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INTRODUCTORY MEMOIR

ix-liii Epistle III. (to Lord Bathurst): of the

PREFACE

use of Riches

JUVENILE POEMS

Epistle IV. (to the Earl of I

Pastorals

of the use of Riches.

A Discourse on Pastoral Poetry

Epistle V. (to Mr Addison. Occasioned

Spring

• 13

by his Dialogues on Medals). . 263

Summer

SATIRES

Autumn

Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot, being the Pro: 7

Winter

logue to the Satires.

Messiah

. . . . . 26 Satires and Epistles of Horace Imitated .

Windsor Forest

The First Satire of the Second Book . 286

Odes

. 41

The Second Satire of the Second Book . 290

Ode for Music on St Cecilia's Day : 41 The First Epistle of the First Book

Two Chorus's to the Tragedy of Brutus. 43

The Sixth Epistle of the First Book . 300

Ode on Solitude .

The First Epistle of the Second Book . 303

The Dying Christian to his Soul' : 46 The Second Epistle of the Second Book 316

Essay on Criticism

Satires of Dr Donne Versified

- 324

The Rape of the Lock

Satire II.

. 325

Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate

Satire IV.

Lady

Epilogue to the Satires in Two Dialogues : 334

Prologue to Mi Addison's Tragedy of .90

Dialogue I.

· 334

Cato

Dialogue II.

• 339

Epilogue to Mr Rowe's Jane Shore' : 94

THE DUNCIAD

• 347

TRANSLATIONS AND IMITATIONS . . 97

Preface (1727)

Sappho to Phaon

Advertisement

• 354

Eloisa to Abelard

. . 104

A Letter to the Publisher

• 355

The Temple of Fame

Advertisement (1742)

• 359

January and May

Advertisement (1743)

. 360

The Wife of Bath

144 Advertisement (Printed in the Journals,

The First Book of Stat

1730)

The Fable of Dryope

Martinus Scriblerus of the Poem :

Vertumnus and Pomona

. 173 By Authority

• 363

Imitations of English Poets

. 176 The Dunciad: Book I. . . .

• 364

. 177

Book II.

• 377

Spenser (Th

. 177

Book III.

• 391

Waller

. 179

Book IV,

• 403

* Tof a Lady singing to her Lute)

Imitations

• 424

On a Fan of the Author's Design)

By the Author: a Declaration

Cowley

A List of Books, Papers and Verses, &c. . 431

(The Garden) : : : :

uen) . . .

Index of Persons celebrated in this Poem

.

433

(Weeping)

Index of Matters contained in this Poem

Earl of Rocheste

and Notes ..

434

Earl of Dorset

MISCELLANEOUS PIECES IN VERSE . . 439

(Artemisia) : : : :

Imitations of Horace

• 441

Phryne)

Book I. Epistle VII.

• 441

Dr Swift (The Happy Life of a Country

Book II. Satire VI.

442

Parson)

Book IV. Ode I. ,

MORAL ESSAYS

Part of the Ninth Ode of the fourth Book 446

Essay on Man

Epistles

447

Epistle I.

· 193 To Robert Eari of Oxford : : :

Epistle II.

200 To James Craggs, Esq.

Epistle III.

• 208 To Mr Jervas, with Mr Dryden's Trans-

Epistle IV.

216

lation of Fresnoy's Art of Painting.

The Universal Prayer

.226 To Miss Blount, with the Works of

Moral Essays in Four Epistles to several

Voiture

Persons

To the same, on her leaving the Town ***

Epistle I. (to Lord Cobham): of the

after the Coronation

Knowledge and Characters of Men . 228 | On Receiving from the Right Hon, the ***

Epistle 11. (to a Lady); of the Charac-

Lady Frances Shirley a Standish and

· ters of Women . . . . 236 | two Pens . . . . . . 454

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Epitaphs

. 455 Imitation of Tibullus.

I. On Charles Earl of Dorset

• 456 Epitaphs on John Hughes and Sarah ****

II. On Sir William Trumbal

Drew .

III. On the Hon. Simon Harcourt . 457 On the Countess of Burlington cutting ***

IV. On James Craggs, Esq.

• 457 Paper .

V. Intended for Mr Rowe

On a Picture of Queen Caroline :

. 457

: 186

VI. On Mrs Corbet .

The Looking-Glass: on Mrs. Pulteney .

VII. On the Monument of the Hon. On certain Ladies . .

Robert Digby and of his sister

Celia . .

Mary . . . . . .458

Epigram, engraved on the

VIII. On Sir Godfrey Kneller

459 which I gave to H.R.H.

IX. On General Henry Withers

• 459

Lines sung by Durastanti.

X. On Mr Elijah Fenton

On his Grotto at Twickenham

XI. On Mr Gay

. 460 Verses to Mr. C. . .

XII. Intended for Sir Isaac Newton 461 To Mr Gay, who had congratulated M

XIII. On Dr Francis Atterbury

Pope on finishing his House and Gardens 488

XIV. On Edmund D. of Buckingham . 462 Upon the Duke of Marlborough's House

XV. For one who would not be buried in

at Woodstock.

Westminster Abbey

452 On Beaufort House Gate at Chis

Another, on the same

. . . 462 Lines to Lord Bathurst

Miscellaneous . .

Inscription on a Punch-Bowl

A Paraphrase on Thomas à Kempis .

Verbatim from Boileau

• 490

To the Author of a Poem entitled Successio Epigram (My Lord compi

491

Argus: Min.

Epigram (Yes, 'tis the time, &c.)

Imitation of Martial:

Occasioned by reading the Travel

Occasioned by some Verses of His Grace ** Captain Lemuel Gulliver
the Duke of Buckingham

1. To Quintus Flestrin, the Man-Moun- 49
On Mrs Tofts

tain

Epigram on the Feuds about Handel and 11. The Lamentation of Glumdalclitch 494

Bononcini

for the Loss of Grildrig

Epigram (You beat your pate,

III. -To Mr. Lemuel Gulliv rom the

Epitaph (Well then, poor G-

Houyhnhnms .

494

Epitaph (Here Francis C- lies, &c.). . . 466

The Balance of Europe .

· 466

Gulliver

• 495

To a Lady with “The Temple of Fame'.

467 Lines on Swift's Ancestors.

• 497

Impromptu to Lady Winchilsea.

From the Grub-street Journal

497

Epigram on the Toasts of the Kit-Ca

I. Epigram: occasioned by seeing some

A Dialogue (Pope and Craggs).

sheets of Bentley's edition of Milton's

On Drawings of the Statues of Apollo,

Paradise Lost .

Venus, and Hercules, made by Sir G. 11. "Epigram (Should D-s print, &c.): 49%

Kneller

III. Mr J. M. S-e catechised on his

one Epistle to Mr Pope

riage?

IV. Epigram: on Mr M-re

law with Mr Gilliver .

Play

V. Epigram (A gold watch found, &c.) 498

A Prologue by Mr Pope to a Play for Mi 409 | VI. Epitaph (Here lies what had no

Dennis's Benefit . . . . . 470

birth, &c.) . . . . . .

Macer: a Character.

. 471 VII. A Quiestion by Anonymous . .

Umbra ,

VIII. Epigram (Great G-, &c.)

To Mr John Moore, Author of the cele IX. Epigram (Behold! ambitious of the

brated Worm-Powder

British bays, &c.).

Sandys' Ghost . . .

.473 On Seeing the Ladies at Crux-Easton walk ***

The Translator.

· 474 in the Woods by the Grotto

The Three Gentle Shepherds

• 475 Inscription on a Grotto, the work of Nine 499

Lines Written in Windsor Forest

• 475

Ladies

To Mrs M. B. on her Birth-Day

Verses left by_Mi Pope, on his lying in 500

The Challenge, a Court Ballad.

. 476 Rochester's Bed at Adderbury

500

Answer to a Question of Mrs Howe

To the Right Hon, the Earl of Oxford

Song, by a Person of Quality

.

• 478

Translation of a Prayer of Brutus . 501

On a certain Lady at Court .

Lines written in Evelyn's Book on Coins . 501

A Farewell to London .

• 479

To Mr. Thomas Southern, on his Birth-

The Basset-Table, an Eclogue ..

480 Day

• 501

To Lady Mary Wortley Montagu

. 483

• 502

Extemporaneous Lines, on the Picture of Prayer of St Francis Xavier .

Lady M. W. Montagu .

Appendix : 1740, a Poem

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INTRODUCTORY MEMOIR.

V ERY wonderful is the vitality of names; and there is reason to believe that

V books and essays continue to this day to make their appearance, in which the period of our literary history coinciding with the literary life of Pope is spoken of as our Augustan age. Were this transfer of title intended to imply the existence during the period in question of any royal patronage of letters such as the first of the legitimate Cæsars was too prudent absolutely to neglect, it would condemn itself at once. The English Augustans were not warmed by the favour of any English Augustus. William the Deliverer, in whose reign they had grown up, had been without stomach for the literature of a nation with whose tastes and habits he had never made it part of his political programme to sympathise. Queen Anne's very feeble light of personal judgment was easily kept under by the resolute will of her favourites, or flickered timidly under cover of the narrowest orthodoxy. Of the first two Georges the former, indifferent to an unpopularity which never seemed to endanger his tenure of the throne, neither possessed an ordinary mastery of the English tongue nor manifested even a transient desire to acquire it. His successor had no objection to be considered, in virtue of his mistress rather than his wife, the patron of the literary adherents of a political party, until, on mounting the throne, he blandly disappointed the hopes of that party itself. The epoch of our Augustans had all but closed, when the death of Frederick, Prince of Wales, put an absolute end to the nominal hopes in the advent of a golden age for the liberal arts, by averting the accession of a Patriot King.

Neither was the defect of royal patronage supplied by any genuine Mæcenas from among the great ones of the realm. The traditions in this respect of the Stuart period—traditions doubtless exaggerated in the age of Pope, yet not wholly baseless-had barely survived the expulsion of the last Stuart King. Of King William's Batavian comrades, none had sought to grace their newly-acquired dignities and incomes by fostering the efforts of genius in the country which they had consented to adopt. Among the chief English-born noblemen and gentlemen

of this reign those of the older generation were too intently engaged in picking their path through events and eventualities to find time for dallying with the delights of literature and art. One only of their number, the sage whom all parties honoured because he so circumspectly abstained from being of vital service to any, Sir William Temple, alone had a thought for literature, and horticulture, and other liberal amusements. With Queen Anne's accession commenced among the leaders of political and social life a period of eager speculation as to the contingencies which might supervene on her decease. Parties within parties, and factions within factions, battled over their living sovereign because it seemed that everything must depend upon the hands into which the power should fall when she should lie dead. In a time of national abasement foreign intellectual fashions and the patronage of such fashions may prevail ; and such had been actually the case in the reigns of both the Charles's. In a time of national elevation a national literature will find its patrons; nor had such been wanting to our Elizabethans, nor were they (though in a different fashion) to fail English writers in subsequent times. But amidst the cynically selfish party-warfare which degraded our political life in the reign of Queen Anne, the value of literature was depreciated in accordance with the general decay of national feeling. For it was an age in which all things were viewed in their relation to the main issue upon which men's thoughts were fixed. Church and crown, freedom of action and of speech, the rights of the citizen at home and the glories of the nation abroad, were freely and fiercely tossed about in the caldron where the political future was believed to be brewing. Where the national honour was hardly taken into account as a secondary consideration, and the national wishes so little consulted that in the eyes of history they to this day frequently remain obscure, a national literature could obviously have no intrinsic cause for existence in the eyes of either Tories or of Whigs. It is for the parties that the nation and its feelings have been created; its traditions, its sympathies are so many adventitious aids, its foremost men so many candidates for partisan employment. The Whigs will crown Addison the laureate of their party; but not till he has sung the glories of its acknowledged hero. Bolingbroke, who liked to compare himself to Alcibiades, and Oxford, in whom the oblique vision of some party adulator discerned a Pericles to match, repaid their literary henchmen in the coin dearest to the frugal souls of literary men, and cheapest to the condescending great, a social familiarity at times facilitated by the bottle. Their literary assailants they were eager to imprison and pillory and utterly extinguish. Pegasus was always welcome if he would run in harness; otherwise away with him to the pound. Queen Anne's reign came to an end; and under the administration which supervened, a yet more practical method of reducing literature to her level was consistently adopted. No minister has probably ever expended so large a sum upon the hire of pens as Sir Robert Walpole. The consent of contemporaries and posterity stigmatises him as the poet's foe. The warmth of his patronage elicited the grubs from the soil, and bred dunces faster than Swift and Pope could destroy them.

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