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F. Alas young man! your days can ne'er be long,
P. What? arm'd for Virtue when I point the pen,
Could Laureate Dryden Pimp and Friar engage', . Yet neither Charles nor James be in a rage?
And I not strip the gilding off a knave,
Envy must own, I live among the Great 5,
madness, there's method in it.' There is real 1705 took Barcelona, and in the winter following fire in Lee, besides a great deal of smoke.] with only 280 horse and goo foot enterprized and
1 Boileau acted with much caution when he accomplished the Conquest of Valentia. P. first published his Lutrin here alluded to, and (See Macaulay's captivating account of Peterendeavoured to cover and conceal his subject by borough in his Essay on the War of Succession a preface laying the scene at Bourges, not at in Spain.] Paris, for which it was intended. When in 1683 5 Envy must own, &c.] Horace makes the he threw off the mask, no offence was taken by point of honour to consist simply in his living the Canons whom he had ridiculed. From familiarly with the Great, Warton's note. [Moreover, the ascendancy of Cum magnis vixisse invita fatebitur usque bigotry and Mad. de Maintenon had not begun Invidia. when Boileau wrote his famous satire ; when they Our poet, more nobly, in his living with them on fully prevailed he retired from Court.)
the footing of an honest man. He prided himself 2 [In his Spanish Friar. But he soon atoned in this superiority, as appears from the following for that piece by Absalom and Achitophel.] words, in a letter to Dr Swift: “To have pleased
3 [Pope declined the pension offered him by great men, according to Horace, is a praise; but Lord Halifax early in George I.'s reign.)
not to have flattered them, and yet not have 4 And HE, whose lightning, etc.] Charles displeased them, is a greater." Let. vii. Fan. Mordaunt Earl of Peterborough, who in the year 12, 1723.
To help who want, to forward who excel;
F. Your Plea is good; but still I say, beware!
P. Libels and Satires! lawless things indeed!
[IN Horace's Satire the praise of temperance is laid in the mouth of Ofellus, a simple farmer with whom the poet had been acquainted from his boyhood.]
W H AT, and how great, the Virtue and the Art
V To live on little with a cheerful heart,
1 [Bowles reminds the reader of the mob in 4 [Hugh Bethel, the 'blameless Bethel' of Julius Caesar (Act 11. Sc. 3), demanding that Moral Essays, Ep. v., a Yorkshire gentleman Cinna the poet should be torn for his bad verses.') with whom Pope was intimate, and frequently ? [Walpole.)
corresponded. He was a close friend of Pope's 3 Solventur risu tabulae: tu missus abibis. dearest friends, the Blounts of Mapledurham. Hor.
He died in 1748.]
Hear BETHEL'S Sermon, one not vers’d in schools, But strong in sense, and wise without the rules.
Go work, hunt, exercise! (he thus began)
Preach as I please, I doubt our curious men
Oldfieldl with more than Harpy throat endued,
'Tis yet in vain, I own, to keep a pother About one vice, and fall into the other : Between Excess and Famine lies a mean; ·Plain, but not sordid; tho' not splendid, clean.
Avidien, or his Wife (no matter which, For him you'll call a dog, and her a bitch) Sell their presented partridges, and fruits,
And humbly live on rabbits and on roots : 1 Oldfield] This eminent Glutton ran thro' in Mr Hayward's Essay on the Art of Dining:] a fortune of fifteen hundred pounds a year in the 4 Bedford-head;) A famous Eating-House. simple luxury of good eating. Warburton. P. [In Covent-Garden.)
2 Hog barbecued, etc.] A West Indian term 5 Edward Wortley Montagu, the husband of of gluttony, a hog roasted whole, stuffed with Lady Mary. Carruthers. [Their son Edward, spice, and basted with Madeira wine. P. [How alluded to in v. 56, was a source of constant gross an antithesis to Charles Lamb's favourite annoyance to both his parents; and Lady M. delicate sucking-pig!!
speaks of the impossibility of his behaving as a 3 [‘Cet aimable oiseau se mange à la broche rational creature.') et en salmi.' Almanach des Gourmands, quoted
Be a sore the > Ka isai
tho i stark, they crop ty crop part,
He kom to rebo keeps the skice state,
Nos hear what blessing Temperance can bring:
How pale, each Worship and Rev'rend guest
Os moming wings how active springs the Mind
Our fathers prais'd rank Ven'son. You suppose
Unworthy he, the voice of Fame to hear,
* Warburton remarks on the orthodox tur given by Pope to the Epicureanism of Horace.]
? (A feasts]
delicacy still in vogue at academical
3 (Lord Hervey.)
Who has not learned, fresh sturgeon and ham-pie
“Right,” cries his Lordship, “for a rogue in need “To have a Taste is insolence indeed : “In me 'tis noble, suits my birth and state, “My wealth unwieldy, and my heap too great." Then, like the Sun, let Bounty spread her ray, And shine that superfluity away. Oh Impudence of wealth! with all thy store, How dar'st thou let one worthy man be poor? Shall half the new-built churches round thee fall ? Make Quays, build Bridges, or repair White-hall: Or to thy country let that heap be lent, As M**o's? was, but not at five per cent.
Who thinks that Fortune cannot change her mind, Prepares a dreadful jest for all mankind. And who stands safest ? tell me, is it he That spreads and swells in puff'd prosperity, Or blest with little, whose preventing care In peace provides fit arms against a war?
Thus BETHEL spoke, who always speaks his thought, And always thinks the very thing he ought: His equal mind I copy what I can, And, as I love, would imitate the Man. In South-sea days not happier, when surmis'd The Lord of Thousands, than if now Excis'da; In forest planted by a Father's hand3, Than in five acres now of rented land. Content with little, I can piddle here On brocoli and mutton, round the year; But ancient friends (tho' poor, or out of play) That touch my bell, I cannot turn away. 'Tis true, no Turbots dignify my boards, But gudgeons, founders, what my Thames affords: To Hounslow-heath I point and Bansted-down“, Thence comes your mutton, and these chicks my own: From yon old walnut-tree a show'r shall fall; And grapes, long ling'ring on my only wall, And figs from standard and espalier join; The dev'l is in you if you cannot dine: Then cheerful healths5 (your Mistress shall have place), And, what's more rare, a Poet shall say Grace.
150 1 [The Duke of Marlboroug
which he sold in 1716. The sum which he left 2 (See notes to Moral Essays, Ep. II. vv. to his son was something under £4000. The five 115 and 118.)
acres of rented land' are the Twickenham estate.] 3 [Pope's father originally purchased twenty 4 [Between Caterham and Epsom.] acres of land in the outskirts of Windsor Forest, 5 [Pope's economy in the matter of wine of