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New York, a property granted originally by a British Sovereign, and now most beneficially applied in aid of Church purposes throughout the State, is scrupulously guarded by republican laws and republican honour. The endowments of Columbia College, New York, and William and Mary College, Virginia, have survived a revolution. The Chancery of Washington has decreed the sacred and inalienable title of the Church to the land conveyed to her by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Vermont. Most sincerely do we trust that it is not reserved for a province of Great Britain to do an act as subversive of all principle, as it is opposed to sound policy. One thing, at least, is certain. The threatened confiscation can never be effected without the concurrence of the Roman Catholics of the Lower Province; and should they be tempted, by any unworthy feeling of jealousy, to join in an attack on the property of the Church of England, it requires no spirit of prophecy to say that they will, by the same vote, be decreeing the confiscation of the far more ample endowments of their own favoured communion. They must be mad, indeed, if they suppose that the appetite of a popular assembly having been whetted by the small booty of the Church of England, will not be insatiable for a full repast on the fat land of the island of Montreal, and the rich treasures of the Seminary of St. Sulpice.

But we are not without a hope that the Canadian Church may yet be saved from confiscation, and the province itself from dishonour. Earl Grey, indeed, has announced his intention of recommending her Majesty to set at nought the pious wishes of her royal grandfather; but Parliament has not yet consented to stultify itself by repealing its own deliberate act; and Parliament has, for this session at least, enough upon its hands without taking up so very wanton and offensive a measure. The Churchmen of Canada, at all events, are resolved not to surrender the rights of their Church, involving as they do the interests of their children for successive generations, without a struggle. Their petitions will be laid at the foot of the throne, and on the table of both Houses of Parliament. But the Churchmen of England must stand by their brethren in the colonies. The cause of both is the same; and we hope to see petitions against Earl Grey's threatened measure sent up in large numbers from every diocese in the country. It is a good occasion for the Church to essay what it can do by union.

Correspondence Documents, &c.

THESSALY, ALBANIA, AND MOUNT ATHOS. Oct. 29.-Five hours riding along the indentations of the eastern coast of the peninsula, brought me to Iberon (pronounced Ivéron). We had been supplied with excellent mules by the monks, and my guide was a fine young fellow-a lay-servant of Laura, but quite a barbarian, having spent almost all his life in the hut of a charcoal burner in the forest. But he was very gay and happy, and said he would not exchange his lot for any other in the world. The path winds along by the sea, and leaves to the left, further up the mountain, the small monasteries of Karakálu (ToŨ Kaparálov), named from its founder Karakalus, and of Philothéu (Toữ Didobéov), so called because founded by one Philotheus in company with two other Greek saints. My limited time did not allow of my visiting these convents ; nor those, likewise of small note, which also stand on the eastern shore of the peninsula, but between Iberon and Vatopéthi—a ride of three hours. These last are, 1. Stauroniketes (Zravpovinútne), founded by a patriarch of Constantinople, in honour, as the name implies, of “ Him who conquered by the Cross ;" 2. Pantocratoros (H Movi) To lavrokpáropos),

Monastery of the Almighty,” founded in the thirteenth century by two brothers, one of whom was Alexius, the general of Michael Palæologus, who recovered Constantinople from the Latins. I am sorry that the season for ascending the peak of Athos is considered to be past ; but when the autumnal tempests have begun in this the stormiest quarter of a sea in all parts fickle and subject to gales, weeks may pass away before such a day occurs as would secure a view from the summit to repay the toil of the ascent. With a clear sky many of the most remarkable mountains in the world are visible from thence; it is said, both the Bithynian and the Thessalian Olympus. The great peak of Athos, by its height, its abruptness, and its conical form, crowns the landscape from most points of the peninsula in a very imposing manner; and, consisting towards the summit of a white rock broken with precipices, offers a striking contrast to the rich dark forests of the ridges below. After a journey in Greece, one feels forcibly the truth of the lines in which Gray has seized the most prominent features of that country

“Where each old poetic mountain

Inspiration breathes around.” There is no horizon in Greece without some peak hallowed by immortal associations. The epithets which Homer applies to the mountains of his country are always wonderfully true, and prove him to be the great father of History and of Topography, as well as of Poetry. His every word is precious. Since his great masterpieces were produced, every thing that is changeable in this world has been changed—religions, languages, forms of government, modes of thinking. Civilization has been gained and lost, and gained again. Every thing has passed away, every thing but the face of nature and the heart of man ; and still those two strange old poems, which reflect so wonderfully both nature and man, retain all their life and vigour. Immortal with the immortality, and beautiful with the beauty of truth, they are as fresh when read in the study of an English scholar, as when chaunted one hundred generations ago, at the banquets of Ionian princes.

1 Continued from p. 222.

Iberon, or the Monastery of the Georgians, (rūv 'IBýpwv,) is so called as having been founded by some pious and wealthy men of that nation. The church is renowned for a picture which was thrown into the sea in the reign of the iconoclast Theophilus, but which some years afterwards made its appearance again on the neighbouring shore. I surprised the Epitropi and Chief Fathers in the reception-room at what I strongly suspect, from their flushed countenances, and from the smell, was an after-dinner indulgence in raki or arrack—a liquor made from rice, and much used in the East. They were smoking chibouques too, and this is the only monastery on the mountain where I witnessed that practice. There was more jollity, and what the modern Greeks call é evőepia—that is, freedom of manners and of language-about the monks of Iberon than I quite liked, or than was altogether pleasant. They laughed loudly and scornfully at the asceticism of the despotically governed monasteries on the western side of the peninsula, assuring me that “here we are constitutionalists, as you are in England,” (εδώ είμεθα συνταγματικοί, καθώς και εις την Αγγλίαν.) They were exceedingly hospitable, and pressed me much to stay the night with them, begging me not to dishonour them (uac arcuńcyre

) by my departure. They gave me a very good dinner, and for the first time for several days my carnivorous appetite was gratified with some fresh meat. The library contains many classical works, which are never used, from the extreme ignorance of the monks. Besides several valuable farms (ueróxưa) in the adjacent parts of Macedonia, Iberon has a large dependent monastery at Moscow, at which one of the 'Emítpotoi has past some years, and consequently prides himself on being a man of the world” to a certain degree.

A ride of less than two hours brought me from Iberon to the konák of St. Paul at Karyés. We ascended the hills obliquely by a rugged path through vineyards, and amidst a great diversity of undulating ground covered with wood. On each side spreads a forest of oak and chestnut, in the thickest parts of which are openings where green lawns covered with cattle, or slopes clustered with vines, interspersed with cells and hermitages (κελλεία και ασκητήρια). Below the highest part of the ridge, and on its eastern slope, the town of Karyés (Kapvais) presents itself, covering a large space in the midst of woody declivities, where the houses are dispersed amidst gardens and vineyards. Immediately around the town the most common tree is the lentokapvá, or bazel, from which it has perhaps taken its name. These trees are cultivated for the sake of the nuts, which, with planks of deal and scantlings of oak and chestnut, are the only productions of the soil exported from the peninsula.

We were received with the greatest cordiality by the little deputy


(ürtempóow Tos), whose politeness to my Albanian-designed to atone for his former neglect—was particularly amusing. The sky, which had long been threatening, at length poured forth such a flood of rain as I never saw before.

Oct. 30.-Amid a deluge of rain I went with my host the deputy to pay my respects to the 'Iepà év Kapvais Súvašis, “the Holy Synod at Karyés,”-the Caput or Hebdomadal Board of the Convents of Mount Athos, as the town is the Washington of these monastic United States. It consists of twenty deputies, one from each monastery, presided over by the representative of Laura. They superintend the civil affairs of the Mountain, take cognizance of any matters in which the whole community is interested, assign to each convent its share of the payments to the Porte, and enforce the collection of it. The revenue and internal government of each separate monastery are entirely its own concern, as is the case with the colleges at Oxford and Cambridge. At Karyés also resides a Turkish aga, who is the means of communication between the Sultan and the society. He is maintained at the expense of the monks, and is the only Mahommedan allowed to reside on the Mountain. Even he cannot have å woman in his house. He has no authority except for the general police of the Mountain, and for its protection against pirates and robbers. The Community is allowed for this purpose to maintain a guard of thirty Macedonian mountaineers, several of whom are always in attendance on the Synod. One of them was assigned me as a guide, a magnificent-looking man called Triandaphylos, a name and figure worthy of the phalanx of Alexander. He was considerably above six feet high, and largely made in proportion. He was richly dressed in the national costume, and armed with silver-hilted pistols and dagger and with a long Turkish gun, the barrel and stock curiously inlaid. Aristotle must have had such a one of his fellowcountrymen in his eye when he described the dignified manners, commanding person, and the other outward characteristics of the peyalóbuxos. This magnificent functionary introduced me into the Hall of the Synod, the most ancient house of parliament in Europe. It is a moderate-sized room, round three sides of which the deputies were sitting cross-legged on a divan, while at the fourth were ranged the deputies and other attendants. I was expected, as my visit had been announced, and I was received most graciously and seated on the divan by the side of the president. The Turkish agá arrived, and read aloud my firmán from the Sultan, and my buyomdee, or passport, from the pasha of Thessalonica. My letter from the Patriarch I had stupidly sent from Constantinople to Corfù by sea along with my heavy luggage, but the kindness of the monks, both here and elsewhere, made me not feel the want of any recommendations. Indeed I was rather glad afterwards on account of this omission, as it enabled me to prove by experience that the hospitality of the Fathers arises from genuine kindness and courtesy, and is not enforced by the orders of their superiors. I remained in the Synod, asking and answering questions for more than an hour, and had to repeat, as elsewhere, a lecture on the existing relations between Turkey and Russia—that topic of universal and absorbing interest in the East. At length I took my leave, having been furnished by the Secretary, in the name of the Assembly, with the subjoined circular letter of recommendation to all the convents :

:Δία του παρόντος κοινοσφραγίστου ημών αποδεικτικού γράμματος, δηλοποιούμεν πάσιν υμίν τοίς Επιτρόπους και Προϊσταμένους των ενταύθα είκοσιν ιερών και σεβασμίων Μονών του αγίου Όρους Αθω, ώς ο επιφέρων αυτό ευγενέστατος Γεώργιος Β---"Αγγλος, παρουσιασθείς εις την καθ' ημάς ιεράν κοινότητα, και εμφανίσας τα ανά χείρας αυτού συστατικα υψηλά έγγραφα, έλαβε την άδειαν ίνα περιέλθη ελευθέρως άπαντα τα Ιερα Μοναστηρία, χάριν περιηγήσεως. Τον οποίον θέλετε υποδεχθη ευμενώς με την ανήκουσαν φιλοφροσύνην και δεξίωσιν. Ταύτα εν τοσούτω αδελφικώς προς πληροφορίας σας και μένομεν,

εν Χριστώ αδελφοί
Οι Επιστάται της Ιεράς Κοινότητος του Αγίου Όρους "Αθω.

τη 18 Οκτωβρίου 1849,

εν αγίω"Ορει. Under the guidance of Triandaphylos, I next visited the school which the Community has lately established at Karyés for the education of the younger mouks. They have engaged two masters from Greece, to one of whom they pay 13,000 piastres (about 1201.) a year; to the other 6,000 piastres, both having lodging and fuel also provided for them. The school is a commodious building ; and I listened for some time to some lively young students of thirty, parsing (badly enough) and repeating a lesson from Plutarch. Greek, chiefly ecclesiastical Greek, arithmetic, and geography, are all that is taught

, Still a step has been taken in the right direction, and the good which is likely to accrue from this and from similar institutions is amply proved by the jealousy with which they are regarded by too many of the older monks and priests of the Oriental Church. The zeal and ability with which the education of theological students has been commenced in the universities of Athens and of Corfù, cannot fail ere long to rouse the Greek clergy from the sloth and ignorance which has been their chief reproach for four centuries. Already throughout the most ancient strongholds of superstition a cry of despair has gone forth :

A voice of weeping heard and loud lament." Modes of thinking are widely changed since thirty years ago, when the clergy of Cephalonia waged a holy war against the introduction by the English of the cultivation of the potato, “because that was the very apple with which the serpent beguiled Eve out of Paradise !"

I returned to the konák (this is one of the many words borrowed from the Turks by their Greek subjects) amid a storm of wind and rain, which lasted all night. It is very difficult to kill time in these long evenings, even with the help of chatting with the little Deputy, reading some legends of Greek saints lent me by him, and playing with a huge and very intelligent tom-cat.

1 The date is according to the Old Style, which is still used by the Greek Church.

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