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England. A production so full of wise and holy counsels, inspiring such confidence in the cause of our Church, suggesting so much for the edification of Clergy and laity in vital religion, is not less needed here than abroad, in a season of no little perplexity and confusion. Speaking of our sister-Church in America, the Bishop says :
“ And with what unfeigned joy, my Brethren, may we hail the rapid progress, the undoubted orthodoxy, the learning, and the zeal of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States ! Here, no narrow questions of State policy, or State government divide us. We on this side the border, and our friends and brethren on that side, are one in the eternal kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ;' and they esteem us one with themselves. Dear as England is or ought to be to us all, it is not dearer to our hearts than to the hearts of American Churchmen. They burn when they behold its ancient institutions, they enter with a filial joy its noble Cathedrals, they prize and imitate its goodly Churches, they reprint and eagerly read its standard literature; and the names which have descended with high renown as the doctors and confessors of our Church, are no where more duly appreciated, no where more · familiar as household words,' than in the mouths of American Churchmen. They have themselves enriched our language with works which do equal honour to their learning and their piety, some of which are reprinting, or will be reprinted in England. All glory be to Him, who brings good out of evil : who causes the wrath of nations to praise Him : who binds us together by bonds of love which rival interests cannot sever, which time, we trust, will only more closely unite. Here, then, is another topic of continual intercessory prayer, * For my brethren and companions' sakes, I will wish thee prosperity.””
Colonial, Foreign, and Home News.
SUMMARY. THE NEWFOUNDLAND Times gives an account of the consecration of a church at Burin, on August 11. The Church, which is of a cruciform shape, is said to be a model both for beauty and convenience. Its erection is chiefly due to the exertions of the Rev. J. C.A. Gathercole, the Resident-Missionary at Burin. At the same time, sixty-five candidates were admitted to Confirmation. We grieve to report that the health of the Bishop of Nova Scotia still continues to be in the most precarious state. The Bishop of FREDERICTON spent the first week in August in Nova Scotia, where he held an Ordination, administered confirmation in various places, and consecrated a new church at Springfield. The Church Society of Nova Scotia have resolved to appoint three additional Missionaries in destitute places. The Bishop of FREDERICTON held an Ordination on Trinity Sunday at his cathedral, in the presence of a large and attentive congregation. The Rev. R. D. Palmer was admitted to the order of Priests ; and Messrs. Bliss, Spike, and Stamer to the order of Deacons. The
Bishop of QUEBEC returned, on August 3d, from his visit to Gaspé and the Magdalen Islands. The Bishop of MONTREAL arrived at Boston on Sept. 6th, and on the following Monday proceeded on his journey to his new diocese. He preached, on the 8th, at St. Paul's Church, Boston.
The SYDNEY Morning Herald of April 24, reports the anniversary meeting of the subscribers and friends to the fund for the erection of the cathedral. The meeting was well attended, the Bishop presiding. The following extract is taken from the Report read on the occasion :
“ The subscription list of the year 1849-50, does not bear evidence of any approach to a realization of your Committee's expectations.
• It is true that the amount of subscriptions advertised for the period referred to, does in the aggregate exceed that of the previous year by upwards of £200; but your Committee beg to draw your attention to the circumstance of increased subscription from home, and of those raised for special purposes here, as the cause of that excess. The amount of subscription to the General Building Fund received from the Colonists themselves during that period, has been only £508;-an amount exceeding only by about £2 the sum collected during the previous year.”
MELBOURNE.-Extract from the Melbourne Church of England Messenger :* Portland.-The Bishop of Melbourne arrived here on Friday, March 1st, and remained till the following Friday. Since his Lordship's visit last yea the Church ground has been enclosed, and the school-room neatly ceiled and whitewashed; so that it now forms a very suitable place for Divine Service, except that it is much too small for the wants of the people, many of whom are unable to obtain seats in it. There was also in operation a well-attended and well-managed day-school, and a good Sunday-school.
“ The Wannon.-From Portland the Bishop returned to Mr. E. Henty's station on the Wannon. Here he met a few of the settlers in that neighbourhood, who have long been anxious to obtain a resident Clergyman among them. The Bishop undertook to place one there, at the earliest possible opportunity, if they would guarantee the sum of 150l. per annum towards his maintenance, which they readily consented to do. On Sunday Divine Service was held in Mr. Henty's wool-shed, which had been most conveniently fitted up for a temporary church. The congregation consisted of between thirty and forty persons, of whom seven afterwards received the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
“ Mount Rouse.On Monduy the Bishop resumed his journey, and on Saturday he reached Mr. Montgomery's station, at Mount Rouse, where he spent the next day, holding Divine Service in the verandah, and administering the Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper. The following week be returned to Melbourne, having, through the good providence of God, accomplished, with Mrs. Perry, a journey of more than a thousand miles, with only one slight accident.
Confirmation.—On Wednesday, March 28th, the ordinance of Confirmation was administered by the Bishop in the Cathedral Church of St. James, Melbourne, to seventeen males and twenty-eight females."
CAPETOWN.-State of Diocese.-Our readers will peruse with much pleasure the following testimony from a lay member of the Church to the improvement effected under Bishop Gray. It occurs in a letter dated Graham's Town, May 28, 1850 :
" You may judge of the improvement that has already taken place by the following statistics. Throughout the Diocese we now have twenty-two Parsons in the West Province and sixteen in the East Province, besides several Catechists; and three Parsons at Natal, and four at St. Helena : nearly three times as many as there were throughout the whole Diocese before the appointment of the Bishop. In this town we have daily Service, and a weekly Offertory which produces 3001. a-year, on an average. We have a Collegiate Institution set going in Capetown, and a neat little Church Magazine, published monthly. We have a good school building here ; but sadly want a staff of masters, permanently attached to it. The moral tone of this town is particularly improved; open and heinous sin, heretofore so common, is not now, at all events, so notorious. We are fairly started now, but our hands want strengthening very much, even yet. Our staff is not sufficiently strong; there are many outlying places to which Clergy should be appoiuted, independently of the Orange River Sovereignty and the heathen in all parts. The Bishop has already written for one Clergyman for Bloem Fontein, the capital of the Orange River Sovereignty. But what will one man be in a large territory equal to Ireland, with its population scattered in all directions? Opposition of Nonconformists is getting vigorous; and they are not only trying to hinder and annoy by every possible means, but they are doing their utmost to preoccupy vacant posts. Emigration appears to keep on steadily here. We want a great many handicrafts yet, -carpenters, blacksmiths, wheelwrights, labourers, shepherds, servants.'
VICTORIA.- Hong Kong.-The Church of England Anglo-Chinese School has recently been transferred by the Rev. V. Stanton to the Bishop of Victoria. Mr. Stanton in a final Report gives the following history of the School :
“ The plan of the institution was formed during my last visit to England ; and in 1843, previous to leaving, I collected money from my friends there, as far as could be done in a private form. For their security and the security of future subscribers I vested this money and the contemplated buildings and other property of the School, in the Earl of Chichester, the Earl of Harrowby (then Viscount Sandon, M. P.), Lord Ashley, M. P. and Sir R. H. Inglis, Bart., M. P.
“ The execution of my long cherished design was much retarded. In the first place, delay arose in the allocation of a site; then, in my severe sickness and subsequent protracted debility; and lastly, after the building was ready and my health in some measure restored, I found great difficulty in procuring a suitable Assistant.
• However, in the Autumn of 1848, Mr. James Summers arrived from England, and immediately devoted himself to the study of the Chinese language, in which he has ever since been making rapid progress. In the Spring of 1849, a class of seven boys was received from the Morrison Education Society, and later in the year other boys were collected together from the neighbourhood, raising the numbers to thirty-four, their present amount. These boys are now distributed into three classes, and their studies about equally divided between English and Chinese.
CANTERBURY.--St. Augustine's, Coleridge Scholarship).—The Fund for the Endowment of this Scholarship has reached nearly 4001.; and we are glad to observe among the list of Subscribers the names of the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishops of London and St. Asaph, Mr. Justice Patteson, Mr. Page Wood, &c. We need hardly remark that a considerable sum is still required for the adequate endowment of even one Scholarship, which it is desirable should be of the value of not less than 201. per annum; but we trust that many persons will be willing to add their subscriptions for the accomplishment of so good a work. Subscriptions may be paid to Messrs. Child & Co. Temple Bar; Messrs. Hammond & Co. Canterbury; the Ven. Archdeacon Harrison, Treasurer; the Rev. A. P. Moor, St. Augus
and the Rev. Brymer Belcher, St. Peter's, Pimlico.
COLONIAL CHURCH CHRONICLE
THE MORAVIAN MISSION IN GREENLAND.
The slightest acquaintance with the remarkable history of the United Brethren will assure us of their pre-eminent zeal and energy in the cause of missions. Exertion in the ministry to the Heathen has been a fundamental principle of their community: and their Greenland Mission has often been referred to, as possessing certain striking and instructive features worthy of peculiar attention from all believers in the Incarnation of Christ. In order to do them anything like justice, we must bestow a few words on the historical character of Moravianism.
Certain passages in “ Southey's Life of Wesley,” relating to the intercourse which the latter held with Zinzendorf, would, if taken by themselves, convey to most minds a not very favourable idea of the Moravian body. We should, probably, consider Zinzendorf as exhibiting, in a somewhat repulsive form, the characteristics of ultra-Protestant spiritualism : and should conclude that no good Churchman could find much to sympathise with in a community which had been accustomed (as the founder of Methodism suspected) to “call the Count, Rabbi.” Or, remembering Southey's account of the Moravian, Philip Molther, his extreme Lutheranism on the point of assurance, and his significant quietism of tone respecting the means of grace, which, in comparison with “true stillness," he utterly depreciated-we might set down the Moravian communion as altogether anticatholic, and as possessed by that "gross Solifidianism” which Alexander Knox ascribes to its second founder. It is not to be denied that there is much in Moravianism from which we must needs turn away: there is too often a systematic undervaluing of doctrine in comparison with emotions,—and those emotions have been cultivated with a zeal not according to knowledge, which has produced excesses like the revivals of Methodistic
fanaticism. And yet there is also much to which we may turn with exceeding profit: not only much heroic devotion, and noble Christian simplicity, and Apostolic strictness of discipline-but much which could not belong to any Christian society that had not retained (with whatever admixture of modern elements) a goodly portion of the primitive character. The Moravians claim affinity to the Vaudois, and maintain that Bishop Stephen, in the period of their persecution, gave Episcopal consecration to certain of their ministers. They profess that from this stock their prelacy has been developed, and that it survived the crushing persecution in the thirty years' war, being communicated from Bishop Commenius (who, in 1632, solemnly recommended his exposition of their system to the attention of the English church) by a chain of very few links, to David Nitschmann, who was ordained Bishop at Berlin by David Jablonsky, at the restoration of the Unitas Fratrum in 1735. There is good reason, indeed, for doubting the validity of this their claim to the Episcopal succession ; still, the fact of their making it shows their desire to be identified with the discipline as well as doctrine of Primitive times. They also claim historical connexion with the Eastern church: and possibly their rite of the Lavipedium, their solemn Paschal commemoration of the dead, and, above all, the emphatic frequency of their direct addresses to our Lord, --resembling those which enrich the Euchologion, and cause Western Rituals to seem poor in contrast with it,-may be genuine heirlooms from Oriental Catholicity. And if this be so, we shall not unreasonably see the influence of Eastern traditions, originally derived from the teaching of Cyril and Methodius, in the peculiar character of their addresses to the savages of the remotest North in the eighteenth century. They were, beyond all other Protestant missionaries, preachers of salvation by an Incarnate God. Not ten years after the Greenland Mission was opened, Zinzendorf was absolutely driven out of Geneva by the ill will of its theological professors, to whom he had dedicated an unwelcome book in vindication of our Lord's Divinity. He himself, in his statement of Moravian belief, set the doctrine of redemption by the death of God the Saviour in the most prominent place among its articles. And the missionaries who arrived in Greenland in April, 1733, adhered to this grand principle,- essentially identical with that put forward by Dr. Mill and Archdeacon Wilberforce, that the Incarnation of our Lord is indeed the true central point of Christianity—that the leading proposition of the Gospel 18,
- The Word was made flesh.”
It would indeed be interesting, in connexion with the two great theological works of our own time, the “Doctrine of the In