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lieved to be complete and correct. The Seventh Census of the United States not yet having been printed, it has been found impossible to obtain full or authentic returns of the matters embraced therein. For obvious reasons the most authentic source of information is the official publication, and it is better to 'give in one of our volumes a complete abstract of the census from the official copy, than to publish portions of it from year to year in separate volumes from unofficial and irresponsible authority. If the census is’printed in season, we hope to give full abstracts of its returns in our volume for next year. The Titles and Abstracts of the Public Laws and Joint Resolutions have been carefully prepared, and are sufficiently full, except for professional use. Among those this year of special interest are the acts making land warrants assignable, establishing the Light-House Board, for the further security of passengers on board steam-vessels, relatir.g to the public printing, and concerning the Post-Office establishment. The tabular view of the railroads in the country is continued from the last -volume; and the comparative view of the debts, property, and general financial condition of all the States has been corrected with great care from the latest official returns. The information concerning the Individual States is more full than in former years. It is believed that nowhere else can be found such full details respecting the Executive and Judiciary, the finances, schools, charitable institutions, and pauperism and crime, of the several States. Should any one note inaccuracies or deficiencies therein, he is urgently requested to correct them. The European part of the work, revised from the best authority to the latest dates, gives the several States of Europe, with their form of government, the name, title, and date of accession of the reigning sovereigns, the area and population of the several countries. It also gives the Royal Family of England, and the Ministry, Judiciary, the Peers, and the New House of Commons. The newest Ministry of France is added. The Obituary Notices and Chronicle of Events have been prepared with care. A full foreign obituary was prepared but is crowded out. It will be given next year.

The thanks of the Editor are particularly due to the heads of Department at Washington, and to his many contributors and correspondents, to whom the work is indebted for a great part of its value. A continuance of their favors is respectfully solicited. A work embracing such a multitude of facts must necessarily contain some errors; persons who detect any are earnestly requested to communicate them to the Editor. It is particularly desirable that these communications should not be anonymous. It is frequently a source of regret to the Editor that he cannot suitably acknowl. edge the valuable hints and assistance of anonymous correspondents. It is a matter of some public interest, that a periodical which circulates so widely, both in Europe and America, and which is so universally trusted as a manual for reference, should be rendered as accurate as possible ; and this end can be obtained only by the coöperation of many individuals. Communications should be addressed to the Editor of the American Almanac,” Boston.

Boston, Mass., Sept. 30, 1852.

CONTENTS.

8,9

..........

U. S. Revenue from 1789 to 1851, 170 Privilege of Franking,

191

U. S. Expenditure from 1789 to 1851, 171 Rates of Foreign Postage, &c., . 192-195

11. Commerce and Navigation,

172 Foreign Newspaper and Pamphlet

Value of Imporis, 1850, 1851,

172

Postage,..

196

Value of Imports for five Years...... 175 13. Public Lands,..

196

Value of Exports, 1848 - 1851, 176 Sales of Public Lands,

197

Imports from and Exports to Foreign 14. Colleges, &c., in the United States,. 198

Countries in 1850 - 51,

178 Annual College Expenses,..

201

Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade, 179 Theological Schools,

202

Imports and Exports of each State, 180 Law Schools, .

Vessels built in U. States, and their

Medical Schools,

203

Tonnage, in 1851,

180 15. Smithsonian Institution,

203

Comparative View of Tonnage from 16. Religious Denominations,

1815 to 1851,

17. State Elections, &c.,

204

Commercial Marine of United States, 131 18. Governors of States and Territories, 205

Vessels built, and their Tonnage, from 19. Finances of the States,

1815 to 1851,

182 20. Population of the United States, 208

12. Post-Office Department,

182 21. Slaves in the United States,

208

Mail-service for 1851,

183 22. Seventh Census of United States, ... 209

No. of Post-Offices, &c., since 1790, .. 184 23. Population of Principal Cities,..... 210

Post Offices in each State, classified 24. Mint,

210

according to Compensation,..

185 Officers of Mint, and Coinage,.

211

Cost and Income from Postages in

California Gold,

211

each State,

185 Coinage of the Mint for 59 Years, 212

Revenue &c., under Law of 1845, 186 25. Congress,...

213

Foreign Mail Service,

187

Senate,

213

Receipts and Expenditures for Con House of Representatives,... 215

tract year, in detail,

188

Alphabetical List of Representatives, 218

Compensation of Postmasters,... 188 26. Railroads in the United States,.

220

Rates of Postage in United States, 189

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...... 318

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.. 178

.... 134

.... 319

PAGE

PAGE
Abstracts of Public Laws
139 Ephemeris of the Sun

51
Additions and Corrections
352 Eras, &c.......

3
Alabama.
28] European States

318
American Obituary

332 Events, General, in 1851 .

............ 315
American States

1852.
Arkansas.

289 Executive Government of U. S........... 101
Apportionment of U. S. Representatives 209 Expenditures of U. S. for 62 years ...... 171
Appraisers at Large...
102 Expenditures of each State

207
Appropriations, U. S., for 1852, 1853. 139 Exports of each State for 1850 - 51 ...... 180
Army List

113 Exports, Value of, in 1850 -51...... 176 - 178
Army Officers, Pay of..

119 Exports to Foreign Countries .......... 178
Army Pension Agents..
...... 112 Exports for 61 Years...

169
Arsenals in the United States..

116 Federal Representative Population,...... 209
Assistant Treasurers ...
102 Festivals of the Church .....

5
Astronomy, Recent Discoveries in, relat- Finances of the States...

..206, 207
ing to Comets ..
69 Fixed Stars, Apparent Places of

59
Attorneys of U.S. Courts...
126 Florida.

280
Banks. See the several States.

Flowering of Fruit-trees in 1852
Barometrical Observations

.89-98 Foreign Goods imported......
Cabinet, Officers in the ........ ..... 101 Foreign Mail Service ......

187
Calendar: January, &c... ........ 10- 33 Foreign Ministers, &c., in U. S.....
California.

312 Foreign Nations, Intercourse with 129
California Gold...

211 Foreign Trade, Countries of ..... ..... 178
California Land Claims, Commission 104 France.

332
California, Act concerning Branch Mint in, 144 Franking Privilege

191
Capitals of States...
204 Free Matter

162
Census of U. States (Seventh)
209 General Events in 1851

315
Celestial Phenomena, Signs, &c. ........

3
1852

318
Chargés d'Affaires of U. S. in 1852....... 130 Geologists, U. S., with Land-Office...... 110
Chronicle of Events.
345 Georgia

278
Chronological Cycles

..................
Church Festivals ..................

4 Government, Seats of, in different States. 204

5 Governments, Annual Expenses of State. 207
Circuit Courts...

......126 - 128 Governors of States, Terms and Salaries.. 205
Cities, Principal, Population of.... 210 Great Britain.
Clerks of Circuit Courts, U. S..... 352 Illinois.

301
Clerks of District Courts of U. S... 127 Imports, Value of, in 1850 and 1851..172-175
Clouds and Winds....
89-98 Imports for 61 Years..

169
Coinage of Mint for 59 Years
212 Imports of each State for 1850 - 51

180
Collectors of Customs.................. 107 imports paying ad valorem Duties...172-175
Colleges in United States.
..... 198 Imports free of Duty

172
Colleges, Annual Expenses in

201 Indian Superintendents and Agents...... 111
Comels, Recent Discoveries of. ..... 69-88 Indiana

300
Commerce

172 Inspection of Steam-Vessels,act concerning 150
Commercial Agents in Foreign Countries 130 Inspectors of Steam.Vessels ....

352
Commercial Marine of the U.S.

181 Intercourse with Foreign Nations ....... 129
Commission on California Land Claims.. 104 Interior, Department of the ............. 104
Commissioners, U.S., in Foreign Countries 130 lowa .

308
Congress, Thirty-Second, 2d Session .... 213 Jewish Calendar ....

5
Congress, Officers of.

352 Judges of U.S. Circuit and District Courts 126
Connecticut
246 Judiciary, U. S.

124
Consuls, Foreign, in U. S.
134 – 139 Jupiter's Satellites, Eclipses of...

43
Consuls in Foreign Countries ...... 130 - 133 Kentucky

292
Corrections and Additions

352 Land-Office, Registers, Receivers, &c. 109
Countries whence Goods are brought .... 178 Lands, Public

196
Darkness of the Nights ......

8 Lands, Public, Act granting Right of Way
Debt of the United States...............

163 through, in certain cases... ..143, 146, 148
Debts of the States .................... 206 Land Warrants, Act making assignable.. 141
Delaware.

263 Latitude and Longitude of Observatories 45
Department of the Interior.

101 Latitude and Longitude of Places.... 46 - 50
Department of State

102 Law Schools ..
Departments, Officers in the .......

102 - 101 Laws, Titles and Abstracts of Public 139
Disks of Venus and Mars ........ 42 Legislatures, State, Meeting of..
District Courts...
...... 126 - 128 Letters, by Sea-going Vessels

160
District of Columbia
315 Libraries, College..

199 - 201
Eclipses in 1853
37 Lighthouse Board...

352
Eclipse of Moon, June 20....

39 Lighthouse Board, Act concerning. 159
Eclipse of Sun, Annular, June 6..
37 Louisiana

285
Eclipse of Sun, Total, November 30. 39 Mahometan Calendar

6
Elections, State.
204 Mail Service for 1851

183
Engineers, Corps of, &c.
113 Mail Service, Foreign..................

187
Engineers in Navy, Pay of.............. 121 Maine...:

227
Envoys Extraordinary, &c.

129 Marine, Commercial, of the U. S... 181

... 202

....... 204

..................

162

129, 131

213
205

New Jersey

Marine Corps..
123 Public Lands, Sales of.....

197
Mars and Venus, Disks of...

42 Public Lands, Surveyors-General of...... 110
Marshals, U. S.......

127 Public Laws, Titles and Abstracts of ..... 139
Maryland ...

264 Public Printing, Act concerning ........ 147
Massachusetts

237 Public Resolutions of Congress.......... 162
Massachusetts, Railroads of.

220 Railroads.in New England .....220-223
Medical Schools

203 Railroads in Construction in New England 222
Meteorological Information....... 89-98 Railroads in the U. S....

220 - 226
Michigan
298 Receivers of Land Office

109
Military Geographical Departments...... 115 Recent Discoveries in Astronomy, &c. ...

69
Military Geographical Divisions.. 115 Refractions, Dr. Young's

67
Military Posts

116 Registers of Land Office................ 109
Militia Force of the U. S.
118 Religious Denominations

204
Minesota Territory,

314 Representatives, Alphabetical List of.... 218
Ministers of U. S. in Foreign Countries.. 129 Representatives, House of.....

215
Ministers, Foreign, in U. S..

134 Representatives, State, No. of, and Terms 205
Mint.

210 Representatives, U. S., Apportionment of 209
Mint, Officers of, Coinage, &c. 211, 212 Resolutions, Public, of Congress..
Mississippi.
284 Revenue and Expenditure

163-171
Missouri.
306 Revenue, U. S., for 62 Years..

170
Naval Officers............
109 Rhode Island..

243
Navigation. .................... 172, 179 Satellites of Jupiter, Eclipses of, in 1853.. 43
Navy Department .....................
103 Saturn's Rings

44
Navy List ..............
120 School Fund of States.

207
Navy Officers, Pay of....
121 Seasons, Beginning and Length of

4
Navy, Vessels of War in .........

122 Secretaries of Legation ......
Navy Pension Agents.....

113 Senate of the U.S.
Navy Yards, Commanders of

120 Senators, State, No. of and Terms
New Hampshire
.......... 230 Signs of the Planets.....

3
256 Signs of the Zodiac ............
New Mexico Territory
314 Slaves in the U. S. .........

208
Newspapers, Postage on............190 – 196 Smithsonian Institution...

203
New York.
250 South Carolina ....

275
New York, Railroads in...
223 Southern Railroads

225
Nights, Darkness of the, in 1853 8, 9 Sovereigns of Europe

317
North Carolina ....

273 Specific Duties. See Imports.
Obituary, American, in 1851..
332 Siar, Pole, Apparent Places of

57
1852.
337 Stars, Fixed, Apparent Places of.......

59
Observatories, Latitude and Longitude of 45 State Department.......

102
Occultations
40 State Elections, &c.......

204
Ohio.

294 Slate Finances, Debts, &c.
Oregon Territory
314 Steamboat Inspection Law...

150
Pamphlets, Postage on...
190, 196 Steamboat Inspectors

352
Parallax in Altitude of the Sun.... 68 Sun, Ephemeris of the

51
Pennsylvania.
259 Sun's Parallax in Altitude.

69
Pension Agents, Army and Navy.... 112, 113 Supreme Court, U. S....

126
Planets, Signs of the.

3 Surveyors of Land-Office.

109
Pole Star, Apparent Places of the
57 Tennessee

291
Population of the Globe
316 Texas

287
Population of the U. S. ...
208, 209 Theological Schools..

202
Population of Chief Cities in U. S....... 210 Three-Cent Pieces

211
Postage, Act modifying Rates of ........ 149 Tides, Height of Greatest, in 1853........

7
Postage, Rates of Inland..
189 Titles and Abstracts of Public Laws.

.. 139
Postage by the N. Y. & Bremen Steamers 194 Tonnage of the U. S.....

179 - 182
Postage, Foreign ...

..192 – 196 Tonnage, Comparative View of, for 36 Years 181
Postage, Cost and Income from in each Trade, Foreign, Countries of

178
State.
185 Treasurers, Assistant,.....

102
Postage to Oregon and California, Foreign 192 Treasury Department

102
Postmasters in Chief Towns and Cities... 104 United States, Seventh Census.

209
Postmasters, Compensation of.......185 – 188 Utah Territory.

314
Post-Office Department.............
104, 182 Venus and Mars, Disks of ..............

42
Post Office Distributing Offices...... 104 - 107 Vermont .

234
Post Office Laws, Offences against, &c... 160 Vessels and Tonnage from 1815 to 1851.. 182
Post-Office Rec's and Expend's in 1850, '51 188 Vessels of War in U. S. Navy

122
Post Office Statistics since 1790.. 184 Virginia

267
Post-Office Revenue...

184-188

Abstract of Constitution of
Post Office, Stamped Envelopes.

161 War Department ..
Presidents of the U. S....

101 Western Railroads .......
Printed Matter, Sale of uncalled for, by West Indian Governments...
Postmasters

149 Wheeling Bridge, Act concerning
Printing, Public, Act concerning
147 Winds and Clouds

89-98
Printing, Rates of.
...147, 148 Wisconsin.

310
Property of States........................

207 Young's Refractions.
Public Lands.

196 Zodiac, Signs of the............

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206, 207

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... 267

103
225, 226

316
159

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