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popular works, written in an entertaining and at the same time instructive style ; somewhat, perhaps, in the style of the Tracts for the Christian Seasons, -many of which appear to me eminently calculated to catch the attention of the poorer and middle classes, and to work good amongst them ; in fact, I know from experience that they do so. The journals of our Colonial Bishops,-almost the only books, as far as I know, which give the sort of information I desire, published by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, were never, I suppose, exactly intended, or certainly were not written solely for this object. They were written partly for the private amusement of the actors themselves in those interesting scenes of Missionary labour, partly for the satisfaction of the more educated classes in England, among professed Churchmen. Our desideratum is a number of popular tracts, (for we cannot avoid this inuch-abused word,) and also larger books, which shall give information on the very commonest points, and yet be sufficiently interspersed with incidents and illustrations so as to arrest the attention of a class, very hard to be arrested by anything not strictly utilitarian.
A suggestion has been made to me by one whose position naturally requires much of his time and thoughts to be given to Missionary subjects, that it might be feasible to appoint a Fellow at the Missionary College of St. Augustine's, Canterbury, one of whose principal duties should be the preparation of such publications. They would, of course, be revised by a Council, and would then come before the world with the College imprimatur. This would not hinder others from exercising their talents on the same subjects, but it would ensure a certain increase in the supply of such books, and we may reasonably augur some benefit from the genius loci of such a place as St. Augustine's, especially when (as we hope in a few years it will be) it is enriched with the information and practical experience of its own alumni. This suggestion I merely throw out for the consideration of your readers, more especially for those in whose power it lies to promote and realize it.
In conclusion, I would only say, let us not be afraid of using that great engine, the distribution of Tracts and Books, for the highest purposes, merely on account of its abuse. Romanists and Puritans have used, and are using it with the greatest efficiency; why should not English Churchmen? Your obedient Servant,
G. M. Barnwell Rectory.
PITCAIRN'S ISLAND. An English ship, the Fanny, touched at this interesting spot on June 25th, 1849. Our readers may be glad to see a few particulars of the visit, extracted from the New Zealander of December 8th, 1849:
“ Not knowing how long our stay might be, we pushed on to see all the lions,' and visited in due course the school-house
and church, and churchyard, from whence we proceeded to Adams' house, built almost entirely by the hands of old Adams, and in which we were shown his portrait-his Bible, with bis name in his own handwriting—and finally, the grave where the good old man found his final resting-place. I mention the fact of seeing his Bible because it is the very Bible in which (according to the published histories) he was reading, when visited by the officers of the first European vessel that touched there. We also saw an iron twelve-pounder, from the Bounty, recovered by diving a few years since—and which, although it is sadly honey-combed, the Islanders sometimes use to answer a vessel's salute. From thence we went on until we surmounted the highest peak of the Island, estimated as being 1,020 feet above the level of the sea; and it was on this peak that the mutineers, on their first taking possession, built a look-out for vessels, in order that should one heave in sight, they might conceal themselves. In fact, the old houses cannot even at this time be seen from
From this peak you are enabled to see all the cultivations and houses on the island ; and particularly able to see the view caused on the eastern side of the island by a land slip, about a twelvemonth since. After sating our curiosity as well as time would admit, we returned to the house inhabited by Christian's family and Quintal, (one of the two who first came off to the vessel, and who is married to Christian's mother,) to dinner, the table for which was comfortably spread in European fashion, and partook heartily of the good cheerbeing fowl, bread-fruit, plantain, yam, and native bread, (a mixture of banana and sweet potato, baked in a native oven, in plantainleaves,) and tea, from native shrubs, sweetened with molasses pressed from Island-grown sugar-cane. At this meal we saw one trace of barbarism-that the women did not take their meals with the men.
* Family worship is rigorously attended to night and morning; and during our stay we never heard anything approaching an improper or hasty expression. Their intellect appears of a high order, especially that of John Adams, (grandson of the mutineer) who is a poét. They have plenty of books, and were anxious for new works.
“ The original division of the island was into nine parts-now, however, subdivided into twenty-two. Some small disputes, however, occasionally arise as to boundaries, but these, as well as any other matters of dispute, are soon settled. For this purpose they elect a dignitary termed a Chief Magistrate, who holds his office for a year. The election takes place on New Year's Day, and men and women have all equally a vote. With him also are appointed two Councillors. Should these three not be able to decide, they form a Jury; and then, should the matter not be satisfactorily settled, it stands over until the arrival of a British man-of-war, and there is no appeal against the captain's decision.
“ It has now become a matter of fact, that the island was inhabited previous to the mutineers' arriving there. The proofs are, stone axes which have been discovered ; idols, carved in stone, and about ten feet high ; and human skeletons. The axes resemble those used by the New Zealander, but there is no trace to be found as to the race of people, or the manner in which they became extinct. Traces of their sweet potato cultivation have distinctly been marked out; and there are some inscriptions carved in a cavern situated in the face of a cliff, but I could not procure any copy of it.
“ A journal of all the events of the island is kept. It is now in the hands of Mr. Nobbs the schoolmaster, who has prefixed to it the following lines :
" Where are they now, the infatuated crew,
Whose outraged feelings urged them on to crime ?
To Pitcairn's came, and perish'd in their prime.
Slain by the hand of one he deem'd his slave,
Nor mound nor marble marks his dubious grave.
To mark their birth in this their fair abode,
Or when by Death their soul returns to God."
“ 27th December, 1789.--Arrived the Bounty, with 9 of the mutineers, accompanied by 9 Tahitian men and 13 women.
“230 January, 1790.- Bounty burnt. “ 1791.--Thursday, October Christian born. “ 1793.—Mary Christian born.? “ 1795.-Saw first ship. “ 1799.-Adams, Young, and M.Coy having been threatened by Christian, for self-preservation killed him. Previous to this, M.Coy and Quintal distilled spirits in the ship's kettle, from the Tisroot, and subsequently M'Coy, in a fit of delirium tremens, fastened a stone round his neck, and threw himself into the sea.
“ June, 1804.—George Adams, Adams's youngest son born.?
“ 6th March, 1831.—All the inhabitants embarked for Tahiti on board H.M.S. Comet and transport Lucy Ann. Left Tahiti in the French brig Bordeaux, 21st June, and arrived back the 27th.3
THE MAGDALEN ISLANDS. The Bishop of QUEBEC has for the first time visited these islands. Their situation is in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, about 120 miles from the shore of Gaspé. The Canadian Ecclesiastical Gazette contains the following interesting account of the visitation :
I“ In allusion to Christian, whose grave is unknown.” 2 “ The parties thus marked are still living.” 3 “ The islanders paid their passage from the proceeds of the sale of the copper taken from the Bounty.”
“ It was not till 1847 that the Bishop was made aware of any claim existing in these islands, in which there are computed to be about two thousand French Acadian Roman Catholics,) upon the care of the Church of England. The inhabitants are in the habit of regarding themselves as connected rather with Nova Scotia, Prince Edward's Island, or Newfoundland, (of which last colony they formerly constituted a dependency,) than with Canada ; and the still very small body of Protestants among them, having grown out of yet smaller beginnings, appear to have become habituated to the idea of being too insignificant and inconsiderable to apply at a distance for the provisions of the Christian ministry. The late Mr. E. Bowen, however, having been obliged, in his capacity of District Judge in the county of Gaspé, to pass over to the islands, in the year above-mentioned, in order to hold an annual Circuit Court, had occasion to learn the fact that a good number of Protestant families were settled upon the islands, and having been always alive to the spiritual interest of his fellow-creatures, he made the Bishop acquainted with the particulars. It was accordingly arranged that upon the next visit of the Judge, in 1848, he should be accompanied by the Rev. R. Short, one of the Missionaries in the county of Gaspé, who volunteered for the service. In the execution, however, of this arrangement, the labours of Mr. Short were interrupted, and left incomplete in consequence of the unfortunate illness of the Judge, (terminating some time afterwards in his death,) which broke out at the islands; and when they returned to Gaspé, the only portion of the Protestant inhabitants who had been visited were the settlers upon Entry Island.
The ministrations of Mr. Short were thankfully received by these islanders; they presented to him nineteen subjects for baptism, and they expressed, in a body, their desire to have the ministry of the Church of England planted among them. But before putting matters actually in train for such an object, the Bishop, having occasion to visit the Missions in Gaspé, determined to take the opportunity of proceeding also to the Magdalen Islands, and ascertaining, by personal inspection, the wants and the dispositions of all the Protestant settlers who are there to be found. It had been originally his Lordship's intention to avail himself of the facility of crossing from Gaspé, afforded by the visit of the present Judge (De Blois), who very kindly and considerately waited for him as long as he could venture to do in consistency with the object of securing his arrival in time for the opening of the Circuit Court. Circumstances unavoidably delayed the departure of the Bishop from Quebec; and he found the means of engaging a passage in a brigantine bound for Halifax, the master of which undertook to land him at the islands. In this vessel he accordingly embarked on the 25th of June, carrying with him a supply of Bibles, Prayer-books, and tracts, voted for the purpose by the Diocesan Committee at Quebec, of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; and, having touched at Cape Cove in Gaspé, where the vessel left a smalí portion of her cargo, (120 or 130 miles from the islands,) he was landed, with the intermediate help of a little fishing-schooner from the Acadian settlements of Cape Breton, with which he fell in, and in which he passed the previous night, at S. W. point in the Magdalen Islands, with the singular rock full in view called the Corps Mort, or Dead Man's Island, at four o'clock in the morning of the 4th of July. The Bishop, who upon this occasion travelled alone, was
a total stranger to the place and to the people, and there was no habitation in sight. There were, however, the signs of human labour, in some roughly prepared means of curing cod, upon a diminutive scale, on the beach, and the men who had landed him, in a flat, out of the fishing-craft, proceeded back through a tract of low scrubby woods, to a French settlement, to procure a conveyance. At the end of an hour and a half, they emerged again with a little rudely constructed cart, which just sufficed for the baggage. The Bishop got the best information which he could from one or two people who came with the cart, and, after a good deal of perplexity, decided to take the road to House Harbour, distant about sixteen miles, the residence of Mr. Munsey, who is a merchant, filling the part of agent for the proprietor of the islands, and a justice of the peace. The islands of this singular group are, with two or three exceptions, connected with each other by very long irregular strips of sand beach, enclosing a number of large lagoons. Along one of these beaches the Bishop now proceeded on foot for about ten miles, and then mounting a little eminence, came to a small kind of village, inhabited by French Acadians, called, from its sheltered harbour, l'Etang du Nord, and containing a wooden Roman Catholic Church, served by the same priest who serves another at House Harbour. Here the Bishop, having dried himself a little over the stove, (for it had rained hard the whole morning,) procured some breakfast and a light cart, which was considerably in advance of the other in civilization, for conveying himself for the remainder of the distance, and he met accidentally with the younger brother of Mr. Munsey, who was good enough to accompany him to that gentleman's house. Mr. Munsey was absent in another part of the islands, but his Lordship received every attention and kindness from Mrs. M. and her family; and the size of the family, with the addition of several relatives who were summer visitors, rendering it inpossible to accommodate him in the house, which is of rather small dimensions, lodgings were procured for him close by with a particularly clean and decent though humble family, belonging to the French population.
It is not necessary to enter into a detail of all the delays and disappointments arising from baffling winds and other circumstances, by which the plans and movements of the Bishop were affected, during the eleven days which he spent upon the islands. On Saturday the 6th of July, being still at House Harbour, he assembled such of the few Protestants who could attend, and performed Divine Service at 9 A.M., and preached to them, in Mr. Munsey's house. The congregation consisted of seventeen or eighteen persons, children included; and some of them came from a distance of several miles. The voice of the minister of God was as strange as it was welcome to their ears. The next day, being Sunday, the Bishop had allotted to Entry Island, but as he could not get away, he held service again at Mr. Munsey's, who was still prevented from returning home; and, in the afternoon, having gone to baptize a child a mile or two off, and finding a dozen persons assembled in the house, he gave them a familiar exposition of Scripture, with an abridgment from the Church Prayers. The time for the return of the Judge (who was at Amherst Harbour) to Gaspé was now drawing near; and upon his vessel the Bishop bad relied for proceeding to that coast—but, on Monday morning, 8th of July, being still without intelligence, either from Mr. Munsey or the Judge, he procured a fishing-boat and proceeded to Grosse Isle (distant perhaps twenty-five miles from House Harbour), which is inhabited exclusively by Protestants, numbering ten families in a range of about three miles. The arrangement for his conveyance was effected, with much exertion, by a worthy and active Swede in the employ of Mr. Munsey, who deserves to be mentioned on account of the interest and zeal which he manifested throughout on the Bishop's behalf-feelings in part perhaps attributable to his finding himself upon a kindred bosom in the arms of the Church of England,—his own mother Church, besides holding the same great essential truths of salvation, being episcopal, and harmonizing with