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"session ;' which be had appointed to make an | ther ordered, “ That the lord Mounson, sir J. end ot within few days: and so the next day the Harrington, and sir H. Mildmay should be dereport was called for and made, and the Bill graded of their several honours and titles; and ordered to be engrossed against the next ihat those now in custody, and the other two, morning; the earl not being at that time in when apprehended, should all be drawn upon the house. But the next morning, when the sledges with ropes about their necks, from the chancellor had the bill engrossed in his hand Tower of London to, and under the gallows at to present to the house to be read the third Tyburn, and thence conveyed back to the time, the earl came to him to the woolsack, Tower, there to remain prisoners during their and with great displeasure and wrath in his lives. Which sentences were solemnly executed countenance told him, that if that bill were upon the 30th of Jan. following. * read that day, he would speak against it;' to The Speaker's Speech to the King at the Adwhiclı the chancellor gare him an answer that journment.) July 30. This day his majesty did not please bin: and the bill was passed came to the house of peers; and, sitting in his that day. And from that tiine the earl of throne, arrayed witir his royai robes, the peers Bristol was a inore avowed and declared enemy likewise sitting in their robes, the king gave to him, than be bad before professed to be; command to the gentleman usher of the black though the friendship that had been between rod, to give notice to the house of commons, them had been discontinued or broken from that they attend his majesty forthwith. And the time the earl had changed his religion.” accordingly they came up with their Speaker,
Act for the Security of the King's Person who made this Speech following: and Governmenit.] An Act was likewise passed, “ May it please your most excellent mafor the • Security of the King's Person and jesty ; The Wise Man tells us, " There is a Government,' by which it was made capital time to sow, and a time to reap.? Since your treason to devise the king's death, or impri- majesty did convene the knights, citizens, and sonment, or bodily harm, or to deprive and burgesses of the commons house of parliament, depose him from his kingly name, &c. It they have with unwearied labour consulted for enacted likewise, that whoever affirmed the the service of your majesty and the good of king to be an Heretic, or a Papist, or should this nation; and now the fields grow white to by writing, printing, preaching, or other speak- harvest. In the great field of nature, all fruits ing, stir up the people to hatred or dislike of his do not grow ripe together; but some in one majesty, or the established government, should month, some in another: one time affords your be rendered incapable of holding any employ- majesty primroses and violets; another time ment in Church or State. It also declared the presents you with July flowers. So it is in the Long Parliament to be dissolved, the Solemn course of our proceedings : some of our fruits. League and Covenant to be illegal; and that are in the blossom, when others are in the there was no legislative power in either, or bud ; some are near ripe, and others fit to be both houses of parliament, without the king ; presented to your majesty. Amongst the numand whoever asserted the contrary, were made ber of our choicest ripe iruits, we first present liable to the penalty of a Premunire.
you with a Bill for the Safety and Preservation Act to limit the Number of Petitioners.] Re- of your majesty's royal person and government. collecting further the Abuse of Petitioning, in -Your predecessor queen Elizabeth, of famous the preceding reign, they prepared a Bill, by meinory, in the 13th year of her reign, by which it was enacted, that no more than 20 Pius Quintus, then bishop of Rome, was exhands should be subscribed to any Petition or communicated and anathematized. John FelRemonstrance, unless with the sanction of 3 ton posted up a Bull at the bishop of Lonjustices, or the major part of the grand jury; don's palace, whereby she was declared to and that such Petition should not be presented be deprived of her title to the kingdom, and to the king, or either house, by above ten per- all the people of this realm absolved from their sons, on the penalty of 1001. and 3 months allegiance to her; the queen of Scots was imprisonment.*
then a prisoner in England; and the duke of Proceedings against the Regicides.] As the Norfolk, for many designs against our queen, king seemed on one hand to make it a point to committed to the Tower. Historians tell us, perfect the Act of Indemnity, the commons, the times were very troublesoine, full of suspion the other, appeared as zealous to offer upcions and conspiracies. But, sir, what then victims to the memory of his father. Accord- was only feared, hath in our time been put in ingly, they proceeded to the Confiscation of execution. No age hath known, ne history the estates of 21 Regicides deceased. They makes inention of, such sad tragedies. It therelikewise ordered the lord Mounson, sir Henry fore now becomes your people, after this gloMildmay, and Mr. Robert Wallop, to be rious Restitution, to endeavour all just ways brought to the bar of the house of commons ; of preservation. The queen, in her time of wbere confessing their crimes, a Bill was order- trouble and danger, summoned a parliament; ed to be brought in to confiscate their estates, and such was the love of the people to her ana as also those of sir J. Harrington and John her government, that they forthwith made a Phelps, not yet apprebended : and it was far- law for her Security. According to which pre
cedent, we your loyal commons also, who have * See Ralph, vol. i. p. 47.
before them no less cause of fear, but more
obligations and affection to your majesty, do | order to this great work, the commons have humably tender you a Bill, wherein we desire it prepared a Bill to repeal tirat law which was may be enacted, “ That if any person shall inade in 17 Car. wberely the Bishops were compass, imagine, or design, your majesty's excluded this house: these noble lords have all death, destruction or bodily harm, to imprison agreed ; and now we beg your majesty will or restrain your royal person, or depose you, give it life. Speak Lut the word, great sir ; or shall levy war against your majesty within and your servants yet sball live.-We cannot or without your realnı, or stir up any foreign well forget the method, how our late miseries, : power to invade you, and shall express or de- like waves of the sea, came in upon us : l'irst, clare such bis wicked intention by printing, The people were invited to petition, to give writing, preaching, or malicious and advised colour to some illegal demands. Then they speaking, being thereof legally convicted, shall must remonstrate, then they must protest, be adjudged a traitor."-And, because much then they must covenant, then they must asso of our late misery took its rise from seditious ciate, then they must engage against our lawful Pamphlets, and Speeches from the pulpits, it is government, and for the maintenance of the provided, " That if any man shall inaliciously most horrid tyranny that ever was invented. and advisedly publish or affirm your majesty For the prevention of this practice for the to be an lleretic, or a Papist, or that you en- future, we do humbly tender unto your inadeavour to introduce Popery, or shall stir up jesty a Bill, intituled, “ An Act against Tuthe people to hatred or dislike of your royal inults and Disorders, upon pretence of preperson or government, then every such person paring or presenting public Petitions, or Adshall be made incapable of any office or em- dresses, to your majesty or the parliament."ployment either in Church or State ; and if In the next place, we held it our duty to undeany man shall maliciously and advisedly affirm, ceive the people, who have been poisoned with that the parliament begun at Westm. the 3rd an opinion, that the Militia of this nation was of Nor. 1640, is yet in being; or that any in themselves, or in their representatives in Covenant or engagement since that time im- parliament; and, according to the ancient posed upon the people doth oblige them to en-kuowo laws, we have declared the sole right of deavour a change of the government either in the Militia to be in your majesty. And forchurch or state ; or that either or both houses asmuch as our time bath not permitted us to of parliament have a legislative power without finish a Bill intended for the future ordering your majesty; then every such offender, being of the same; we shall present you with a temthereof legally convicted, shall incur the pe-porary Bill, for the present managing and disnalties of a Premnunire, mentioned in the sta- posing of the Land Forces ; and likewise anotute made 16 Rd. II.”—In the next place, sir, iler Bill for establishing certain Articles and give me leave, I beseech you (without any vio- Orders for the Regulation and Government of lence to the Act of Oblivion), to remember a your majesty's Navies and Forces by sea.sad effect of the distempers in the last age. According to your majesty's commands, we When the fever began to seize upon the people, have examined many of the Public and Private they were impatient till they lost some blood. Bills which passed last parliament ; and have The lords spiritual, who in all ages bad enjoyed prepared soine Bills of Confirmation. We a place in parliament, were by an act of par- have also ascertained the Pains and Penalties liament excluded. Your majesty's royal grand- to be imposed upon the persons or cstates of father was often wont to say, “No Bishop, No those miscreants who had a band in the mur King." We found his words true; for, after der of your royal father of blessed memory, they were put out, the fever still increasing, in and were therefore excepted in your majesty's another fit the temporal lords followed, and Act of Oblivion ; wherein we have declared to then the king himself. Nor did the humour all the world, hów just an indignation we had rest there ; but, in the round, the house of against that horrid regicide.-We have likecommons was first garbled, and then turned wise prepared a Bill for the Collection of great out of doors. It is no wonder, when a sword | Arrcars of the Duty of Excise ; which I do is put into a madınan's band, to see him cut here, in the name of the commons, bumbly off limb by limb, and then to kill himself. present unto your majesty. The reason, we When there is a great breach of the sea upon conceive, why it was not formerly paid, was the low grounds, by the violence of the torrent, because the people disliked the authority the rivers of sweet wateps are often turned whereby it was imposed. But, understanding aside, and the salt waters make themselves a that it is now given to your majesty, it will channel ; but when the breach is made up, come in with as great freedom ; aliquisque good husbands drain their lands again, and malo erit usus in illo. - Your majesty was restore the ancient sewers. Thanks be to God, pleased, at the opening of the parliament, to the flood is gone off the face of this Island. tell us, "That you intended this summer to Our turtle dove hath found good footing. Your take a Progress, and see your people, and at majesty is happily restored to the government; your return did hope to bring a queen home the temporal lords and commons are restored with you. Sir, this welcome news hath made to sit in parliament. And shall the Church us cast about all ways for your accommodation. alone now suffer? Sit Ecclesia Anglicana And therefore, that no conveniences might be libera, et babeat Libertates suas illæsas.' In wanting, either for your majesty, your queen,
or your attendants, we have prepared a Bill, , me, and reproaches upon you. Your wisdoms intituled, “An Act for providing necessary and reputation and authority will, I doubt not, Carriages, in all your royal Progresses and Re- weigh down their light credit ; and the old and movals.'--Your majesty was likewise pleased, new good laws will, I hope, prevent any mischief at our first meeting, to say, ' You would not they intend. However, you bave done very tire us with hard duty and hot service ; and well (and I do very heartily thank you for it) therefore about this time intended a Recess.' in declaring my sole right over the Militia ; thé That royal favour will now be very seasonable ; questioning of which was the fountain from and we hope advantageous both to your ma- which all our bitter waters flowed. I pray make jesty and ourselves: we know, in our absence, haste to put the whole kingdom into such posyour princely heart and head will not be free *ture, that evil men, who will not be converted, from cares and thoughts of our protection; may yet choose to be quiet, because they find and when we leare our hive, like the indus- that they shall not be able to do the harm they trious bee, we shall but fly about the several desire to do.--I know you have begun many countries of the nation to gather honey; and, Bills in both houses which cannot be finished when your majesty shall be pleased to name till your meeting again : And, that they may the time, return with loaded thighs unto our be finished then, I forbear to make a sessions house again."
now; but am contented that you adjourn till The King's Speech at the Adjournment.] | the 20th of Nov. when I bope, by God's blessAfter giving his royal assent to the said B: !s, ing, we shall come happily together again.the King made the following speech :
In a word, iny lords and gentlemen, I thank “ My Lords and Gentlemen ; I perceive, by you for what you have done; and am confident, the thin appearance of the members of both that what you have left undone you will disa houses this day, that it is high time to adjourn. patch with all alacrity, and to all our satisIn truth, the season of the year as well as your factions, at our next meeting. And so you particular affairs require it; and therefore I do may adjourn till the 20th of November." willingly consent to it.--I thank you for the The King's Speech at the Meeting of Parliamany good Bills you have presented me with ment.] Nov. 20. The parliament met perthis day; of which, I hope, the benefit will re- suant to adjournment, the Bishops being redound to the whole kingdom. I thank you for stored to their seats in the house of peers. the care you have taken for the safety of my Upon which occasion the King was pleased person; which, trust me, is the more valuable to declare his mind to both houses in the to me, for the consequence I think it is of to speech following: you. And, upon my conscience, there is no- “ My Lords and Gentlemen of the House of body wishes ill 'to me, but they who would Commons: I know the visit I make you this quickly revenge themselves of you if they could. day is not necessary, is not of course : yet, if -I thank you for the care you have taken of there were no more in it, it would not be yourselves, of your own safety and honour, in strange that I come to see, what you and I have the Act against Tumults and Disorders upon so long desired to see, the Lords Spiritual and pretence of Petitions; to which license we owe Temporal and the Commons of England met much of the calamities we have undergone : together to consult for the peace and safety of But I thank you with all my heart, indeed as Church and State, by which parliaments are much as I can do for any thing, for the repeal restored to their primitive lustre and integrity: of that Act which excluded the Bishops from I do heartily congratulate with you for this sitting in parliament. It was an unhappy act, day. But, my lords and gentlemen, as my in an unhappy time, passed with many unhap- coming hither at this tiine is somewhat extrapy circumstances, and attended with miserable ordinary; so the truth is, the occasion of my events; and therefore I do again thank you for coming is more extraordinary. It is to say repealing it. You have thereby restored par- something to you on my own behalf, to ask liaments to their primitive institutions. And I somewhat of you for myself; which is more hope my lords and gentlemen, you will in a than I have done of you or of those who met short time restore them to the primitive order, here before you, since my coming into Engand gravity of debates and determinations, land. I needed not have done it then; and, upwhich the license of the late distempered times on my conscience, I need not do it now. They had so much corrupted; which is the only way did, and you do, upon all occasions, express to restors parliaments to their primitive vene- so great an affection and care of all that conration with the people, which I heartily wish iney cerns me, that I may very well reter both the should always have.- My Lords and Genlemen; matter and manner of your doing anything You are now going to your several countries; for me, to your own wisdoms and kindness. where you cannot but be very welcome, for the | And indeed, if I did think that wbat I am to services you have performed here. I do very say to you now did alone or did most concern earnestly recommend the good government and myself; if the uneasy condition I am in, if the peace of your countries to your care, and your streights and necessities I am to struggle with, counsel
, and your vigilancy. There are dis- did not manifestly relate to the public peace tempered spirits enough, which lie in wait to and safety, more than to iny own particular do mischief, by laying reproaches upon the otherwise than as I am concerned in the pubcourt, upon the government, reproaches upon lic, I should not give you this trouble this day.
I can bear my necessities which merely relate ) sorry to find that the general temper and af to myself with patience enough.-Mr. Speaker fections of the nation are not so well composed and you Gentlemen of the house of Coinmons: as I hoped they would have been, after so sig. I do not now importune you to make more nal blessings from God Almighty upon us all, haste in the settling the constant Revenue of and after so great indulgence and condescenthe crown, than is agreeable to the method you sions from me tuwards all interests. There propose to yourselves; to desire you seriously are many wicked instruments, still as active as to consider the insupportable weight that lies ever. who labour night and day to disturb the upon it, the obligation it lies under, to provide public peace, and to make all people jealous for the interest, honour and security of the of each other. It will be worthy of your care nation, in another proportion than in any and vigilance, to provide proper remedies for former times it hath been obliged to : But I the diseases of that kind; and if you find new come to put you in mind of the crying Debts diseases, you must study new remedics. Let which do every day call upon me; of some us not be discouraged : If we help one another necessary provisions which are to be made we shall, with God's blessing, master all our without delay for the very safety of the king difficulties. Those which concern matters of dom; of the great sum of money that should Religion, I confess to you are too hard for be ready to discharge the several fleets when me; and therefore I do commend them to your they come home; and for the necessary pre- care and deliberation, which can best provide parations that are to be made for the setting out for them.-I shall not need to recommend, or new flects to sea against the spring, that reve- put you in mind ot, the good correspondence nue being already avticipated upon as impor- that ought to be kept between you, for the tant services which should be assigned to good of yourselves and me, and the whole those preparations. These are the pressing kingdom ; and I may tell you, it is very necesoccasions which I am forced to recommend to sary for us all. You will find, whoever doth not you with all possible earnestness, and to con- love me, doth not love you? and they who have jure you to provide for as speedily as is possi- no reverence for you have little kindness for ble, and in such a manner as may give a se- me. Therefore, I pray, let us adhere fast to curity at home, and soine reputation abroad. each other; and then we shall with the help of I make this discourse to you with some confi- God, in a short time persuade or oblige all dence, because I am very willing and desirous men to that submission and obedience to the that you should thoroughly examine whether law, as may constitute a full measure of hapthese necessities I mention be real or imagina- piness to prince and people, and persuade our ry, or whether they are fallen upon us by my neighbours to that esteem and value they bave fault, my own ill managery, or excesses, and formerly had for us.” provide for them accordingly.
Information given to the House of a Preslujwilling that you make a full inspection into terian Plot.] The commons were no sooner my Revenue, as well the disbursements as re- returned to their house, than sir John Packceipts; and if you find it hath been ill-managed ington, member for Worcester, gave Informaby any corruption in the officers I trust, or by tion of a dangerous Presbyterian Plot on foot; my own unthristiness, I shall take the infor- and that many of the chief of the conspiramation and advice you shall give me very tors were in prison at Worcester: the memkindly; I say, if you find it ; for I would not bers also who served for Oxfordshire, Herthave you believe any loose discourses, how fordshire, Staffordshire, and several other confidently soever urged, of giving away four counties, gave it the like Inforinations. score thousand pounds in a morning, and many Nov 21. The lords received a Message other extravagancies of that kind. I have from the commons by Mr. Secretary Morrice much more reason to be sorry that I have not to let them know, “ That the house of comto reward those wbo have ever faithfully served mons have intelligence that divers Malethe king my father and inyself, than ashamed contents, Fanatics, Cashiered and Disbanded of any bounty I have exercised towards any Officers and Soldiers, and others, have some man* My Lords and Gentlemen; I am Design amongst them, tending to the breach
* « Let no man wonder,” says lord Claren- that he had contracted debts himself in don, “ that within so little time as a year and that time): all the money that had been a half, or very little more, after the king's re- given and had been applied to the payturn, that is, from May to November in the next ment of the Land and Sea forces, and had year, and after so great sums of money raised by donc neither. Parliaments do seldom make acts of parliament upon the people, his ma- their computations right, but reckon what jesty's Debts could be so crying and importu- they give to be much more than is ever renate, as to disturb him to that degree as he ceived, and what they are to pay to be as expressed. It was never enough understood, much less than in truth they owe; so that that in all that time he never received from when all the money that was collected was the parliament more than the 70,000l. to-paid, there remained still very much due to wards his Coronation; nor were the Debts the soldiers, and much more to the seamen; which were now so grievous to bim contracted and the clamour from both reached the king's by himself (though it cannot be supposed but cars, as if they had been levied by his warrant
I am very
of the peace of this kingdom; therefore they those Regicides that came in upon Proclamadesire their lordships would join with them, totion were bronglit to the bar of the house of move his majesty that he would please to is- lords, 10 answer what they could say for themsue out a Proclamation, that all suspicious and selves, why judgment should not be executed loose persons may be forthwith sent out of against them. They severally alledged, • That, these towns of London and Westminster, and upon bis majesty's gracious Declaration from the liberties thereof for some time."
Breda, and the Voles of Parliament, and his This day, the cominons, to shew their rea- majesty's Proclamation, published by the addiness to assist the king in his wants, voted vice of the lords and commons then assembled “ That the sum of 1,200,0001. be speedily in parliament, they did render themselves, paid and raised for the supply of the king's being advised that they should thereby secure majesty's present occasions ;” and so proceeded their lives; and humbly craved the benefit accordingly. For which the king soon after thereof, and the mercy of the houses, and their returned his hearty Thanks, and particularly mediation to bis majesty in their behalfs.' express d, how exceeding much he was be- Harry Marten briskly added, “ That he had holden to the commons for their great gift, and • never obeyed any Proclamation before this, the manner of it, in giving so freely. After and hoped that he should not be hanged for which, he declared by a Message to the com- taking of the king's word now.' New demons, signifying, “ That, taking the good of bates arose about them, and a Bill was brought his people the subject of bis thoughts, and in for their execution, which was read twice, considering that the calling in the Money, but afterwards dropt; and so they were all called the Commonwealth's Money, by the sent to their several prisons, and but little last of this month, might be prejudicial to his more heard of them. The difficulty liad like people, and hazard the exportation of a great to have been the heavier upon them, by reapart thereof, he was graciously pleased, by the sou of several seditious pamphlets published advice of his privy council, to direct a Pro- about this time; and likewise by reason of a clamation to be issued, signifying lis majesty's Message from the King, delivered by the Lord pleasure to accept of the said Money in any Chancellor in a conference between toch payment to be made to him till the 25th of bouses.t March oext."
The Lord Chancellor's Declaration concernProceedings against the Regicides renewed.] ing a Plot in agitation.] Dec. 19. The Lord Nov. 25. The first parliament having respited the Chancellor acquainted the lords, “ That he punishments of several of the Regicides, as had a Message to deliver from the King; well those that lay under condemnation, as which was, to let them know, that besides the others not so flagrantly guilty of that crime, | Apprehensions and Fears that are generally the houses resumed the matter, and this day abroad, his majesty bath received Letters froin and for his service. And his majesty under- of Cromwell, no care had been taken for supstood too well, by the experience of the ill plies of any of the stores. And the changes husbandry of the last year, when both the which ensued in the government, and putting out army and the ships were so long continued in and in new officers; the expeditions of Lampay, for want of money to disband and pay bert against sir George Booth, and afterwards them off, what the trouble and charge would into the North; and other preparations for be, if the several Fleets should return before those factions and parties which succeeded money was provided to discharge the seamen; each other; and the continual opportunities and for that the clamour would be only upon which the officers had for embezzlement; and him.—But there was an expense that he had lastly, the setting out that fleet which was sent been engaged in from the time of his return, to attend upon the king for his return; had so and by which he had contracted a great Debt, totally drained the stores of all kinds, that the of which very few men could take notice; nor magazines were no better replenished than is could the king think fit to discover it, till he mentioned before: which as soon as his man had first provided against the mischief which jesty knew, as he could not be loug ignorant might have attended the discovery. It will of it, the first care be took was to conceal it, bardly be believed, that in so warlike an age, that it might not be known abroad or at home, and when the armies and fleets of England had in how ill a posture he was to defend himself made more noise in the world for 20 years, against an enemy. And then he committed bad fnught more hattles at land and sea, than the care of that province to a noble person, all the world had done besides, or any one
whom he knew he could not trust too much, people had done in any age hetöre; and when and made sir Wm. Compkan master of the at his majesty's return there remained a 100 Ordnance, and made ail the sliitts he could ships at sea, and an Army of near threescore devise for monies, that the work might be bethousand men at land; there should not be in gun., And bereby insensibly he had contracted the Tower of London, and in all the stores be a great Debt: and these were part of the crya longing to the crown, Fire-Arms enough, noring debts, and the necessary provisions which indeed of any other kind, to arm three thousand were to he made without delay for the very men; nor powder and naval provisions enough safety of the kingdom, which he told the para to set out five ships of war — From the death liament.” Life, p. 145. + Echard, p. 795, VOL, IV,