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Each sovereign had his particular order of chivalry, &c.—Appre-

hensions of resumption unfounded—Falsity of Doctor fior-

lase's history - - - . - 11

Nature of Irish gavelkind—The caunfinny or chieftain 12

Tanistry defined—Sir John Davie's report of a case of tanis-

try—Fostering and intermarriages with the Irish declared trea-

son by statute—Institution of Fes at Teamor or Tarah, or

states of Ireland - - - - 12

Triennial assemblies by Ollamh Fodhla—Ceremonials, order of

precedence, and nature of the business transacted in those as-

semblies—Early traces of heraldry and authenticity of Irish

history—Psalter of Tarah - - 13 and 14

Ravages of the Danes during the ninth and tenth centuries 14

Annals of Ireland fabulous and why—The private history of

Irish families composed by their rhymers and harpers—The

Irish held music and poetry in high esteem - 15

The bards or poets amongst the ancient Irish acted as heralds,

&c. &c.—Irish excel in gymnastic excercise6—Agriculture

not much attended to by the natives—Account of the bogs in

Ireland - 15

Ireland superabounds with mines—St. Patrick sent to convert

the Irish by Pope Celestine—The Irish church connected with

Rome - - - - - -17

Rapid progress of the Gospel—St. Patrick summoned to assist
at the assembly of Tarah—Appointed of the committee of
nine to reform the civil history, &c. - - 18

Seminaries of learning in Ireland according to venerable Bede—

King Alfred educated there—Various other testimonies on the

same subject—Great hospitality of the Irish - 18

Rank of the Irish kingdom acknowledged - 20

The Irish remarkable for their love of impartial justice certified

by Finglass, Sir John Davies, and Sir Edward Coke 20

marks—The four archbishops of Ireland receive palls from

Cardinal Paparon—Adrian's abuse of his power 22

The Irish resist this mock donation—Dermod applies to Henry

in Aquitaine—Returns to Bristol with credentials—Engages

Richard, Earl Strongbow and others—Promises his daughter

to the earl, the city of Wexford to the other adventur-

ers - - - - - 23 and 24

Dermod reinstated in his dominions—The personal presence of

Henry in Ireland—Massacre of Irish prisoners of war 24

The Irish nation did not oppose the invasion—Some septs did—

Effect of the pope's bull upon the Irish clergy—Peace granted

by Roderick to Dermod - - - 25

The princes of Munster the first to submit to Henry—Strongbow

does homage for Leinster—Meeting of Henry and Roderick

on the banks of the Shannon–Treaty of Windsor—Henry ac-

knowledged lord of Ireland—Remonstrance of the Irish pre-

sented to Pope John XXII.-Bruce invited from Scotland—

The battle of Athenree in 1315 - - - 26

The hatred of the Irish to the English not the effect of a differ-

ence in religion for 400 years previous to the reformation 28

Henry dispossesses the Irish chieftains - - 29

Bad consequences of this system—The pale or extent of English

dominion - - - - - 29

The English settlers govern by English laws, the Irish chieftains

by their own - - - - - 29

Policy of England to create divisions—Distinction of English
rebels and Irish enemies observed in the statutes of Kilkenny
and so far down as the reign of Henry VIII. - 3O

The union destroys the pernicious effects of a distinction of Irish

and English blood—Sir John Davie's opinion of this bad po-

licy—General petition for naturalization presented y the Irish
to Edward III.-An insurrection in consequence of a refusal

to the petition - - - - 31

Reflections of Sir John Davies upon the oppressive government

of the English in Ireland—All Ireland prematurely cantoned

out between ten English families - " - 31

The English grantees exercise sovereign jurisdiction in Ireland—

The natives dwelling upon the granted lands reduced by the

grantees to the condition of villeins or slaves - 33

The English settlers, according to Sir John Davies, oppose an

union with England—The power of making war and peace—

Its influence and bad consequences—The killing of a mere

Irishman no felony - - - 33

Statutes of Trim obliging the Irish to shave their beards—Sta-

tute of Henry VI. 1450 for authorizing and rewarding mur-

der upon mere suspicion without trial - 34
Oppressive statutes of Kilkenny quoted by Sir John Davies 35

PART THE SECOND.

CHAPTER L

REIGNS OF HENRY VIII. EDWARD VI. AND QUEEN MART.

THE 20th of Henry VIII. anno 1528, the beginning of the re-

formation—Error of attributing the strifes in the state to re-

ligious differences .... 41

Earl of Kildare, lieutenant of Ireland, affeGts the state of an Irish

chieftain—His daughters married to O'Connor and O'Carrol

—Effects thereof—Cardinal Wolsey's animosity against Kil-

dare, Note - - - - 41

The earl commits the government to his son Lord Thomas

when summoned to England—Report of the earl's execution

in England occasions a rebellion of the Geraldines—O'Neile

and O'Connor submit to the king—Lord Thomas upon a pro-

mise of pardon repairs to England, is arrested on the way, sent

to the Tower and executed—The five uncles of Lord Thomas

treacherously arrested by Lord Gray, sent to England and

executed .... 42

Lord Gerald a younger branch of the Kildare house conveyed to

Italy, educated by Cardinal Pole and restored to his blood—

Allan, Archbishop of Dublin, his patron Wolsey's agent in

the suppression of monasteries—Wolsey's death—Allan's ran-

cour against the Geraldines - 43

Master of the Rolls makes a report of the miserable situation of

the pale .... 44

Lord Cromwell sent Brown a reformed Augustine friar into

Ireland to be Archbishop of Dublin—Tenacity of the Irish to

their ancient religion - ,'45

Cromer, Archbishop of Armagh, refuses to acknowledge the

king's supremacy—The king's vicar treated with contempt—

Archbishop Browne treated with disdain—Extreme ignorance

of the clergy - ... 46

Lord Gray receives a commission to assemble a parliament,
1536—The Irish statutes in matters of Religion copied from

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