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fection or kindness is lessened or diminished | it be not yet improved to the proportion you towards me. I know very well
, that the peo- have designed, I cannot doubt but you will ple did never in any age use that vigilance and proceed in it with your old alacrity. I am circumspection in the election of persons of very well contented ihat you proceed in your known and try'd affections to the crown, of inspection; I know it will be to iny advantage, your good principles and unquestionable incli- ; and that you will neither find my receipts so nations to the peace of the Church and the great, nor my expence's so exorbitant, as you State, for their representatives in parliament imagine ; and for an evidence of the last, I as they did when they chose you. You are the will give you an Account of the Issues of the very same men, who at your first coming to twelve hundred thousand pounds you so libegether, gave such signal testimonies of your rally gave me: one penny whereot' was not affection and friendship to my person, of disposed but upon full deliberation with myyour zeal for the honour and dignity of the sell, and by my own order, and I think you crown, and liberal support of the government, will all say for the public service. But, genand of your horror and detestation of those tlemen, this inquisition cannot be finished in men, whose principles you discerned keep the short time we can now conreniently stay them awake to take all occasions to disturb | together: and yet, if you do not provide before the peace of the kingdom, and to embroil us we part, for the better paying and collecting in a new civil war; which is as much their en- what you have alrcady given me, you can deavour now as ever, and it may be not hardly presume what it will amount to : and enough abborred by others, whose principles if you do not support what you have already and ends are very different from them. You given me by some addition, you will quickly sce are the same men, who, at your first meet- lawful ways found to lessen the Revenue more ing, by a wonderful and chearful harmony and than you imagine: and therefore I cannot concurrence in whatsoever I could wish, gave but expect your wisdoms will seasonably and me reputation abroad and security at home, speedily provide a remedy for that growing made our neighbours solicitous for our friend- mischief. Believe ine, gentlemen, the inost ship, and set a just value upon it. And, trust disaffected subjects in England are not more me, such a reputation is of such a vast im- unwilling to pay any tax or imposition you lay portance, as made my evil subjects even des upon them, than I am to receive it; God pair of bringing their wicked purposes to pass, knows, I do not long more for any blessing in And is it possible that the same persons can this world, than that I may live to call a parcontinue the saine together, without the same liament, and not ask or receive any money affection for me? I am sure it is impossible.-- from them; I will do all I can to see that And yet, I must tell you, the reputation I had happy day. I know the vast burdens the kingfrom your concurrence and tenderness towards dom bath borne these last 20 years and more me, is not at all improved since the beginning that it is exceedingly impoverished : but, alas of this session ; indeed it is much lessened. what will that which is left do them good, if And I am sure I never stood in more need of the government cannot be supporied ; if I ain that reputation than at present, to carry me not able to defray the Charge that is necesthrough the many difficulties, in which the sary for their peace avd security? I must deal public is at least concerned, as much as iny- plainly with you, (and I do but discharge my self. Let me and you think never so well of conscience in that plainness) if you do not, ourselves, if all the world knows or believes besides the improving my Revenue in the that we are poor, that we are in extremity of manner I have recommended to you, give me want, if our friends think we can do them no some present Supply of Money to enable me good, or our enemies believe we can do them to struggle with those difficulties I am pressed no harm, our condition is far from being pros- with, I shall have a very melancholic summer, perous. You cannot take it amiss, (you shall and shall much apprehend the public quiet.use as much freedom with me) that I tell you You have heard, I presume, of the late design there hath not appeared that warmth in you in Ireland for the Surprize of the Castle of of late in the consideration of my Revenue, Dublin, which was spread all over that kingas I expected, as well from some of your Mes dom, and many parliament-men were engaged sages, as my own confidence in your care and in it. There is an absolute necessity that I kindness. It hath been said to myself, that forthwith send over a sum of money thither, it is usual for the parliament to give the crown for the payment of the Army, and putting the extraordinary Supplies upon emergent occa- Garrisons there in good order. You will not sions, but not to improve the constant Reve- doubt but that those seditious persons there, nue of the crown. I wish, and so do you, had a correspondence with their friends here: that nothing had lately been done in and by and I pray let us not be too careless of them. parliaments but what is usual: but if ill par- I assure you, I have so great occasion for Moliaments contrive the ruin and disinherison of ney here, which my Revenue cannot supply the crown, God forbid but good parliaments me with, that I every day omit the doing should repair it, how unusual soever it is. If somewhat that is very necessary for the public you yourselves had not in an extraordinary benefit. These sure are just motives to permanner improved my Revenue, the govern- suade you to give me a Supply, as ever moved ment could not have been supported; and if a house of commons.
And therefore I ca.
jure you to go chearfully about it, and let me sir Richard did desire him so to do: and that not be disappointed in my confidence of your Mr. l'aughan and Mr. Garraway do attend the affections: and I pray remember the season earl with this Message. of the year, and how necessary it is that we June 27. Mr. Vaughan reported, “ That make a recess at or about iniisummer. I have he and Mr. Garraway had attended the earl enlarged much more to you upon this occasion of Bristol ; and bad acquainted him with the than I have used to do; and you may per- order of this house; and with the transcript of ceive it bath not been very easy to me: but I so much of his inajesty's Message, as did relate was willing that you should understand from to the Message which he did receive from sir myself what I desire and expect from you: Rii. Temple: and that his lordship did render and the rather, because I bear some men his most humble and hearty thanks to this have contidently undertaken to know my house, That, in such an important matter, and mind, who have had no authority from me, €0 much concerning his honour, they did sigand io drive on designs very contrary to my nify their desires to him in so obliging a mandesires. I do pray heartily that the effect of ner: but, in regard the thing was of so great this day's conversation may be the renewing consequence, partly relating to his majesty, and of our confidence in each other, and raising also concerning his own honour, and the reour joint reputation, which will be our putation of a member of this house, he could strongest security, with God's blessing, the not intrust any other person to deliver his Ankingdom can have for its peace, plenty, and swer, for fear of mistakes which might therefull prosperity: and upon iny word, you shall by happen; and because he might probably if have great comfort in what you shall do for me, present clear any matter which might further upon this very earnest and hearty recommen- accruc: and, therefore, that he might give full dation."
satisfaction to so illustrious a representative of Four Subsidies voted.] This Speech did not his country, he desired a day might be prefail of its desired effect, for, shortly after, the fixed, wben he might be admitted to give an bouse voted his majesty four Subsidies. account to the house, in person, concerning
Sir Rd. Temple accused of sending a Message this matter : and that he would make his adto the King by the Earl of Bristol, undertaking dress to the lords, that he might be permitted for the Compliance of the House, in cuse a Sup- so to do.” Upon this, it was resolved, That ply should be demanded.] June 13. Upon in- Wednesday vext be appointed for the earl of formation given to the commons, by Mr. Co- Bristol personally to give in bis Answer to the ventry, That his maj. bad commanded him to house. impart to the house that a Message was deliver- The Earl of Bristol's Speech, before the Comed to his maj, by a person of quality, from sir mons, thereon.] July 1. The house having Rd. Temple, to the effect following; viz. “ That received information, that the earl of Bristol “sir Richard was sorry his majesty was offended was at the door, and did pray admittance into 'with him that he could not go along with the house, to give an account, in person,
of the "them that had undertaken his business in the matter concerning sir Rd. Temple, his lord
house of commons : but, if his majesty would ship was, by direction of the house, placed in "take his advice, and intrust him and his a chair, set for him on purpose, on the left side friends, he would undertake his business of the house, within the bar: and Mr. Speaker should be effected, and Revenue settled, better did open unto him his majesty's Message, and than he could desire ; if the courtiers did not the votes and proceedings of the house therehinder it:' It was ordered, That a committee upon, concerning sir Richard Temple. This be appointed to examine the said matter, and being done, report it to the house.
The Earl of Bristol rose and addressed the June 20. It was resolved, That the king house as follows :~" Mr. Speaker; Were I to be humbly desired, that he would be graciously be wrought upon by the arts and menaces of pleased to name the person that did deliver my enemies, or by the alarms of my friends in the Message to his majesty from sir Rd. Tem- my behalf, contrary to the firmness and asple: and that his majesty's two principal secre- surance which a clean heart and a good contaries of state, Mr. Treasurer, and sir William science does always uphold in a man of hoCompton, do attend his majesty, and acquaint nour, I should have appeared in this place with him with the desires of this house.
such fear and trembling, as could not chuse June 26. Mr. Secretary Morrice acquainted but disorder any man's reason and elocution: the house, That he had received command the niceness of the subject upon which I am from his majesty to declare to the house, That brought hither, were enough to discompose the earl of Bristol was the person that did de- one; but over and above that, I am not ige liver the Message from sir Rd. Temple to his norant what personal prejudices I am under, majesty. Upon which it was resolved, That and how industriously they have been improved a copy of the first Message sent by his ma- among you. But when I look round this iljesty, against sir Rd. Temple, be sent to the lustrious assembly, and see three parts of it earl of Bristol: and he be made acquainted, composed of men who wear, as I do, a sword That the king bath sent word to this house, by their sides, and who bave drawn it so often That he brought the Message to him, from sir for the king's service, gentlemen of birth, inRichard; and lis Answer desired, Whether tegrity, fortune, all apprehensions vanish from
a man, who hath served and suffered for the submission avow whatever his inajesty is pleased king as I have done. Mr. Speaker, I know to affirm of me; but, having discharged that the time of this house, upon whose prudent de- duty towards my sovereign, I bope I may be liberations the happiness of the king and king- allowed to lay the fault home upon myself, dom depends, is too precious to have any part and to tell you, that my tongue, 'I know not of it spent in vindication of me: but, since not by what distemper, delivered that which, I only the reputation and innocence of one of protest to God, was never in my thoughts; I your members depends upou what I shall say, was so far froin thinking to deliver such a but even his majesty's honour may in some Message from sir Rd. Temple, that I did not sort bc concerned in the right apprehension of think myself charged with any thing by way it, I hope it will be thought no presumption in Message. It is true, Nir. Speaker, that, being me to beg of you, as I do, in all humility, one full of indignation at ill olices done him, I quarter of an hour's patience and attention.- made a warm address to his majesty in sir Rd. Nr. Speaker, I am here exposed as the Bearer Temple's behalf, wherein I expressed his grief, of a Message to his majesty from sir Richard that his majesty should be ofiended with him, Temple, which he hath thought worthy to be and having joined thereunto some reasonings complained of to this house, and which sir Rd. of his to justify his conduct, in relation to his Temple athirms he never sent. Lay your hands majesty's service, very agreeable to my own upon your hearts, gentlemen, and say truly, sentiments, I pursued bis expressions with such does not your innate candour pity my condi- of my own, as (all circumstances considered) tion, brought into a streight, in all appearance the most unattentive person, and the most so inextricable? For, on the one side, if I avow biassed with passion against sir Richard Temto have carried from sir Rd. Temple the Nes-ple, might have easily understood it to be no sage, which his maj. has been pleased to make undertaking of his, but only a warm discourse, so high and so unusual an expression of his and confident undertaking of my own.-Sir being offended at, and which sir Rd. Temple Rd. Temple being thus cleared, without the denies to have sent, how can men of honour least contradiction to bis majesty, if to underforgive me so ungentlemanly a proceeding to take for you, gentlemen, be a guilt, it is only I wards a person who hath trusted me, as a that stand guilty before you. But you are too friend, to do him (as he thought) a good office noble, I am sure, and too just, to condemn mo with his majesty? On the other side, Mr. in your judgments, before you have heard tho Speaker, should I disavow the having delivered nature and circumstances of my undertaking ; the Message from sir Rd. Temple, which his which, with your leave, I shall' declare to the majesty bath thought fit to affirm, that he re-full, taking the matter (as I must needs, to ceived from him and by me, what subject can be rightly understood) from an higher oribe strong enough not to sink for ever underginal. Mr. Speaker, having had the honour the weight of such a contradiction to his so- heretofore of discharging, with approbation, vereign? I ask you again, gentlemen, does not a place of so high trust, as that of Secrethe condition you see me brought into, by the tary of State to his majesty's father of blessed arts of my enemies, move you at the saine time memory, and to himself: and since my quitto pity and indignation ? Mr. Speaker, when ting that place, being admitted so frequently David was put to his choice of one of the three to the happiness of his princely conversation, calamities, he made election of the plagué. you cannot imagine, but that sometimes he And why? that he might fall into the hands of vouchsafed to speak to me of business, espeGod, and not of men. In like manner, Mr. cially of parliaments, where I have the honour Speaker, if one of the two extremes, with at present to be a peer, and have heretofore which I am threatened, be, as it appears, un- been as much versed, as some of my contemavoidable, let me fall into the hands of God's poraries, in the proceedings of the benourable vice-gerent the king: the world will never house of commons. I confess, that, before this pardon me an unworthy action; bis goodness, last assembling, he did it more than once, and I am sure, would in time pardon a generous the opinion I most constantly delivered confault. But when you have heard me out, gen- cerning this house was, that never king was so tlemen, I am confident you will find, that I happy in a house of commons, as he was in shall need neither the world's pardon nor the you ; a house composed of so many gentlemen king's, but only yours. In the first place, of birth and fortune, eminent in their faithMr. Speaker, I am bound to clear sir Richardfulness to him, and such as could never be susTemple, which I here do upon my honour, pected of any sinister designs, or of any otber that he never sent by me a Message to the dependance, but upon the crown, and upon the king, that had in it the least tincture of an care of those that chose them, and such as in undertaking of his; which I conceive could be the last sessions had manifested their affections the only part that could give offence to his to bim by such large Aids and Supplies ; majesty, or be a ground for the Complaint adding, that nothing could be more important made against him.- In the next place, if the to his service, than to make and preserve you king, who, the law says, can do no wrong, still popular with those that sent you. To hath thought fit to affirm, that I brought him which end I took the liber!y to tell him, that if that undertaking Message from sir Rd. Tem- the necessity of his aliairs, (of which I, having ple, it must needs be true, and I do with all no part in his council, was no good judge) could
admit of it, he ought not in prudence to let , what passed from me to his majesty, I must you give biin any Money this sitting, but rather not omit to give him the honour due to him to oblige you wholly to apply yourselves to the for the kingly Reply he made to me upon this inaking of such laus as might endear both biin occasion, which was, “ That be led a true and yon to the people ; luv which means, at sense of the merit of the house of commons another meeting, he would be inaster of the towards him, creo far beyond what I had hearts and purses of his subjects. But in case, expressed, and this was the reason why, his nect ssities should urge him to press you, ' relving so entirely as he did, upon the affecbefore the rising, tur a new Supply, that he • lions of that whole body, he was, and ever ought, by all means, to let it be accompanied, • should be offended at any proposition to if not precedech by soine eminent Acis for the carry on his business there by utlicious underRe'oration of former Abuses, and for the takings and calals, either of his courtiers or securing his subjects from the like for the others.' An expression fit to be written with future.--I persisted, Mr. Speaker, in prossing,' the rays of the sun, that all the worli nay upon all occasjons, this advice to his inajeşiv, read it; an expression which cannot chuse but till within some few weeks after their meeting; intiame the affections of all this noble assembly when tinbing niyself (I know not by what mis- that hear me, and carry you to make good fortune) tallen under some prejuice, I thought these bappy impressions of you, which are so that a total forbearance from speaking to him deeply stampt in his royal breast : such as I of anv business, would be the best way of my should think it a crime to doubi, but that all serving him. And ! protest unto you, genele suspicions being now vanished of bis majesty's men, with all sincerity, that from that time, owning the Supply desired, to any acts or conunul that of his majesty's expressing to me trivances of others, your own zeal for, luis sersome displeasure against sir Rd. Temple, I vice will, even in the proportion and timeliness never once opened my lips to him of any public of that, exceed the vain proposals of all pickatair whatsoever: it is true, Mr. Speaker, thank undertakers. Mr. Speaker, I should that a ground being given me to enter again bare bere put a period to your trouble of withs bis majesty, upon a subject which my hearing ine, did I not think I might incur the heart was still tull of, I laid hold on the occa- imputation of much weakness and spineness sion, and in pursuance of what I had said in in iny own highest concernmeuts, il, valuing, behalf of sir Pd. Temple, told his majesty, per- as I do, above all earthly concernments, the baps with more freedom and fervour iban aid favour and the esteem ot my country, of which become me, that I found his courriers gave you are the illustrious representatives ; and him wrong measures, both of the temper of knowing what industry has been used to blast the bouse of cominons, and of the means to me with you, I should not lay hold on this just attain from them any new Supplies, whether occasio to remove from me some unjust preby way of present, gitt, or of such establish-judices under which I have labouret. And ments in buis revenues, as might indeed put this Mr. Speaker, I humbly beg leave to him out of necessity; since there could be no do in very few words. . I appeai, gentlereasonable hopes of obtaining from them any men, to numbers of you, that her me, whesuch assistance, but by a committance, if not a ther I have not been represented unto you precedence of such Acts, as might be grateful for the giver of advice of a far different tendr and beneficial to his subjects, and secure them, troin what you have heard upon this occasion; that what shall be given hereafter should be whether I have not been painted out onto you better managed for his majesty's service, than for an ioflamer of bis majesty against his parthose vast sums that had been formerly liament'; for an enemy of the Church of Enggranted: that if bis majesty, in his princely land, and for a dangerous driver on of the wisdom, should think fit to drive on his busi- Papistical interest. It is true, Mr. Speaker, I ness upon solid grounds, and not upon the false am a Catholic of the Church of Rome, but not and self-interested measures of some courtiers, of the Court of Rome ; no Negotiator there of he had a bouse of commons composed of'mem- Cardinal's Caps for bis majesty's subjects and bers so full of affection to his person, and real domestics, a ime Roman Catholic as to the for his prosperity and glory, that not only sir other world, but a true Englishman as to this : Rd. Temple, but the most unprejudices and such a one, as had ve a king inclined to that wisest men of the kingdom, as well as myseli, profession (as on the contrary, we have one durst undertake for them. See here, gentleines, the most firm and constant to the Protestant the bold undertaking that such a house of Religion, that ever sat upon tlie throne) I commons would never let him want such pre- would tell him as freely as the Duke of Sully, sent Supplies, as the true necessity of his being a Protestant, told his graudfather, Henry affairs should require, nor suct, an esiablished IV. That if he meant to be a king he must be Revenue, as is fit to support the greatness and a constant professor and maintainer of the honour of his crown. If this was a criminal Religion established in his dominions. Believe undertaking, you have, before you, gentlemen, me, gentlemen, Roman Catholic as I am, confitentem reum ; but whilst I am endea- there is no amungst you all, more vouring to clear sir kld. Temple, and to vin- throughly persuaded than I am, that the true dicate or arraign myself, according as you shall pillars, that can uphold this inonarchy, must be pleased to understand it, by telling you ever be the maintenance of the subjecis just VOL. IV,
rights and liberties, and the careful preser- glory and happiness, both at home and abroad, vation of that State Ecclesiastical, whereot his and finding to what a sad condition things are majesty is the supreme goveruor ; and I do now reduced, (by what means it is more proper clearly profess, that should the Pope himself for you to enquire, and may Heaven bless invade that Ecclesiastical right of his, I should your inspection ;) wonder not, I say, gentle. as readily draw iny sword against biin as men, that a man so affected as I am, should, against the late usurper. Mr. Speaker, one by some erupsions of heart, let you see, that prejudice more I am under, which ought to periculum patria ought to have a more powhave great weight indeed with this honourable erful effect upon a man of public soul, thau house, if there were a real ground for it; and periculum patris, and is capable, if I were a that is, that the earl of Bristol is one of those, mute, to make me become a counsellor. The who by the vast Grants that he hath got of the next is, Mr. Speaker, that if (as I said before, king, hath, in part, contributed to the groans, I have been so happy in what I expressed, as of the people, to find their king still in such to have raised in you some more favourable necessity, after such unexampled charges laid thoughts concerning me, you would vouchsafe upon the subjects for his Supplies. It is true, me some demonstration of it, whereby I may DIr. Speaker, that though I have neither offices no more be made, by my enemies, such a to keep, nor offices to sell, bis majesty's gifts bugbear as I am: as it a gracious look of his to me have been great, in proportion to my majesty upon me, were enough to ruin all his merit, which is none : for in serving and sura affairs with you. I shall then continue the fering for him with faithfulness, I did but my way I am in with comfort; but it I be so unduty, which carries a reward with itself, fortunate, as that there still remains in this enough to raise a comfort to me, from the incomparable representative of my country, very ruin of my fortune. It is also true, I any umbrage of danger to it by my access to have bad the satisfaction from his majesty, his majesty ; as dear as the conversation of that be never refused me any thing I asked the amiablest prince that ever breathed is to him for myself. But I hope 1 shall make it me, I shall banish niyself for ever from bis appear also, that I bave not only been a very sight, into the obscurest part of his dominions, modest asker, but also a niost careful one, to rather than continue upon me the jealousy of ask vothing considerable, but what carried those on whom his prosperity depends; or if advantage with it, as well to his majesty's this be not enough, I shall once more try my interest as my own. I know well, Mr. Speaker, fortunc abroad, where, I trust, this sword, this that, with so kind and so generous a nature as bead, and this heart shall inake me live as our king is, an ill proportion of bounty to beretofore, in spite of my enemies, with lustre merit, and consequently the largeness and to myself and some honour to iny nation." kindness of his royal beart that way, may have After the earl had finished his speech be contributed much to the present streights he is withdrew; the house then proceeded in the in. Happy is the nation that hath nothing to debate of the matter and caine to the followfear for the public, but from the virtues of ing Resolutions : “ That this house is satisfied,' their prince. It is your proper work, gentle that sir R. Temple hath not broke any privimen, to reduce the effects of them to a right lege of this house, in the matter in question temperament, by your prudent inspection; concerning him. That this return be made and may you begin it with all iny conceruments, from the house, to the Answer of the earl of which I ruost readily lay at your feet, humbly Bristol: viz. That the earl of Bristol, in begging of you to appoint a time, when I may the account which he bath given this house, display them all faithfully before you ; in in the matter concerning sir R. Temple, bath hopes that no man, who bath been a partaker carried hiinselt' with all dutifulness towards his of his majesty's bounty, will prove liinself so majesty; hath cleared the member of this unworthy of it, as not to follow the example. house; and that the house is well satisfied with Mr. Speaker, If having thus poured out my soul bis respect to them."—His lo.dship was again before you, I have been so happy as to bave called in: and Mr. Speaker acquainted him begot in this honourable house a right per- with the return of the house.--Ordered, suasion of the sincerity of my heart, I expect That such menibers of the bouse, as are of his and implore two gracious effects of it. The majesty's privy-council, do acquaint bris maj. first, that you will be pleased to grant me your with the said Vote: That sir Rd. Temple have pardon, it'the same zeal for his majesty's ser- the leave of this house, to petition bis mavice, and the good of iny comtry, which made jesty for his favour; and to give him satisfacme presume (being no counsellor) to press tion, as to the other informations mentioned in upon bis majesty iny opinion in watters of his majesty's Message. such importance, bas transported me also, at Articles of High Treason, exhibited by the this tine, in some sort, so as to become your earl of Bristol against Lord Clurendon.) July adviser. You have heard, gentlemen, of the 10. This day the earl of Bristol exhibited into dunib man, whose tongue was set free by the the house of lords, the following imminent danger ut' his father's liie; wonder ARTICLES of Higu Treason, and other not then, gentlemen, that such a lover of his heinous Misdemeanors, against Edw. earl king and country as i am, having seen them, of Clarendon, lord Chancellor of England. within these thiree years in a prospect of such That, being in place of bigliest trust and