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enquire what the king did upon this unheard-of | severe to many, who at the same time conprovocation, what vengeance be took upon tinue their guilt, and undervalue his compasthose whose professed and avowed principle sion; that there hath not been a week since was not to distinguish between him and ano that time, in which tbere hath not been comther man, nay, to kill him sooner than any binations and conspiracies formed against his other man, you will find, as was said of Cæsar, person, and against the peace of the kingdom, that libentius vitam victor jam daret, quam which before this time would bave taken effect, victi acciperent ;' that his mercy hath been no if God had not put it into the hearts of some less obstinate than their malice and wicked- who were trusted in the councils, to discover ness; that few persons have suffered ; and the design, time enough for prevention. And that he hath restrained the law from being upon all these alarms, and the interception of desperate men quickly routed, and so marched were killed before, another refusing quarter on to Bishops-gute, where they passed without was first knocked down, and then shot with a opposition, and from thence to Cripple-gate, musket. The rest being demanded why they where they came into the city again, and so to did not ask quarter before, answered . They Alders-gate. Here threatening the constable, durst not for fear their own fellows should who was weakly attended, they were let out bave shot then. In this Insurrection 20 of again. Then they declared themselves for the king's men were slain, and as many of the King Jesus, and thus proceeded to Beech- rebels. Those taken were l'enner himself, Lane, where they killed a Ileadborough that Hodgkins, Gowler, Allen, Pym, Ashton, Prichopposed them, and so hastened to Cane-Wood, ard, Fall, Hopkins, Wells, and about as many between Highgate and Hampstead, where they inore, not much worth the naming ; who blasreposed themselves for that night.-The noise phemously alledged, “That if they were deof this strange Insurrection caused the General | ceived or mis-led, it was God that deceived to send a party of horse and foot the next day, them.'—These, to the number of 20, were who drove them out of the wood, and took soon after arraigned at the Old Bailey for treasome of them prisoners, who were committed son and murder ; awhich being fully proved, to the Gate-House. The rest having rallied with all the forementioned particulars, they again, on Wednesday morning returned to were all found guilty, except Hopkins and London, with assurance by Venner their Wells, against whom the evidence was not full, leader, *That no weapon formed against them and against one Patshul only a single witness : • should prosper : therefore they might look wherefore they were acquitted by their jury.
upon the example of Gideon : il was the When sentence was pronounced against them, same thing to God, whether he saved by a and the lord chief justice Foster seriously ' few or a multitude.' Their first appearance charged Venner witb the blood of bis unhappy was in Threadneedle-strret, behind the Ex- accomplices, he impudently replied, · It was change, where they beat back a party sent by not be, but Jesus that led thein.' Three of the guard there. But, upon the advance of them confessed their crime, and craved mercy, more forces, they retreated to Bishops-gate- but the rest continued obstinate. Being senstreet ; where after a sharp encounter, two of tenced to be hanged, drawn, and quartered, each side being slain, they gradually slipt Venner and Ilodgkins were on the 19th of away and disappeared. A while after, like Jan. executed over-against their Meetingthe gathering of clouds, they were seen again House in Coleman-street. The former spoke at College-Hill and Maiden-Lane, where they little but in vindication of himself and his fact, designed to sacrifice the lord-mayor. But and sounething of his opinion, with an assurmissing of him, they crossed Cheapside, and ance • That the time was at hand when other passed into Wood-street. Here began a cruell judginent would be ;' bighly reflecting upon tight, wherein they shewed skill as well as great the present government. Hodgkins raved and valour; and having ruftled some trained-bands, cursed in the manner of praying, calling and repelled the horse-guards that came to down vengeance from Heaven upon the king, assist them, they did not give way till Venuer the judges, and the city of London ;' nor was knocked down and severely wounded, and would he desist, till the executioner put an Tuffney and Cragg, two of their fiercest preachi-end to all bis extravagancies. Two days after ers and combatants, were slain. Whereupon nine more were executed in five several places the greatest part of them retreated to Cripple- of the city, without being quartered, as the gate, firing in good order in their rear upon two first were. All persisted, like the Regithe trained-bands, who were in close pursuit of cides, in justifying their crimes, except one them. Col. Cox, who commanded, lodged ten young man, who shewed great signs of repenof them in an ale-house near the postern, tance. Thus ended a Rebellion of a very which house they obstivately maintained. The strange nature, which was begun and carried bouse being surrounded, some of the soldiers on with such infernal rage, that if their numbers untiled the next house, and shot in upon them, had been equal to their spirits, they would have being in the upper room, who still refused overturned the city, and the nation, and the quarter: at the same time another party of world, which in their imagination they had musketeers got up the stairs, broke down the divided among themselves." P. 784. door, and entered their garrison. Six of chem
such letters as would in all other countries immense advantages they had by that Treaty; have produced the rack for further discoveries, ' and that it would be judged an irrecoverable and under the late government in this would ,error in policy, if Portugal should be suffered bare erected high courts of justice for their again to be swallowed up by Spaio. However, panishment, he hath left the offenders to the the king was resolved, not precipitately to judges of the law, and those judges to the pre- engage himself in such a treaty as might be atcice forms and ordinary rules of the law.- tended with such an inconvenience ; but to My Lords and Gentlemen ; If the new licence take time, fully to consider of it; and this and corruption of this time hath exceeded the delay the Portugal could not be pleased with, wickedness of former ages, that the old laws and so the ambassador returned home to his Lare not enough provided for the punishment inaster. About this time, the house of comof wickedness they could not foresee cr ima- mons sent up a Bill to the lords, for the ang.ne; it will become your wisdoms to provide nexing Dunkirk and Jamaica to the crown of new Remedies for new diseases, and to secure England, which seemed to have the most unithe precious person of our dear sovereign versal consent and approbation from the whole fiom the first approaches of villany, and the nation that ever any bill could be attended peace of the kingdom from the first overtures with : yet the same consideration which reof sedition.-- If you will not provide laws to tarded the Treaty with Portugal made the do it, the king will not do any thing extraor- king less warm towards the advancing of that diuary, even towards his own preservation. Bill; and the Spanish ambassador was as soliYou see the rale by which he hath walked ; citous to obstruct it, as he hath been since to and as he hath made good bis promise to you, obstruct the Match with Portugal. This being so, I doubt not, you will make good his pro- the case, and the Portugal ambassador rephecy, and that he shall receive thanks for turning with such particular overtures to the what he hath done since he was last here.--He king for a Marriage with the daughter of that hath told you now what he hath done ; that crown, that, both in respect of portion, and be is resolved to marry, and resolved whom to many other transcendent advantages for the marry : which, I believe, is the most grateful advancement of the trade and empire of this news that the whole kingdom hath longed for, kingdom, the like hath not been offered in or could receive, from the first day of his this age; and his majesty having received as landing, bere. And when they shall know the full information and satisfaction in the beauty great deliberation he hath used before that and excellency of that renowned princess as resolution, and the circumstances in resolving can be had without a personal interview (a it, they will surely have cause to confess, that circumstance very rarely admitted to princes), nerer king, in the disposal of himself in mar- it was not in his majesty's power to be without riage, took so great care for the good and some approbation and inclination to this allifelicity of his people. Within a very shortance : yet even then he would not trust himtime after his landing in this kingdom, he was self in this great affair, which so nearly and so moved by the ambassador of Portugal, to dearly concerns himself, and himself above renew a Treaty lately made between that all others. Though the benefit and advantage crown and the Usurper; a treaty in very could but appear the same upon further conmany respects the most advantageous to this sultation, yet there might possibly be some dation that ever was entered into with any mischiefs, or some inconveniencies be discerned, prince or people; a treaty by which, at this which he had not foreseen. He resolves, there time, that crown is paying the penalty (which fore, to call his council; tells them some days the Usurper exacted from it) for the most before, that he had an affair of great impornoble and beroic act of honour and friendship, tance to impart to them, and to receive their performed by that king to our master, that ever advice in ; and therefore appointed an extrawas performed by any prince towards another ordinary day, that they might all appear (and prioce in distress. And yet the king was no- truly, I think, there was but one lord absent, thing forward to ratify this Treaty; though it who was then indisposed in his health). In is very true, every Article in it but one was this council he stated the whole matter, all entirely for the benefit of this nation, for the that was offered of benefit and advantage, alt extraordinary advancement of Trade, for the that occurred of hazard or inconvenience, withgood of Religion, and for the honour of the out the least discovery of his own inclinations, crown : yet there was one, one single Article, further than that you would have believed he that must oblige the king, as it did the Usurper, had seen the picture of his mistress; it having to supply Portugal with an army for his assist- been a speech he hath often accustomed himance, when he should require it'; that is, Por- self to, that he would not marry a woman he tugal should have power to make levies of had not some reason to believe he could love, 10,000 men for their service. This, the king though she could bring him the empire of the foresaw, might produce a war with Spain, world. He did not conceal from my lords which be was very unwilling to undergo for what the Spanish ambassador had 'offered that engagement; and yet his Council repre- against this Marriage (who is not over-reserved sented unto himn how heart-breaking a thing in giving counsel, nor in communicating the it would be to his people, to lose the pos- counsel he gives), what proffers he had inade session of so great a trade, and those other of others, what threats of war in one case,
what advantage of dowry in another ; that he which must so much fill your hearts and your is so sollicitous for the advancement of the beads; but will reserve them till he sees you Protestaut Religion, that he had offered several again after you bave chosen your Speaker, Protestant princesses to whom his master which he now leaves you to do, and to repair shall give a portion, as with the Infanta of io your house for that purpose, that you may Spain;
and truly, less than the universal present your Speaker to him at 4 of the clock monarch could not dispose of so many prio- upon Friday.” cesses without the least consent or privity of Before we enter upon the Proceedings of their own.
His majesty commanded all my this New Parliament, we think it proper to lords to deliver their counsel and advice freely, present our readers with the following Lists of upon a full prospect of what might appear ihe Members of both Houses : good and happy for bis people as well as for
LIST OF Tile House of Lords. himself'; assuring thein, as he hath done you now this day, that, as he never did, so he
The Names of the Lords Temporal in this never will do, any thing of great importance,
present Parliament, begun at Westwithout consulting with them. You will be
minster the 8th day of May, in the 13th lieve that my lords of the council are solicitous
year of the Reign of our most gracious enough for the advancement of the Protestant Sovereign Lord King Charles II. 1661.* Religion, upon which the welfare of this king- DUKES Theoph. c. of Lincoln dom so mucb depends. But they were very of the Blood-Royal. Cha. e. of Nottingham apprehensive, that the first Protestant daugh- James, d. of York and James, e. of Suffolk ter that ever any king of Spain had, would Albany, I. high ad- Richard, e. of Dorset not probably bring so great advantages to it miral of England, Wm. e. Salisbury as was pretended. They have no mind to en- Rupert, duke of Cum- John, e. of Exeier courage the king to a war; we have bad war berland,
John, c. of Bridgwater enough : but they do not think he should so These take place in re- Robert, e. of Leicester much fear a war, as, out of the dread of it, to spect of their Offices. Ja. e.of Northampton be at the disposal of any other prince ; and Edward, earl of Cla- Charles, e. of Warwick that when he hath freed his own subjects from rendon, lord chan- Wm. e. of Devonshire Wardships and from Liveries, that he should cellor of England, Basil, e. of Denbigh himself become a Ward to the king of Spain, Thomas, earl of South- George, e. of Bristol and not marry without his approbation and ampton, lord trea- Lionel, e. of Middlesex consent. They observed, that in the saine surer of England. and Ilolland Memorials (I do not inean that which he last Dukes.
John, e. of Clare printed, but a former) in which the Spanish | George, duke of Buck- Oliv. e. of Bolingbroke ambassador threatens war if the king marries ingham,
Mildipay, c. of Westwith Portugal, he presseth very earnestly the Chas. d. of Richmond moreland delivering up of Dunkirk and Jamaica ; and George, duke of Albe- Thos. e. of Berkshire it is plain enough, he would have that recom- marle, general of Thos. e. of Cleveland pence for the portion he would give. And, in
Edw, e. of Mulgrave truth, whosoever is against the Match with MARQUISSES. Hen, e. of Monmouth Portugal, is for the delivery of Dunkirk and John,m. of Winchester Jas. e. of Marlborough Jamaica ; war being as sure to follow from the Edw. m. of Worcester Thomas, e. of Rivers latter as the former, and from neither till the Wm. m. of Newcastle Henry, earl of Dover king of Spain find it convenient for himself, Hen, n). of Dorchester Henry, e. of Peterbro' which I hope he will not yet do. I will not Earls, Henry, e. of Stamford enlarge upon the inany reasons. The king Montagu, e. of Lind- llen. c. of Winchelsca hath told you the conclusion. There was say, lord high cham- Chas. e. of Carnarvon never a morc unanimous advice from any berlain of England Mountj.e. of Newport council, not any dissenting voice, in the be- James, earl of Breck- Phil. c. of Chesterfield seeching bis majesty to make this Marriage, nock, lord steward John, e. of Thanet. and to finish it with all the expedition imagin- of his maj.'s house- Jeremy, e. of Portland able. Upon this, he sent for the Portugal hold
Wm. c. of Stafford ambassador, declared his resolution to loim, Edw.e. of Manchester, Rob. e. of Sunderland hath writ himself to Portugal, and is preparing lord chamberlain of James, e. of Sussex his fleet to fetch bome our queen. And I hope the bousehold George, e. of Norwich now he hath deserved all your thanks, both for Aubrey, e. of Oxford Nicho. e, of Scarsdale the matter and the manner; and that not only Algernon, e. of North- llen. e. of St. Albans ourselves, but the ages that are to succeed us, umberland
Edw. e. of Sandwich shall have cause to bless God and his majesty Fran. e. of Shrewsbury Edw. e. of Clarendon for this resolution that he hath taken, and that Charles, e. of Derby Artbur, e. of Essex he hath declared to us this day, and hath re- John, e. of Rutland Thós. e. of Cardigan served for this day, baving obliged his council Wm. e. of Bedford Arthur, e. of Anglesea to secrecy, that he might himself communicate Philip, e. of Pembroke John, earl of Batb it to his whole kingdom at once. There are and Montgomery Charles, e. of Carlisle some other particulars of weight ; but he will not mingie them with this great important one,
* Lord Somers's Collection.
VISCOUNTS. John lord Lovelace, of LIST OF THE HOUSE of COMMONS, Leicester, visc. Here- Hurley
In the Long, or Pensionary Parliament, which ford
John lord Paulet, of met on the 8th of May, 1661.* Francis, v. Montague Ilinton St. George Abington,
Andover, Wm. v. Say and Seal Wm. lord Maynard George Stonehouse. Sir John Trott, Edward, v. Conway
Thos. lord Coventry, Agmondesham, John Collins. Baptist, v. Cambden of Aylesborough Sir Henry Proby,
Anglesea, William, 1. Stafford Edward lord Howard, William Drake. Rd, lord visc. Bulkley Thos. v. Falconberge of Escrick
Aldborough (Suffolk) Arundel,
Lord Falkland. Audley
Francis lord Seymour, Aldborougla (Yorksh.) Ashburton, Charles lord West De- of Trowbridge, chan Solomon Swale, John Powel, laware
cellor of the dutchy | Francis Goodrick. Sir George Sondes. George lord Berkley,of of Lancaster
Thomas lord Bruce, of Fran, and T. Lascells. Richard Ingoldsby, Thomas lord Parker, Wharlton
of Morley and Mon- Francis lord Newport, * “ The representatives," says Rapin, tegle
of Higharcall the most part, were elected agreeably to the Francis lord Dacres Thomas lord Leigh wishes, and without doubt by the influence of Convers lord Darcy, Christopher lord Hat- the court
. The greatest part were high-churchof Darcy,
men, that is, violent enemies of the presbyteWm. lord Stourton, of llenry lord Hastings, rians, great assertors of the minutest ceremoStourton
of Loughborough nies of the church, and most devoted to the William lord Sandys, Richard lord Byron king and the royal prerogative. This parliaDelevyne
Richard lord Vaughan ment may be said to be composed by chanEdward lord Vaux, of Charles lord Smith, of cellor Hyde, prime minister, and on the Harrowden
20th of April, created earl of Clarendon. Let Thomas lord Windsor William lord Wid- it also be added, that it was called the PenThos. lord Wentworth drington
sionary Parliament,' because it was afterwards Wingfield lord Crom- Humble lord Ward discovered, that many of the members received
Thos. lord Colepeper, pensions from the court. It is true, many will George lord Bruce of Thoresway not allow that this was so at first, but pretend, Philip lord Wharton, Isaac lord Astley, of that by length of time, and changes upon of Wharton
death, the new members suffered themselves Francis lord Willough- Richard lord Boyle, of to be bribed. I cannot, however, help reby, of Parbam
marking, that, at the very beginning, this parWilliam lord Paget, of Joho lord Lucas. liament did things in favour of the king, which Beaudesert
John lord Bellasis no other had ever done, and that it was Dudley lord North Lodowick Id. Watson, not till afterwards tbat they retracted their William lord Chandos, of Rockingham extravagant maxims, concerning the royal preof Sudeley
Charles lorð Gerard, rogative. It may be judged how favourable John lord Carey, of of Brandon
this parliament was to the king, since it conHunsdon
Robert lord Sutton, of inued almost 18 years, on which account it William lord Peter Lexington
was more justly called the Long Parliament, lord Gerrard, of Charles id. Kirkhoven, than that of 1610." Vol. xi. p. 213. Gerards Bromley of Wotton
A short time prerious to the dissolution of Charles lord Stanhope, Marmaduke ld. Lang- this parliament, a curious Tract was published, of Harrington
dale, of Holme entitled, ' A Seasonable Argument to persuade Henry lord Arundel, Wm. lord Crofts • all the Grand Juries in England to petition
of Wardour John lord Berkley, of for a New Parliament: or a List of the PrinChristopher lord Ro
* cipal Labourers in the great design of Poper, of Tenham
Denzil lord IIollis, of pery and Arbitrary Power, who have betrayed · Robert lord Brooke Ifield
their country to the Conspirators, and barEdw. lord Montague, Frederick lord Corn- gained with them to maintain a Standing of Boughton
wallis, of Eye Army in England, under the command of the Charles lord Howard, George lord Delamere, bigoted Popish D. who, by the assistance of of Charlton
of Dunbam Massey . the L. Li's Scotch army, the forces in IreWilliam lord Grey, of Horatio ld. Townsend, land, and those in France, hope to bring all Warke
of Lynn Regis "back to Roine. A Reward of 2001. was ofJohn lord Roberts, of Anth. Tord Ashley, de fered, by Proclamation, to such as would disTruro
Winborn St. Giles cover the Author of this piece. As it is now Wm. lord Craven, of John lord Crew de very scarce, a copy thereof is preserved in the Hampstead Marsbal Stene
APPENDIX to the present Volume, Vo. II. VOL. IV.
Robert Atkins. Burnstaple, Jobo Knight.
Edmundsbury, John Rolle,
Bridgeworth, Richard Honour, Sir Henry Pooley, Nicholas Denny. Walter Acton,
Sir John Duncomb.
Buckinghamshire, Thomas Southcot, Sir Benjamin Aylor,
Eocshurit, Griffith Bodurda.
Buckinghum Town. Sir Ralph Astiton, Richard Cullen, Bedfordshire, Sir Richard Temple, John Heath.
John Sandys. Sir Humphry Winch, William Sipith.
Ereier, Lord Bruce.
Richard Tolson, Sir James Smith,
Wilfrid Lawson. Robert Walker
Cambridgeshire, Sir llenry Grimston, Charles Cornwallis,
Cambridge Town, Sir Ralph Banks, Sir Thonias Haniner.
Flint Town, Jobo Lovelace, Roger Pepys.
Cornuall, Roger Whitley.
Jon, and John Rasli-
leigh, Sir Tho. Widrington. Camelford, Sir Clement Fisher,
Sir Nicholas Carew,
Cricklade, Thomas Sturgis.
Glamorgan, Bishops Castle,
Sir Peter Curwin, Sir Edward Mansel. William Dakley,
Bussey Mansel. Sir George Fletcher. Gloucestershire,
Sir Thos. Middleton. John How,
Sir Edward Massey,
Derbyshire, Edward Seymour.
Derby Town, John Tanner.
Grantham, John Maynard. Carrmarthen Town, John Dalton.
Anthony Thorold, Boroughbridge, Lord Vaughan.
Devonshire, Edward King.
Sir Hugh Pollard,
Dorchester, George Corthop.
Sir Richard Onslow,
Dorsetshire, Arthur Onslow.
George Strangeways, Harwich,
Sir Francis Vincent,
George Montagu. John Westbrook,
Droitaich, John Ashburnham.
Edward Ilungerford. Henry Coventry. Sir Frederick Hyde.
Sir Peter Killegrew,