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acid acre agricultural Albany amount animal annual apples applied attention average awarded become bodies breed bushels butter called carbonic cattle cause cent character committee common contains corn cows crops cultivation diploma effect exhibited exists experience fact fair farm farmers fertile flock fruit give grain ground grow horse important improvement inches increase interest John judges keep kind knowledge known land less lime manure matter means meeting milk nature nearly necessary obtained organic plants plowing portion potatoes practical premium present President produce profit quantity raised relations remarkable rich rocks roots salt schools season seed sheep Society soil substances success surface Syracuse things tion Transactions trees valuable varieties various wheat whole winter wool yield
Page 153 - It will not be doubted, that with reference either to individual or national welfare, agriculture is of primary importance. In proportion as nations advance in population, and other circumstances of maturity, this truth becomes more apparent ; and renders the cultivation of the soil more and more an object of public patronage. Institutions for promoting it, grow up supported by the public purse : And to what object can it be dedicated with greater propriety...
Page 153 - ... charged with collecting and diffusing information, and enabled by premiums, and small pecuniary aids, to encourage and assist a spirit of discovery and improvement. This species of establishment contributes doubly to the increase of improvement, by stimulating to enterprise and experiment, and by drawing to a common centre the results everywhere of individual skill and observation, and spreading them thence over the whole nation. Experience accordingly has shown, that they are very cheap instruments...
Page 304 - Firmness and docility of temper greatly enhance the value of a milch cow : one that is quiet and contented feeds at her ease, does not break over fences, or injure other cattle, so much as those that are of a turbulent cast. To render them docile, they ought to be gently treated, frequently handled when young, and never hunted with dogs, beat, or frightened. A moderate degree of hardiness, life, and spirits, with a sound constitution, are desirable qualities in a dairy stock, and all these are 'found...
Page xviii - Its object shall be to improve the condition of agriculture, the rural household and mechanic arts. Section 1. The society shall consist of such citizens of the state as shall signify in writing their wish to become members and shall pay, on subscribing, not less than one dollar and annually thereafter one dollar; and also of honorary and corresponding members. The presidents of...
Page 308 - England, which has been a dairy region from the earliest period of English history, and bones and bone-dust have been long used there as indispensably necessary to restore the waste made by the animals fed upon the pastures. The following extract from an article in the Edinburgh Review, in relation to Cheshire, shows more particularly the result : " Dairy husbandry has long prevailed in Cheshire. Now it has been ascertained that every milch cow robs the land annually of as much phosphate of lime...
Page 290 - No other grain, in fact, except rice, is so extensively cultivated. Its flexibility of organization makes it very easy of adaptation to climate and soil. Though it prefers moist and rich soils with strong heats, there are varieties of it which can be raised in tropical climates at a height of more than nine thousand feet above the level of the sea.
Page 286 - It is no longer doubted among botanists, that maize, or Turkey corn, is a true American grain, and that the old continent received ic from the new.
Page 303 - Holland, and others have ascribed to them an English origin. I have no doubt but a tinge of foreign blood may have come into their veins ; but I am confident that the breed is chiefly indigenous, and that the principal improvement upon that breed has been by better feeding and treatment. The Earl of Marchmont, about the year 1750, purchased from the Bishop of Durham several cows and a bull of the Teeswater, or some other English breed of the same brown color, into which the dairy stock of Ayrshire...
Page 304 - ... deep, and pelvis capacious, and wide over the hips, with round fleshy buttocks.* Tail long and small ; legs small and short, with firm joints; udder capacious, broad and square, stretching forward, and neither fleshy, low hung nor loose ; the...