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of each Christian confession which belongs or manufactory without the necessity of to the union of this Society, may build being enlisted in any guild or corporation : and establish churches, schools and insti. they are also freed from all service, as will tutions for education, or other God-pleas. be defined in tbe sequel under a particular ing purposes, according to the principles paragraph. of their own church.
7 The members of the Society of Chris 4. The Society of Christian Israelites tian Israelites are permitted upon their will stand under our protection, and be appointed lands to brew beer, distil brands, dependent only on the Committee esta- and prepare all sorts of waters aod liquors blished in St. Petersburg for the manage- pot only for their own use, but also for meut of their affairs, who are bound to sale to travellers, who may pass their set. watch for their welfare, and to whom alone tlements: but they are neither permitted they have to give account of their con- to export such liquors from their colonies,
On this ground, not one single nor to sell them out of their borders. government of the place where this Society 8. No persou whatever, either of the may found their establishment, has to ex- crown or private, lot belongiog to the ercise any power over them or mix with Society of Christian Israelites, is permitted their attairs. The preachers who may be to set up inas, public-houses, or other appointed in their settlements are to apply buildings for similar purposes, upon their in necessary cases to the said Committee, lands-nor is any stranger, not belonging according to laws which respect all other to the Society, permitted to settle among colonies settled in the Russian dominions. them without their particular permission.
6. The Society form an office for the But if the Society express a desire to re. management of their internal affairs, con- ceive some person among them for a time, sisting of different members chosen from they are permitted to do so, provided the among themselves, viz. two superinten- persons received by them have regular dants, and four assistants, approved of by passports, and the governors of their cou. the said Committee, under the name of cerns, or the office of administration, be Office of Administration for the Society of surety for them. Christian Israelites. This office is per- 9 The office of administration for the mitted to have its own seal; and it is their Society of Christian Israelites obtain bereby duty to care as much as possible for good a right to give necessary passports to the order in the Society, and to reconcile any members of the Society, which passports misunderstanding, disunion or quarrels must be signed by the superintendants, among the members, whieh may coine be- and furnished with the seal of the said fore them ; but what respects disputes office. Snch passports will be of value about property, hereditary possessions, and only for travelling within the empire; but siinilar civil affairs, or individual crimi. in order to travel beyond the frontier, or nalities, that must, according to the com- to come from foreign countries into the mon laws of the empire, be examined and empire, the member of the Society must be decided by their respective courts of jus- furnished with passports from the general tice. The office has also to erect in the legitimate authorities. settlements a police of their own, for the 10. All who enter this Society are maintenance of peace, quiet and order; herehy liberated from all sorts of civil and and it is at the same time bound to keep military services. But if any of tbem a watchful eye over the conduct and beha- should bimself wish to enter this or the viour of every one of the Society's mem- other service, he may be appointed to it. bers. Rebellious, disobedient and immoral All settlements and houses of the Christian members, who are only an offence to others, Israelites who belong to this Society, will they must expel from their Society, after be likewise freed from all kinds of quarthey have informed the Tutelary Com- lering soldiers, keeping posts, and giving mittee concerning it, as they are also horses, and from all other similar duties of bound to do respecting every member the country. But if some person should whom they are newly-receiving into the be sent to the settlements by the Committee Society. Every one who is expelled, for- appointed for the Society on any business, feits in consequence all the rights and inquiry or visitation, he must be duly readvantages granted to the Society.
ceived. 6. All civil rights are hereby granted 11. Every colony of the Society of to every member of the Society of Chris- Christian Israelites is permitted to have tian Israelites, and that not only in their continually one of their members residing own colonies, but every where throughout in St. Petersburg, under the name of the empire. Accordingly they may, after trustee or agent, to execute their commispaying the duties established by the Tar- sions, and dispatch all their business with riff, carry on trade in or out of the country, the Committee appointed for the manageand follow inechanical business, arts and ment of their affairs. professions : they may possess houses, keep 12. All who enter the Society of Chrisshops and establish every kind of fabric tian Israelites have freedom from all du
ties for twenty years granted to them; jects of the Committee's labours will be when this time is expired, each of them the following: will have to pay the same duties which all 1. They will take under their protection other Russian datives are bound to pay all Hebrews professing Christianity, who according to their different stations, viz. may wish to settle on the lands assigned tradesmen the regular per cent. of their by government for that purpose, and for capital, artists and professional men, their the same end are willing to enter the Socivil duties.
ciety of Christian Isiaelites. 13. Foreign Hebrews, who, after they 2. They will have the superintendance have embraced the Christian religion, of the lands assigned to the said Society. should wish to enter the Society, setile on 3. They will support the rights which the same appointed lands, and to partake are graciously granted to this Society; of the right granted to them, have perfect and, if necessary, afford lawful protection, liberty to do so. They may leave Russia as well to its individuals, as to the commuagain whenever they should please, as is nity at large. likewise permitted to all other members
4. They will assist in forming proper of the Suciety, provided they first pay their regulations, and introducing usefui estadebts and thiee years' duty to the crowl,
blishments in the colonies of Christian from the capital they have raised in Russia, Israelites; and, lastly, they will provide according to the account which the super necessary means, that the new Christians intendant of the Society will conscien- may be instructed in the doctrines and tiously give concerning it.
principles of the faith which they bare 14. It is left to the discretion of the embraced, in order that they may not only Tutelary Committee to draw up, upon the know the system of Christianity, but also principles here laid down, the more cir- live accordingly. Thuse means will concumstantial rules, both respecting their sist in providing for the Society of Israellocal management, public institutions and ites, (with the previous approbation of the all other affairs, which may contribute best ecclesiastical goverminent,) worthy ministo the order and the happiness of all, but
ters and teachers—in erecting churches, especially with respect to institutions for schools, and every kind of useful institus moral cultivation and education of youths tions, as well for the education of children according to the true principles of Chris. as for the exercise of different arts in Lianity.
appointing experienced persons for local (The original is signed by his Impe- inspection and management, that they rial Majesty),
may, by their indefatigable exertions to ALEXANDER. maintain public and domestie order in the St. Petersburg,
colonies, and more particularly by their Easter Sunday, Mar. 25, 1817.
good example, lead the Society, by the
help of God, to that truly happy end, In a Third Ukase of the same date, bis which the good-will of bis Majesty, our Majesty names the president and directors most gracions emperor, had in view in who will constitute the Tutelary Com- establishing them-ibe internal welfare of mittee,- leaves it to them to appoint se. the Society, peace, quiet, union and order cretaries and clerks according to their own -the free exercise of all useful professions discretion,-and in future, in case mem- -industry and mutual assistance among bers should be wanted, to choose such themselves good education of children fellow-labourers as may be fit and given provision for the superannuated and the to the cause.
The members of the Comsick, for helpless widows and orphans, mittee are declared to enter upon their and the care to introduce all good and labours simply out of zeal for the cause,
laudable institutions will be the object of and consequently receive no salary. To their institution and the sole end of the the secretaries and clerks, bowever, they Committee's labours. are to assign such salaries as they think The Committee having previously pubproper. For this and other necessary ex- lished in the Petersburg papers an adverpenses, his Imperial Majesty orders for tisement to the llebrews who have embraced the present 10,000 rubles to the Com. Christianity, they conceive it necessary to mittee's disposition, of which they will inform them hereby repeatedly, that those have to give account to Prince Galitzin, Hebrews who wish to enter the Society of who will report the same to the Emperor.
Christian Israelites, and to settle on the The following lines conclude the ac- lands assigned to them, are by no means count which is at present published con- obliged to come to Petersburg in order to cerning this Society.
negotiate with the Committee on that subThe Tutelary Committee for the Chris- ject, but that every one is permitted to tian Israelites was opened on the 4th apply to the Committee by letter, and in April, upon the principles of bis Imperial this manner to express his wish to be Majesty's Ukase here published. The ob- admitted into the Society of Christina
Israelites, and to the lands granted them may apply to the ecclesiastical and ciru according to their establislied rules. In goveruments on the spot, who will on their these letters must be stated when and side offer them all possible assistance acwhere the candidate has been converted to cording to the orders issued on tbeir Christianity, and to which confession he behalf. The Committee fiud it furber belongs- what his profession is how large vecessary to add, that, according to the his family and how old every one of its true sense of the Ukase issued on the 25th members-likewise the name of his resi- of March, the Hebrews who profess Chris dence, viz. in which town, village and tianity come only then under the name of county he lives, that the Committee may Christian Israelites when they are admitted know where to address their replies—both into the Society, according to its regula. the Christian and family-vame must also tions, and settled on the lands granted ta he distinctly written. Such communica- them. tions may be written in Russian, Polish, [There are evidently errors in these and German languages, and upon ordinary translations, but not being able to collate paper. By this means the Committee will
them with the originals, we have seered be able to have information of all those them to stand verbatim as ue and these who wish and apply to be admitted into in Mr. W'ay's pamphlet. En.] the Society of Christian Israelites. In necessary cases, however, those Hebrews
dangerous fanaticism finds no partisans ia Religious.
any class of society. The people deride Calvinism Heresy at Geneva. it, and are not desirous of following the It is no longer disputed that the reign- doctrine of wretches whom they reasonably ing theology at Geneva is anti calvinistic. regard as evil-minded people. Religion is there, as elsewhere, an affair of This silly philippic has vehemently ed. state, and ibe power which was so long raged the Evangelical Magazine, which is under the direction of Calvinism is now somewhat soothed by the following anody ze turned against it. We lament this as much from the Times of November 16 : as any Calvinist can, being persuaded that “ According to an article from Genera, nothing but persecution will evable the a schoolmaster there has been laid under system to maintain its ground, and that no- an interdict by the magistrrates, for incalthing can stop the march of Unitarianism cating the doctrine of absolute predestina. except the circumstance of its becoming tion; and the writer, in reprobatioy the an established, national and political reli- conduct of the teacher, ascribes the in. gion. The Genevan l'nitarians have much crease of crimes in this country to the daily of that which they were taught in the augmenting numbers of the Puritans, who school of Calvin to unlearn before they believe in that doctrine. Without entering can be looked upon with entire compla. into the question of the truth of the dogma cency by the Unitarians of Great Britain. itself, we may be permitted to observe, that
The following passage in a letter from the inference thus deduced from it • limps Geneva, dated October 27, was published false behiud.' We apprehend, that the in a Paris newspaper:
moral character of the Genevans at a period The Puritans assume in England an when all of them were rigid Predestina. attitude not very consolatory to the friends rians, would not suffer in comparison with of peace. They do not as yet form a poli- that of their descendants. With regard to tical party, at least sensibly so; but with this country, it is precisely those parts of their number, which increases daily, crimes it where the popular creed is strictly Puri. multiply in an alarming proportion. It is tanic that are the least contaminated with the consequence of their doctrine of abso- vice; and in vindicating a numerous body lute predestination. We have a professor, of our countrymen from the caluwny of a named Malan, who (paid, as it is said, by foreigner, it ought not to be forgotten that the English Puritans) is the echo of that the army, praised by a Bishop of the Esta.
lle frankly teaches, that the human blished Church, as the most orderly and race are invincibly predestinated to lie, moral ever known in England, was aa steal, violate, &c. The authorities have army of Puritans.” suppressed the school where be instilled A correspondent in the Evangelical Ma. into youth these fine maxims, instead of gazine who lays claim to an acquaintance instructing them in Latin; and this man with the parties concerned, gives the fol. swears he is persecuted! Happily, this lowing information :
“ Some weeks since, M. Malan was “ The gentleman referred to is Mons. suspeoded for the second time from all
César Malan, a
young minister in the ecclesiastical functions, in consequence of church of Geneva. I saw him at Séché. a serinon upon the following text: “Know, ron, near that city, in August 1816, in
vain man, that faith without works is company with a senior pastor, who, as dead.' This sermon I have read, and defy well as bimself, is decidedly attached to any one to point out a single passage which the canse of evangelical truth and holiness. can justify the above charge. Only one M. Malan was not a pastor, but one of the pastor heard it, though nearly four thou- class of licentiates or younger iinisters, sand people were present in the church. On who are occasionally called to preach, and the following day, M. Malan was suspended are advanced to the pastorship as vacanwithout the preliminary step of examining cies occur. In a long conversation, he the sermon : be begged the Company of said, among other things, that he had seriPastors to peruse it, and point out the ous apprehensions of his preferment being error alleged to be contained in it: they intercepted, and of his being even derefused to do so. Some days afterwards, prived of a school to which he had been M. Gaussin, a very able pastor of a neigh- appointed, by the dislike and opposition bouring parish, presented a petition sigued which the majority of the pastors shewed by the whole of his parishioners, praying to the genuine doctrines of Christianity that M. Malan might be restored. Both and of the Reformation, the doctrines in M. Gaussin personally, and the petition, which the Genevan Church once gloried. and M. Moulinié, another clergyman who “ Of the goodness of M. Malan's chasupported it, were treated with such in- racter I cannot reasonably entertain a doubt; decency, that M. Gaussin declared that as from his introduction by the venerable and M. Malan was his very dearest friend, he highly-respected pastor with whom I saw should publish to the world the way in him, and from the information which I which he had been treated. He is now on bave since received in different ways. the point of being deprived of his place as “ Nearly two years ago, M. Malan one of the Masters of the College, because preached and published a sermon on Salhe refuses to teach to the children there the vation by Jesus Christ alone; which I Socinian Catechism, which the pastors of have read with much satisfaction. It is Geneva have substituted in the place of an epitome of the leading truths of the the one framed at the Reformation, and gospel, not so much in the form of arguwbichtbey have withdrawn. To give mentative discussion, as of a lively and some faint idea of what sort of Catechism pathetic address to the heart and conscithis is that M. Malan is required to teach, ence. This sermon was, I believe, a pria. the following Question and Answer is cipal occasion of the arbitrary regulation submitted :
issued by the Venerable Company' of the “« Q. What do we owe him? (i. e. Jesus Genevese Pastors, in May 1817, that Christ.)
candidates for the ministry should enter 666 Á. We owe him much respect!!! into the following engagement: (Nous lui devons beaucoup de respect.)' “• We promise that, so long as we re
“ Being just such an answer as the side and preach in the Churches of the Mahometans would make, who never name Canton of Geneva, we will refrain from him without adding, upon whom and advancing our opinion, either by a whole upon all prophets be blessing.' This will discourse expressly treating the topic, or not surprise you, Sir, when you are in. by any part of a discourse, on the following formed that the following speech issued points : from the chair of the Professor of Theology
“1. The manner in which the Divine in the University of Geneva, addressed to nature was united to the person of Jesus the students for the ministry: Make of Christ. Jesus Christ what you will, but do not “62. Original sin. $ make a God of him.' Faites de Jesus- “« 3. The manner in which grace opeChrist tout ce que vous voulez, mais ne rates, or efl'ectual grace. l'en faites pas Dieu.
4. Predestination. " At no period since the Reformation "" We also promise not to controvert, has the truth as it is in Jesus,' been so in public discourses, the opinion of any of fully and ably and boldly preached as the pastors upon these subjects. Finally, it is at this time in Geneva, by M. Malan we engage, that, if we should be led to and M. Gaussin in the national church, express our own sentiments on any of and by M. Gonthier, Guers and D’Em- these topics, we will do it (sans abonder peytoy, in the new Independent Church; dans notre sens] without being positive in and as it is in Berne, by Messrs. Gallaw, our own notions, avoiding opinions which Schaffter, and the Baron Beat de Lerber.” are not found in the Holy Scriptures, and
To this joformation Dr. J. P. Smith using, as much as possible, scriptural makes some addition in a letter in the expressions.' some magazine: he says,
to Such is this curious engagement!
is not easy to say whether we should most deal with heretics at home. Dr. Watts, wonder at its extreme absurdity and in- in his Logic, wisely recommends travelling consistency with itsell, or detest its domi- as the cure for bigotry. neering and papistical spirit.
" About the time when these measures were adopted, M. Malan was deprived of Important Decision in farour of Re. his school, and virtually, if not directly, ligions Liberty in France. excluded from the pulpits of the city and We inserted p. 404, under the title of canton. "My information does not enable Persecution of the French Protestants," me to say whether he joined the worshiping an account of the fining of a deacon of assemblies of the small Church, which the church of Bourdeaux, for not having was formed in 1817, at Geneva, on congre
decorated his house with the usual bang. gational principles: but I have learned, ings during the idolatrous procession of from a respected friend, (who is just re- the bost. An appeal from the sentence turned from a long sojourn in France, oc- was made to a higher tribunal at Paris, casioned by the afflictive state of his health,) and we have very great satisfaction in that M. Malan has signed the Regulation, stating the result in an article from the putting in at the same time a kind of pro- French papers. test or declaration of the sense in which he “ Court of Cassation.-Criminal Sec. makes the engagement, and that he is, in tion, Nov. 20 Can a citizen be compelled consequence, restored to the exercise of
to hang out tapestry on the front of his his ministry in the Established Church. house, while the external ceremonies of
“ However we may lament the want of the Catholic worship are performing? fortitude in this young minister, and the “Such was the question bronght before submission to which he has been driven, I the Court, by an appeal from the Sieur make no doubt, by incessant persuasions, Roman, a Protestant, against a judgment and by the pressure of personal and disa of the Correctional Tribunal of Police of mestic distress; one thing is very fairly to Gap, which condemned him to a fue of be inferred froin the fact of his restoration, 6 francs for not having obeyed an edict namely, the total falsehood of the asser- of the Mayor of the town of Lourmaria, tions published in the newspapers with ordering the inhabitants of that town to regard to his doctrine, or his moral cha. cover the fronts of their houses, in those racter, or his being supported by any streets through which the Holy Sacrament • English Puritans.'
might pass, during the procession of the “ It will afford pleasure to your readers Fête Dieu. to learn, that, after the shameful outrages “M. Odilon Barrol, Counsel for M. Ro. which the newly-formed church at Geneva man, entered into a detailed argument in suffered in July last, and of which an ac- support of the appeal. He observed that count has been given in the Evangelical the constiinent assembly, and, after it, Magazine, they have been enabled to re- all other constituted authorities, had prosume their religious meetings in another claimed the principle of religious freedom; place, which, though not so large or com- and bad completely separated questions modious as they wishi, is more so than that of religion froin those connected with civil which they before occupied.”
and political rights. The concordat of We agree with Dr. Smith in condemning 1801, with the view of maintaining a the conduct of the Genevese Pastors: but perfect equality between the Roman Catheir error results, as he must allow, not tholic religion and other systems of re. from their theology, but from their con- ligion, went so far as lo probibit the celesidering the Church and State as in alli- bration of any ceremony ont of churches,
Grant them the principle of a in towns in which there were temples Church Establishment by law, and all destined for public worship. The charter that they have dene is justifiable. Mons. had made no change in these principles; Malan and his little party would, no doubt, on the contrary, it had confirmed there, take the same course with their adversaries by proclaiming anew, that every citizen if they were to become the majority. At is free with regard to his worship, and present, Unitarianism is orthodoxy and that all religions are equally protected. Calvinism heresy at Geneva: and as long. “ We therefore still live under the in. as these arrogant distinctions are preserved Auence of the principle rendered saered in the world, they will be bandied about hy the Constituent Assembly; a principle just as power changes hands.-An English which places a man's religion oui of the “ Evangelical" preacher, who is accus- jur liction of the law. When the law is tomed to speak of Unitarian heretics with neutral, the civil authority must neces. hatred and scorn, must feel oddly on visit- sarily be the same, and cannot interfere ing Geneva, where Calvinism was once with different religions, except to give enthroned, to find hinself labouring under them equal protection. It cannot, therethe odium of heresy, and dealt with less fore, associate itself with the ceremonies tenderly than he has been accustomed to of any one particular worship; and still