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have well done, Mr. Speaker, in taking notice , works of so public a nature, much less destroy of the great esteem the king hath of the me- such works; but provide out of band for the mory of the last parliament. He takes all upholding and supporting them by some good occasions hinself to do it ; and it deserved it law, in which due care inay be taken for all at bis hands : but, as the wisest father takes particular interests, when the public is out of joy in the hopes his heir will be wiser than he, danger. I have but one desire more, Mr. and the greatest monarch in the hopes that Speaker, to make to you from the king, to his successor will be greater than he; and if which the season of the year, as well as your the souls departed feel any joy upon what is inclinations to gratify him, will dispose you; done in this world, it is in the case of such an and that is, that you will use such expedition in heir, such a successor; so, you may be conti- your councils of most importance, that the dent, the ghost of the deceased parliament rest inay be left to a recess in the winter, alier will be inuch delighted, much exalted, to see an adjournment; that bis majesty may have your actions excel theirs, and your fame exceed a time to bestow bimself upon his subjects in a iheirs. It was a blessed parliament ; but Progress, which he would be glad to begin there are other and greater Clessings reserved before the end of July. I have leave to will for you. They began many things which you you the Progress he intends; that he desires may have the happiness io finish; they had again to see his good city of Worcester, and to not time, nor opportunity, to begin many thank God for his deliverance there, and to things which you may have the honour to thank God even in those cottages, and barns, begin and finish. They invited bis majesty and haylofts, in which he was shelterer, and home, restored him to his tbrone, and movarchy feasted, and preserred; and in the close of to the nation. It will be your glory so to esta- that progress he hopes he shall fod luis queen blish bim in his power and greatness, so as to in bis arms, and so return to meet you bere in annex monarchy to the nation, that he and his the beginning of winter.--Mr. Speaker, All posterity shall be never again forced to be your Petitions are very grateful to the king. abroad, that they be invited home, nor in You and your servants, in your persons and danger to be restored ; so to rivet monarchy estates, are free froni all arrests or molestato the bearts, and to the understandings of all tions. Your liberty and frecdoin of speech is men, that no man may ever presume to con- very willingly granted to you. When you spire against it. Let it not sutice that we would repair to his majesty, you shall be welhave our king again, and our laws again, and And his inajesty will be so far from parliaments again ; but let us so provide, that jealousy of your actions, that he believes it is neither kiny, nor laws, nor parliament, may impossible for him to be jealous of you, or you be so used again. Let not our monarchy be of hin; and, if you please, he will make it undermined by a Fifth Monarchy, nor inen penal to nourish that unwholesome weed in suffered to bave the protectiou ofa government any part of the kingdon." they protess to hate. Root out all anti-monar- The Thanks' of both Houses given to his chical principles ; at least, let not the same Majesty. These ceremonies being over, the straiagems prevail against us.
Let us remeni- Parliament proceeded to the great affairs of ber how we were deceived ; and let not the the kingdom ; and within three days both same artitices over-reach us again. Let king, bouses came to a Vote and Resolution conand church, and country, receiie more and cerning the King's intended Marriage, and acgreater advantages, hy the wisdom and industry cordingly attended bis majesty at Whitehall of this parliament. Let trade abroad and at with their humble Acknowledgment and Thanks and excesses be restrained and abolished, by his resolution to marry with the infanta of new laws and provisions ; let profitable arts Portugal; which they conceived to be of so and industry find so great encouragement, bigt, a concernment to this nation, that they that all thriving inventions may be brouglit received it with great joy and satisfaction, and from all parts of the world to enrich this kings did with all earnestuess beg a blessing upon, dom, and that the inventors inay grow rich in and a specly accómplishment of it; and they this kingdom. And upon this argument of could not but express their own unanimous encouraging industry, I bave a cominand froin Resolutions, which they were confident would the king, to recommend to you the encou- have a general influence upon the bearts of all ragement or preservation of a great work of his subjects: that they should upon all occaindustry, in which the honour and interest of sions be ready to assist bis majesty in the the nation is more concerned than in any work pursuance of these his intentions against all this age hath brought out, it may be in any oppositions whatsoever.” To which the King pation ; and that is, all the Drainings in Eng- returned his particular thanks, declaring, land, which have given us new countries upon “ That he did, in the matter of the intended our own continent, and brought an inestimable Marriage, as much study their good, as his benefit to the king and people, by an act of own." creation making carth, and mending air by The Commons obliye themselres to take the wit and industry. Let no waywardness in Sucrament, and order the Solemn League and particular persons, or consideration of private Covenant to be burnt.] While this was transand particular advantage, give disturbance to acting, the commons, first, ordered all their
Members to take the Sacrament according to Therefore we must again, and as earnestly as the prescribed Liturgy,'on pain of expulsion; | is possible, conjure you to use all possible exand then, in conjunction with the lords, on the pedition in passing that Act in the same terms 20th of May, ordered that the instrument of we already passed it (to which we take ourwriting, that had caused so much mischief, self obliged) and that you will for the present called, The solemn League and Covenant,' lay aside all private business, that so betaking shouid he burnt by the hand of the cominon yourselves only to the public, you may be hangman, in the Palace-Yard at Westminster, ready to adjourn by the middle of the next in Cbeapside, and betire the Old-Exchange, month, which will best suit with all our occaon the 22d of May; and be forthwith taken sions." off the Record in the house of Peers, and all The Art of Oblivion passed.] This Letter other courts and places where the same is re- did not tail of being received with due respect, corded; and that all copies thereof be taken and the house resolved to bring in a Bill acdown out of all churches, chapels, and all other cordingly; but, as a new instance of their loypublic places in England and Wales.-On the alty and duży, proceeded, first, to setile the 28th they likewise ordered, the Act for erect- Revenue on such a footing as might more efing a High Court of Justice for Trying and fectually maintain the splendor and grandeur Judging Charles Stuart, the Act for Subscribing of the kingly office. Accordingly, this capital the Engagement against a king and house of point was referred to the consideration of a Peers ; the Act for declaring the people of committee, of which sir Philip Warwick was England to be a Commonwealth and Free-chairman ; who reported, “That on a thorough State; the Act for Renouncing the Title of examination, there was a deficiency of full Charles Stuart, and also the Act for the Secu- 265,0001, on the different funds, already aprity of the Lord Protector's Person, to be burnt pointed to answer that end : upon which it by the hands of the common hangman, in the was ordered, That forthwith be provided a inidst of Westminster-Hall, while the courts plentiful Supply for his majesty's present unawere sitting
voidable great occasions, as well as a Settlement The King's Letter for confirming the Act of of a constant, and standing Revenue :” and Indemnity.) June 22. Mr. Secretary Morrice accordingly, a Bill was brought in, “ To enable delivered to the Speaker a Letter from his bis majesty to send out commissions to receive majesty: which was read as follows :
the free and voluntary Contributions of his . Trusty and well beloved, we greet you peuple, towards the present supply of his mawell : At the opening our parliament you were jesty's affairs, &c.? told, That we had a great desire this summer to The Speaker's Speech to the King on premake a Progress through some parts of our senting the Act of Oblivion.] July 8. The kingdom, which we resolve to begin in devotion commons having completed the above bill, and to our city of Worcester, that we may pour out the bill for Confirmation of the Act of Obliour thanks to God for our deliverance there : vion and Indemnity, this day the king came and the season of the year quickens us in that to the house of peers, where being seated on inclination, as we presume it disposes you to a his throne, the Speaker of the house of comdesire to withdraw from this city, and to visit mons spoke thus to his majesty : your countries.
But you may remember we “ May it please your most.excellent matold you then, That we had caused some Bills jesty; The writ of summons, whereby your to be prepared for you, for confirmation of majesty was pleased to call together the knights, what we enacted in our last meeting; and we citizens, and burgesses, of the commons house said all we could to you of the value we set of parliament, gave us to understand, “ That upon the Act of Indemnity (as we have great your majesty had divers weighty and urgent reason to do) and if we could have used matters to communicate to us ; such as did stronger expressions to have conjured you concern your royal person, your state and speedily to have dispatched it, we assure you dignity, the defence of the kingdom, and the we would have done it. And we did think what church of England ;" and in the same method we said would have made an impression on all propounded to us by your majesty, we have who profess a desire to serve us; and there applied ourselves to offer you our best counsel fore we expected every day, that the same and advice.-We found your inajesty mimBill would have been presented to us for ano-culously preserved, by the hand of God, from ther assent. We must confess, we hear you the hands of your enemies; ne found you have shewed great affection to us, since your peaceably seated in the throne of your ancoming tugether, and that you have already cestors ;
we found the hereditary imperial prepared and passed some very good bills (for crown of these nations auspiciously set upon which we beartily thank you) that are ready your royal bead: and all this after a sharp for the royal assent : yet we cannot but teil and a bloody Civil War.“We held it our duyou, That though we are enough concerned to ties, in the first place, to endeavour the Safety expedite those Bills, we have no mind to pass and Preservation of your majesty's Person and them till the Act of Indemnity be likewise Government; and to that purpose bave prepresented to us, upon which, if you take our pared a Bill.- Next to the safety of your maword, most of our quiet and good depends, and jesty, we took into consideration the state and in which we are sure our honour is concerned. power that is necessary for so great a prince ; VOL. IV.
and do hope ere long to settle your Militia | Henry VII. or Henry VIII. desired new and so, that, by the blessing of God, you need not great Aids and heavy Subsidies from your fear stornis from abroad, or eariliquakes here people for your supplies.-No, sir; you have at home.--Your majesty was pleased, at the been so far from askivg, that part of the opening of the parliainent, to recommend unto Money which was given you last parliament us two Bills; one, for confirming of public for your household provision, you hare issued acts; another, for the private acts that passed out towards payment of our
have the last parliament. "They were so many in robbed your own table (1 had almost said number, and great in weight, that hitherto we given the meat out of your own belly), feed could not consider of them all: but some we the hungry seamen.-Dear sir, these things have perused; the Act for Confirmation of have a just influence upon the people; they Judicial Proceedings ; for taking away the fill our hearts with joy and affection to your Court of Wards and Liveries, and Purvey- majesty. I do not pretend much to physiog. ances; and also all those that do relate to
nomy: but, if I mistake not greatly, the faces your majesty's Customs and Excise.-And, of the people do promise great frankness and that we might with some chearfulness see your cheartulness in your present supplies. What majesty's face, we bave brought our brother would not your majesty's friends have given, Benjamin with us? I mean, your Act of Ob- withio these 18 months, to have seen your livion ; I take the boldness to call it Yours, majesty thus happily settled? And what can for so it is by many titles; your majesty tirst be too much for those to return, who have conceived it at Breda; you helped to contrive received all they enjoy from your majesty's and form it here in England ; and, we must mercy? Great sir, To conclude this solemn all bear you witness, you laboured and tra- service : the commons of England do, by mne vailed till it was brought forti: and since it their servant, humbly present you with this had a being, some question being made of its Bill, intituled, “ An Act for a free and volegitimation, your royal heart is not at 'case luntary Present,' and wish it a success anuntil it be confirmed. And now, sir, give me swerable to your royal heart's desire.” deave to say, by the suffrage of a full, a free, The King's Speech on passing the Act of 0);and legal parliainent, it is presented to your livion.] After passing the above two Bills, majesty to be naturalized. Your majesty's his majesty spoke as follows: desires are fully answered by all the represen- My Lords and Gentlemen ; It is a good tatives of the people : and their hearty prayer time since I heard of your passing this Bill for to God is, that all your subjects may be truly Money; and I am sure you would have prethankful to you; and that your majesty may sented it to me soover, if you had thought I long live to enjoy the fruits of this unparalleled had desired it: but the truth is, though I have mercy.-Your majesty was pleased to intimate need enough of it, I bad no mind to receive to us on Saturday last, • That you so valued it from you, till I might at the same time give the quiet and satisfaction of your people, and my assent to this other very good Bill that the keeping of your royal word with ihein, accompanies it, for which I longed very impathat, although divers other Bills were made tiently. I thank you for both with all my ready for you, you would vouchsafe the bo- heart; and though there are other good bills nour to this Bill alone, your favourite, to ready, with which you will easily believe I am come and pass it.' Sir, hereby you have very well pleased, and in which I am indeed made this a great holiday; and we shall ob- enough concerned, yet I chuse rather to pass serve it with joy and thanksgiving. Upon such these two bills together, and to pass them by solemn festivals, there useth to be a second themselves without any other, that you may service, an anthem, and a collect, or at least all see, and in yon the whole kingdoin, that I an offering. My anthem shall be, Quid tibi am at least equally concerned for you and retribuam, Domine?' And my collect, a short them, as for myself: and in truth it will be report of your Revenue. We know, great sir, want of judgment in me, if I ever desire
any that money is both the sinews of war, and thing for myself, that is not equally good for bond of peace. We have, therefore, iaken you and thein. I am confident, you all believe care of your majesty's Revenue; and to de- that my well-being is of some use and benefit sire to make it in some good proportion suit- to you, and I an sure your well-being, and able both to your grandeur and your merit.-being well-pleased, is the greatest comfort and We do believe, the state of our king is the blessing I can receive in this world.—1 bope honour of our state; and the best way to pre- you will be ready within a few days to dispatch serve our peace, is to be well provided for war. thoscother Public Bills which are still dependOur tine hath not permitted us to finish this ing before you, that I may come bither and work : but, as an earnest of our good affec- pass all together, and then adjourn till winter, tions, we desire your majesty to accept an of- when what remains may be provided for: and fering from us.--We cannot enough admire I would be very glad that you would be ready your majesty's patience, providence, and fru- by the 20th of this month, or thereabouts, for gality abroad. You did not bring home a debt tie adjournment: which methinks you might for us to pay, great as a prince's ransum. And easily be, if you suspended all private business since your return, you have not, with king til the recess. The last parliament, hy God's Edw, III. after bis wars in France, or Henry IV. biessing, laid the foundation of the happiness
we all enjoy; and therefore I thought it but much as fines levied in our court ought and do justice to the memory of it, to send you Bills make an end of all matters: and therefore for the contirmation of what was enacter then; principally are called fines.' 3. And to anoand I cannot doubt but you will dispatch what iher statute inade in the 5th Edw. 3, where it is remains of that kind with all convenient speed, enacted, That no man shall be forejudged of and that you will think, that what was then lands or tenements, goods or chattels, contrary thought necessary or fit for the public peace to to the term of the great charter. 4. And to be enacted, ought not to be shahen now, or another statute made in the 28th Edw. 3, any good wan less secure of wliat be possesses, where it is enacted, That no man, of what than he was when you came together. It is estate or condition that he be, shall be put to put myself in inind as well as you, that I so out of land or tenement, por disherited, withe often (I think as often as I come to you) men- out being brought in to answer by due protion to you my Declaration from Breda: and cess of law. 5. This proceeding by bill, as let me put you in mind of another Declara- we conceive, is contrary to a statute made in tion, published by yourselves about the same the 4th ot llen. 4, wherein it is declared, That time, and which, I am persuaded, made mine in pleas real and personal, after judgment the more effectual; an honest, generous, and given in the courts of our lord the king, the Christian Declaration, signed by the most emi- parties be maile, to come in upon grievous nent persons, who had been the most emine.il pains, sometimes before the king himself, somesufferers, in which you renounced all former times before the king's council, and sometimes animosities, all memory of former unkind- to the parliament, to answer thereof anew, to nesses, lowed all imaginable good-will to, and the great impoverishing of the parties, aud all confidence in, each other._" My Lords in the subversion of the common law; it is and Gentleinen; Let it be in no man's power ordained, that after judgment given in the to charye nje or you with breach of our word courts of our lord the king, the parties and or promise, which can never be a good ingre- their heirs shall be thereot in peace until the dient to our future security. Let us look for- | judgment be undone by attaint or by error, if ward, and not backward; and never think of there be errors, as hath been used by the laws what is past, except inen put us in mind of it, by in the times of the king's progenitors. 6. The repeating faults we had forgot; and then let proceedings upon this bill have been, as we us remember no more than what concerns conceive, directly against the statutes aforethose very persons.—God hath wrought a said, by calling persons to answer of judgwonderful miracle in settling us as he hath ments anew, given in the common pleas, and done. I pray let us do all we can to get the vacating the same without either attaint or reputation at home and abroad of being weli error, and calling persons to answer without settled. We have enemies and enviers enough, the due and ancient process of law, and forewho labour to have it thought otherwise; and judging the tenants of the lands in question, if we would indeed have our enemies fear us, without ever hearing of them. 7. For that and our neighbours love and respect us, and there hath not occurred to us one precedent fear us enough to love us, let us take all the wherein any fine bath been vacated by act of ways we can, that, as the world cannot but parliament without consent of parties, the law take notice of your extraordinary affection to looking upon fines as always transacted by me, and of the comfort I take in that affection, consent, and with that reverence, that neither so that it may likewise take notice of your af lunacy, ideotism, nor any other averment fection to and confidence in each other; which whatsoever shall be admitted against fines when will disappoint all designs against the public perfected. 8. We conceive, to vacate assupeace, and fully establish our joint security." rances by a future law, good by the present
Protest aguinst the Bill to vucate sir E. law, is unreasonable and of dangerous consePowell's Fincs.] July 17. An Act for making quence, hoth in respect of what such a prevoid divers Fines unduely procured to be levied cedent may produce upon the like pretences, by sir Edw. Powell, and dame Mary his wife : as also rendering men's minds so doubtful, that The question being put, whether this bill with not only the rude and ignorant, but the learned, the proviso shall pass for a law? It was re- may be at a loss bow to make or receive a solved in the affirmative. Upon which the good title. 9. For that it is averred in the following Protest was entered on the Journals : Said bill, that all the lady Powell's servants 6 Whereas before the question was put for were removed; whereas it appeared by depo. passing the said bill, leave was desired for en- sitions in Chancery, that Antonia Christiana, tering protestations of divers lords, in case the one who had lived with the lady Powell many vote should be carried for passing the said bill; years, was not removed. 10. That Dr. Godwe whose nanies are underwritten do protest dard a physician, and Foucaut an apothecary, against the said bill for these reasons following; examined in the said cause, did testify they 1. That Fines are the foundations upon which saw no fear in, or force upon, the lady Powell; most cities of this realm do depend, and there- and bad there been any, we conceive it imfore ought not to be shaken, for the great in- possible for a woman to hide the passion of convenience that is likely to follow thereupon. fear froin a physician, which is not easily dis2. Such proceeding is contrary to the statute of sembled froin a vulgar eye: and Foucaut the 25 Edw. 1, now in force, which saith, ' Foras apothecary deposed, that he was twice a day with the said lady Powell for one month toge- of all those graces and indulgence which be inther immediately preceding her death.-W. tended to them: for that the Bishops, when Roberts, Campden, Stafford, T. Willoughby, they should sit in the house, wbatever their Brecknock, Will. Petre, Montague, Portland, own opinions or inclinations were, would find Albemarle, Chr. Hatton.".
themselves obliged, that they might preserve A Bill passed for restoring Bishops to their their reputation with the people, to contraSeats in Parliament.] Before the session was con- dict and suppose whatsoever should look like cluded, a Bill was passed for the Repcal of that favour or connivance towards the Catholicks : act of parliament, by wbich the Bishops were and therefore, it his majesty continued his excluded from sitting there. “ It was first pro- former gracious inclination towards the Roman posed,” says lord Clarendon,* " in the commons Catbolicks, he must put some stop (even for by a gentleman, who had been always taken to the Bishops own sakes) to the passing that Bill, be of a Presbyterian family: and in that house till the other should be more advanced, which it found less opposition than was looked for; he supposed might shortly be done;" there all men knowing, that besides the justice of having been already some overtures made to it, and the prudence to wipe out the memory that purpose, and a committee appointed in of so infamous an Act, as the Exclusion of the house of lords to take a view of all the santhem with all the circumstances was known to guinary laws in matters of Religion, and to be, it would be gratetul to the king. But present them to the house that it might conwhen it came into the house of peers, where sider farther of them. The king, surprised with all men expected it would find a generat con- the discourse froin a man who had often told currence, it met with some obstruction; which bim the necessity of the restoring the Bishops, made a discovery of an intrigue, that had not and that it could not be a perfect parlianent been suspected. For though there were many without their presence, thought his reason for Jords present, who had industriously laboured the delay to have weight in it, and that the the passing the former Bill for the Exclusion, delay for a few days could be attended with yet they had likewise been guilty of so many no prejudice to the matter itself; and thereother ill things, of which they were ashamed, upon was willing the Bill should not be called that-it was believed that they would not wil- for, and that when it should be under commitlingly revive the memory of the whole, by per- ment, it should be detained there for some severing in such an odious particular. Nor in time: and that he might, the better to protruth did they. But when they saw that it duce this delay, tell some of his friends, that would unavoidably pass (for the number of the king would be well pleased, that there that party was oot considerable), they either should not be overmuch haste in the presentgave their consents, as many of them did, or ing that Bill for bis royal assent.”—This grew gave their negative without noise. The ob- quickly to be taken notice of in the house that struction came not from thence. The Catho- after the first reading of that Bill, it had been licks less owned the contradiction, nor were put off for a second reading longer than was guilty of it, though they suffered in it. But usual when the house was at so much leisure ; the truth is, it proceeded from the mercurial and that now it was under commitment, it was brain of the earl of Bristol, who much affected obstructed there, notwithstanding all the ento be looked upon as the head of the Catho-deavours some lords of the committee could Ticks; which they did so little desire that he use for the dispatch ; the Bill containing very should be thought, that they very rarely con- few words, being only for the repeal of a curred with him. He well knew that the king former Act, and the expressions admitting, desired (which bis majesty never dissembled) to that is, giving little cause for any debate. The give the Roman Catholicks ease from all the chancellor desired to know how this came to sanguinary laws; and that he did not desire pass, and was informed by one of the lords that they should be liable to the other penal- of the committee, that they were assured that ties which the law had made them subject to, the king would have a stop, put to it, till wbilst they should in all other respects behave • another Bill should be provided which bis themselves like good subjects. Nor had they majesty looked for." Hereupon the chansince his majesty's return sustained the least cellor spake with his majesty, who told him all prejudice by their religion, but enjoyed as inuch the conference which the earl of Bristol had liberty at court and in the country, as any held with him, and what he had consented
other men; and with which the wisest of them should be done. To which the other replied, · were abundantly satisfied, and did abhor the " that he was sorry that his majesty had been activity of those of their own party, whoin they prevailed with to give any obstruction to a did believe more like to deprive them of the li- • Bill, which every body knew his majesty's berty they enjoyed, than to enlarge it to them. • heart was so much set upon for dispatch; -When the earl of Bristol saw this Bill brought (and that if the reason were known, it would into the house for restoring the Bishops to their quickly put an end to all the pretences of the seats, he went to the king, and informed his Catholicks; to which his majesty knew he majesty, " that if this Bill should speedily was no enemy.' The king presently conpass, it would absolutely deprive the Catholicks cluded that the reason was not sufficient, and
wished that the Bill might be dispatched as * Lord Clarendon's Life, p. 138. soon as possible, that he might pass it that