Page images
PDF
EPUB

and moreover, that an equal number (to those | assist. Moreover, the rural dean and his asof the Chapter) of the most learned, pious, sistants are, in their respective divisions, to and discreet presbyters of the same diocese, see that the children and younger sort be care annually chosen by the major rote of all | fully instructed by the respective ministers of the presbyters of that diocese present at such every parish, in the grounds of Christian Relielections, shall be always advising and as- gion, and be able to give a good account of sisting, together with those of the chapter, their faith and knowledge, and also of their in all ordinations, and in every part of juris- Christian conversation conformable thereunto, diction which appertains to the censures of before they be confirmed by the bishop, or adthe church, and at all other solemn and im- mitted to the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. portant actions, in the exercise of the eccle- -6. No Bishop shall exercise any arbitrary siastical jurisdiction, wherein any of the ini- power, or do or impose any thing upon the nistry are concerned : Provided, That at all clergy or the people, but what is according to such meetings, the number of the ministers so the known law of the land.-7. We are very elected, and those present of the Chapter, glad to find, that all with whom we have conshall be equal, and not exceed one the other; ferred, do, in their judgments, approve a Liand that, to make the nuinber equal, the juniors turgy, or set form of public worship, to be lawof the exceeding numbers be withdrawn, that ful; which, in our judgment, for the preserthe most antient may take place. Nor shall vation of unity and uniformity, we conceive to any Suffragan Bishop ordain, or exercise the be very necessary. And though we do esteem fore-mentioned otfices and acts of spiritual ju- the Liturgy of the Church of England, conrisdiction, but with the advice and assistance tained in the Book of Common Prayer, and by of a sufficient number of the most judicious law established, to be the best we have seen, and pious presbyters, annually chosen as afore- and we believe that we have seen all that are said, within his precincts. And our will is, extant and used in this part of the world) and That the great work of Ordination be con- well know what reverence most of the Restantly and solemnly performed by the bishop formed Churches, or at least the most learned and his aforesaid presbytery, at the four set inen in those churches, have for it; yet, since times and seasons appointed by the church for we find some exceptions made against several that purpose.-5. We will take care that Con- things therein, we will appoint an equal num. firmation be rightly and solemnly performed, ber of learned divines, of both persuasions, to by the information, and with the consent, of review the same, and to make such alterations the minister of the place, who shall admit none as shall be thought most necessary, and some to the Lord's Supper, till they have made a additional forms (in the Scripture phrase as credible profession of their faith, and promised | near as may be) suited unto the nature of the obedience to the will of God, according as is several parts of worship; and that it be left to expressed in the considerations of the Rubrick the minister's choice to use one or other at his before the catechism; and that all possible di- discretion. In the mean time, and till this be ligence be used for the instruction and refor. done, although we do beartily wish and desire mation of scandalous offenders, whom the mi- that the ministers, in their several churches, nister shall not suffer to partake of the Lurd's because they dislike some clauses and express Table, until they have openly declared them- sions, would not totally lay aside the use of selves to bave truly repeuted, and amended the Book of Common Prayer; but read those their former caughty lives, as is partly ex- parts against which there can be no exception, pressed in the Rubrick, and more fully in the which would be the best instance of declining Canons; provided there be place for due ap- those marks of distinction, which we so much peals to superior powers. But besides the labour and desire to remove; yet, in compasSuffragans and their Presbytery, every Rural sion to divers of our good subjects, who scruple Dean, (those deans, as heretofore, to be no- the use of it as now it is, our will and pleasure minated by the bishop of the diocese) together is, that none be punished or troubled for not with three or four ministers of that deanry, 1 using it, until it be reviewed and effectually chosen by the major part of all the ministers reformed as aforesaid.-8. Lastly, concerning within the same, shall meet once in every Ceremonies (which have administered so much month, to receive such complaints as shall be matter of difference and contention, and which presented to them by the ministers or chureh- have been introduced by the wisdom and auwardens of the respective parishes; and also thority of the Church, for ediớcation and the to compose all such differences betwixt party improvement of piety); we shall say no more, and party, as shall be referred unto them by but that we have the more esteem of all, and way of arbitration; and to convince offenders, reverence for many of them, by having been and reform all such things as they find amiss, present in many of those churches where they by their pastoral reproofs and admonitions, are most abolished or discountenanced : and if they may be so reformed. And such matters it cannot be doubted but that, as the Universal as they cannot, by this pastoral and persuasive Church cannot introduce one ceremony in the way, compose and reform, are by them to be worship of God, that is contrary to God's prepared for, and presented to, the Bishop; at word expressed in the Scripture, so every Nawhich meeting any other ministers of that tional Church, with the approbation and conJeansy way, if they please, be present and sent of the sovereign power, may, and hath always introduced such particular Ceremonies, | Provided, That this liberty does not extend as, in that conjuncture of time, are thought to our own chapel, cathedral, or, collegiate most proper for edification, and the necessary churches, or to any college in either of our Uniimprovement of piety and devotion in the peo- versities; but that the several statutes and ple, though the necessary practice thereof can- customs for the use thereof in the said places; not be deduced from scripture: and that which be there observed as formerly. And because before was, and in itself is, indifferent, ceases some men, otherwise pious and learned, say to be indifferent after it is once established by they cannot conform unto the Subscription relaw; and therefore our present consideration quired by the Canon, nor take the Oath of and work is, to gratify the private consciences Canonical Obedience, we are content, and it of those who are grieved with the use of some is our will and pleasure, (so they take the Oaths Ceremonies, by indulging in, and dispensing of Allegiance and Supremacy) that they shall with their omitting those ceremonies, not utter- receive ordination, institution, and induction, ly to abolish any which are established by law, and shall be permitied to exercise their func(if any are practised contrary to law, the same tion, and to enjoy the protits of their livings, shall cease) which would be unjust and of ill ex- without the said Subscription or Oath of Canoample, and to impose pou the consciences of nical Obedience. And moreover, Thal no some, for the satisfaction of the consciences of persons in the l'niversities shall, for the want others, which is otherwise provided for. As it of such Subscription, be hindered in the taking could not he reasonable that men should of their degrees. Lastly, That none be judged expect that we should ourself decline, or en- to forfeit his Presentation or Benefice, or be join others to do so, to receive the blessed sa- deprived of it, upon the statute of the 13th crament upon our knees, which, in our con- Eliz. c. 12. so he read and declare his assent science, is the most humble, most devout, and to all the Articles of Religion, which only conmost agreeable posture for that holy duty, he- cern the confession of the true Christian Faith, cause some other men, upon reasons best, and the doctrine of the Sacraments, comprised if not only, known to themselves, chuse rather | in the Book of Articles, in the said statute to do it sitting or standing. We shall leave mentioned. In a word; we do again renew all decisions and determinations of that what we have formerly said in our Declaration kind, if they shall be thought necessary for a from Breda, for the liberty of tender conperfect and entire unity and uniformity through sciences, That no man shall be disquieted or out the nation, to the advice of a national called in question for differences of opinion in synod, which shall be duly called, after a little matters of religion, which do not disturb the time and a mutual conversation between per- peace of the kingdom; and if any have been sous of different persuasions hath mollified disturbed in that kind since our arrival here, it those distempers, abated those sharpnesses, bath not proceeded from any direction of ours. and extingushed those jealousies which make -To conclude, and in this place to explain men unfit for those consultations. And upon what we mentioned before, and said in our such advice we shall use our best endea- Letter to the house of commons from Breda, vour that such laws may be established, That we hoped, in due tine, ourself to propose as may best provide for the peace of the church somewhat for the propagation of the Protestant and state. Provided, That none shall be Religion, that will satisfy the world that we denied the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, have always made it both our care and our though they do not use the gesture of study, and have enough observed what is most kneeling in the act of receiving.--In the mean like to bring disadvantage to it: we do conjure time, out of compassion and compliance to all our loving subjects to acquiesce in, and subwards those who would forbear the Cross in mit to, this our Declaration, concerning those Baptism, we are content that no man shall be differences which have so much disquieted the compelled to use the same, or suffer for not nation at home, and given such offence to the doing it : But if any parent desires to have bis Protestant Churches abroad, and brought such child christened according to the form used, reproach upon the Protestant Religion in geand the minister will not use the sign, it shall neral, froin the enemics thereof, as it, upon be lawful for that parent to procure another obscure notions of faith and fancy, it did admit minister to do it; and if the proper minister the practice of Christian duties and obedience shall refuse to omit that ceremony of the to be discountenanced and suspended, and inCross, it shall be lawful for the parent, who troduce a licence in opinions and manners, to would not have his child so baptized, to pro- the prejudice of the Christian Faith. And let cure another minister to do it, who will do it us all endeavour, and emulate each other in according to his desire.—No man shall be com- those endeavours, to countenance and advance pelled to bow at the name of Jesus, or suffer the Protestant Religion abroad, which will be in any degree for not doing it; without re- best done by supporting the dignity and reproaching those who, out of their devotion, verence due to the best Reforined Protestant continue that antient ceremony of the church. Church at home; and which, being once freed -For the use of the Surplice; we are contedi- from the calumnies and reproaches it hath uned that all men be left to their liberty to do as dergone from these late times, will be the they shall think fit, without suffering in the best shelter for those abroad, which will, by Icast degree for wearing or not wearing it. that countenance, both be the better protected against their enemies, and be the more easily | making any Act at all, but to leave it to a Syo induced to compose the differences amongst nod. Sir John Masham, against taking it now themselves, which give their enemies more ad- into consideration. Mr. Bodurda was for it. vantage against them. Avd we hope and ex- However, Mr. Prynne and Mr. Jo. Stevens pect, that all men will henceforward forbear to moving for a reference to a committee, it was vent any such doctrine in the pulpit, or to en- voted accordingly.--Mr. Tomkins resumed the deavour to work in such manner upon the af- other argument about the Common Prayer, fections of the people, as may dispose them to and was for having it read in the house, in an ill opinion of us and the government, and which he was seconded by Mr. Finch. The to disturb the peace of the kingdom; which Speaker said, He never heard it read in the it all men will, in their several vocations, en-house; but added, There was a form of Prayer deavour to preserve with the same affection in the Journal-Book, which was used to be and zeal we ourself will do, all our good sub-read by the Speaker. The lord Bruce moved jects will, by God's blessing upon us, enjoy as for having the Common Prayer read in the great a measure of felicity, as this nation hath house, or some other set form, and not to leave ever done, and which we shall constantly la- it to the spirit of men. Sir Walter Erle rebour to procure for them, as the greatest bless proved his lordship for speaking so incanly of ing God can bestow upon us in this world.- those who prayed by the Spirit. Mr. Bamřeld Given at our Court at Whitehall, this 25th of said, He found nothing amiss in the minister's October, 1660.”

prayers. Mr. Clayton, for a set form; and Nov. 6. This day both houses met pursuant Mr. Prynne moving for the old form, it was to adjournment. The house of lords being voted to refer it to a committee to inquire out informed that, since their recess, the king had the old Form, and present it to the house. been pleased to confer the honour of pecrage Nov. 7. The last átfair was renewed. After on the lord-chancellor Hyde, their lordships or- the minister had officiated, Mr. Bamfield dered his introductionin the usual manner; and, moved, That a Form of Prayer might not be being created baron of Hindon, he was placed enjoined him till the committee had inade their on the barons seat as the youngest baron, where report; and said, That the Mass might be inhe sat a-while, and afterwards resumed bis troduced as well as a good Form, if it was done place again, on the woolsack, as Speaker. without order. Upon this, the Speaker ex

The first thing the coinmons did, after their cused the minister from any more service till meeting, was to vote the sum of 10,000l. to be the Form was ordered. presented to the princess Henrietta, the king's Sir Heneage Finch brought in a Bill for an sister; who, since their recess, bad come over Anniversary Fast on the 30th of Jan, unless of with the queen-mother from France ; the latter a Sunday,for ever. Also, to attaint Oliver Cromafter an absence of 19 years. It was also well, and divers others, actors in the horrid moved, by Mr. Stroud, to congratulate the Murder of the late King, who had already sufQueen's safe arrival. Both which were agreed fered, or were dead. This bill was read a to by the lords.

first time ; and Mr. Pryone saying, That since The King thanked for his Declaration con- the traitors heretofore read their Act for the cerning Ecclesiastical Affairs.) Sir Anth. Irby Trial of the King twice together, he desired this moved to return the King most hearty Thanks might be read again, which was done and comfor bis great care of the Church-Government, mitted. Mr. Pryone also moved, That it in bis late gracious Declaration concerning should be referred to this committee, Whether Ecclesiastical Affairs, and to make an Act for the rest that are condemned should be execuconfirming it. This motion was seconded by ted. Sir Anth. Irby moved, That all their Mr. Banfield and Mr. Stevens; which last just debts should be considered and satisfied ; said, They might see by this, that when the but that their estates might reinain to the crown king was separated from his people in body, for ever. yet he was not so in beart. Mr. Lowlher Debate on the Lord's Day Bill.] Nov. 10. moved, That the whole house might go to the Sir Wm. Wheeler reported some amendments king to give him thanks; which was voted, in the Bill for the better Observation of the nem. con. to be done that afternoon. Mr. Lord's Day. Sir John Mashain moved not Barton was not for making a law, as yet, upon to engross the bill, because it was taken the King's Declaration, because it referred to care of in the King's Declaration. Sir Walter the calling of a Synod. Seconded by Mr. Erle spoke for it; and said, That in a former Chafe and Mr. Harris ; and that the Book of parliament, he knew a gentleman who, denyCommon Prayer should be read in the house. ing such a bill, fell down dead in the house, he Sir Tho. Clarges said, That he was not against giving his voice first for it, and afterwards the last motion, but that the Common Prayer against it. Upon which, the bill was ordered was never read in the house, and moved to to be engrossed without any more debate have a law to confirm the Declaration. Mr. | about it. Annesley was for referring it to a committee Mr. Bamfield moved to bave the bill read

consider of it, and present it to the house. against profane Cursing and Swearing ; which Mr. Allen, for appointing a day parposely to was done. Mr. Stevens approved it, and detake this matter into consideration, and not to sired there might be a course taken against do it 100 suddenly. Sir Tho. Meres was against drinking of Healths.

Debate on the Alimony of Wives living | advancement, to pay off the officers and apart from their Husbands.] Mr. Fcrrers mariners, and totally disband the Army, is brought in a Bill for preventing the voluntary 670,8681. 8s. Separation, and living apart, of Women from Debate thereon.) A debate arose on the stating their Husbands: that they should not be al- this Account, which the MS. Diary gives in this lowed Alimony, or have their debts paid, if manner: Mr. Knight first moved to raise mothey went away without consent; which was ney to pay these debts by a six-months Assessread a first time, and on which a debate en- ment. Mr. Prynne said, The Poll Bill bad sued, as given in the MS. Diary.--Sir John not yet raised 210,0001. and moved to pomiNorthcot said, It was not improper for an old nate a committee to find out some other way man to speak in behalf of the women; that per- to raise Money to pay the Public Debts. Sir haps a young man, marrying a rich old woman, John Northcot moved to borrow money of the might also take it into his head to part from Hollanders, and give the excise for security at her, and so the woman might be ruined ; there- 6 per cent. Mr. Stevens was for having every fore he moved to throw out the bill. Sir John member examined, whether he had paid to the Potts was not for falling too hastily on this Poll Bill, according to his degree and estate. matter. Mr. Knight moved for casting out Sir Wm. Morrice, in a set speech, said, The the bill, because there were laws already Debts of the Public would be like that serpent against it; and said they ought not to be so in America, which would eat a cow at a ineal; severe to the female kind. Mr. Stevens, That and, falling asleep, the birds of prey devour the Bishops Court would take care of such him; but if they break not the bones of bim, things; and moved to do nothing in this mat- he grows as big as before : so would the debes ter. Mr. Hoskins, to read it again; saying, of the nation, he said, if not fully satisfied and He knew a gentleman who paid 500l. for his paid off together : or like the woman's ben, wife's debts in 6 months time. Mr. Bamfield which she roasted with a faggot, stick by stick, said, That it was fit women should have a till the faggot was spent, and the hen still raw. livelihood; and yet not to have power to ruin But said it was fitter to do as one did in Spain their husbands by their own debts. Mr. Knight to the inquisitor, who, sending to himn for a ley moved to lay the bill aside; but Mr. Prynne dish of his pears, the man sent him the whole humorously saying, That if they did, those tree, because he would not be troubled with that had ill wives would call for it again within the inquisitor again. lle concluded with more a day or two, the question was put, Whether ing for a ye Assessment, at 70,000l, a this bill should be read a 2nd time on the 15th month, to do it all with credit : for the city, inst. the house divided, Yeas 116, Noes 96. he said, was too backward in lending money,

State of the Public Debt.] Nov. 12. Sir though they had got more since the king came Tho. Clarges reported the State of the Public in, than in some years before. This motion Debt; of which he gave in an Estimate as fol- was seconded by Mr. Pierpoint and Mr. Aulows:

nesley ; the latter urging, That it should be set

forth that no inore such tax should be laid The Estimate of the Debts of the Navy, in upon the people. Mr. Young argued against

Charge before his majesty's coming in. borrowing the money from the Hollanders, to For Discharge of the Officers and Mariners the dishonour of the nation. Several memWages, Provision of Victuals and Stores, and to bers beside speaking for a Graud Cointhe Office of the Ordnance, and the extraordi- mittee, the same was ordered to be the next nary and extraordinary Expences of the several morning. yards, the Account is estimated to 678,0001. Nov. 13. The house resolved into a Grand Whereof the Officers and Mariners Wages, to Committee for consideration of the Public the 10th Nov. is exactly stated (over and above Debts. Mr. Knight moved to raise money by the 25 ships now under consideration, and be a Land-Tax. Sir Job, Northcot was for not sides that number of ships his majesty receives paying any of Cromwell's debts ; and to leave into his pay) to amount to 248,0491. 8s. The the raising money by a land-tax to the last Commissioners for disbanding the Army bave way of all. Serj. Maynard noved for a landestimated what money they conceive will be rate; Mr. Trevor, for a monthly tax ; and brought in upon the bill for Poll Money, and Mr. Annesley, for a year's tax. Mr. Eyre the Assessinents; and compute that there will moved to raise 800,0001. half by the excise, and be wanting, to disband the remaining part of the other balf by a land-rate"; and all that the Army, and such of the 25 ships which are would advance money to be allowed 8 per not yet discharged, the sum of 422,8191.-His cent. Mr. Palmer urged the stating the majesty's commissioners for managing the Af Debts ; which Mr. Prynne did, but could not fairs of the Navy do also offer, to be humbly state them all; on which the further consirepresented to the consideration of the house, deration of this business was again referred to that all bis majesty's stores are now empty, the next morning. both of victual and all other necessaries for A Book, then printed, intituled, “The Long the fleet; and that the charge of renewing them Parliament revived, by Thomas Phillips, Gent." will amount to 200,0001. Which raises the was offered to the consideration of the house, whole sum to 1,300,8191. 8s. Of which sum as a matter wherein their privileges were that which will require a present supply and much concerned. Ordered, That she said

[ocr errors]

Phillips be sent for into custody, and the mat- ; confessed to him he wrote the said Book, ter referred to the committee for privileges. which struck at the root of their proceedings;

Nov. 14. The Bill against Women, for re- and that he was in custody at the door. fusing to cohabit with their Husbands, it de- Captain Titus said, That he knew the man to sired, was read a 2nd time. - Mr. Ferrers spoke be a loyalist, and a great sufferer for the king, in behalf of it, and offered-a proviso to it. Sir but did not believe he wrote the Book, though Wm. Lewis was for casting it out. Mr. Pryone he had the vanity to own it. This was sesaid he was for the bill, though he never had a conded by Mr. Hollis. And Mr. Bamfield good or bad wite in his life. Mr. Walpole, moved for slighting the business, as the best That this was so severe a bill upon the Women, way to get rid of it. However, the prisoner that, if a bridge was made from Dover to was ordered to be called in, and being at the Calais, the women would all leave this kiny- bar, the Speaker asked him, Whether be wrote dom : that it therefore inverted the proverb; that Book which was then shewn him ? He and England, that was formerly the heaven, confessed he did write it, but said, It was out would be now the hell for women. However, of his depth of loyalty and integrity to the the bill was committed.

king, and for the benefit of the kingdom : that Debate on the Militia Bill.] Nov. 16. Mr. he had been a great sufferer already for the Knightley brought in a bill for settling the royal cause, and it would be hard indeed to Militia of this kingdom ; which was read a make him now suffer again for doing what, he first time, and on which a debate ensued, which thought, was right for his sovereign. The we give from the Diary.--Mr. Pierepoint moved Speaker again asked him, Whether he had the for casting out this bill, because there was help of any one else in it? He answered, No, martial law provided in it; which, he said, he had no belp but only of the lord Coke's would be a strange grievance laid upon the Books; and that he had put the name of people, and desired another bill might be Phillips to the Book, because he himself, being drawn without it.---Sir Heneage Finch said, a merchant, could not be thought to write That whoever brought in martial law, de- such a book. Mr. Drake being withdrawn, serred to be made the first example of it. sir John Frederick and sir Edw. Massey both Neither could he ever consent to bring them-spoke in his favour. Mr. Prynne' moved to selves to be wards to an army, when they were refer it to a committee. Sir Ileneage Finch endeavouring to free themselves from being so said, That he could not think any thing more to the king : but was for a 2nd reading, for the dangerous than the writing this Book at such a better understandivg of this bill.-Sir Walter time; that it blew up this parliament totally, Erle said, He never knew any bill that ever and damned the act of Oblivion; and the intrenched so far upon the subject's privilege as author had shewed himself the greatest incenthis did, and moved for another bill. Mr. diary that could be, and all his former merits Knight spoke for this bill.--Mr. Goodrick said, could not countervail this action. Therefore It was one of the best and worst bills that he moved to proceed to justice with him, and could be made, and moved for an alteration. that he should stand committed, and the busiSir Edw. Turner said, That it was fitting there ness be referred to the committee of privileges. should be great care taken for the settlement All which was ordered ; and that they should of the Militia ; but could not agree to set up such read over the said Book, examine and state the a martial law as Mr. Pierepoint spoke of. Lord material points that are offensive there, and Falkland said, That the settling of the Militia report thein to the house. heretofore occasioned all their last mischief, Debate on the Court of Wards.] Nov. 10. and therefore advised a 2nd reading.--Sir This day, the commons fell into a debate on Wm. Lewis moved that the bill might be read the business of the Court of Wards, and the again on that day se'nnight, since many ohjec- Settlement on the King in lieu thereof. Sir tious might arise, the bill being of so great im- Henry Cholinley said, That if the king's preportance as to require much consideration sent Revenue was made up 1,200,0001, a year, about it. Serj. Charlton said, There was ren- the Court of Wards might be spared, without son for compulsory justice for those who any further trouble. Sir Samuel Jones and refuse to obey orders; and therefore moved to sir Tho. Widdrington moved to raise it hy amend the bill speedily, and read it the next the Excise. Mr. Knight was for laying 2d. in morning.

the pound on all the Lands in England. Mr. Mr. Drake questioned for writing a Book Pierepoint against a Land Rate ; but to lay it called, Tue Long PARLIAMENT REVIVED."] on the Excise of Ale and Beer. Sir Tho. Nov. 17. Mr. Secretary Morrice acquainted Blodworth against the Excise, and for a Land the house, That he had found out and exa- Rate. Mr. Annesley was for placing the tax mined the Author of the dangerous Book, upou Land ; which, he said, ought to pay, and called “The Long Parliament revived.'* That not to charge it upon the poor people, by his name was William Drake ; that he had way of Excise. Sir Heneage F'inch moved for

referring it to a committee, to propose a * As this Pamphlet is purely parliamentary, method for raising the sum required. Mr. and is not to be met with but in some old Col- Knightley and sir Walter Erle spoke for a lections, a copy thereof is given in the Appen- Land Rate ; which was objected to by serj. ĐIX to the present Volume, No. I.

Charlton, who said, He never knew a land Vol. IV,

L

« PreviousContinue »