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buried under its remains the tomb of Atala, and the Groves of the dead. Chactas lingered there a long while; he visited the cave of the Solitary, which he found filled with thorn-bushes and raspberry vines, and in which a hind was giving milk to her fawn. He sat down on the rock of the death vigil, where he saw only some plumes fallen from the wing of the bird of passage. While he was weeping there, the familiar serpent of the missionary issued from the bramble bushes near by, and came twining himself around his feet. Chactas warmed in his bosom again this faithful friend remaining alone amid these ruins. The son of Outalissi has related that many a time, at the approach of night, he thought he could see the shades of Atala and of Father Aubry arising in the mist of the twilight. These visions filled him with a religious fear and with a sad joy. After having sought in vain for the tomb of his sister, and that of the hermit, he was just going to leave this spot, when the hind of the cave leaped before him. She stopped at the foot of the cross of the Mission. That cross was then half surrounded by water; its wood was eaten by the moss, and the pelican of the desert loved to perch on its worm-eaten arms. Chactas judged that the grateful hind had led him to the tomb of his host. He dug under the rock which formerly served for an altar, and there he found the remains of a man and of a woman. He did not doubt but that they were those of the priest and the virgin, which the Angels had perhaps buried in that spot; he wrapped them up in the skins of bears and took again the route towards home, conveying those precious remains, which rattled on his shoulders like the quiver of death. At night, he put them under his head, and he dreamed of love and virtue. O stranger! thou canst behold here that dust mingled with the bones of Chactas.'
When the Indian woman had spoken these words, I rose; and approaching the sacred ashes, I prustrated myself before them in silence. Then standing back some distance, I exclaimed: Thus passes over the earth all that was good, virtuous, sensible! Man, thou art only a rapid dream, a mournful reverie ; thou dost exist only by unhappiness ; thou art nothing except by the sadness of thy soul and the eternal melancholy of thy thought!'
These reflections filled my mind all night. The next day, at dawn, my host left me. The young warriors opened the march, and the wives closed it; the first were charged with the holy relics; the second carried their new-born : the old men walked slowly in the middle, placed between their ancestors and their posterity, between memory and hope, between the home lost and the home to come. Oh! how many tears are shed when one gives up thus his native land, while, from the highth of the hill of exile, one spies for the last time the roof where he was nourished and, by the wigwam, the stream which continues flowing sadly across the lonely meadows of the country!
Unfortunate Indians, whom I have seen wandering in the deserts of the New World, with the ashes of your ancestors; ye who have given me hospitality in spite of your misery! I can render you no service now, for even as you, so I wander, at the mercy of men; and, less happy in my exile, I have not borne along the bones of my Fathers.
END OF ATALA.
BY A. M. B.
Of days gone by—the twilight hour,
And sleeps the dew drop in the flow'r-
By the fire's dim, uncertain glare,
I see the cricket sporting there-
O’er the mirror which mem'ry sways, Seen like stars in an evening sky,
The dearly loved of other days,
So fade their errors from the view, Their virtues, like the stars, grow bright,
As Heav'n puts on a darker hue-
A Description of some of the Signs used by the Prairie Indians,
as an International Language.
BY. I. J. COOPER.
A white man or American.--Most of the Prairie Indians designate bim, by drawing their hand across their brow, — showing that he wears a hat. The Sioux however, make the same motion but clench their bands instead of having them open.
A Frenchman. The Sioux denote him by passing the hand in front of the mouth, as if cutting with a knife.
Spaniard or Mexican. – Use the hands as if brushing up whiskers.
A Snake or Comanche. — Shaking the extended forefinger, pointing to the earth, in front, to designate the serpentine course of a snake.
Arapahoe.— Tapping the breast with the ends of the fingers of the right hand,-a spotted breast.
Cheyenne.—Making 3 marks on the left arm close to shoulder with 3 fingers of the right hand-this being the badge or token of this tribe.
Pawnee or Wolf.—The two first fingers of each hand elevated and the hands placed close to the head, to denote erect ears.
Sioux. — Draw the hand quickly across the throat, to show a cut-throat.
Sioux brulés.-Rubbing the hips as if burnt.
Sioux casse de flèche. — Make the gesture of pulling back a bowstring, and then with clenched hands as if breaking in two an arrow.
Crows. — Spread both hands and with the fingers upwards slightly agitate them opposite each shoulder, to represent the wings and flight of a bird.
Blackfoot.-Rubbing the instep of the foot with one hand.
A chief or headman.—Extend forefinger of right hand slightly curved and with the palm from you, make a semicircular motion with the same, leaving the point of the finger downwards, showing high and low-giving one to understand that he has authority as regards him
Brave man. Forefinger of right hand extended and pushed forward, to denote one who goes ahead.
Couard.- Drawing the right hand curved inwards close to the right side of the body, denoting a drawing back.
A person who can hear and will not. — Move forefinger of right hand to the right ear, and draw point of forefinger of left hand from opposite ear, as much as to say: what went in one ear came out at the other.
NOTE.-These are some of the signs used by the Prairie Indians as a language; and tho' I may have failed to describe them with thet minuteness and clearness which a curious rea. der might desire, he may at least have the consolation that they are faithful as far as they go; for to my own experience among the Arapahoes. Chiennes, A páches, Kioways and Camabcbes I have not scrupled to add the valuable memoranda of Maj. Solomon P. Sublette.
I. J. C.
An old man. - Hand clenched, palm forward, and circular motion near the head, to denote that time has rolled over his head.
Fool. -Placing the knuckles against the forehead, palm inwards. Hard head.
Friends.-Clasping both hands tightly together-showing a union.
Poor or Destitute.- Rubbing down perpendicular forefinger of the left, with the forefinger of the right, as much as to say: he is stripped.
Poor in flesh. — Placing hands curved against the chest, and throw them outwards, as if taking the flesh theref, om.
Woman or Squaw. — Stroke down with both hands on each side of the head, to denote long hair.
Whiskey or Strong Water. --Holding up right hand, tightly clenched, agitating it as if holding something firmly that was hard to beat or hold.
Tobacco.-Hold the right hand as though a long pipe were in it, bringing them towards you and back again with a slight sound of the nose as though emitting the smoke-this being the Indian mode of enjoying the weed.
A Pipe.-Motion as above but keep the hand stationary.
A Gun. — Place the hands in the position of holding a gun ready for shooting.
Powder or Flour. - Hold the fingers of the right hand as if containing a pinch of either and then make the motion of sprinkling it-showing its value and nature.
Salt. - Place the forefingers of the right hand to the tip of the tongue.
Vermillion.—Rub the cheek to denote it—this being the In
Beads.- Make a sign with the fingers as if encircling the neck, for large beads, and place the finger at the base of the ear for others-as the former are worn as ornaments for the one, whilst the latter adorn the other:
Dried Meat.—Use the open right hand with the palm upwards like a knife between the thumb and fingers of the left hand, the palm of which should likewise be upwards, as if splitting a piece of meat, as the Indian women do that of the buffalo in the process of curing it.
Trading.-Cross two forefingers-an interchange.
Swapping.–Make a pass with forefinger of each hand at right angles to each other.