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Hurlbut held the direct road to pelled them to fall back also, or be Corinth, with woods at his back flanked and surrounded as Prentiss and open fields commanded by his had been. Just now, their leader fell, batteries in his front; and here he mortally wounded; closing in death stood, fighting a more numerous, a day's work which had won for him equally gallant, and victory-flushed the admiration of all beholders and enemy, for more than five hours. the lasting gratitude of his country. Here he was thrice charged in full The division fell back into line with force, and thrice he repulsed the foe Hurlbut's new position; losing of its with terrible slaughter. The close batteries but a single gun, whereof ranks which rushed upon him were the carriage had been disabled. first plowed through and through Lew. Wallace was at Crump's with grape, then, as they came Landing, with his force extended on nearer, with more deadly musketry; the road to Purdy, when he received, until the shouted orders, entreaties, at 111 A. M., Grant's order to bring menaces, of frantic officers no longer his division into the fight. He had availed, and the long lines sank back been anxiously awaiting that order, defeated to the shelter in their rear. | listening to the sound of the mutual Here fell, at 21 o'clock, Albert Sidney Johnston, the Rebel commander-in- column was instantly put in motion. chief, struck in the thigh by a frag- Snake creek, with steep banks and ment of shell, but sitting silently on swampy bottom, was in his way; but his horse for some minutes, and only his men were eager for the fray, and taken off to die. Beauregard at once were soon making good time in the assumed command; but the death of direction indicated. But he was Johnston was concealed, so far as met, near the creek, by messengers possible, until his army had returned from Grant with tidings that our adto Corinth. An hour later, Hurl- vanced divisions had been overbut’s division, worn out by incessant powered and beaten back; so that the fighting against fresh regiments, fell road on which he was hastening back nearly half a mile, to a position would now lead him directly into the about that distance from the Landing. midst of the enemy, who could easily
W. H. L. Wallace's division was in envelop him with thrice his numlike manner exposed to and attacked bers. He thereupon turned abruptly by the exultant Rebels about 10 A. M.; to the left, moving down the west and for six hours was hotly engaged, bank of Snake creek to the river with scarcely an intermission. Four road, which follows the windings of times was it charged along its whole the Tennessee bottom, and crosses line; and every charge was repulsed the creek at its mouth, close by Pittswith heavy slaughter. Once or twice, burg Landing. This countermarch our men pursued their retreating foes; delayed his junction with our sorelybut the disparity of numbers was too pressed combatants until after nightgreat, and they were soon pushed fall; and thus 11 regiments of our inback to their lines. They were still fantry, 2 batteries, and 2 battalions fighting as eagerly and confidently of cavalry, remained useless through- , as ever, when Hurlbut's retreat com- out that day's bloody struggle.
At 41 P. M., our surprised but remaining guns—22 only—and plant otherwise over-matched army, apart them on the bluff in a semicircle, from Lew. Wallace's division, had commanding the roads whereby the been crowded back into a semicircle Rebels must approach. Gunners of three or four hundred acres imme- proving scarce, Dr. Cornyn, surgeon diately around, but rather to the left of the 1st Missouri artillery, volunof the Landing. It could retreat no teered in that capacity, and proved farther. A deep, rapid river in its himself a workman who needed not rear could only be crossed with the to be ashamed. There was rare loss of half its remaining men 62 and virtue inherent in those 22 guns, and every thing beside. Of its five divi- men around them who knew how to sions, two had been beaten back; the evoke it. other three utterly routed. Our ar- It was hardly 6 o'clock when the tillery was half lost or disabled ; our Rebel batteries, once more in posifield-hospitals overflowing; our tents tion, opened, at a distance of a few and camp-equipage mainly in the hundred yards, on our last possible hands of the enemy; our losses in holding-ground. Our next recoil men enormous; and those who had must be over the bank, into the not fallen were in good part dis- hideous, helpless massacre of a grandheartened; not less than 5,000 men er Ball's Bluff. Promptly and most in uniform, possibly twice that num- efficiently, Webster's guns make reber--to say nothing of sutlers, com- ply. Soon, the Rebel infantry was missaries, and the usual rabble of seen crowding up to their guns, opencamp-followers--were huddled under ing fire at rather long range, to find the bank of the river, not all of them our shattered battalions reformed and privates, but all repeating the stereo- giving abundant answer. At this typed excuse, “Our regiment is all moment, the gunboats Tyler and cut to pieces,” and resisting every Lexington, which had all day been entreaty of their more zealous officers chafing at their impotence, opened to bring then again into line. on our left, firing up a deep ravine
But the Rebels, whose losses had that seemed to have been cut through also been heavy, fearing a trap, hesi- the bluff on purpose. Seven-inch tated for a few minutes to follow W. shell and 64-pound shot were hurled *H. L. Wallace's division, as it recoiled by them diagonally across the new from the position it had so long and Rebel front, decidedly interfering so stoutly defended. Those mo- with the regularity of its formation, ments were incalculably precious, and preventing that final rush upon and were thoroughly improved. Col. 'our guns and the supporting infantry J. D. Webster, chief of staff to Gen. whose success would have perfected Grant, a believer in artillery, im- their triumph. So, far into the evenproved the opportunity to collect our ing of that busy, lurid Sabbath, our:
62 Among the apocryphal anecdotes in circula- | asked Buell. "Oh, across the river,” respondedi tion, one represents Gen. Buell as remonstrat- 1 Grant. "But you could not have ferried over ing, two or three days afterward, against the more than 10,000 men," persisted Buell., “Well, soldiership which placed Grant's army on the there would not have been more than that,' re«, south rather than on the north bank of the plied Grant. Temerity was then: so rare among: Tennessee. “Where was your line of retreat ?" | our Generals that it seemed a virtue.
batteries and boats kept up their | repairing roads and rebuilding the thunders, fairly silencing the Rebel bridge over Duck river at Columbia ; guns, and compelling their infantry which place Gen. B. himself left with to take post farther and farther back, his rear division on the 2d of April ; in order to be out of the reach of our reaching Savannah with his advance shells; and all through the night, at division, Gen. Nelson's, on the evenintervals of 10 to 15 minutes, the ing of the 5th: the remaining digunboats continued to send their visions were strung along the road compliments into the Rebel lines, as from Columbia at intervals of six if the pouring rain which fell at mid- miles. A halt to rest on reaching night might not suffice to break the the Tennessee was generally expectslumbers of the weary thousands who ed; but, on the morning of the 6th, had lain down on their arms wher- ominous and persistent . reports of ever night found them, to gather musketry as well as cannon in the strength and refreshment for the in- direction of Pittsburg Landing disevitable struggle of the morrow. pelled this illusion. Buell hastened
Before seeking his couch in the to Gen. Grant's headquarters, only to little church at Shiloh, the surviving learn that he had just started on a Rebel leader dispatched a messenger steamboat for the Landing; having to Corinth with this exhilarating dis- left orders for Gen. Nelson, with patch for Richmond:
Buell's advance, to push on up the “BATTLE-FIELD OF SHILOH, ) right bank of the river, leaving his 66 Via Corinth and Chattanooga, cannon, because of the badness of
6 April 6th, 1862. “Gen. S. COOPER, Adjutant-General:
the roads, to be taken by steamboats. “We have this morning attacked the Though it was still believed at Saenemy in strong position in front of Pitts
vannah that there was nothing going burg; and, after a severe battle of ten hours, thanks to Almighty God, gained a on above more serious than an affair complete victory, driving the enemy from of outposts, Gen. Buell sent orders every position.
« The loss on both sides is heavy, includ- to his rear divisions to hurry forward, ing our commander-in-chief, Gen. Albert and, taking a steamboat, proceeded Sidney Johnston, who fell gallantly leading to the Landing; where the multiplihis troops into the thickest of the fight. | "G. T. BEAUREGARD,
city and constant increase of strag“General Commanding." | glers soon convinced him that the Maj.-Gen. Buell's long-expected matter in hand was urgent and imArmy of the Ohio' had been de- portant." Finding Gen. Grant at layed on its march from Nashville, the Landing, he requested the dis
63 His official report says:
Savannah to bring up Gen. Crittenden's division "As we proceeded up the river, groups of
which had arrived during the morning, and then soldiers were seen on the west bank; and it soon
went ashore with him. The throng of disor: became evident that they were stragglers from / ganized and demoralized troops increased conthe engaged army. The groups increased in tinually by fresh fugitives from the battle, which size and frequency, until, as we approached the steadily drew nearer the Landing; and with Landing, they numbered whole companies, and these were intermingled great numbers of teams, almost regiments; and at the Landing the banks all striving to get as near as possible to the swarmed with a confused mass of men of vari- | river. With few exceptions, all efforts to form ous-regiments. There could not have been less the troops and move them forward to the fight than 4,000 or 5,000. Late in the day, it became utterly failed. In the mean time, the enemy had much greater. Finding Gen. Grant at the made such progress against our troops, that his Landing, I requested him to send steamers to 1 artillery and musketry began to play into the
patch of steamers to Savannah, for later, on boats which had been pressGen. Crittenden's, his ad division, ed into service as they successively while he landed to take part in the reached Savannah. The residue of fray.
Buell's army was too far behind on Gen. Nelson, starting at 1:30, ar- the Columbia road to be even hoped rived at 5 P. M. opposite the Landing for. Two brigades of Wood's diviwith his leading (Col. Ammen's) bri- sion arrived, however, just at the gade, which was immediately crossed close of the battle. and formed in line, under a fire of The fighting rëopened along the Rebel artillery, on the right of Web- whole line at daylight of the 7th, and ster's guns. Ammen's men were just under conditions bravely altered from able to put in an appearance before those of the day preceding. The dark, firing a few volleys and repuls- arrival of part of Buell's and all Lew. ing a Rebel charge on their guns at Wallace's commands had brought to 64 P. M., when the enemy, desisted the field not less than 25,000 troops; and withdrew. By 7, the whole di- fresh, so far as fighting was convision was over, and soon in position; cerned, for this day's action; while lying down on their arms, under or- Beauregard, whose men, throughout ders from Buell to advance and at the 6th, had been on foot 16 hours, tack at early daylight; which were and fighting most of the time had implicitly obeyed.
barely 3,000 left of his reserve whereCrittenden's division reached Sa- with to match them. His force had vannah at nightfall of Sunday, and been fearfully reduced by the casualwas forwarded by steamboats direct-ties of battle, and scarcely less by ly to the Landing; where it was skulking, or scattering in quest of rapidly debarked and formed on the plunder--faults common to all raw right of Nelson.
troops, but of which he complains Buell's next division, Gen. A. Mc- in his report as though they were D. McCook, was 12 miles from Sa- novel and amazing. He had hithvannah when it received orders, erto been buoyed up, or at least had which it made haste to obey, arriving buoyed up the spirits of his soldiers, at Savannah at 7 to 8 P. M. ; but, by expectations and assurances that finding there no boats ready for its Gens. Price and Van Dorn, with service, McCook routed up the cap- some 30,000 men from across the tains of the boats lying at the dock, Mississippi, were close at hand, and and embarked Rousseau's brigade, would reach him in time for this with which he reached the Landing day's battle. But they did not come, at 51 A. M.; his other brigades, Cols. and Buell did. The hot fire of musGibson and Kirk, arriving some time ketry and artillery poured in upon
vital spot of the position, and some persons to the fact that some officers, non-commissioned were killed on the bank, at the very Landing." officers, and men, abandoned their colors, early in 64 He says: .
the first day, to pillage the captured encamp"From this agreeable duty [of praising the ments; others retired shamefully from the field meritorious], I turn to one in the highest degree on both days, while the thunder of cannon and unpleasant--one due, however, to the brave men the roar and rattle of musketry told them that under me, as a contrast to the behavior of most their brothers were being slaughtered by the of the army who fought so heroically. I allude | fresh legions of the enemy."
his entire front before sunrise, gave tured by a charge of Col. Buckley's him ample assurance of this; while 5th Kentucky; while McClernand's his soldiers, exhausted and stiffened headquarters were retaken by Rousby yesterday's protracted efforts, and seau, who, impetuously pursuing chilled, like ours, by the rain of the across a level field, opened too wide intervening night, stood to their arms a gap between his right and Gen. firmly, but without alacrity or enthu- Crittenden's division, which was filled siasm.
by Col. Willich's regiment advancing, Nelson had quietly aroused his under a deadly fire of shell, shot, and men at 4 A. M.; and he advanced in musketry, to its support; rushing up parade order at 52; soon concentrat- for a bayonet-charge to within 200 ing upon himself the fire of half the yards of the enemy's line, when the Rebel army. Not having received latter gave way, and the regiment his artillery, his infantry, annoyed was deployed in line of battle to give by two Rebel batteries, began, at 71, them a hastening volley. Disordered to give ground; when, on applying by bad management, which brought to Gen. Buell, the battery of Capt. its skirmishers under a fire of our Mendenhall, and at 9 that of Capt. own regiments on either side, Col. Terrill—both regulars--were sent to Willich’s 32d Indiana hastily fell his support, and the Rebel batteries back; but was soon reformed and in front thereby silenced. Meantime, deployed, advancing with the entire the Rebel concentration upon this division until the retreat of the division was continued; but its beha- enemy was decided. vior was splendid, especially that of Lew. Wallace, on our extreme Ammen's brigade, admirably han- right, with Sherman and McClerdled by its chief; while that of Ha- nand between him and Buell's divigen, on the right, maintained its po- sions, had likewise opened fire at daysition with equal gallantry. The loss light, dismounting a gun of the Rebel by this division of 739 out of 4,541- battery before him. Throwing formore than half of it in Hagen's bri- ward his right, by Gen. Grant's pergade-attests the tenacity of the sonal direction, until his line, which Rebel resistance this day.
had been parallel, formed a right Crittenden's and McCook's divi- angle with the river, he advanced sions were engaged later, but not less en échelon, preceded by skirmishers, earnestly. Advancing across a ra- across a ravine to the opposite bluff, vine, McCook's right and center were where he waited for Sherman to immediately attacked in force; but come up; and meantime, finding his the steady valor of Rousseau's bri- right secured by a swamp, attempted gade prevailed, and their assailants, to turn the enemy's left, which was recoiling, were pursued nearly a mile; thereupon heavily rëenforced, being when they were rëenforced and ral- effectively cannonaded by the batlied among the tents whence McCler- teries of Thompson and Thurber. nand's left had been so hurriedly An attempt was made to capture driven the previous morning. Two Thurber's battery by a dash of cavof his guns, being now turned against alry, which was easily defeated by us by the enemy, were finally cap- | the skirmishers of the 8th Missouri;