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several parts of įhe kingdom, and also by in the Succession in such Corporations may be tercepted letters it does appear, that divers most properly perpetuated in the hands of perdiscontented persons are endeavouring to raise sons well affected to his majesty, and the esnew troubles, to the disturbance of the peace tablished government; it being too well known, of the kingdom, as in inany particulars was that notwithstanding all his majesty's endeainstanced :" which inatter being of so great vours, and unparalleled indulgence, in par. consequence, bis majesty's desire is, That the doning all that is past, nevertheless inany evil. . house of commons may be made acquainted spirits are still working : therefore, for this, with it, that so bis majesty may receive the every mayor, alderman, common-counciladvice and counsel of both houses of parlia- man, or any other officer in a Corporation, ment, what is fit to be done herein; and to was obliged, besides the common Oath of Ale think of some proper remedy to secure the legiance and Supremacy, and a particular Depeace of the kingdom.”—Upon this, a joint claration against the Solemn League and Cocommittee of both houses was appointed to venant, to take an Oath, declaring, “That it sit, notwithstanding the usual recess at Christ- was not lawful, upon any pretence whatsoever, mas, in order to make discoveries, and prepare to take Arms against the king; and that he a Report against the next meeting ; the sub- did abhor that traiterous position of taking stance of which, as delivered by the lord chan- arms by bis authority against his person, or cellor Clarendon, was as follows :--" That against those commissioned by bian.' And, co there was found with Salmon a List of 160 put this in execution, the king was authorized Officers of the late Ariny: that it was further to grant a commission to suc
persons as he discovered that there should have been a thought fit, to last above two years, with meeting in London about the 10th of Dec. and suflicient power to answer the ends of the act. that they intended about the end of Jan. to The Speaker's Speech to the King on prehave made sure of Shrewsbury, Coventry, and senting the Money Bill, and the Corporation Bristol, and that they should rise in several Act.] Dec. 20. The Money Bill, the Corpoparts at once : that where they were preva- ration Act, and two other bills, being ready for lent they should begin with Assassination, the royal assent, the king came to the house of which moved one of them to relate, " That peers. The commons being sent for, came some of the late king's Judges were enter- with their Speaker; who made the following tained in France, Holland and Germany, and Speech : held constant correspondence with those, and “ May it please your most excellent mawere fomented by some foreign Princes.' That jesty; The last time the knights, citizens, and many arms were brought in order to this de- burgesses of the commons house of parliament, sign, and that they bragged, • If they once got bad the honour to wait upon you in this place, footing, they should not want means to carry your majesty was graciously pleased to conon their work.
' That they were discovered by gratulate with them, for the glorious meeting one of their party, and his relation confirmed of the lords spiritual and temporal and comby such intelligence from abroad, as never mons of England, in this your full, free, and failed.” He further told them, “ That at Hun- legal parliament.-Great sir, it is our present tington many there met under the name of comfort, and will be our future glory, that God Quakers, that were not so, and rode there in hath made as instrumental for the repairs of multitudes by night, to the great terror of his those breaches which the worst of times had majesty's good subjects. That it might be made upon the best of governments. The late wondered at, that some proposals were not great eclipse in our horizon, occasioned by the made to remedy this impending evil: but the interposition of the earth, is now vanished; king had advised with the duke of Albemarle, the stars in our firmament are now full of now present at this committee, and has put light; the light of our moon is become like the two troops into Shrewsbury, and as many into light of the sun; and the light of our sun is Coventry; who, by the way, have broken a sevenfold.-A man that sees the river of great knot of thieves, and taken twenty. That Thames at a high water, and observes how a rumour was spread, that the appointing of much it sinks in a few hours, wonld think it this Committee was only a Plot to govern by running quite away ; but, by the secret provian Army; but the committee was rery sendence of God, we see that wben the ebb is at sible of the real danger, and hoped the houses the lowest, the tide of a rising water is nearest would be so too; and that since all their ad- the return.—Your majesty was likewise graversaries were united to destroy them, so they ciously pleased to speak something to us on should unite to preserve themselves."
your own behalf; and did vouchsafe to say, Corporation Act passed.] Dec. 19. The you would ask something for yourself; withal Act for regulating Corporations was passed. declaring some uneasiness in your condition, It made a great noise, and met with some by reason of some crying Debts which daily struggles in the house. It proved indeed a called for satisfaction.-Great sir, I am not severe mortification and a blow to one party, able to express, at the hearing of those words, and made a mighty alteration in several places, with what a sympathy the whole body of the which the court was pleased to look upon as parliament was presently affected. The circu. wests of sedition. Part of the Preamble very lation of the blood, of which our naturalists do well shews the design of the Act, namely, That tell us, was never so sensibly demoustrated as
by this experiment. Before your majesty's 1 tlemen ; I do thank you with all my heart for words were all fallen from your lips, you might it; and I will not enlarge those thanks furilier, have seen us blush : all our blood came into than by telling you, that I do not come more our faces; from thence it hasted down without willingly this day to pass this Bill, than I will obstruetion to every part of the body; and, do to pass any other bills which you shall proafter a due consulting of the several parts, it vide for the ease, benefit, and security of my was found necessary to breathe a vein. We people ; and I do rerily believe that you and cannot forget how much our treasure hath I shall never be deceived or disappointed in been exhausted; but we remember also it was the expectation we have of each other.” The by usurping and tyrannical powers; and there- parliament was then adjourned to the 7th of fore we are easily persuaded to be at some January. more expence to keep them out. The mier- Message from the King to the Commons relachant tells us, it is good policy, in a troubled tive to the Money Bill.] Feb. 18. Mr. Sesea, to lose some part of our cargo, thereby cretary Morrice informed the commons, “ That to save the rest.-With your majesty's leave, he had directions from his majesty to desire we have been bold to look into the present the house, that they would put a Supersedeas state of affairs ; and find those great sums that to any further debate upon the Bill for perhave been heretofore advanced upon us were mission to such person's as should advance raised most of them in bad times, and for ill Money for his majesty's present occasions, to purposes, to keep your majesty out of this your take interest at 10 per cent. That bis majesty, native kingdom; and when your majesty re- finding the Bill might have some uograteful turned home from your long banishment, you relish in it, resolved to put himself upon the found the naval storehouse unfurnished, which greatest streights, rather than adventure upon will not easily be supplied. The unsettled any course that might in the least seem to dishumours, and unquiet spirits, that are amongst gust this house, or prejudice his good subjects; us, do necessitate a costly guard for your royal and therefore would endeavour to find some person: the honourable accessions of Dunkirk, other means to supply his present urgent occaTangier, and Jamaica, do at present require a sions, and desired the Bill might be laid aside." great Supply ; but, we have reason to believe, This Message affected them so much, that in time to come, will repay this nation their they immediately returned their bumble Thanks principal with good interest.—Your majesty to the king for his tenderness to his people, hath sent a royal fleet upon a happy errand, and ordered, “ That his majesty be made to bring your royal consort bither: and is there acquainted, that this house would leave no any Englishman will stick to pay the wages of means unattempted to advance his majesty's those mariners, whose ships do bring so good a Revenue, and supply his present urgent occafreight ? - Upon all these considerations, your sions." loyal commons were in pain, until, like prudent The King's Speech to the Conimons in the and good husbands, they had redeemed the Banquetling House, concerning his Necessities.] pation from all its public Debts. And that March 1. The King finding his necessities to your majesty may at once have a full measure increase, ordered the commons to attend him of their duty and affection to yourself, and that at Whitehall
, in a body by themselves : which your neighbours abroad, as well as the discon- was accordingly done this day; when his tented Commonwealth's men with all their majesty addressed them as follows: complicated interests here at home, may see “ Mr. Speaker, and Gentlemen of the House the happy correspondence that is between our of Commons; Finding it necessary to say head and all the inembers of this body politic; somewhat to you, I thought once of doing it we have chearfully and unanimously given your by a Message, which hath been the most usual majesty twelve hundred and three score thou-way; but when I considered, that speaking to sand pounds; which sumn we desire may be you myself with that plaiuness and freedom I levied in 18 months, by six quarterly payments, use to do, hath more of kindness in it; and after the rate of 70,000l. per mensem, to begin with what affection you use to receive what I the 25th of this present Dec.; in order where- say to you, I resolved to deliver iny Message unto, we humbly pray your majesty's royal to you myself; and have therefore sent for assent unto this bill."
you bither, which hath been frequently done The King's Speech thereon.)After passing heretofore, though it be the first time I have the said Bills, his majesty was pleased to make done so. I do speak my heart to you, when I this short Speech :
tell you, that I do believe, that, from the first “ Mr. Speaker, and you Gentlemen of institutions of parliainents to this hour, there the House of Commons; You have made was never a house of commons fuller of affecme this day a very great and a very noble tion and duty to their king, than you are to present; a present that I have received be- me; never any that was inore desirous and nefit from already, before you presented it : solicitous to gratify their king, than you are to for, trust me, the benefit is not small, which oblige me; never a house of commons in which I and you both have already, from the re- there were fewer persons without a full nieaputation of this present, from the alacrity sure of zeal for the honour and welfare of the and affection you have so unanimously ex- king and country, than there are in this.pressed in this affair.--My Lords and Gen- The wonderful alacrity that you shewed at your first coming together, in giving me su liberal hear you are very zealous for the Church, and a Supply, was an unquestionable jostavce of very solicuous; and even jealous that there is this; and, I assure you, made our neighbours not expedition enough used in that affair: I abroad look upon ine, and you with much the thank you for it, since, 1 presume, it proceeds more respect and esteem; and I am persuaded, from a good root of piety and devotion : but even broke the beart of some desperate and I must tell you, I have the worst luck in the seditious designs at home : in a word, I know world, if, alier all the reproaches of being a nost of your faces and names, and can never papist, whilst I was abroad, I am suspected of hope to find better men in your places.-You being a Presbyterian now I am come home. will wonder now, after I have willingly made -I know you will not take it unkindly, if I tell this just acknowledgment to you, that I should you, that I am as zealous for the Church of lament, and even complain, that I, and you, England, as any of you can be ; and am and the kingdom, are yet without that present enougli acquainted with the enemies of it, on fruit and advantage which we might reasonably all sides; that I am as much in love with the promise ourselves from such a harmony of Book of Common Prayer as you can wish, and affections, and a unity in resolutions, tó ad- bave prejudice enough to those that do not vance the public service, and to provide for love it ; who, I bope, in time will be better inthe Peace and Security of the kingdom ; that formed, and change their minds: and you may you do not expedite those goud counsels which be confident, I do as much desire to see a Uniare necessary for both. I know not how it formity settled, as any amongst you: I pray, comes to pass, but for these many weeks past, trust me, in that affair I promise you to basten even since your last adjournment, private and the dispatch of it, with all convenient speed; particular business have almost thrust the con- you may rely upon me in it.--I have transsideration of the public out of doors ; and, in niitted the Book of Common Prayer, with truth, I do not know, that you are nearer set- those Alterations and Additions which bave tling iny Revenue, than you were at Christinas: been presented to me by the Convocation, to I am sure I have communicated my condition the house of peers, with my approbation, that to you, without reserve ; what I have coming the Act of Uniformity may relate to it: so in, and what my necessary disbursements are : that I presume it will be shortly dispatched and I am exceedingly deceived, if whatsoever there; and when we have done all we can, you give me, be any otherwise given to me, the well settling that affair will require great than to be issued out for your own use and prudence and discretion, and the absence of benefit. Trust me, it shall be so; and, if you all passion and precipitation. I will conclude consider it well, you will find, that you are the with putting you in mind, that the season of richer by what you give ; since it is all to be the year; the convenience of your being in laid out, that you may enjoy the rest in Peace the country, in many respects for the good and and Sccurity.—Gentlemen, I need not put you welfare of it (for you will find much tares have in mind of the miserable effects which have been sowed there, in your absence); the arattended the Wants and Necessities of the rival of my Wife, who I expect some time this crown: I need not tell you that there is a Repub- month; and the necessity of my own being lican party still in the kingdom, which have the out of town to meet her, and to stay some courage to promise themselves another Revo- time before she comes bither; makes it lution : and, methinks, I should as little need very necessary, that the parliament be adto tell you, that the only way, with God's journed before Easter, to meet again in the blessing, to disappoint their hopes, and indeed winter : and that it
pray lay to reduce them from those extravagant hopes asiļe private business, that you may, in that and desires, is, to let them see, that you have time, dispatch the publick : and there are few so provided for the crown, that it hath where things I reckon more public, than your prowithal to support itself, and to secure you ; viding for the security of the Fen-Lauds, which which, I am sure, is all I desire, and desire I have so often recommended to you ; and do only for your preservation. Therefore I do it now, very earnestly. I pray let no private conjure you, by all the professions of affection animosities or contests endanger a work of so you have made to me, by all the kindness I great a beoefit and honour to the nation ; but know you have for me, after all your deliber- first provide for the support of the work, and ations, betake yourselves to some speedy reso- then let justice be done for determination of lutions; and settle such a real and substantial particular interests.-Tbe mention of my Wife's Revenue upon mé, as may hold some propor arrival puts me in mind to desire you to put tion with the necessary expences I am at, for that compliment upon her, that her entrance the peace, and benefit, and honour of the into the town may be with more decency than kingdom ; that they who look for troubles at the ways will now suffer it to be : and, to that home, may despair of their wishes; and that purpose, I pray you would quickly pass such our neighbours abroad, by seeing that all is laws as are before you, in order to the mending well at home, may have that esteem and value those ways; and that she may not find Whiteof us,
as may secure the interest and honour hall surrounded with water. I will detain you of the nation, and make the happiness of this no longer, but do promise myself great fruits kingdom, and of this city, once more the admi- of this conversation with you"; and that you ration and envy of the world. Gentlemen, I will justify the confidence I have in your affec
tion, by letting the world see, that you take Petition of the distressed Royalists.] During my concernments to beart, and are ready to this session, the distressed Royalists set forth do ubatsoever I desire for the peace and well their miserable case in the following remarkfare of the kingdom.".
able Paper; which drew an Aid in their favour Hearth- Monty Bill.] These assurances of of 60,000!. his majesty, bad their desired effect. A Bill “ An humble Representation of the sad contu lay a duty upon every Chimney Hearth, in dition of many of the King's Party; eacb'bouse of above two shillings a year, for who, since his majesty's happy Restoever, was forthwith agreed upon; and his ma- ration, have no Relief, and but lanjesty was moreover enabled to raise, for the 3 guishing hopes. Together with Pronext eusuing months, one nionth's tax in each posals how some of them may be speeyear, after the rate of 70,0001. a month, if ne- dily relieved, and others assured thereof, cessity should so require.
within a reasonable time. The Press put into the hands of a Licenser.] “ What miseries and persecutions we RoyaNor, says Ralph, did they rest here : the Press båd offended as well as the pulpit; cut off her child's head, and alledged this Scripthe parliament had been treated with the same ture. Others have shut themselves up with a freedom as the king, and both seemed more Bible, and resolved to eat nothing, becarise it disposed to silence clamours, than remove the is written, tható Man shall not live by bread
As therefore the pulpit was to be alone, but by every word that proceedeth purged by the Uniformity Act, care was taken
rout of the mouth of God.' Some have killed io bridle the Press, and put the reins into the their cat, because she had taken a mouse on bands of a Licenser; who was generally so Sunday, but deferred the execution till Moncareful to seal the lips of falshood and abuse, day. Evach ap Evan, near Shrewsbury, killed that even truth and justice could rarely obtain is own mother and brother in cold blood; a hearing.
having no other quarrel against them but that • To convince his majesty yet farther, how they loved the liturgy,” &c. Hist. of tbe cxtreinely desirous they were, that the repub- English and Scotch Presbyterians. lican spirit should be enurely subdued, they
On the other hand, to discountenance these took the affair of the Militia again into consi. strange stories, we find the following affecting deration, and prepared that Bill, wbich has put Petition in G. Foa's Journal: “ There being the power of the sword in the king's hand. very many Friends in prison in the nation,
The Quakers' Bill passed.] There was Richard Hubberthorn, and I George Fox, drew yet another Bill, continues the above writer, up a paper concerning them, and got it dewhich had bung in the house of Lords ever livered to the King, that he might understand since last session, and wbich was now -to be how we were dealt with by his officers. It was passed into a law: and this was the Bill to thus directed : 6. For the King. oblige the Quakers to take the Oaths. Favour- “ Friend, who art the chief ruler of these doable as the crisis was to every rigorous and minions, here is a list of some of the Sutterings penal measure, the lords, as we have already of the people of God, in scorn called Quahers, remarked, had not stomacbs strong enough to
that bave suffered under the changeable powers digest quite so fast, as the con mons furnished before ibee, by whom there have been imprithem with this sort of food. Thus, with regard / soned, and under whom there have suffered for to the Bill now before us, fioding the Title bad good conscience sake, and for bearing testirelation only to the Quakers, and that in the mony to the truth as it is in Jesus, 3173 perbody of it, a provision was made for extending sons: and there lye yet in prison in the name the penalties to others, they started excep- of the Commonwealth 73 persons that we know tions, treated it as an inconsistency at least, of. And there have died in prison in the țime ard ordered, That it should be limited to the of the Commonwealth, and of Oliver and Quakers' only.' A free conference ensued Richard the Protectors, through cruel and hard between the two houses, the commons adhered imprisonments upon nasty straw and in dunto the letter of their Bill, and upon the report geons, 32 persons. There have been also thereof, their lordships so qualified their Alter- imprisoned in thy name, since thy arrival, by ations, that all objections were renover, and such as thought to ingratiate themselves thereby the bill was passed by commission on the 2d to thee, 3068 persons. Besides this, our meetof May.* (Ralph, vol. i. p. 62.)
ings are daily broken up by men with clubs and
arms (though we meet peaceably, according to * “ In the late Debates upon the Quakers the practice of God's people in the primitive Bill, &c. reference was made to the horrid inn- times) and our friends are thrown into waters, pulses of what they called the Spirit, not and trod upon, until the very blood gusheth only dictating the most extravagant opinions, out of them : the number of which abuses can but driving to the most abominable practices. hardly be uttered. Now this we would have Many of that party had their brains dislocated of thee, to set them at liberty, that lye in prison and displaced. Some whereof have taken in the names of the Commonwealth, and of the their children, and gone and sacrificed them, two Protectors, and them that lye in thy own pretending a particular command, like that name, for speaking the truth, and for a good God gave to Abraham: as a woman of Dover conscience, &c." G. Fox's Journal, p. 582.
lists have suffered, for 19 years past, no one, | Providence ; for we reckon our martyrdom so we presume, is a stranger to, tbat could see, or honourable, and our cause so dear, that none hear. The war began with the plunder of our but extreme esigents would be sensible on that goods and seizure of our rents, and it ended behalf, such poverty being (we are sure) withwith the sale of our estates, or, at best, a com- out reproach; had we coinplied with any of position, which engaged us in debts; the bur- the late usurpers, otherwise than as prisoners then whereof, where the parties were either must comply with goalers, we should not have indebted before, or had families to provide dared to look backward, vor presumed to look for, could not but be ruinous to them : such forward: but innocency and extremity together of us as bad no lands, but lived by their ho- imbolden, or rather compel us to utter our nest endeavours, were not only thrust out of complaints, where we think we may challenge, their proper employments, but made incapable at least, a favourable audience.--For, since of any other that could afford them a toler- the cause, we so carnestly contended for, was able subsistance, so as many, the most de- indeed least of all, our own (who might casily serving of their country, have been forced to bave saved our stakes, as many others of the part with their inheritances to buy them same persuasion did) and but in part the bread: others, of free and generous minds, king's; principally our countries, whose liberty, have languished in tedious imprisonments: and even its being was at stake ; it may seem few, in comparison of the rest, by singular a hard piece of justice, that the price of pubprovidence and frugality, have preserved them- lic freedom (when restored) should be the selves.--With what courage and constancy of ruin only of such, as with their utmost perils affection we have owned our cause, and party, chiefly asserted it; and the nation will appear even then, when but to name them civilly (at least equally with his majesty) concerned was treason, and worse, if worse could be; in an expedient, lest if the martyrs and chamwith what faith and perseverance we have pions of their country be, now by it forsaken, expected our King's return; with what in- (they being disabled by their sufferings, and visible comforts we have supported our others by their ill success discouraged) herefeeble hopes, at their lowest ebbs of out- after, in the like exigent, which God prevent, ward possibility, whilst all the politicians our liberties should find neither champions, derided us as fond and credulous persons, nor martyrs.--It grieves us, in all serious comwho, with the purgatory of wise men, pur panies, to meet with these and the like rechased only the Paradise of Fools; a kind of flections ; how will it discourage our tender Alchymnists, or Jews, who looked for a Mes- plants of loyalty, to be the spectators of its siah that would come; and this confidence ruin? How will it multiply neuters, to observe (grounded chiefly on our integrity) how it en- noble families extirpated, and their estates gaged us in attempts, whichi, perhaps, were possessed, as many will be apt enough to colmore honest than prudent, by opposing Plots lect, by wiser men? viz. such as took the to Councils, and tumults to the best armies ; strongest side. And may not the next generawill not, I trust, be forgotten by English men in tion, from such premises, draw this concluour days.--Let it not be once objected, that sion, 'He loves danger too well, that loves it our endeavours were not successful; rather, for its own sake??–Certainly, it were too much let it be construed to our advantage, that ignorance in us to suppose, that his majesty is though our valour was at first unfortunate, yet able to contribute, in any proportion; to our (through God's blessing) our chearful patievce relief; rather, we are sensible, that, should be hath at length, fulfilled our hopes, by degrees impoverish himself, to gratify us, he would inclining the hearts of the most obstinate to a soon be in a condition, neither to support us relenting; wherein as our trials were, so our nor himself; besides, we are satisfied of his triumphs are now the greater ; for to prevail by kindness towards us: but our recourse is (proloyal sufferings, is the prerogative of true desert. perly) to the parliament, who (being equally -We joyfully, indeed, partake in the glory of concerned), can relieve us more powerfully, his majesty's Restitution, the peace of our and with less exception, wherein, we doubt country, the security of laws, and the prospect not of his majesty's gracious concurrence, and of future Settlements, which are most pleasant furtherance.—Wherefore, not to importune his to us: but, alas, we are still exposed to the same majesty, (who, no doubt, hath a real and tennecessities, nay, many of us are in worse con- der sympathy for us) we do (with much freedition, as to livelihood, than ever, partly by dom, but with all submission) declare to our exhausting ourselves with unusual expences, representatives, as to good Englishmen, That that we might appear (like ourselves) con- as we on our part, shall for public good, as cerned in bis inajesty's welcome, and corona- chearfully subscribe to the general Indemnity tion; partly, by prosecuting honest, but fruit- (when by their wisdoms confirmed) as any tbat less, pretences, chiefly by the fate of poverty, have benefit thereby; so it they, on their part, which seldom continues without increasing, shall hy confirming it, intercept those Remeand, for the accomplishment of our misery, dies which the law, our great birth-right, hope, which hitherto alone befriended and would afford us; we conceive, they oblige supported, hath now forsaken us.-Were our themselves to study somewhat of recompence, pressures moderate, or common, we should lest they give us subject of complaint, That, in never mention them, but wait yet further upon such an Oblivion, they did but too well re