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They are offered with this hope, and under the firm conviction, that, unless some strenuous efforts are made to enlist the interest and sympathies of the MASSES in the cause of the Colonial Church, that Church will never acqvire the full vigour and power of usefulness which she ought to possess—except in some few favoured spots, like the Canterbury Settlement, where the example of our forefathers is followed more closely than our own. I remain, Sir, your obedient Servant,
Reviews and Notices. The Colonial Church Atlas. Third Edition. London: Society
for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and all Booksellers. The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge has just issued a third edition, much enlarged, of the Colonial Church Atlas; and we undertake to say that no where else is so full and accurate account of the present state of the several Colonial Dioceses to be found. This information is presented in a tabular form, so that the reader' may, at a glance, ascertain the area and population of every British dependency, together with the number of the Clergy officiating within it, and the date of its acquisition. The date of the erection of each Bishopric, and the name of past and present Bishops, is also set down. The following extract from the preface will show how rapid has been the increase in the number both of Bishops and Clergy in the last eleven years :
“ Previous to the year 1839 there were but eight Colonial Bishops in all; two were added to the number in that year, one more in 1841, and four in 1842. Since that time the successive editions of the Atlas mark the rapid growth and expansion of the Church abroad.
Bishops. Clergy. Thus the first edition, published in 1842, showed a total of
24 1,193 “But God in the wonderful dispensations of His Providence has given the Church of England a world to deal with—and her warfare is only begun."
God and Man; being Outlines of Moral and Religious Truth.
By the Rev. R. MONTGOMERY. London: Longmans. The title of this book seems likely to raise an unfounded expectation of its contents. They are more justly described in the preface as an expansion from outlines of various discourses and lectures delivered by the author. The “accuracy of scientific arrangement” is professedly dispensed with. Multitudes accustomed either in former years, or at present, to derive
weekly instruction and delight from the author's ministrations in the pulpit, will receive this selection with unqualified pleasure. Probably there are few divines whose ordinary sermons could furnish such a volume of consistent, elevated and striking thought. If deficient in the precision and method which belong chiefly to works produced in learned retirement, they are still further removed from the unequal and illogical, though practical addresses, which are sometimes heard from the lips of an active parish priest. They exhibit few traces of that egotism, which in former years was almost the only quality that critics would acknowledge in the author's productions. In popular discourses we may well pardon newly.coined words, and a turgid redundancy of epithets, such as good Bishop Hall would have rejoiced in.
Mr. Montgomery's true place seems to be as a preacher, not as a poet. None but prejudiced readers can be blind to the value of this volume as an earnest and discriminating protest by a Christian minister against the chief irreligious tendencies which characterise his age and country. The language which he uses comes home to the understanding of his readers; and it is matter for much thankfulness to find testimony borne in such quarters to the Truth with reference to what are called the “ questions of the day.” We may direct attention particularly to what is said on the relations between Church and State, at pp. 111, 211, 246, &c. :-the religion of the Press, p. 253. The pages which contain discussions on the “ awfulness of human speech,” 68—82, and the “ benefits conferred by the poor upon the rich,” 171-208, are full of valuable practical hints, eloquently and forcibly applied. The “Loveliness of
, Christ,” pp. 131— 149, is a subject upon which we cannot enter in the pages of a review. It is surely treated too fancifully. Sufficient weight is hardly given to the frequent references made in the Gospel to the “ disciple whom Jesus loved.”
On the whole, we sincerely wish for this volume a still larger circulation than that to which, as we understand, Mr. Montgomery's last work has already attained.
Parish Musings in Verse. By the Rev. J. S. B. MONSELL.
Rivingtons: 1850. An unpretending little volume, full of the experience of a warm-hearted, active Christian minister, alive to every fluctuation in the spiritual state of himself, as well as of those committed to his charge. We would seek to share in his feelings, rather than to criticise the expression of them.
The Rev. Isaac Williams, whose admirable Commentary on the Gospels is so highly appreciated by all devout readers who can command access to it, has just published a Harmony of the Gospels, (Rivingtons,) intended as a key to his completed labours. The English reader will find in this volume the same advantages which Mr. Greswell's well-known work supplies to the student of the Gospels in the original Greek. The Wedding Gift, by the Rev. W. E. Heygate, seems to be a praiseworthy, though not unexceptionable, attempt to meet a want which has long been felt by the Clergy and by devout members of the Church.
Colonial, Foreign, and Home News.
The celebration of the Encænia, which closes the academical year of King's College, Nova Scotia, took place at Windsor on June 27th, The Lieut.-Governor and most of the leading persons of the province (except the Bishop) were present. In his opening address, the Governor, with reference to the general advantage of a classical education, mentioned that when he, at the age of fifteen years, went to join the Duke of York's army in Flanders, the camp-library with which his father provided him consisted of a set of the Delphin classics, an English Bible, and a Greek Testament. The President of the College, in the course of his speech, entered into a statement of the circumstances connected with the annual Government grant, on which the institution in a great measure depends for support. An unsuccessful attempt to deprive the College of this grant was made during the last session of the Legislature, and it is expected that the advocates of education without religion will ere long renew their efforts. On Midsummer-day, a protracted examination of the pupils of the Collegiate School was held. The school now contains thirty-two boarders and four day pupils, and is under the direction of the Rev. J. P. Mulholland. The examination was of a most satisfactory character. A well attended meeting of the Sabbath Alliance took place on July 9th, at Halifax. The Church Times advises the members (who are of various religious persuasions) not to confine themselves to efforts against petty malpractices in the city, but to institute in the solitary and remote places of the province, a course of Sabbath instruction for the benefit of the poor and ignorant.
The two Archdeacons of the Diocese of TORONTO have issued a letter to the Clergy, referring to the late resolution of the Provincial Legislature on the subject of the Clergy Reserves ; and recommending that meetings should be immediately held for the purpose of_signing a petition against this fresh injustice to the Church of England. M. de Blaquière has suggested the possibility of establishing a Church College, to be affiliated to the (now) secular University of Toronto. This proposal has been met with much thoughtful argument and much unnecessary anger by different writers. T'he Rev. Job Deacon, one of the oldest Clergymen in the Diocese in connexion with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, died on May 22d, leaving 1001. towards the endowment of a rectory at Adolphustown, where he had ministered for twenty-eight years. On July 7th, a new church was opened on the heights of Pointe Levi, opposite QUEBEC. The edifice is of stone, in the early English style, sixty feet by twenty-eight within, and capable of holding 300 persons; the Rev. J. Torrance is incumbent. On the suggestion of Bishop Mountain, a committee of laymen has been formed for the purpose of raising a sufficient sum (3,0001.) to purchase a suitable house for an Episcopal residence in the city of MONTREAL. The Committee in their circular, after acknowledging the provision which has been made in England for the income of the new Bishop, state that, “it appears but reasonable that the members of the Church in the new Diocese should contribute in some way to the maintenance of Episcopal superversion within it.” The examination of students at Bishop's College, Lennoxville, took place on July 11th. It was well attended by visitors, and appears to have given general satisfaction. The Report read at the last Annual Meeting of the Quebec Church Society, stated the receipts of the past year at 1,3921., including remittances from District Associations, and excluding the balance from the preceding year. This is an increase of 1701. upon last year's income, which, however, was 5001. less than that of the preceding year.
The Annual Meeting of the Trustees of the General Theological Seminary, New YORK, took place on June 26th. The property of the Institution, though large (about 200,000 dollars), and increasing every year in value, is at present insufficient to meet its current expenses. The Committee on examinations gave a favourable report of the orthodoxy and progress of the students. Dr. Wilson resigned the Professorship of Systematic Divinity, and Dr. C. C. Moore that of Oriental and Greek Literature ; and each received the thanks of the Board and the title of Emeritus Professor. Their places have not yet been filled up. The students have presented to each of them a Bible and Prayer-book, and to the Seminary Chapel a Chalice and Paten, as a memorial of their grateful affection to the two professors.
The Bishop of MARYLAND has submitted to the Convention a canon for establishing an association similar to the Church Societies which exist in our Colonial Dioceses. Another proposed canon, which might be recommended in return to our Colonial Dioceses, orders that every year there should be entered in a public journal the names of such parishes as fail to make their stipulated payment to their ministers.
QUEBEC.—Bishop College, Lennoxville.—" At the last Examination, several Clergymen and gentlemen, formerly pupils of the College, met together, and agreed to subscribe a certain sum annually to assist in educating a student for the work of the ministry. It was further arranged that they shall benceforth meet annually, on the same occasion; and that their meeting shall be celebrated by a morning service, in St. George's Church, Lennoxville, where a sermon shall be preached by one of their own body, and by an address on some literary or scientific subject, delivered in the College dining-hall, in the afternoon, by another either lay or clerical member. A resolution was also adopted by them to call additional attention to the subject of general education.”—From the Canadian Ecclesiastical Gazette.
MASSACHUSETTS.-Increase of the Church.—The following statistical table, taken from the Journal of the last Convention of this Diocese, will give a notion of the progress of the Church in America, during the present century. In the year 1800, there were five Clergymen in this Diocese; in 1815, there were fourteen churches, and still but five Clergymen. In subsequent years, the following reports were made:
Clergy. Baptisms. 1825
16 257 1221 1830
25 31 362 1525 1835
36 36 345 1783
49 59 620 4715 1850
62 80 993 5142.
WISCONSIN. — Nashotah. - The Rev. A. D. Cole, an intimate friend of Mr. Breck, was chosen unanimously by the Trustees to succeed him as President of Nashotah House. The reason for the change is, that Nashotah is now become parochial, while Mr. Breck's inclination is for the Missionary mode of service. The Calendar records a pleasing incident, which occurred to Mr. Breck and his two coadjutors as they were journeying to Minnesota. On their way up the Mississippi, they fell in with a Missionary of the Church of England making his way to Prince RUPERT'S LAND, to join Bishop Anderson. He was expecting to travel through the wilderness, 300 miles above the Falls of St. Anthony, encamping out in the woods at night. Bishop Anderson has addressed a letter to Bishop Kemper, expressing fraternal affection, and a desire to work in harmony in their contiguous but immense fields of Missionary exertion.
GUIANA.—The Arawak T'ribe.—Letter from Rev. W. H. Brett, continued from page 79:
“ The religious belief derived from their ancestors is of a simple nature. They believe that a supreme being, whom they call • Our Father,' and · Our Maker,' inhabits the sky, and that he is immortal and invisible. They acknowledge his omnipotence, but seem to consider him as too high to listen to the prayers of bis creatures; consequently they address their petitions to inferior spirits, whom they consider to be the agents of every mischief or calamity, such as sickness or death, which may happen to themselves or their friends. There are a number of persons who pretend to have power over these spirits, and who are employed to exorcise them by certain magical incantations, accompanied by the shaking of a gourd which contains some small stones, and through which a handle, adorned with parrots' feathers, is passed. The possessors of these instruments of superstition are held in great respect and fear by the others, and find the exercise of their art very profitable; hence they are great opponents in general to the spread of the Gospel, by which the hope of their gains is lost. There have not, however, been wanting those who have turned from their evil ways,