Alexander Crummell: A Study of Civilization and Discontent

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Oxford University Press, Aug 17, 1989 - History - 400 pages
This remarkable biography, based on much new information, examines the life and times of one of the most prominent African-American intellectuals of the nineteenth century. Born in New York in 1819, Alexander Crummell was educated at Queen's College, Cambridge, after being denied admission to Yale University and the Episcopal Seminary on purely racial grounds. In 1853, steeped in the classical tradition and modern political theory, he went to the Republic of Liberia as an Episcopal missionary, but was forced to flee to Sierra Leone in 1872, having barely survived republican Africa's first coup. He accepted a pastorate in Washington, D.C., and in 1897 founded the American Negro Academy, where the influence of his ideology was felt by W.E.B. Du Bois and future progenitors of the Garvey Movement. A pivotal nineteenth-century thinker, Crummell is essential to any understanding of twentieth-century black nationalism.

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1 Introduction
2 The Early Years 18191840
3 The Struggles of a Young Priest 18411847
4 Arrival in England 18481849
5 Cambridge Influences 18491853
6 Adjustment to Africa 18531861
7 Changing Attitudes in America and a Visit Home 18531863
8 Liberia College and the Politics of Knowledge 18631867
11 Reconsidering the Destiny of Black Americans 18721882
12 A Man of Mark 18821894
13 Pastor Emeritus 18941896
The American Negro Academy 18961898
15 Crummells Universality and Significance
Constitution and ByLaws of the American Negro Academy

9 Last Battles with the Bishop 18671870
10 Missionary Work and Final Disillusionment 18701872

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Page 143 - The aspiration of men is to enjoy equality with the best when free, but on this broad continent not a single man of your race is made the equal of a single man of ours.
Page 103 - That day of wrath, .that dreadful day, When heaven and earth shall pass away, What power shall be the sinner's stay ? How shall he meet that dreadful day ? When, shrivelling like a parched scroll, The flaming heavens together roll ; When louder yet, and yet more dread, Swells the high trump that wakes the dead ! Oh ! on that day, that wrathful day, When man to judgment wakes from clay, Be THOU the trembling sinner's stay, Though heaven and earth shall pass away ! HUSH'D is the harp — the Minstrel...
Page 37 - ... nothing of the sort" Of all the three temptations, this one struck the deepest Hate? He had outgrown so childish a thing. Despair? He had steeled his right arm against it, and fought it with the vigor of determination. But to doubt the worth of his lifework, — to doubt the destiny and capability of the race his soul loved because it was his; to find listless squalor instead of eager endeavor; to hear his own lips whispering, They do not care; they cannot know; they are dumb driven cattle, —...
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Page 37 - England — he stood at last in his own chapel in Providence, a priest of the Church. The days sped by, and the dark young clergyman labored; he wrote his sermons carefully; he intoned his prayers with a soft, earnest voice; he haunted the streets and accosted the wayfarers; he visited the sick, and knelt beside the dying. He worked and toiled, week by week, day by day, month by month. And yet month by month the congregation dwindled, week by week the hollow walls echoed more sharply, day by day...
Page 19 - Where dogs would howl to lie, women, and men, and boys slink off to sleep, forcing the dislodged rats to move away in quest of better lodgings.
Page 149 - Thro' all the years of April blood; A love of freedom rarely felt, Of freedom in her regal seat Of England; not the schoolboy heat, The blind hysterics of the Celt...
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