose divine land, and an assurance to them that God would justice never involves the guiltless with the not forsake you; but after many trials, which guilty, so we cannot but give due praise to your should but make you more precious, as gold out majesty's goodness, who are pleased to enter of the fire, restore your majesty unto your pa. tain such reconciled and reconciling thoughts ; trimony and people with more splendour and and with them not only meet, but, as it were, dignity, and make you the glory of kings, and prevent your parliament and people ; proposing the joy of your subjects ; which is, and ever yourself, in a great measure, and inviting the shall be, the prayer of your majesty's most parliament to consider further, and advise your loyal subjects the commons of England asmajesty what may be necessary to restore the sembled in parliament. Signed HarBOTTLE nation to what it hath lost, raise up again the Grimston, Speaker.” banks and fences of it, and make the kingdoms • Resolved, That a committee of this house happy, by the advancement of religion, the be appointed to consider of the king's majessecuring our laws, liberties, and estates, and the ty's Letter and Declaration, and for preparing removing of all jealousies and animosities of Bills accordingly. This committee have which may render our peace less certain and power to prepare a Bill for taking away Tedurable ; wherein your majesty gives a large nures in Capite, and by Knights Service, and evidence of your great wisdom judging aright ; Socage in Capite, and also of the Court of that, after so Inigh a distemper, and such an Wards; and to consider and propound to this universal shaking of the very foundations, great house, how 100,0001. a year may be raised care must be had to repair the breaches, and and settled on bis majesty, in compensation much circumspection and industry used to pro- for Wardships and Liveries, and the Court of vide things necessary for the strengthening of Wards. those repairs, and preventing whatever may May 4. The committee, according to order, disturb and weaken them. We shall imme- had now began to prepare Bills, to be offered diately apply ourselves to the preparing of these to the king on his return, for the Security of things ; and in a very short time, we hope, he the Parliament itself, and of their properties able to present them unto your majesty; and, who had purchased lands, &c. under titles for the present, do, with all humble thankful- depending wholly on the late revolutions. ness, acknowledge your grace and favour, in And, first, Mr. Finch did this day exhibit a assuring us of your royal concurrence with Bill to the house, declaring the Continuance us, and saying, That we shall not expect any of this present parliament, which was read a thing from you, but what you will be as ready 1st and 2nd time, and committed. The said to give as we to receive. And we cannot gentleman also brought another Bill, condoubt of your majesty's effectual performance, cerning Lands purchased from the trustees of since your own princely judgment bath prompted the late parliament, which was likewise read unto you the necessity of doing such things ; twice and committed. and your piety and goodness hath carried you A Declaration was ordered to be prepared, to a free tender of them to your faithful parlia- to give notice to the people, 'That ihere will ment. You speak as a gracious king, and we be no proceedings in Westminster-Hall next Easter-Term, upon causes depending in any, May 7. The lord Howard brought in the of the courts, till the two last returns of the numbers, when it appeared, that sir George said term Agreed to by the lords.
Booth, lord Falkland, Mr. Hollis, sir Johu The Recorder of London, aldermen Vin-Holland, sir Anth. Ashley Cooper, lord Bruce, cent, Robinson, and Bludworth, had leave sir Horatio Townshend, lord Herbert, lord given them by the house to go to the King, Castleton, lord Fairfax, sir Henry Cholmley with a Letter from the City, in Answer to the and lord Mandeville, were duly elected by a one the City had received from his majesty. majority, to carry the Answer to the King's
A Declaration of Parliament for keeping Letter from the house, who were all sepathe Peace, 8c.] May 5. Mr. Annesley, from rately put to the vote, and approved on by the Council of State, informed the house, them. That there were many distemperatures in se- This day both houses agreed, that the King veral parts of the kingdom; and that unquict should be proclaimed on the next; but, prespirits might make an advantage to foment vious to this ceremony, a committee of 4 Lords new troubles and distractions, by pretence and and 8 of the commons were agreed on to meet colour that the sherills, and other public to consider of the inander, time, and other cirministers of justice, are not impowered, in this cumstances, to be observed on that occasion. present juncture of affairs, with sufficient au- The report of this to be made the first thing thority to dispense the ordinary acts of jus. the next morning. tice belonging to their respective places, for Another Committee had been appointed to preserving of the public peace. The council draw up some Orders, relating to Ministers of state did desire, That a Declaration should praying for the King, &c. and this day Mr. be set forth, for requiring all officers of justice l'inch reported two Votes, which were agreed to attend their places, and the duties thereof, to, viz. “ Resolved, That all and every the as by commission they are enjoined; that so Ministers throughout the kingdoms of England, the public peace may be secured, and the and Ireland, the Dominion of Wales, and Town justice of the nation carried on without any of Berwick upon Tweed, do, and are hereby interruption. The commons appointed a required and enjoined, in their public prayers, committee to draw up a Declaration accord- to pray for the king's most excellent majesty, ingly, which was done and agreed to by the by the name of our sovereign lord Charles, hy lords, as follows:
the grace of God, of England, Scotland, France, “ The lords and commons assembled in and Ireland, King, Defender of the l'aith, &c. parliament, baving received several informa- and for the most illustrious prince Jamc3, duke tions that there hath been, divers tumults, of York, and the rest of the royal progeny."riots, outrages, and misdemeanors, lately com- “ Resolved, That the Ministers who are apmitted in sundry parts of this realm, by un pointed to officiate before this house upon quiet and discontented spirits, to the disturbo | Thursday next, being the day appointed for a ance of the public peace, and fomenting of public Thanksgiving, and all other ministers new troubles, do hereby order and declare, within the cities of London and Westminster, That all sheriffs
, justices of the peace, mayors, and the late lines of communication, who in constables, and other ministers of public jus- their several churches and chapels are to carry tice, that were in office the 25th of April, 1660, on the duties of that day; and also all other shall be continued in their respective offices, ministers who are, on ibat day fortnight, to - and shall exercise the same in the king's ma- perform the like duty throughout the kingdom jesty's name and style, and shali use their best of England, the dominion of Wales, and town endeavours to suppress and prevent all riots, of Berwick upon Tweed, shall be, and are tumults, unlawful assemblies and misdemea- hereby enjoined, to return Thanks to Almighty nors whatsoever against the laws and peace God, for his majesty's several gracious Letters of the realm ; and all treasonable and sediti- to both houses of parliament, and to the comous words, reports, and rumours against his manders in chief of the forces both by land majesty's royal person and authority, and pro- and sea, and to the lord mayor and common ceed against all offenders therein according to council of the city of London, together with law and justice: and all military oflicers and the Declarations inclosed, and the just and ho. soldiers, and all others, are to be aiding and nourable concessions thercin contained ; and assisting to them therein."
for the hearty, loyal, and dutitul conjunction The house proceeded to the election of 12 of the lords and commons now assenıbled in of their members, who were to go to the King, parliainent, and the universal concurrence of with their Letter, which was done by ballot in all the commanders and forces both by land the same manner they used to elect their and sca, to receive his majesty into his domiCouncil of State. The number of the mem- nions and government, according to their bounbers then in the house were 408, of which 4 den duty and the laws of the land; and that were appointed for tellers, who received a the Ministers upon Thursday fortnight be enpaper from each member in a glass, with 12 joined to read his majesty's Letters and Declanames wrote in it; all wbich were delivered to rations to both houses, in their several churches the committee, who were to examine and re-l and chapels at the same time.”—These Votes port the greatest number of voices at their , being communicated to the lords, were agreed meeting on Monday next,
to by them,
Form of a Proclamation of the King.] May sheriffs, aldermen, common council, and other 8. A Form of a Proclamation, agreed on by officers, &c. of the city; as also at the Fleet, a committee of lords and commons, was read Conduit in Cheapside, and the Royal Exchange. and approved of by both houses, as follows: The same Proclamation was soon after made
“ Although it can no way be doubted but over all the three kingdoms. that bis majesty's right and title to this crown May 9. Both houses receired Letters from and kingdoms is, and was every way, com- admiral Montagu at sea, intimating, That he pleted by the death of his most royal father, had received his majesty's Declaration, and a of glorious meinory, without the ceremony or Letter directed to general Monk and himself, solemnity of a Proclamation; yet, since Pro- to be cominunicated to the Fleet, which he clamations in such cases bave been always had done accordingly. That all the comused, to the end that all good subjects inight, manders, officers, and seamen, were desirous upon this occasion, testify their duty and res that they should express to his majesty their pect ; and siuce the armed violence and other great joyfulness of heart for the Declaration, the calamities of many years last past, have aud favours to them, in the said Letter; as bitberto deprived us of any such opportunity, also their loyalty and duty to hiin. Therewherein weinight express our loyalty and alle tore.they humbly intreated the houses to know giance to his majesty: we, therefore, the their pleasure, whether such an Answer should lords and commons now assembled in parlia- he returned to his majesty or not. Both the ment, together with the lord mayor, aldermen, Speakers were ordered to write to the adinirals, and commons of the city of London, and other to give them Thanks for their respects shewn freemen of this kingdom, now present, do, ac- to them, and gave them leave to send such an cording to our duty and allegiance, heartily, Answer, either jointly or severally, as they joyfully, and unanimously, acknowledge and should think fit. proclaim, That, immediately upon the decease Mr. Pryone, from the house of commons, of our late sovereign lord king Charles the brought up several Votes, which they had imperial crown of the realm of England, and passed, and desired their lordships concurrence of all the kingdoms, dominions, and rights be- to them, viz. That the king's majesty be delonging to the same, did, by inherent birth-right, sired to make a speedy return to his parliament, and lawful and undoubted succession, descend and to the exercise of his kingly ottice.- Votes and come to his most excellent majesty Charles enjoining all Ministers to pray for the King.II. as being lineally, justly, and lawfully, next A Bill, intitled,'. An Act for removing and preheir of the blood-royal of this realm; and that, venting all Questions and Disputes concerning by the goodness and providence of Almighty the Asseinbling and Sitting of this present ParGod, he is of England, Scotland, France, and liament.–That the Arms of the CommonIreland, the most potent, mighty, and un- wealth, wherever they are standing, he forthdoubted king; and thereunto we do most hum- with taken down, and that the King's Arms bly and faithfully submit and oblige ourselves, be set up in their stead : the commons having our heirs, and posterities for ever. God save lead the way, by altering the Arms orer their the King."
Speaker's chair, in the saine manner. All The King proclaimed.] Ordered, That a which the lords ratified and confirmed. copy of this Proclamation, to be signed by the The lords appointed a Committee to conSpeakers of both houses, be forth with sent to sider and take information where any of the the lord mayor of the city of London ; and King's Goods, Jewels, or Pictures, were placed; that the members of the house of commons, and to advise of some course how the same who serve for the several counties, cities, and might be restored to his majesty. boroughs, in England, Wales, and the town of The house of commons bad resolved, That Berwick upon Tweed, do take care, forthwith, all Proceedings should go in the King's Name, to send the sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, and other from the 1st of May inclusive ; and i hat in all head officers of these counties, &c. for which cases where the Great Seal shall be necessary they served, the Proclamation for proclaiming to be used, all proceedings do pass accordingly. the king's majesty, that it might be done ac- Also, that for carrying on and cxpediting the cordingly.- At the same time was sent down a Justice of the kingdom, the Great Seal, now Declaration, touching Acts which were pre- remaiving in the custody of the earl of Manparing to be passed, to be read along with the chester, and the rest of the commissioners, be Proclamation. It was then ordered, That the used till further orders. In like manner all lords commissioners of the great seal, in their the Seals belonging to any other courts should gowns, with the purse and mace before thein; be so used ; and all process and proceedings the lord president of the council of state, with there run in the King's Name. The lords his mace, should attend the Proclamation, next agreed to the last part of this Vote; but, as after the Speaker of the house of commons. to the Seals, they ordered it to be laid aside. And both houses, with their Speakers, went in The lords appointed a Committee to contheir coaches, in procession, at the solemnity; sider how the King was to be received on his which was performed this day, with great pomp Return ; and when to be sent for, and by and ceremony; and all imaginable demon whom. Both houses also ordered, That admiral strations of joy, first at Whitehall, then at Montagu do observe such commands as the Temple-Bar, where they wet the lord mayor, king's majesty shall please to give him, for the VOL. IV,
disposal of the Fleet, or any part thereof, in , shall please to give him or them for disposal of order to his return). A committee of 12 lords the Fleet, in order to bis majesty's return: and, and 21 commoners was appointed to meet you are to communicate to his majesty the and prepare Instructions for those who were Resolutions of both houses relating to this Into go nith the Letters from both houses to his struction.—That the Committee from both majesty, and they were ordered to set forward houses do beseech bis majesty that they may on Friday the 11th instant.
know where he purposeth to take shipping, Instructions for the Commissioners of both and to land at his coming over, that preparaHouses, appointed to go to the king. ) May tion may be made forbis reception; and which 10. This being the day appointed for the of bis majesty's bouses he intendeth to make Thanksgiving, both houses aitended their de- use of at his first coming to London, and whevotions in the forenoon; but, in the after ther he will come all the way by land after he noon, they both met again to do business. comes on shore, or whether he will please to The commons sent up a copy of the Instruc- come by water from Gravesend to London; tions for the Conmissioners who were to go and that his majesty will declare in what manto the King; which being read, some alıcra- ner he is pleased to be received.” tions were made in them, concerning the Mr. Denzil Hollis's Speech to the King at Arnis of the Commonwealth, and then they Breda.) When the commissioners arrived at were agreed to by the cominons. They were Breda, they were iminediately admitted to an in these words:
Audience of the King. Upon this occasion, INSTRUCTIONS for Aubrey eart of Oxford, Mr. Denzil Hollis* addressed his majesty as
Charles earl of Warwick, Lionel earl follows:
been in their persons, if your majesty's service, “ You are to begin your journey towards and the trust reposed in them by all the several his majesty on Friday next (May 18) and make parts of the kingdom did not necessarily require a speedy repair to such place where his ma- their attendance and continuance in the place jesty shall be, and humbly to present the Let- where they now are, and where all their ters wherewith you are respectively intrusted thoughts and endeavours are wholly taken up by both houses of parliament.—You are to ac- and employed in those two great and main quaint bis majesty with what great joy and ac- works, which are the proper and genuine ends clamation he was proclaimed, in and about the of all parliaments, the advancement of their cities of London and Westminster, upon the king's service, and the discharge of their coun8th day of May instant, and present the Pro- try's trust.–And certainly, sir, we can speak clamation itself to his majesty ; and to ac- it with a great deal of joy, and with no less of quaint him with the Orders of both houses to truth, that never parliament made greater dehave the same proclaimed throughout the king- monstrations of zeal, affection and loyalty to doms of England and Ireland, dominion of any of the kings of England than this parliament Wales, and the town of Berwick upon Tweed; hath done, and doth, and we hope, and doubt and that both houses have ordered, That all not, nay we know it, that it ever will do, upto and every the Ministers throughout the king- your majesty, our liege lord and king. Their doms of England and Ireland be enjoined in hearts are filled with a veneration of
you, , their public Prayers to pray for his most ex-longings for you, confidence in you, and desires cellent majesty, and for the most illustrious prince James duke of York, and the rest of the * “ Hollis was a man of great courage, and royal progeny. And also that they have or- of as great pride : he was counted for many dered, That the assumed Arms of the late pre- years the head of the Presbyterian Party. He tended Commonwealth, wherever they are was faithful and firm to his side, and never standing, be taken down, and that his majesty's changed through the whole course of his life. arms be set up instead thereof: and you are lle was well versed in the records of Parliato communicate to his majesty the Resolutions ment, and argued well, but too vehemently; of both houses relating to this Instruction.- for he could not bear contradiction. He had You are to acquaint his majesty with the earn the soul of an old stubborn Roman in him. est desire of both houses, That his majesty He was a faithful but a rough friend, and a will be pleased to make a speedy Return to severe but fair enemy. He had a true sense of bis parliament, and to the exercise of his Kingly religion, and was a man of an unblameable Office, and that in order thereunto both houses life, and of a sound judgment when it was not have given directions to general Montague, one biassed by passion. He was made a lord for of the generals at sea, and other officers of the bis merits in bringing about the Restoration." Fleet, to observe such commands as his majesty Burnet, vol. i. p. 98.