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tions to your majesty's most dear and royal | and Liveries, together with Tenures in capite, person, they have passed another Bill for the Knight's Service, Tenures, and Purveyances.' raising of 70,0001. for your majesty's further This bill, ex re nata, may properly be called a Supply; all which bills I'ain commanded hum- bill of exchange; for as care is therein taken bly to present your majesty witbal, and to for the ease of your people, so the supply of pray your gracious acceptance thereof, and that part of your majesty's revenue, which your royal assent thereunto.-There are other formerly came into your treasury by your te · bills likewise, of public concernient, which nures, and for your purveyances is thereby have passed both houses, and do now attend likewise full provided for by the grant of anoupon your majesty, waiting for your royal as-ther imposition, to be taken upon ale, beer, bent; the one is intituled, An Act for the and other liquors, to hold to your majesty, Attainder of several persons guilty of the hor- your heirs and successors for ever; and that rid Murder of his late sacred majesty, your they should not look upon the considerations, royal father of ever blessed memory. There mentioned in this bill, as a full compensation is another Bill, intituled, ' An Act for the con- and recompence for your majesty's parting firmation of Leases and Grants from Colleges with two such royal prerogatives and antient and Hospitals ;' this will tend much to the flowers of the crown, if more were not implied qoiting inany men's estates that in the late than is expressed; for, royal sir, your tenures unhappy times were intorced to renew and in capite are not only turned into a tenure of change their estates inuch for the worse, were socage, (though that alone will for ever give it not for the favour your majesty intends them your majesty a just right and title to the labour in liris Bill: there is another bill to prohibit of your ploughs and the sweat of our brows) the esportation of Wool, Wool-Fells, Fullers but they are likewise turned into a tenure in Earth, or any other scouring earth : woollen corde. What your majesty had before in your inanufactures, besides the duties they pay for Court of Wards, you will be sure to find it your majesty's customs here at home, have hereafter in the exchequer of your people's great impositions laid upon them in foreign hearts. The king of Spain's mines will sooner parts where they are vended, in the Low Coun- deceive him than this revenue will fail you, iries 16 or 17 per cent. and in Portugal 20 for his mines have bottoms; but the deeper per cent. at least; but those who, for their your majesty sinks yourself into the hearts and own filthy lucre sake, having no regard or res- affections of your people, the greater you will pect to the public good, that steal over the find your wealth to be, and the more invincimaterials of which those manufactures are ble your strength.—Royal sir; we have nothing made, pay not one penny bere or there, and more to offer or to ask, but must conclude ali by that means strangers do make those inanu- our work this partiainent with an humble and factures of our tool upon such easy terms, thankful acknowledgment of God's infinite that they can aford, and do undersell your goodness and mercy, in restoring your majesty merchanis; which is the occasion of a double to your royal and imperial crown, throne, and loss, first, to your majesty in your customs, and, dignity, and for making yon the restorer of in the next place, to your people, who are that which is dearer unto us than our lives, our thereby disheartened and discouraged; and in religion; in which, through God's blessing and a short time, if not prevented, will be utterly gracious assistance, we are resolved to live and beaten out of that antient native staple trade, die: as likewise for restoring us to our Magna upon which many thousand fanlilies do wholly Charta liberties, having taken the charge and depend for all their livelihood and subsistence. care of them into your own heart, which is nur --'There is another Bill, intituled, “ An Act to greatest security, and more than a thousand prohibit the planting, setting, or sowing of confirmations.--Royal sir; you have denied us Tobacco in Englaıd and Ireland.' This cli- nothing we have asked this parliament; indeed mate is so cold that it never comes to any ma- you have out-done your parliament, by doing Turity or perfection; for we tind, hy experi- much more for us than we could agree ence, though it be ever so well bealed, and amongst ourselves to ask, and therefore must made up with the greatest art and skill that needs be a happy parliament: this is a can be possible, yet it is impossible, after it is healing parliament, a reconciling peace-makmade up into the roll, to keep and preserve it ing parliament, a blessed parliament; a parfroin putrifying ahove 3 or 4 months at the liament propter excellentiam, that may truly inost; and therefore physicians, even those be called, '< Parliamentissimum Parliamenthat love it best and use it most, conclude, ge- tum.' No man can say, that hath made nerally, that it is unwholesome for men's bo- the most curious search into books and records, dies; besides many other great damages and that there ever was such a parliament as this ; inconveniences will follow upon it, if it should and it is our unspeakable joy and comfort that be permitted, the abatement of your majesty's no man can say, so long as your majesty lives, customs, the destruction of your plantations but we may have such another, for you have abroad, the discouragement of navigation, and set your royal heart upou it to do your people 80 consequently the decay of shipping, which good. And as we have nothing inore to say, are the walls and bulwarks of your majesty's so we have nothing more to do, but that which kingdom.--There is another hill, intituled, will be a-doing as long as we have a being, + An Act for taking away the Court of Wards the pouring out of our souls unto Almighty God
for your majesty's long, long, long, and most invention and appetite.--There are many trappy, blessed, glorious, and prosperous reign other particulars which I will not trust my own over us.'
memory with, but will require the Chancellor The King's Speech.] After which, the Speaker to say the rest to you.". presented his majesty with 11 public, and 21 The Lord Chancellor's Speech.] After his private bills. All these Bills being passed, the majesty had done, the lord chancellor Hyde King was pleased to make the following Speech came from his place and kneeled down close Lo both houses :
by his majesty's chair, and received his ma“ My lords and gentlemen; I will not en. jesty's directions what to say further; and betertain you with a long discourse, the sum of ing returned to his place, he said as followeth: all I have to say to you being but to give you “ My lords, and you the knights, citizens, thanks, and I assure you I tind it a very dithi and burgesses of the house of commons; There cult work to satisfy myself in my own expres- cannot be a greater manifestation of an excelsions of those thanks; perfunctory thanks, or- lent temper and harmony of affections throughdivary thanks, for ordinary civilities are easily out the nation, than that the king and his two given, but when the heart is as full as mine is, houses of parliament meet with the same atit is a labour to thank you ; you have taken fections and cheartulness, the sanie alacrity in great pains to oblige me, and iherefore it cau- their countenance, at the dissolution, as when not be easy for me to express the sense I have they met at the convention of parliament. It of it.I will enlarge no further on this occa- is an unquestionable evidence that they are exsion than to tell you that, when God brought ceedingly satisfied in what they have done tome hither, I brought with me an extraordinary wards each other, that they have very well done affection and esteem for parliaments. I need all the business they came about; this is now not tell you how much it is improved by your your case, you have so well satisfied your own çarriage towards ine; you have out-done all consciences, that you are sure you have satisfied the good and obliging acts of your predecessors the king's expectation and his hope, and the detowards the crown; and, therefore, you can- sire and wishes of the country-Itwas very justnot hut believe my heart is exceedingly en ly observed by you, Mr. Speaker, that you have larged with the acknowledgement. Many never asked any one thing of the king which former parliaments have bad particular depo- he hath not (with all imaginable chearfulness) minations from what they have done; they granted; in truth, his majesty doth, with great have been stiled learned and unlearned, comfort, acknowledge that you have been so and sometimes have had worse epithets; I far froin denying him any thing he hath asked, pray let us all resolve that this he for ever that he hath scarce ivislied any thing that you called The Blealing and Blessed Parliament.' bave not granted; and it is no wonder that, -As I thank you, though not enough, for having so fully complied with your obligawhat you have done, so I have not the least tions, and having so well composed the minds doubt, by the blessing of God, but when I of the nation, you are willing to be relieved sball call the next parliament, which I shall from this extraordinary fatigue you bave subdu as soon as you can reasonably expect, or mitted so long to, and to return to the considesire, I shall receive your thanks for what I deration of your own particular affairs, which bave done since I parted from you, for I deal vou bave so long sacrificed to the public; and truly with you. I shall not more propose any this reasonable wishi and desire hath brought one real good to inyself in my actions and in the king to comply with you, and, wbich nomy councils than this, What is a parliament thing else could do, to part with you with an like to think of this action or this council and equal chearfulness; and he makes no doubt it shall be for want of understanding in me, but all succeeding parliaments will pay you if it will not bear that test.-I shall conclude their thanks for all you have done, and look with this, which I cannot say too often, nor upon your actions and your example with all you too often where you go, That, next to the possible approbation and reverence.-The king miraculous blessing of God Almighty, and, in- and you have given such carnest to one anodeed, as an immediate effect of that blessing, I ther of your mutual affection ; you have been do impure the good disposition and security so exact and pancto al in your proceedings towe are all in, to the happy Act of Indemnity wards each other, that you have made no proand Oblivioil, which is the principal corner- mise, no profession to each other, of making stone that supports this excellent building, and good, to the performing of which the world is crentes kindness in us to each other; confi- not witness. You declared at the adjourndence being our joint and common 'security. ment, in Sept. last, your resolution to settle a You may be sure I will not only observe, reli- noble Revenue on the crown; you have done giously and inviolably, myself, but also ex- it with all the circumstances of affection and act thic observation of it from others; and if prudence: the king promised you to establish any person should ever have the boldness to a Council of Trade, a Council for the foreign attempt to persoade me to the contrary, Plantations, a Commission for composing all he will find such an acceptation from me as differences upon Sales; all this he did before he would have who should persuade me to your coming together, and with very good born Magna Charta, cancel all the old laws, effect, and you shall hear that the proceedings and to erect a new government after my own in every one of them are more vigorous and effectual after your dissolution. His majesty vigilance to frustrate those designs. You have then promised you that he will give up all his heard of many suspected and dangerous perendeavours to compose the unbappy differences i sons which have lately been clapt up; and it in matters of Religion, and to restore the lan- was high time to look about. His majesty guishing Church to peace and order : Constan- hath spent many hours himself in the examitine himself spent so much of his own time in nation of this business, and some of the prinprivate and public conferences; to that pur- cipal officers, who, before they came to his pose bis majesty, in private, conferred with majesty's presence, could not be brought to the learned men, and heard all that could be acknowledge any thing, after the king himself said upon several opinions and interests apart; bad spoken to ihem, confessed that their spiand that, in the presence of both parties, bim- rits were insensibly prevailed upon and subdued, self moderating in the debates; and less care, and tbat it was not in their power to conceal and diligence, and authority would not have their guilt from bina: they have confessed that done that work; and God liath so blessed his there is a party of the late disbanded officers labour, and inade his determination in that and soldiers, and others, full of discontent and affair so generally agreeable, that he hath re- seditious purposes, and a resolution to attempt ceived Thauks from his houses of parliament; the change of the present government, and to that is, from the whole kingdom: if, afier all erect the republic: they acknowledge that this, his majesty doth not reap the full barvest they did purpose to have made their attempt he expected from those condescensions; if for the rescue of those wretches who were se some men, by their writing and their preach-justly condemned at Newgate, and so worthily ing, endeavour to continue those breaches, executed, and that Ludlow should have then and very rashly, and I think unconscientiously, appeared at the head of them; that they made keep up the distinctions, and publicly justify themselves sure at the same time, by parties and maintain what hath berctofore been done and confederacy, to have surprized the Tower amiss, and for which the Act of Indemnity was of London and the Castle of Windsor, but the best defence, I shall say no more than that that they found, or at least apprehended, that I hope their want of modesty and obedience their design was discovered which so broke will cause thein to be disclaimed by all pious their spirits, that they concluded they must and peaceable men; who cannot but be well acquiesce for the present, and stay iill the contented to see them reduced by laws, to the Army shopld be disbanded; which, they said, obedience they owe to law: and his majesty is was generally debauched ; that is, returned to confident that this his beloved city, towards an honest and fast obedience to the king; and which his heart is so gracious and so full of that it is evident they were betrayed by those princely designs to improve their honour, their who were most intirely trusted by them, and wealth, and their beauty, will discountenance they were in the right. The king had notice all these seditious designs; and, by returning of all their designs, what progress they made, and fixing themselves upon their good old fouu- and the night they intended to surprise the dations, make themselves the great example of Tower and Windsor, aud gave notice to the piety, of loyalty, and of hearty affection to the several governors ; and so, without any noise, whole kingdom. This discourse puts me in that mischief was, by God's goodness, preinind to say to you, that though the king won- vented. They acknowledge that they have ders much more at the many great things you since recovered their courage and resolution, have done than that you left any thing undone, and were about this time to make their full yet be could have wished, and would have attempt. They have been promised some been glad, that your other weighty affairs had considerable rising in the West under Ludlow, given you tiine io have published your opinion and in the North under others; but this place and advice in the business of the Militia ; that was the scene of greatest hopes'; they made the people, after so many disputes upon that sure of a body here, I think they say of 2500 argument, might have discerned that the king men, with which they resolved, in the first and his two houses of parliainent are as much place, to secure (you know what that security in the same inind in that as in all other things, is) the person of the General the duke of as no doubt they are ; but since that could | Albemarle, with whom they have so much reanot be done, you may all assure yourselves son to be angry, and at the same time to posthat the king will proceed therein with all ima- sess theinselves of Whitehall: you know the ginable care and circumspection, for the ease, method used in such possession, kill and take quiet, and security of his people; and, as he possession. And this insupportable calamity did before the last recess, by the unanimous God bath again diverted from us; though I advice of his privy council, issue out his com- must tell you the poor men, who seem to mission of lieutenancy for the settling the speak honestly, and upon the impulsion of Militia in the several counties, to prevent any conscience, are very far from being confident disorders which many apprehended might arise that there will not be some desperate insurupon the disbanding the Army, so he will now rection and attempts in several parts of this again recommend it to themselves to put it in kingdom, within a short time, which all possuch a posture, as may disappoint any sedi-sible care will be taken to prevent; and, in tious designs which are now on foot; and truth, this very good city so well requires the there cannot be too much circumspection and king's abundant grace and kindness to it, that not only by the unwearied pains and diligence you, and from your practice they will make a of the worthy lord inayor, but by the general judgment of the king himself. They know temper and constitution of the whole city, the very well that you are not only admitted to discontented and seditious party (which can his presence, but to his conversation, and even never be totally extirpated out of such a me- in a degree to his friendship, for you are his tropolis) is like to have little encourageinent to great council; by your example they will forin pursue their desperate councils.-The king their own maupers, and by yours they will dntb not believe that all those persons, who, ma a guess at the king's; therefore, under at present, are apprehended and in custody, that obligation, you will cause your piety, your will be found guilty of this treason; it is a justice, your affability, and your charity, to vulgar and known artifice to corrupt inferior shine as bright as is possible before them. persons, by persuading them that letter men They are too much in love with England, 100 are engaged in the sale enterprize, and the partial to it, who believe it the best country in king will make as much haste as he can to set the world; there is a better earth, and a better those ac liberty, against whom the evidence or air, and better, that is a warmer, sun in other suspicion is not too treasonable. In the mean countries; but we are no inore than just when tune, they who, in truth, are innocent, must we say, that England is an inclosure of the confess, that the proceedings towards thein best people in the world, when they are well bath been very natural and full of clemency; informed and instructed; a people, in sobriety and no man will wonder if his majesty be very of conscience, the most devoted to God Aldesirous that, in this conjuncture, and in order mighty ; in the integrity of their affections, the. to prevent or suppress these two visible disa inost dutiful to the king; in their good mantempers and machinations, bis majesty in all ners and inclinations, most regardful and places be in good order and preparation; loving to the nobility ; no nobility in Europe and you inay assure yourselves that, in the so intirely beloved by the people; there may forming and conduct of it, he will have so be more awe, and fear, and terror of them, great a care for the ease and quiet of his but no such respect towards thein as in Engpeople, that if any person trusted by hiin land. I beseech your lordships do not undershall, throngh want of skill or want of temper, value this love; they have looked upon your satisfy his own passion, or appetite, in grieving lordships, and they will look upon your or vexing his neighbours, bis majesty will be so lordships again, as the greatest example and sensible of it, that, if it can be cured no other patron of duty; to the king, as their greatest way, his trust shall be quickly determined : security and protection from injury and inand he is not at all reserved in giving those justice, and for their enjoying whatsoever is animadversions and reprehensions when there due to them by the law; and as the most is occasion, and his ears will be always open to proper mediators and interposers to the king, receive those complaints.My lords and gen- if, by any failure of justice, they should be extlemen ; You are now returning to your coun- posed to any oppression and violence; and tries, to receive the thanks and acknowledge this exercise of your justice and kindness toments of your friends and neighbours for the wards them will make them the more abhor great things you have donc; and to make the and abominate that party upon which a comburden you have laid upon them easy, by con- monwealth must be founded, because it would vincing them of the inevitable necessity of extirpate, or suppress, or deprive theni of their their submitting to them. You will make beloved nobility, which are such a support and them see that you have proceeded rery far security to their full happiness. And you gentowards the separation, and even divorce, oftlemen of the house of cominons, who are now that necessity from them, 10 which they have returning to your country, laden with a trust been so long married; that they are now restored not inferior or less weighty than that you to that blessed teinper of government, under brought from thence : you came up their dewbich their ancestors enjoyed, so many hunputies to the king, and he returns you now his dred years, that full measure of felicity, and deputies to them; his plenipotentiaries to inthe inisery of being deprived of which they form and assure them, that he thinks himself have so sensibly felt; that they are now free the happiest and greatest prince in the world, from those midnight alarnis with which they not from the situation of his dominions, and have been so terrified, and rise off their beds, the power of his great navy, with which he at their own healthy houses, without being can visit his neighbours, and keep them from saluted with the death of a husband, a son, visiting him; or from the noble revenue you and friend, miserably killed the night or day have settled upon bim, which he will improve before, and with such circumstances killed, as with all good husbandry; but being pussessed improved the misery beyond the loss itself. of the affections and hearts of such subjects, This infranchisement is worth all they pay for that he doth so intirely love them and depend it. Your lordships will easily recover that upon then, that all his actions and all his estimation and reverence that is due to your councils shall tend to no other end but to bigh condition, by the exercise and practice of make them happy and prosperous; that he that virtue from whence your honours first thinks his honour and his interest principally sprang; the example of your justice and piety to consist in providing for, and advancing the will infiame the hearts of the people towards honour and interest of, the nation.---That you may have the more credit in what you say, he hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst will not take it unkindly if you publislı his thereof;' that he should reduce that perdefects and infirmities; you niny tell them that verseness to the greatest meekness and resige he is so confident in the multitude of his very nation; that he should withdraw his judgınent good and faithful subjects, that he is very bard from this nation, and, in a moment, restore it to be. persuaded that his few ill and unfaithful to all the happiness it can wish, and to no subjects can do him much harm ; that he so oiher end but to expose it to the mercy and much depends on the affections of honest men, fury of a few discontented persons, the worst and their zeal for bis security, that he is not so of the nation, is not easy to be believed.-We solicitous and vigilant for his own safety as he may tell those who still contrive the ruin of ought to be, amidst so many combinations of the Church, (the best and best reformed church which he is so well inforined, that his servants, in the Christian world, reformed by that auwho with grief and anguish importune him not thority, and with those circumstances, as a to take so little care of his own safety, can reformation ought to be made) that God obtain no other answer from him, than what would not so miraculously have snatched this Cæsar heretofore gave to his zealous friends, 1 church as a brand out of the fire ; would not
mori me nialle quain tinere :' he will die have raised it from the grave after he had any death rather than live in fear of his suffered it to be buried so many years, by the own subjects, or that they should be in boisterous hands of profane and sacrilegious fear of him. You may tell them, as a great persons, under its own rubbish, to expose it infirmity, that a troubled and discontented again to the same rapine, reproach, and imcountenance so anficts bim, that he would piety. That Church which delights itself in remove it from them at his own charge, as if he being called catholic, was never so near expihimself were in the fault : and when he hath ration, never had such a resurrection. That so been informed of any less kind or jealous thing sınall a pittance of nieal and oil should be said amongst you, (as your windows are never sufficient to preserve and nourish the poor so close shut, but that the sound of your words widow and her family so long, is very lule goes to the several corners of the town) his more miraculous than that such a number of majesty bath been heard to say no more but, pious, learned, and very aged bishops should
What have I done? I wish that gentleman so many years be preserved, in such ironderful and I were acquainted, that he knew me straits and oppressions, until they should plerbetier.' Oh! gentlemen, you cannot be tifully provide for their own succession. That yourselves, nor you cannot make yourselves after such a deep deluge of sacrilege, profanetoo zealous or too jealous for such a prince's ness, and impiety had covered, and, to comsafety, or too solicitous for such a prinee's mon understanding, swallowed it up; that satisfaction and content, to whom we may that church should again appear above the very justly say, as the king of Tyre writ to waters, God be again served in that church, Solomon, Because God hath loved liis people, and served as he ought to be, and there should • he hath made thee king over them :' even be some revenue left to support and encourage his own defects and infirmities are very neces- those who serve him ; nay, that many of those sary towards the full measure of your prospe- who seemed to thirst after that revenue till rity.--My lords and gentlemen; God hath ena- they had possessed it, should conscientiously bled us to invert one argument, which I hope restore what they had taken away, and become may, to a good degree, repair the much mis- good sons and willing tenants to that church chief it hath beretofore done: it bath been they lad so lately spoiled, may make us all urged very unreasonably, yet successfully urged, piously believe that God Almighty would not in the worst times, that it was not faith, but have been at the expence and charge of such a presumption, to expect that God would restore deliverance ; but, in the behalf of a church, a family, with which he seemed to have a con- very acceptable to him, and which shall controversy, and haih humbled so far; that lie tinue to the end of the world, and against would countenance a party that he had 90 which the gates of hell shall not be able to much discountenanced, and almost destroyed. prevail..Wemay tell those desperate wretches We may here much more reasonably, and who still harbour in their thoughts wicked therefore, I hope, as effectually, press the designs against the sacred person of the king, miracles that God Almighty bath lately in order to the compassing of their own imagiwrought for king and people, is an evidence nations, that God Almighty would not have that he will not again easily forsake them. We led him through so many wildernesses of afflicmay tell those wbo are using all their endea- tions of all kinds, conducted bim through so vours to embroil the nation in new troubles, many perils at sea, and perils hy land, spatched that it is not probable that a nation, against him out of the midst of this kingdom when it which God hath seemed, these late years, to was not worthy of him, and when the hands of have pronounced his judgments in the very bis enemies were even upon him, when they language of the prophets, Go ye swift mes- ; thought themselves so sure of bin that they sengers to a nation scattered and peeled; to a would bid so eheap and so vile a price for • people terrible from the beginning hitherto; him ; he could not, in that article, have so co
to a nation rooted out and trodden down, vered him with a cloud, that he travelled, «whose lands the rivers have spoiled; the Lord even with some pleasure and great observation,