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Herefordshire, Richard Edycomb. Peter Ilobby,
Northumberland. Johu Scudamore,
William Borlace. Lord Mansfield, Thomas Price. Lord Roves,
John Fenwick. Hereford City,
Norwich, George Fount.
Sir Wm. Tredenhain, Sir llenry Lingen, Leicester Town,
Francis Corey, Sir Edward Hopton. Sir Wm. llartop,
Meliomb, Christopher Jay. Hertfordshire, Wm. Billingham. Benjamin Remes, Nottinghamshire, Sir Thomas Fenshaw, Leominster, John Penn.
Sir John Clifton, Sir Richard Fleming. Richard Grimes,
Merioneth, John Eyres Hertford Town. Hugia Cornwall. Henry Meyrick. Nottingham Town, Sir Edward Turner,
Midhurst, John Ilutchinson, Thomas Fenshaw. John Harris,
Okehampion, John Appleyard,
Sir Thomas Ilale,
Orford, Sir Charles Berkley,
Walter Devereux, Henry Coker.
Thomas Woodcock, Sir Francis Wyndham, Henry Broderick, Highan, John Staple.
Oxfordshire, Lewis Paluner.
Minehead, Lord Faulkland, Hindon, Charles llussey,
Sir Hugh Wyndham, Sir Anthony Cope. ? Edmund Ludlow, Sir George Castleton, Francis Lutterel.
Ocford City, George How,
Oxford University, Peter Prideaux.
Sir Ileneage Finch,
Sir Laurence Hyde. Sir John Covert, Jolm Lane.
Pembrokeshire, John Cheney.
Monmouth Town, Arthur Owen. Huntingdonshire, William Stanley,
Sir Trevor Williams. Pembroke Town, Lord Mandeville, Sir Gilbert Ireland.
Morpeth, Sir llugh Owen, Henry Cromwell.
Sir George Downing.' Wm. Pendarvis,
Montgomeryshire, John Birch.
Francis Carlton. Sir Robert Markbam, Thomas Neal, Edward Philips,
Luggershull, Richard Rothwell.. Arthur Bold.
Sir Cæsar Colcow,
Newcastle (Northum.) Plimptor,
Sir John Morley.
Sir Francis Drake,
Sir John James,
Newport (Hants.) Pontefruct, Kent,
Edward Walpole. Sir Robert Dillington, Sir John Dawney, Sir Thomas Peyton, Maidstone,
Wm. Glascock. William Lowther. Sir John Tufton. Sir Edmund Pierce,
Newton (Lancashire.) Portsmouth,
Richard Norton. Abraham Gilby. Sir John Tyrrel,
Preston, Knaresborough, Sir Richard Wiseman. Sir John Barrington,
Edward Rigby, Sir Joho Crusland, Malmsbury, Sir Joseph Worsley. Jeffery Rushton. Wm. Thompson. Laurence Wallington, Norfolk County, Queenborough, Lancaster County, Henry Dean.
Sir Ralph Hare, James Herbert, Sir Roger Bradshaw,
Lord Richardson. Edward Ilales. Edward Stanley. Thomas Gower,
Northamptonshire, Radnor County, Lancaster Town, Jaines Danby.
Sir Justinian Isham, Sir Richard Lloyd. Sir John Harrison, Marlborough, John Park,
Radnor Town, Richard Kirkby. Lord Seymour,
Northampton Town, Sir Edward Harley.
Richard Knynsford. Sir Thomas Doleman,
Richard Aldworth. Staffordshire,
Sir Richard Bream, Retford, Sir Thomas Leigh,
Francis Higgios, Wm. Hickman, Sir Randolph Egerton. Robert Culliford.
Wilton, Thomas Fitz-Gerrard. Stafford Town,
Robert Millard, Lord Boteler, Thomas Mompesson. Sir John York, Wm. Chetwynd.
Sir Maurice Berkley. Wiltshire, John Craddock.
l'endover, Henry Hyde, Rippon, Wm. Stafford,
Charles Seymour. Edmund Jennings, Win. Montague. Richard Hampden.
Woodstock, John Lambert.
Wenlock, Sir Wm. Fleetwood,
Sir Tho. Spencer.
Thomas Whitmore. Wooton Basset, Sir Wm. Battin.
Sir Walter St. John, Rumney, Sir Robert Howard, Thomas Tomkius, John Pleydell. Sir Charles Barclay, Robert Philips. John Barnaby.
Wygan, Sir Jobn Norton,
Westbury, Lord Antrim, Rutlandshire, Isaac Apleton,
Jefirey Shackerly. Edward Noell, Thomas Waldegrave. Wm. Brunker.
Worcestershire, Philip Sherrard. Suffolk County,
Westlow, Sir John Packington, Rye,
Sir Henry Felton, Sir Henry Vernon, Samuel Sandys, Henry Morley, Sir Henry North. Jobn Trelawney.
Worcester City, Wm. Hay.
Westminster, Sir Rowland Barclay, Ryegate, Adam Brown,
Sir Philip Warwick, Thomas Street. Roger James,
Sir Edward Bowyer. Sir Rich. Everick. Yarmouth (Norfolk) Edward Thurland. Susser County,
Westmoreland County, Win, Coventry, Salop County, Jobn Ashburnham, Sir Pbilip Musgrave, Sir Wm. Doyley. Sir F. Rawleigh,
Sir John Pelham. Sir Thomas Strickland. Yarmouth (Hunts) Sir Richard Okeley.
Weymouth, Richard Lucy, Salop Toweit, Lord Clifford,
Sir John Strangeways, Edward Smith, Samuel and Thomas John Swivfen.
Whitchurch, Sir Jobu Guthrie,
Henry Wallop, Conyers Darcy.
Winchelsea, Sir Metcalf Robinson, Sundwich, Sir Win. Portman,
Sir Nicholas Crisp, Thomas Osborn. Edward Montague, Wm. Wyndhamn. William Howard, Speakers in this ParJames Thurbane.
liament. Sarum, New, Sir Henry Capel,
Sir Edward Turner, Francis Swanton, Richard Dowdeswell. Laurence Hyde. Sir Job Charlton, Edward Tooker.
Mindsor, Edward Seymour, esq. Sarum, Old,
Sir Allen Apsley,
The Speaker's Speech to the King.) May 16. Algernoon .Cecil.
The king being again set in his royal throne, Scarborough, Henry Boucher, in his regal robes, the lords being also in their Sir Jobn Crosland, Wm. Stanley.
robes, the commons presented unto his majesty Wm. Thompson.
Tiverton, sir Edward Turner, knight, solicitor to the Seaford, Sir Thomas Stewkley, duke of York,* for their Speaker ;. who, being Sir Thomas Dyke,
Sir Thomas Carew, brought to the bar, with great reverence began George Parker.
his speech in this manner : Shaftsbury, Thomas Chase,
“ May it please your most excellent maHenry Whitaker, Thomas Clifford. jesty ;-The knights, citizens, and burgesses of Thonias Low,
the cominons house of parliament, being there Shoreham, Hugh Boscawen, assembled by virtue of your majesty's most Sir Ilenry Springcott, Thomas Herl. gracious wrii, have been pleased (I dare not Edward Blaker.
Truro, say to choose, but) to name me their Speaker, Somersetshire,
John Arundel, -It is an undoubted privilege of every memSir John Howel,
Thomas Boscawen. ber in that house, to be heard speak, much Edward Philips.
Wallingford, more when he speaks for or against bimself. Southamptonshire, George Fane,
But, sir, whether more out of favour to me or Lord St. John,
Richard Packer. injury to themselves I cannot tell, they were Sir John Norton.
Warwickshire, not pleased to hear, at least they would not Southampton Town, Sir Robert Holt, accept, my just apology and excuse from this Wm. Stanley,
Sir Henry Pickering. service.—Therefore, from this their judgment, Robert Richbell.
Warwick Town, if I must so call it, I do most humbly appeal to Southwark, Sir Clement Throg- your sovereign justice ; beseeching your man John Moore,
morton, Thomas Bludworth. Hen. Puckering.
* And afterwards to the king.
jesty, for the errors that are too visible and , but the strongest brain may here be turned : apparent in their proceedings, that you will the presence of this glory, and the glory of review and reverse the same. My inexpe- this presence, do transport me. Whilst I conrience in the Customs and Orders of ihe template the incomparable beauty of this body house, my inability to collect their sense, and politic, and the goodly order of this high court slate the questions rising upon long and ardu- of parliament, where at once I behold all the ous debates, do justly, render me unfit, and glory of this nation, I an almost in the conditherefore unworthy, of this weighty employ- tion of St. Paul, when he was taken up into ident. Your majesty well knows, when a ship the third heaven. All he could say upon his puts forth to sea, she should be provided with return was, he saw things unutterable.' mariners of all sorts. In case a storin doth God, that made all things for the use of man, rise, some inust trim and lower the sails, some and made hin governor over all his works, must watch aloft the decks, some must work thought it not fit to leave bin to himself, nor at the pump; but he had need be a very good to live without a law and government. The seaman that is the pilot. Sir, I hope I may forms and species of governinents are various; be useful to this your sovereign vessel in sone monarchical, aristocratical, and democratical: of these inferior places ; but I dare not under- but the first is certainly the best, as being take to be their steersman.---I do must humbly nearest to divinity itself. Aristocracy is subject therefore beseech your majesty, that you will to degenerate, and run into faction; but denot take us at our first word; our second mocracy naturally runs into confusion. Then thoughts are best. Pray, therefore, be pleased every man becomes a tyrant over his neighato command the members of the house of bour ; Homo homini lupus, homo homini decoiomons to return into their house, to recol- mon.'-This famous island, historians tell us, lect themselves, and to present your inajesty was first inhabited by the Britains, then by the with a better choice."
Romans, then by the Saxons, then by the This being said, the Lord Chancellor, having Danes, then by the Normans; and during all first conferred with his majesty, answered as these successions of ages, and varicty of followetb :
changes, though there was sometimes · Divia “ Mr. Speaker; You have not discredited sum imperium, yet every division was happy yourself enough to persuade the king to dissent under a monarchical government.--Since the troin his house of commons in the election entrance of the Norman race, 25 kings and they have made. If he had never seen you queens, fainous in their generations, from before, you have now spoke too well against whom your sacred majesty is lineally desyourselt, for bis majesty to suspect you are no cended, have swayed the royal sceptre of this good Speaker : but you have the honour to be nation.—The Children of Israel, when they well known to the king ; have spoken very were in the Wilderness, though they were fed often before him ; and his majesty well knows with God's own hand, and eat the food of that you are not without any of those parts; angels, yet they surfeited, and murmured, and of koowing the Orders of the house, where you rebelled against Moses. The same unthankful bave sat long; or collecting and stating and spirit dwelt in this nation for divers years last putting the Questions aptly, which must con- past. The men of that age were weary of stitute a right good Speaker. Therefore his the government, though it was refined to the majesty is so far from thinking the house hath wonder and envy of all other nations; they made an ill choice, that he believes they could quarrelled with our Moses, because he was the not have made a better; or from admitting Lord's anointed. • Nolumus hunc regnare,' your excuse, that he confirms their election, was their first quarrel ; but leveling, parity, and thanks them very heartily for making it; and confusion followed ; then tyranny and and requires you to submit to it, and to usurpation was the conclusion. We read of betake yourself with all alacrity to the ser- the emperor Adrian, when he lay a dying, he vice."
complained that many physicians bad desHis majesty having thus denied Mr. Speaker's troyed him; meaning, that their contrary conExcuse, and approved of the Commons choice ceits and different directions for his recovery of bim; Mr. Speaker proceeded, and said, bad hastened his death. So it is with us:
“ He that knows his master's will, and doth we were sick of reforination; our reformers it not, is worthy to be beaten with many were of all ages, sexes, and degrees ; of all stripes. I shall therefore humbly and chear- professions and trades. The very cobler went fully; to the best of my poor skill and know. | beyond bis last. These new statesmen took ledge, apply myself to the performance of my upon them to regulate and govern our governduty; not doubting therein to obtain your ors: this was the sickness and plague of the majesty's gracious pardon for all involuntary nation. Their new laws were all written in transgressions; for it is a rule in law, and in bloody letters ; the cruelty of their tribunals conscience too, ' Actus non facit reum, nisi made the judgment-seat little differ from a. mens sit rea.'-And, since I have found this slaughter-bouse : the rich man was made an favour in the sight of my lord the king, pray offender for a word; poor men were sold for let me beg your majesty's patience for a wnile, slaves, as the Turks sell heads, twenty for an to make a stand, and from this place to look asper : yet for all this villainy there was at about me. Sir, a weak head is soon giddy ; length found a Protector. No amendment at Jength would serve these reformers turns; no duty of subjects, but with the love of sons to a concessions, though the most gracious that most indulgent father --Next to the glory of could be imagined, wou'd satisfy these usurp- your majesty's royal throne, I cannot but ers; but root and branch, all inust go. Our observe the brightness of this second orb. This late sovereign lord, of blessed meinory, must firmament is richly deckt with stars of several be offered up a sacrifice to their lust ; your magnitudes ; each star appears like the inornsacred person (great sir) proscribed, and all ing star, and yet each star differs from another the royal family exiled. Monarchy itself was in glory. You cannot want Commanders, voted burdensome, and therefore they must either by sea or land, to manage your designs,
try a Commonwealth; and, the better to die whilst all these sons of Mars stand candidate : gest it, the people were intoxicated with a to serve you in the wars. You cannot want
belief that they should all, like themselves, Counsellors, to advise you in the great affairs be princes in their turns.-Amongst the Per- of the nation, whilst all these statesinen, senasians, after the death of their governor there tors, each fit to be a consul, contend who shall was used to be, dvouía wito hucpão, a five days most ease you in the thorny cares of the governlawlessness,' in which time every man might ment.-Amidst these noble English Baruns do what he listed : during those five days there are placed the Reverend Judges of the land, was such killing, and robbing, and destroying the sages of the law ; men so learned and one another, that, before they were ended, expert in the custoins and statutes of this land, the people longed again for their old govern- that if Wat Tyler, or Jack Cade, or the new ment. After the death of your majesty's fanatics of this latter age, had burned our most royal father, here was the like licen- books, they were alıle to restore our laws in tiousness; but, alas ! is continued more than purity and perfection.--And next to these, twice five years: liberty they called it ; but it though in a lower orb, appear the worthy was · Libertas quidlibet audendi.' Your loyal knights, the prudent citizens and burgesses, of subjects were a prey to wolves and tygers ; the house of comp:ons, being the third estate and to the most cruel of all beasts, unreason- of parliainent. When the fame of Solomon's able men. Every man did what seemed good wisdom had filled the neighbour nations, the in his own eyes ; for in those days there was queen of Sheba could not contain herself at no king in our Israel.-But, as the former home; but, with many camels, Jaded with spirit of reformatiod at first brought us into spices, with gold, and precious stones in abunthis misery ; so the spirit of giddiness, which dance, she conses to Solomon, to commune God sent amongst our reformers, at lengih with bim of all that was in her heart.-Great
The Brazen Serpent was the best sir, Whilst this your native country was una cure for those that were bitten by the l'iery worthy of you, 'foreign nations were made Serpent. The divisions and subdivisions of happy in the knowledge of your person, your those that exercised dominion orer us, weak- piety, and your wisdom. And now the Lord ened their own power, and stirred up the our God hath brought you home, and set you hearts, and strengthened the hands, of your on your throne, your subjects long to see you. loyal subjects, to restore our ancient govern- What striving and rejoicing was there, at your ment, and to bring your sacred inajesty back first landing, to see our rising sun! What to your royal throne in peace, as, to the joy of striving was there, at your Coronation, to see all our hearts, we see it this day. This was the imperial crown set upon your royal head! the work of God, and it is admirable in our What striving baih here lately been, in all the eyes. And as we have cause at all times to counties, cities, and boroughs of this nation, bless God, that he hath thus brought your ma- who should be sent up to bear your wisdom, jesty to your people; so we have just cause and confer with you in parliament !—Royal at this time to retorn our hearty thanks unto sir, these chosen worthy messengers are not your majesty that you haye thus brought your come empty-handed ; they are laden, they people to yourself. The sun exhales the ra- are sent up to you heavy laden, from their serepours from the carth, and sends them down ral counties, cities, and borouglis. If the again in showers of plenty. So we, to our affections of all Englishmen can make you great joy, do find that our obedience and affec- happy ; if the riches of this nation can make tion to your majesty are returned upon our you great ; if the strength of this warlike peoheads, in plenty, peace, and protection.—The ple can make you considerable at home and last meeting here in parliament was happy, in abroad; be assured, you are the greatest mohcaling the bleeding wounds of this nation.narch in the world. Give me leave, I beseech They were blessed also, even for their works you, to double my words, and say it again, I sake. Your sacred majesty did bless them ; wish my voice could reach to Spain and to the and therefore they shall be blessed to all pos- Indies too, You are the greatest monarch in terity. But, sir, we hope you bave a blessing the world.-1 fear your royal patience may be • Jeft for us too. That was your parliament hy tired. I will therefore speak no more my own 'adoption, but this is yours by birth-right. This words ; but, in the name of the commons of parliament is free born. I hope this honour England humbly present unto your majesty will beget in us an emulation to exceed the ac- their accustomed Petitions when first they are tions of our predecessors; and not only to assembled in parliament, and so conclude : 1. meet your majesty as our sovereign with the I do besecch your majesty, That, for our better
attendance on the important service of the towards it, you will be sure to have it. You house, ourselves and our necessary servants have made, Mr. Speaker, a very lively descripmay be free, in our persons and estates, from tion of the extravagancy of that confusion all arrests and troubles. 2. That, debate and which this poor nation groaned under, when disputes being necessary to the disquisition of they would throw off a government they had many matters in the house, your majesty will lived and prospered under so many ages, indeed be pleased to vouchsafe us liberty and freedom from the time of being a nation, and which is of speech ; which, I doubt not, we shall use as natural to them as their food or their raiwith loyalty and sobriety. 3. That, if the ment, to model a new one for. themselves, great affairs require it, your majesty, upon our which they knew no more bow to do, than the buinblc suit, will vouchsafe us access to your naked Indians know how to dress themselves royal person. 4. That the proceedings of the in the French fashion; when (as you .say) house may receive a benign interpretation, all ages, sexes, and degrees, all professions and and he free at all times from misconstruc- trades, would becoine reformers, when the tions."
common people of England would represent The Lord Chancellor's Speech.] The Speaker's the commons of England ; and abject men, Speech being ended, the Lord Chancellor who could veither write nor read, would make again conferred with his majesty ; and an- laws for the government of the most heroic swered,
and the most learned nation in the world; “ Mr. Speaker; The King is well pleased for sure none of our neighbours will deny it to with your obedience, and that you have so have a full excellency and perfection both in chearfully submitted to undergo that province arms and letters. And it was the grossest and the house of commons hath designed you to : most ridiculous pageant that great imposter he promises himself and the kingdom as great ever exposed to public view, when he gave up. fruit and benefit from your joint services, as the nation to be disposed of by a handful of ever any of his progenitors received from a poor
persons, who, finding they knew Speaker and a house of conimons. The king not what to do with it, would (he was sure) did his part, by publishing the very day he give it back to biin again, as they shortly did, intended the parliament should meet, a good which makes his title compleat to the governtime before the writs were sealed; by sending ment he meant to exercise. No man underout the writs much longer than was necessary values the common people of England, who before the day of meeting, that the country are in truth the best and the honestest, aye, might not be surprized in their elections, but and the wisest common people in the world, that they might send up such, as he mighit when he says they are not fit to model the make a clear view and prospect of the affec-government they are to live under, or to make tions and desires of his people ; and he is per- the laws they are to obey. Solomon tells us, suaded that the commons of England were there is a time when one man rules over anonever more exactly represented than they are ther to his own hurt;' we have had abundant at present, in you, the knights, citizens, and instances of such a time. It is the privilege, burgesses. And yet I have a very particular if you please the prerogative (and it is a great coinmand from his inajesty to tell you, which one), of the common people of England, to be in truth he meant to have said to you himself represented by the greatest, and learnedest, the other day, and which he hopes you will and wcalthiest, and wisest persons, that can not take ill in point of privilege, that his ma- be chose out of the nation; and the conjesty takes notice, indeed he cannot choose founding the commons of England, which is a but take notice, of one ill circumstance in noble representative, with the cominon people many elections, which he imputes rather to the of England, was the first ingredient into that vice of the times, a vice worthy your severity, accursed dose, which intoxicated the brains of than to any corrupt intention ; that is, Excess men with that imagination of a commonwealth ; of Drinking, which produceth that other a commonwealth, Mr. Speaker, a government scandalous excess in the expence. Ilis ma- as impossible for the spirit and temper and jesty doth very heartily recommend it to your genius of the English nation to submit to, as it wisdom, for the honour and dignity of parlia- is to persuade them to give their cattle and ments, that you will take some course to pre- their corn to other men, and to live upon vent this inconvenience for the future; and if roots and herbs themselves. " I wish heartily you think fit to call for any help from him that they who have been most delighted with
that imagination knew in truth the great benefit “ With the Restoration of the king a under the government. There is not a comspirit of extravagant joy spread over the na-monwealth in Europe, where every man that tion, that brought on with it the throwing off is worth 1001. doth not pay more to the governthe very professions of virtue and piety. All ment than a man of 1000l. a year did ever to ended in entertainments and drunkenness, the crowo here before these troubles. And I am which over-rup the three kingdoms to such a persuaded that monster Commonwealth cost degree, that it very much corrupted all their this nation more, in the few years she was morals. Under the colour of drinking the begot, born, and brought up, and in her funeral king's health, there were great disorders and (which was the best expence of all), than the much riot every where.” Burnet, vol. i. p. 93. monarchy hath done these 600 years. You