Page images
[ocr errors]

disbanding of the Army, and bring it in to the late king's Revenues, an Estimate of the morrow morning.

present Revenue of his majesty, and several Alessage from the King concerning a Recess.] Resolves of the said committee; that is to Aug. 31. A message from the lords came say, “ That, according to the best information down to the commons, to desire a conference; the committee could receive from the otficers which being agreed to, the lords cominunicated heretofore employed about the Revenue, the the following Message to them, which they had total of the revenue which came unto bis late received from the King:

majesty amounted, from the year 1637 to C. R. His majesty being frequently de 1611 inclusive, communibus annis, uinto sired, by several members of the house of peers, 895,8191. 5s, whereof 210,4931. 178. 41. did to dispense with their absence froin the ser- arise by Payments, partly not warranted by vice of the house, and to give them leave to go law, and partly expired: and that the Expences into the country for their healths and their of his said late majesty's government did affairs : and finding that the circuits will carry amount, coinmunibus annis, to about 200,0001. many of the members of the house of commons a-year above the Receipt; in which computainto their several countries; where, he doubts tion the incomes arising by Ship-Money are Dot, they will much advance his inajesty's ser- not comprehended: and that, by Estimate, the vice, and the peace of the kingdom; and the present Revenue of his now inajesty may be house of commons having, by their Speaker, computed at 819,398l. or thereabouts; that is desired his majesty's leave to go into the coun- to say, by try, bis majesty is graciously pleased that both

£. houses shall have a recess upon Saturday the The Customs

400,000 8th of next month : In which time he doubts The Composition for the Court of not care will be taken for the raising such Wards

100,000 idoney as shall be necessary for the payment of The Revenues of Parnis and Rents 263,598 the debts of the Navy, disbanding the Army, The Office of Postage

21,500 and supporting it till it shall be disbanded; The Proceeds of Deane Forest 4,000 which his majesty desires as much as any man. The Imposition on Sea-Coal exAnd bis majesty intends that both houses shall ported

8,000 meet again upon Tuesday the 6th of Nov. Wine Licences, and other Additions 22,300 next." On the reading of this Message the com

819,398 mons ordered, That no private business, de

“ Of which sum 45,6981. 18s. 7d. part pending in their house, be proceeded in till the of the said 263,598l. for Farms and Rents, day of adjournment. But, at the same time, is casual, and, for the most part, lost; viz. several debates arose concerning the word for the Mint, Allum, Transportation of Gold, • Recess' in the king's Message; whether to New-Years-Gifts, and installed Debts." adjourn or no; or what the word meant; to He also reported some Resolves of the adjourn, or to determine, and ordered ano- said Committee, viz. “ That a Bill be tenther conference with the Lords, about it. But dered to the house, for establishing and that house being risen before the message was regulation of the office of Post-master: That sent, this matter was dropped for that time. the like Bill be tendered to the house, However, two days after, a conference was for Wine Licenses : That a Bill be prebeld; when the lord-chancellor declared it was pared for settling the Lands of the Crown, his majesty's pleasure that the parliament so that no grant of the inheritance shali should be adjourned according to former usage ; be good in law; nor any lease more than and pot that he meant, by the word · Recess,' for 3 lives, or thirty one years, where a third a dissolution.

part of the true yearly value is reserved for a Sept. 4. The conmons resolved, That his rent, as it shall appear upon the return of a majesty should be desired not to dispose of survey; which that Act is to take order for, any of the Manors or Lands of the per- that it may be speedily had and taken: that sons excepted from pardon by the late act, the house be desired to move his majesty, that until his brothers, the dukes of York and there be a forbearance to make Leases of Gloucester, were provided for. At the same Lands, or other grants of the Resenue, till the time, they ordered the sum of 10,000l, to be said Act be passed: and That the said comcharged on the receipt of the excise, for the mittee think fit that the Revenue, for the conuse of the duke of York, and 70001. for the stant yearly support of his majesty, be a Reduke of Gloucester, to be paid for their present venue of 1,200,0001, a-year;" třecessities; also 5000l. more for the repair of The question being propounded, That the his majesty's houses.

present king's Revenue shall be made up State of the Revenue of the Crown.] A 1,200,0001. a-year : it was put, and passed in committee had been appointed to consider the affirmative. the State of the present Revenue of the Resolved, That this house doth

with Crown; and this day, sir Heneage Finch re- the Committee, that a bill be brought in for ported from the Committee to whom it was establishing and regulation of the office of referred to consider of a Revenue to be set-Wine Licenses ; and that another bill be ded on the king's majesty, and the State of brought in for settling the Lands of the Crown, so as that no grant of the inheritance shall be Sir Heneage Finch argued, That the motion good in law; nor any lease for more than 3 was very sudden, and wished they might not be lives, or 31 years, where a third part of the true too sudden in their resolves upon it: that yearly value is reserved for a rent, as it shall they had no reason to think the king would appear upon the return of a survey, which that marry a Papist, being then at liberty to make Act is to take order for, to be speedily bad his oun choice, when before he was under and taken.-Resolved, That this house doth Catholic princes, and might have been induced agree with the Committee, that the king's to marry amongst them. He desired to be majesty be huinbly inoved, to forbear to make satistied, whether any one could propose any Leases of Lands, or other grants of the Re- a convenient Protestant inatch, and said, venue of the crown, till the said last men- the world would think strangely of thein, if tioned Act be passed.-Resolved, That his ma- they confined his majesty to a Protestant: jesty be humbly moved that he will be pleased that the cause of the late troubles was said to to forbear the exercise of his prerogative, in be the marriage of the king's father to a Papist, making use of his Tenures, till this house shall which he did not believe. And that now, to have settled a Revenue in compensation there- propose such a thing to bim, when he bad no of; which is already in an effectual way of time to consider of it, would savour very ill. settling.


He added, that he did not know the ambassaPetition to the King from both Houses, on dors, which were then come over, came to behalf of Vanc and Lumbert.) Sept. 5. A offer the king any match ; but, if they did, he Petition was drawn up, and read in the house, believed his majesty would be very wary in to be presented to the king, froin both houses, accepting one ; though he might be induced, in these words:

for the advantages which might be made to the To the King's Most Excellent Majesty: The kingdom, to hearken unto them.

Ilumble PETITION of the Lords and Mr. Boscuwen was for referring it to a com

Commons in Parliament assembled, mittee to draw up a Petition for it. Mr. “ Sheweth; That your majesty having de- Hollis said, It was better to refer it to their clared your gracious pleasure to proceed only next meeting; and Mr. Annesley, Sir Joha against the immediate niurderers of your royal | Temple, and Mr. Prynne, saying, That it was father, we four majesty's most humble sub- not seasonable at that time, the affair injects, the lords and commons assembled in tirely dropped. The last member said, That parliament, not finding sir Henry Vane or col. the king having lived so many years unmarried, Lambert to be of that number, are humble and had not yet thought of it, it was not fit to suitors to your majesty, if they shall be at- prescribe rules to him, but leave it to himself. tainted, yet execution, as to their lives, may The Speaker's Spiech to the King at the be remitted. And, as in duty bound, we shall Adjournment, on presenting the Bills.) Sept. ever pray, &c."

13. His majesty came to the house of lords Mr. Prynne was ordered by the house to this day; and, sitting in bis chair of state, carry up this Petition to the lords for their comınanded the gentleman-usher of the black concurrence. To which their lordships agreed; rod to give notice to the house of commons, and, on presenting it to his majesty, he was that they speedily attend bis majesty, who also graciously pleased to grant the same. being come up, their Speaker made the follow

Debate in the Commons, relative to the ing Speech: hing's Marriag) Sept. 12. This day, a * Most Gracious and Royal Sorereign, remarkable debate took place in the house of Your commons, the knights, citizens, and commons, of which the Journals take not the burgesses, have commanded me to present least notice, nor any historian that we know your majesty with the sacrifices of their hearts, of. We are indebted to the MS. Diary so inost humble thanks, for their often and freoften quoted, for this piece of intelligence. quent admissions unto your royal presence;

Mr. Bunnfield moved, That the king should and for the freedom you have been pleased to he desired to marry, and that it should be to a allow them, upon all occasions, of making their Protestant.

wants and desires known unto your majesty.Mír. Annesley said, That he thought this Sir, this royal favour and fatherly kindness unmotion was not timely offered ; and that when to your people hath naturalized their affections queen Elizabeth was put in inind of such a to your person, and their obedience to your prething, she said, They ought to look to matters cepts: And as it is their duty, so it is their dethat concerned themselves.—Sir Gilbert Ger sires to manifest and evidence the truth and rara spoke for the motion, as also Mr. Bunck- reality therent, by supporting and upholding ley, for marrying a Protestant, and that the that grandeur and splendour which is due to Speaker should move this matter when he the majesty of so meritorious a prince as you went up with the Bills to the house of lords.

yourself: And therefore they have resolved, Sir Samuel Jones desired it might be left to unu flatu, et nemine contradicente, to make the king's own choice.

up your royal majesty's constant and ordinary Serj. Hales said, It was not reasonable to Revenue 1,200,0001. per annum.---But finding confine his majesty ; urging how much the as to some part of the settlement of that Revepeace and good of the nation was bound up nue, that there will be a necessity of making in him.

use of the legislative power; and that the Bills, already brought into the house for that pur- your merchants will be welcome wherever they pose, cannot possibly be perfected, dispatch- come; and that is the easiest way of conquered, and made ready, for your royal assent, ing, and the chiefest way of making, whatsountil the next nieeting of your houses of par- ever is theirs; and when it is ours your-majesliament again ; therefore they have taken into ty cannot want it.-Sir, there is another Bill, their consideration your majesty's present intituled, ' An Act for restoring some Ministers Supply; and, first, how to raise it in the most into their Places out of which they have been expeditious way, to answer your majesty's pre- long and injuriously ejected and exposed; and sent occasions; and then how to lay it, with • for the confirming others in vacant Places.' the most ease and equality, upon your people; Crazy titles need your majesty's belp, as much and at last wrapp'd up their affections to your as crazy bodies need the help of physiciaus: majesty, and the trust reposed in them by the and by what your majesty hath already done, people, in one of these Bills here in my hand, in that kind, to this parliament, and what you intituled, 'An Act for the speedy raising of are now about to do, and what


have ever * 100,0001. for the present Supply of your ma-expressed your readiness, if we could be as

jesty,' to be levied by way of Land-Rate,with ready to receive as your majesty is to give, we in the space of one inonth, to begin the 29th of hope to vanish and banish all fears and jeathis instant Sept. and to be paid in to your ma lousies out of men's minds for the future; and jesty'sexchequer hefore the end of Oct.following. teach thein how,with much coutidence and conSir, They have likewise passed another Bill, tentedness, to rest and wholly rely upon your with Rules and Instructions, to impower and majesty's grace and goodness for what may be direct your commissioners how, and in what thouglit further necessary to be done heremanner, to disband your Army and Garrisons, after, when a htting opportunity shall be offerand to pay off some part of your Fleet, and to ed, at the next meeting of your houses of par-' begin with those ships now in harbour: But liament.--Royal sir, We humbly beg your not knowing for certain what the monies upou pardon for making thus bold with your pathe Pull Bill, which is designed for that purpose, tience; and therefore, to pretermit and pass svill be sufficient fully to defray that charge: over some other such Bills, which are not of and being unwilling that any thing should be such public concernment as those I bave alwanung on their parts to perfect and complete ready mentioned, we most humbly crave your so good a work, so acceptable to your majesty, majesty's favour and leave to conclude all our and so grateful all your people, they have work, at this time, with that which is our depassed another Act" for raising 140,0001. light as well as our duty, to pray for your ma70,000l. per mensem, to begin the 1st Nov. jesty's long life, and happy, blesscd, and pros, and to be paid to your inajesty's treasurers, in perous reign over us. that Bill nominated and appointed, before the The King's Speech to both Houses on the Ad25th of Dec. next ensuing: both which Bills I journment.] His majesty having given the ar commanded, in the name of your commons, royal assent to the Bills presented to him, made humbly to present your majesty withal; and the following Speech to both houses : to pray your gracious acceptance thereof and “ My lords and gentlemen; If my presence yoor royal assent thereunto. Sir, there are here bad not been requisite for the passing these Other Bills likewise which wait and attend many Bills, I did always intend to see you tofor your royal assent; one, intituled, “ An gether before your adjournment, that I might Act for regulating the Trade of Bays;' again thank you for the many good things you which is the only way to keep up the credit of have done for me and the kingdom; and, in that, which at this time is in sonie danger to be truth, I do thank you more for what you have lost. When the credit of trade begins to de- done for the public, than what you have done eline, the trade itselt decays with it, and is for my own particular; and yet I do thank never long-lived after it.—Sir, many thousands you too for that, with all my heart. But, I of your people depend wholly upon that trade confess to you, I do thank you more for the for their livelihood, and sustenance of them and provision you have made to prevent Freetheir families: and as the loss of that trade Quarter during the time the Army shall be would be a great damage unto your people, so disbanding, (which I take to be given for my your majesty would likewise find the loss of it satisfaction) than I do the other present you in your customs; for that compodity hath its have made me for my own particular occasions: rent in Spain and Portugal, from whence we And I do promise you, which is the best way I have always rich and quick returns: And, to can take to gratify you, I will not apply one prevent the loss of both, both to prince and penny of that money to my own particular ocpeople, that Bill is humbly tendered to your casions, what shift soever I make, till it is evimajesty.--Sir, there is another Bill, intituled, dent to me that the public will not stand in

An Act for encouraging and encreasing Ship- need of it; and, if it do, every penny of it ping and Navigation;' which will enable your shall be disbursed that way, and I dare say I majesty to give the law to foreign princes a- shall not be the poorer for it. I cannot but broad as your royal predecessors have done take notice of one particular Bill I have passed, before you : and it is the only way to enlarge which may seen of an extraordinary nature, your majesty's dominions all over the world; that concerning the duke of Somerset; but you for so long as your majesty is master at sea, all know it is for an extraordinary person, who hath merited as much of the king iny father and which, humanly speaking, could bardly and myself, as a subject can do; and I am fail of conquest wheresoever he should lead it. none of those who think that subjects, by per- And if God bad not restored his majesty to forming their duties in an extraordinary manner, that rare felicity, as to be without apprehendo not oblige their princes to reward them in sicn of danger at home or from abroad, and an extraordinary manner. There can be no without any ambition of taking from his neighdanger from such a precedent; and I hope no bours what they are possessed of, himself man will envy him, because I have done what a would never disband this army; an army, good master should do to such a servant.—My whose order and discipline, whose sobriety and lords and gentlemen; I will not deny to you manners, whose courage and success, hath that I had some inclination, when I consented, made it famous and terrible over the world ; upon your desire, to your recess, to have made an army of which the king and his two royal a session, which I thought most agreeable to brothers may say, as the nobie Grecian said of the ancient order of parliaments; and I hope Æneas, you will all join with me in reducing the pro- Stetimus tela aspera contra, ceedings of parliaments to the antient rules Contulimusque manus, experto credite, quantus and orders of parliaments, the deviation from In Clypeum assurgat,quo turbine torqueat hastain. which hath done us no good, and I think there They have all three, in several countries, found were never so many Bills passed together, as I themselves engaged, in the midst of these have this day given my assent to, without a troops, in the heat and rage of battle; and if session : But upon the desire and reasons given any common soldier (as no doubt many may) by the house of commons, for an adjournment will demand the old Romans privilege for havwithout a session, I did very willingly departing encountered princes single, upon my confrom that inclination, and do as willingly give science, he will find both favour and preferyou leave, and direct you, that you adjourn ment. They have all three observed the disciyourselves till the 6th day of Nov. when I hope pline, and felt, and admired, and loved the you will all meet again ; and, in the mean tine, courage of this Army, when they were the that you will be all welcome to your countries, worse for it: and I have seen them in a season and do me rnuch service there.-I have many when there was little else of confort in their other particulars to say and recommend to you, view, refresh themselves with joy, that the in which I cannot enough trust my own me- English had done the great work, the English mory, and therefore I shall command the chan- had got the day, and then please themselves cellor to say the rest to you."

with the imagination what wonders they slould. The Lord Chuncellor's Speech.) After his ma- perform at the head of such an army: and jesty had ended his speech, the Lord Chancel- therefore, when his majesty is so intirely poslor lyde said as followeth :

sessed of the affection and obedience of this • My lords and gentlemen; The king tells army, and when it hath merited so much from you that he hath commanded me to say many him, can it be believed or imagined that he particulars to you; and, the truth is, he hath can, without some regret, part with them? No, charged me with so many, that I have great my lords and gentlemen, he will never part reason to fear that I shall stand in much need with them; and the only sure way never to of vis mercy, for omitting many things he hath part with them is to disband them : should it giren me in command ; at least for delivering he otherwise, they must be exposed to the them in more disorder and confusion than daily importunity of his great neighbours and matters of such moment and importance ought allies; and how could he refuse to lend them to be to such an assembly, for which the king bis troops, of which he hath no use himself? himself hath even a kind of reverence, as well His majesty knows they are too good Englishas an extraordinary kindness. I am to men- men to wish that a Standing Army should be tion some things he hath done already, and kept up in the bowels of their own country ; many things he intends to do during this recess, that they who did but in Bello pacis gerere that you may see, how well content soever he negotium;' and who, whilst an army, lived like is that you should have ease, and pleasure, and good husbandmen in the country, and good refreshment, le bath designed work enough for citizens in the city, will now become really himself.—The king bath thanked you for the such, and take delight in the benefit of that provision you bave made, that there be no peace they have so honestly and so wonderfully Free Quarter during the time the Army shall brought to pass. The king will part with he disbanding; and bath told you what he then, as the most indulgent parents part with will do with that money you have given bim, if their children for their education, and for their there should want wherewithall to disband it. preferment. He will prefer them to disbandAnd now I hope you will all beliere that his ing, and prefer them by disbanding; and will majesty will consent to the Disbanding: He always retain such a kindness for them, and will do so; and yet he does not take it unkind- such a memory of the service they have done ly at their hands, who have thought that his bim, that both officers and soldiers, after they majesty would not disband this Army; it was a are disbanded, shall always find such countesober and a rational jealousy; no other prince nance, favour, and reward from his majesty, in Europe would be willing to disband such an that he doubts not but, if he should have occaarmy: an army to which victory is entailed; sion to use their service, they will again resort to him with the same alacrity, as if they had | with envy and malice to each other, by any never been disbanded. And if there be any su sharp memory of what hath been unneighill avongst them (as there can but be very bourly or unkindly done heretofore? What few, if any), who will forfeit that favour and is this but to rebel against the person of the protection they may have from hun, by any king, against the excellent example and virtue withstanding his majesty's commands, and the of the king, against the known law of the full and declared sense of the kingdom, his land, this blessed Act of Oblivion ?-My Lords majesty is confident they will be as odious to and Gentlemen, the king is a suitor to you, their companions, as they can be to any other makes it his suit very heartily, That you will honest men.--My lords and yentlemen ; I am, join with him in restoring the whole nation to in the next place, by the king's command, to its primitive temper and integrity, to its old put you in mind of the Act of Indemnity; not good inanners, its old good humour, and its of any grants or concessions, or releases he old good nature. Good nature, a virtue so made to you in that Act ; I have nothing of peculiar to you, so appropriated by God Althat in charge ; no prince hath so excellent a mighty to this nation, that it can be translated memory to forget the favours he doth ; but of into no other language, hardly practised by what be hath done against you in that act, any other people; and that you will, by your how you may be undone by that act, if you example, by the candour of your conversation, are not very careful to perform the obligations by your precepts, and by your practice, and he hath laid upon you in it. The Clause I am to hy all your interest, teach your neighbours and put you in mind of is this : “ And to the intent your friends how to pay a full obedience to and purpose that all names and terms of dis- this clause of the statute, how to learn this tinction may be likewise put into utter oblivion, excellent art of forgetfulness.-Let them rebe it further enacted, by the authority afore- member, and let us all remember, how ungrasaid, That if any person or persons, within the cious, how indecent, how ugly, the insolence, space of 3 years next ensuing, shall presume, the fierceness, the brutishness of their enemies maliciously, to call, or alledge, or object against appeared to them, and we may piously and any other person or persons any name or reasonably believe, that God's indignation names, or other words of reproach, any way against them, for their want of bowels, for leading to revive the memory of the late diffe- their not being Englishmen, (for they had the rences, or the occasion thereof, that then hearts of pagans and infidels) sent a vbirlevery such person, so as aforesaid offending, wind in a moment to blow them out of the shall forfeit, &c.' It is no matter for the pe- world, that is, out of a capacity to do more nalty, it is too cheap a one ; the king wishes mischief in the world, except we practise their it had been greater, and therefore hath, by vices, and do that ourselves which we prehis just prerogative (and it is well for us he hath tend to detest them for.-Let us not be too such a prerogative) added another penalty much ashamed, as if what hath been done ipore insupportable, even his bigh displeasure, amis proceeded from the humour and the against all who shall swerve from this clause temper of the nature of our nation. The asin the Act. Give me leave to tell you, That trologers have made us a fair excuse, and as any name or names, or other words of re: truly I hope a true one: all the motions of proach, are expressly against the letter, and, these last 20 years have been unnatural, and punishable accordingly: so evil and envious bave proceeded from the evil influence of a looks, murmuring and discontented hearts, are analignant star; and let us not too much desas directly against the equity of this statute, a pise the influence of the stars. And the same direct breach of the Act of Indemnity, and astrologers assure us, that the malignity of ought to be punished tvo; and I believe they that star is expired: the good genius of this may be so.

You know kings are, in some kingdom is become superior, and hath massense, called Gods, and so they may in some tered that malignity, and our own good old degree be able to look into men's hearts; and stars govern us again ; and their influence is so God bath given us a king who can look as far strong, that with your help they will repair in into men's hearts as any prince alive: and a year what bath been decaying in 20, and be bath great skill in physiognomy too ; they only shall bave no excuse from the star

you would wonder what calculations lie hath who continue their malignity, and own all the - made from thence; and, no doubt, if he be ill that is past to be their own, by continuing

provoked by evil looks, to make a further and improving it for the time to come.-it inquiry into men's hearts, and fiods those cor- any body here, or any where else, be too rupted with the passions of envy and uncha- much exalted with what he hath done, or ritableness, he will never chuse those hearts to what he hath suffered, and from thence thinks trust and rely upon. He hath given us a noble himself warranted to reproach others, let him and priocely example, by opening and stretch- remember the story of Nicephorus: 'it is an ing his arms to all who are worthy to be his sub- excellent story, and very applicable to such jects, worthy to be thought Englishmen, by ex- distempers: he was a pious and religious man, tending his heart, with a pious and grateful joy, and, for his piety and religion; was comiemned to find all his subjects at once in his arms, and to the fire. When he was led to execution, himself in theirs; and shall we fold our arms and when an old friend, who had done him towards one another, and contract our hearts, injury, enough, fell: at his feet and asked his

« PreviousContinue »