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Colonial, Foreign, and Home News.

SUMMARY. The Bishop of Nova TA attended Divine Service on June 9th, for the first time since his late severe illness. The second Triennial Visitation of the Bishop of FREDERICTON commenced on June 11th, in the episcopal city. The annual meeting of the Church Society of TORONTO took place on June 5th ; the Archdeacon of York presiding in the absence of the Bishop. The debate in the House of Assembly on the Clergy Reserves Funds terminated on June 21st. A majority of two (36 to 34) sufficed to carry an Address to the Queen in favour of repealing the Act 3 & 4 Vict. c. 78, and of handing over the present and future revenues of the Clergy Reserves to the provincial Parliament, to be appropriated at its discretion. These funds arise from lands which were originally assigned by George III, for the support of the “Protestant Clergy,” and they have hitherto been distributed amongst various denominations besides the Church. It is understood to be the object of the promoters of this Address to alienate them to the encouragement of secular education. On June 15th, the town of MONTREAL was the scene of a terrible fire. The loss of life is not clearly ascertained ; one hundred and fifty houses, with St. Ann's Church, were entirely destroyed. The church was free (the surrounding population being poor), and in debt to the full amount of its insurance. It is said that VANCOUVER'S ISLAND is about to become the seat of a Jesuit mission, with a Bishop at its head.

The various accounts of the Diocesan Conventions in the UNITED STATES are, on the whole, extremely satisfactory. Every diocese has its own history of increased exertions, and fruit in proportion, during the past year.

The Rev. Mr. Breck has recently left the Missionary Institution at Nashotah, in order to form a similar establishment at Minnesota. The secession to Romanism of a Clergyman who was engaged a few months since to teach classics at Nashotah, is occupying unnecessary space in the papers. This individual (named Gardiner Jones) was the son of a Dutch Reformed Pastor, educated first at a Romish college, for the priesthood; becoming subsequently a licentiate of the Dutch Reformed Seminary, then a German Minister, and lastly a Clergyman. He was distinguished, according to the papers, for preaching “decided Calvinism," and for habitually “caricaturing priests and nuns, and the divine mysteries.” A large number of Baptists have formed themselves into a society for the purpose of making and circulating a new translation of the Bible. In the Diocese of CONNECTICUT a “Protestant Episcopal Historical Society” has been established, for the purpose of collecting, preserving, and publishing documents which throw light on the progress of the American branch of the Church. Churchmen paying two dollars annually are to be entitled to all publications.

Letters have been received from the Bishop of CAPETOWN, now on his journey of Visitation from Capetown to Natal. His travelling equipage, for a distance of 800 miles, is a wagon drawn by bullocks.

The Bishop of COLOMBO is about to visit Mauritius and the adjacent islands. The College of St. Thomas is in progress.

A large body of Romish ecclesiastics (to the number of 39) and artisans, headed by Bishop Serra, were landed at Perth, West AUSTRALIA, from a Spanish ship-of-war, on December 29th, 1849. The Romish Bishop Salvando is said to be about to remove from North Australia to Albany, in consequence of the abandonment of the former settlement by the British Government.

GUIANA.- The Arawa! Tribe. A report recently published by the Foreign Translation Committee, under the auspices of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, contains an account of this interesting tribe, furnished by the Rev. W. H. Brett, missionary on the Pomeroon.

“ The Arawak," writes Mr. Brett, “is the most numerous of the tribes near the coast of British Guiana; and it is also the most civilized. The number located within the British territory has been variously estimated, but cannot fall far short of two thousand. There are, however, many of this tribe who live beyond our boundaries, both in the Dutch colony of Surinam, and in the province of Venezuela.

It is from this tribe that the greatest number of our Indian converts has been gathered. I should think, from an estimate of the numbers attending the Missions of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, at Pomeroon, Waramuri, and Mahaiconi, together with those attending the Church Missionary Station, at Bartica, and those on the Aruabisi coast of Essequibo, attending the ministry of the Rev. W. Austin and others, that considerably more than half their number are now receiving Christian instruction. Some hundreds have been already baptized, and it would not be difficult to induce the whole number to receive baptism; but great circumspection has been used at every station (as far as I am aware), and no catechumen admitted to that holy sacrament who has not been a considerable time, in some instances two years, under instruction. They are a very gentle people, and kind to those who have acquired their confidence. They are docile, and the children learn to read with great facility.

They have no regular laws, nor administration of justice among themselves;

and there is probably no people on earth who stand in less need of them, offences on each other's property being very rare indeed, and quarrels unknown among them, unless when under the influence of intoxicating liquors. Their wants being very few, and the climate enervating, many of them, especially the young, give way to indolence; and the habit of drinking ardent spirits to excess, having been carried on for several generations, has greatly reduced their numbers, and weakened the constitutions of the existing race. So deeply rooted is this evil habit, that there is probably no instance of an Indian breaking it off, unless from the influence of the Gospel.”

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CANTERBURY, ST. AUGUSTINE'S COLLEGE.—Commemoration, St. Peter'sday, 1850. The following Class List is given as the result of the examination: the names are arranged alphabetically in the classes. DIVINITY: First Class-Freer, Lough, Phelps, Webber, Williams. Second Class-Bell, Bramley, Gillett, Hutton, Smith. Third Class—Emery, Griffiths, Scott, Teulon, Wayn. Fourth Class—Phillipps. CLASSICS : First Class— Phelps, Webber, Williams. Second Class— Bramley, Lough, Smith, Wayn. Third Class-Bell, Frere, Gillett, Griffiths, Scott, Teulon. Fourth Class Emery, Hutton, Phillipps. MATHEMATICS : First ClassPhelps, Webber. Second Class---Bramley, Smith, Williams. Third Class-Freer, Hutton, Teulon, Wayn. Fourth Class-Bell, Emery, Griffiths, Lough, Phillipps, Scott. Gillett, absent. English Essay: Prizes for the best essays on the following subject—" The different modes of Instruction adopted by St. Paul in the various scenes of his Missionary labours,” were adjudged to (1) Freer, (2) Bell.

On the same day, William J. B. Webber was appointed to the Scholarship, now in course of foundation, in memory of the Right Rev. W. H. Coleridge, D.D. late Bishop of Barbados, and first Warden of St. Augustine's College.

CONSECRATION OF THE BISHOP OP MONTREAL.-Our readers have been informed some time since of the intended division of the unwieldy diocese of Quebec, and of the provision which has been making for the endowment of another bishopric. We have now the gratification of recording the consecration of the Rev. Francis Fulford, D.D.' for the new diocese. This solemn rite took place in Westminster Abbey, on St. James' day, July 25th. The Archbishop of Canterbury, with the Bishops of Salisbury, Chichester, Oxford, Norwich, and Toronto, officiated. Notwithstanding the unfavourable state of the weather, and the lateness of the season, and the short notice given of the consecration, the choir and transepts of the Abbey were filled by an assemblage of full 1,300 worshippers, 400 of whom partook of the Holy Communion. The offerings amounted to upwards of 1301.

And thus a seventh Bishop has been added to the Church in British North America. May He who of old sent forth “first, apostles " for the edifying of His Church, accept the prayers which were offered on this occasion!

Dr. Fulford will take the title of Bishop of Montreal; and his diocese will consist of the district so named, extending over a space of 56,258 square miles, with a population of 417,213, and 45 Clergy. Bishop Mountain will henceforth be styled Bishop Quebec; and his diocese will comprise the districts of Gaspé, Three Rivers, Quebec, and St. Francis; its extent being 153,432 square miles, population 315,145, number of Clergy 37.

SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL.-The Monthly Meeting of the Society took place on the 19th of July. The Bishops of Norwich, Salisbury, Chichester, and Toronto, the Bishop-designate of Montreal, and several other Clergymen and laymen were present.

It was resolved to grant the sum of 2,0001., to be paid by instalments within the

next five years, in aid of the endowment of a Church University in Upper Canada.

It was resolved also to pay, out of the Clergy Reserves Fund, the pensions guaranteed to the widows of such Clergymen as were serving in the diocese of Toronto at Midsummer, 1833.

A gratuity of 501. was voted to the widow of the Rev. J. Sterling, mentioned in our last Number, page 40; and the like amount to Mrs. Naylor, whose peculiarly distressing circumstances were recorded in our last volume.

1 Some of the readers of the Colonial Church Chronicle at the time of its commencement may not be aware of a circumstance peculiarly interesting to them, in connexion with this appointment. The following extract is taken from the address of the Regius Professor of Divinity in presenting Mr. Fulford to the House of Convocation, Oxford, for the degree of D.!). After mentioning his academical distinctions, and the parishes in which he has ministered, the Professor said: “Libellum illum menstruum primus concinnavit in quo rationes optimæ explicantur, per quas, favente Summo Numine, Ecclesia nostra palmites suos trans maria extendere possit ; necnon quæstiones omnes tractantur, quæ Fidei et Doctrinæ Christianæ inter gentes barbaras propagationem spectant."

THE

COLONIAL CHURCH CHRONICLE

AND

Missionary Journal.

SEPTEMBER, 1850.

NATAL.'

III. BOTANY.

1. The fertility of Natal is evidenced by the mantle of vegetation which everywhere covers the surface. “ The district," says the Surveyor-General, “ is everywhere covered with vegetation, either in the form of luxuriant grass, or thorns and low bushes : timber-trees only grow in kloofs (ravines) on the sides of_hills, excepting a belt which runs along the coast.” The Local Government states that “wood adapted for building purposes and furniture is found in the valleys of rivers, in kloofs, in the high lands, and in a belt extending along the sea coast.” It also states that “good timber for ship-building purposes is found in the district.” « The trees are of great variety, but they have not been botanically examined." 2 Acacias are said to be the most abundant.3 A tree which bears a considerable resemblance to the cedar, but which belongs to a different genus, is described as being the most abundant timber-tree: its colour when sawn has induced the colonists to give it the name of Yellow-wood: “ it is very soft under the plane, and hardens with exposure: the trees sometimes reach an enormous height.”. There is also a tree called the Iron Wood, “ which for its hard grain and durability is used for the axles of wagons, &c.". There are likewise « the wild olive, stinkwood, red ash, and in some situations the pine and a species of oak.”

Allusion has been already made to the mangrove, as growing on the shores of the bay. The strelitza (the pith of whose branches is said to have

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2 Answers of the Local Government.

i Continued from p. 51. 4 Methley's Port Natal. NO. XXXIX.

3 Ibid. 6 Ibid.

5 Ibid.

H

been frequently used as food by the natives) appears to be of not uncommon occurrence: although usually designated as the wild banana, it differs considerably from it in two remarkable particulars: the flaps of the banana leaf are pendulous, whereas these are open; the branches of the banana spring from all sides of the trunk, these only from opposite sides, forming a sort 'of fan as they spread upwards.” 1. The mimosa, which grows in the colony, produces a gum which “when properly cleansed is esteemed as an article of commerce ; 2 while from its bark, in the opinion of Captain Gardiner, a good tanning liquid might be obtained. Near a ford of the Tukela, that traveller "measured the girt of a large Kafir fig-tree (a species of banian) which was found to be sixty feet: one of the limbs had grown through the heart of a neighbouring tree, and received support from another in a very extraordinary manner." 3 A tree which never grows beyond a mile from the coast, produces a fruit of which the pulp “is very like raspberry and cream, and partakes in some slight degree of the flavour also: the tree is bushy, with a glossy green leaf, and is covered with sharp thorns: the star-shaped blossom is of a delicate white with a jessamine scent." It seems to be the fruit of this tree which is mentioned by Mr. Collison, a Cape merchant, who says, “a fruit about the size and colour of a large Orleans plum particularly attracted our attention : it had no stone, but when bitten in half, being about two mouthfuls, a white cream-like substance exuded, so that it was observed by one of our party that nature had not only provided us with a dessert, but also cream to eat it with.” 5 • The castor-oil tree and the indigo plant are indigenous; and by proper cultivation and care it is probable that the latter may be brought to the perfection necessary for producing the dye. Almost all the shrubs bear a flower at some season of the year; the creepers are particularly beautiful, and I know no part of the world where the parterre may be embellished with a greater profusion of beautiful indigenous but generally scentless flowers than in this favoured spot. Small single pinks and tulips are very common, as also geraniums and many very beautiful lilies; but the small white bellshaped flowers which grow on a shrub from five to eight feet high, not unlike a myrtle, are by far the most fragrant, and would be an acquisition to any greenhouse or garden. In many places “wild sage, mint, rue, and parsley, are abundant: patches and single plants of the common English fern, here called como-como, are found in every part of the country, and are in great request as a remedy against those internal derange1 Gardiner's Journey, p. 229.

2 Ibid. p. 87.

3 Ibid. p. 194. 4 Ibid. p. 226.

5 Observations on Natal. 6 Gardiner's Journey, p. 87.

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