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[The motion was then made for adding the last formula, viz.
Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent, &c. : which was agreed to, and added accordingly.]
SKETCH OF AN ENGLISH SCHOOL :
For the Confideration of the Trustees of the
Philadelphia Academy *.
It is expected that every scholar to be
FIRST, OR LOWEST CLASS.
* This piece did not come to hand till the vo. lume had been some time at the press. This was the case also with several other papers, and must be our apology for any defect that may appear in the arrangement.
in orthography. Perhaps the latter is best done by pairing the scholars; two of those nearest equal in their spelling to be pit together. Let these strive for victory ; each propounding ten words every day to the other to be spelled. He that fpells truly most of the other's words, is victor for that day, he that is victor most days in a month, to obtain a prize, a pretty neat book of some kind, useful in their future studies. This method fixes the attention of children extremely to the orthography of words, and makes them good spellers very early. It is a shame for a man to be so ignorant of this little art, in his own language, as to be perpe. tually confounding words of like found and different significations; the consciousness of which defect makes some men, otherwise of good learning and understanding, avesse to writing even a commion letter. Let the pieces read by the scholars in
this class be short ; such as Croxal's fables and little stories. In giving the lesson, let it be read to them; let the meaning of the difficult words in it be explained to them; and let them con over by themselves before they are called to read to the master or ulher; who is to take particular care that they do not read too fast, and that they duly observe the stops and pauses. A vocabulary of the most usual difficult words might be formed for their use, with explanations ; and they might daily get a few of those words and explanations by heart, which would a little exercise their memories; or at least they might write a number of them in a small book for the purpose, which would help to fix the meaning of those words in their minds, and at the same time furnish every one with a little dictionary for his future use.
THE SECOND CLASS To be ta ight reading with attention, and with proper modulations of the voice; according to the sentiment and the subject.
Some sort pieces, not exceeding the length of a Spectator, to be given this clafs for lessons (and some of the easier Spectators would be very suitable for the purpofe). These lessons might be given every night as tasks; the scholars to study them against the morning. Let it then be required of them to give an ac. count, first of the parts of speech, and construction of one or two sentences. This will oblige them to recur frequently to their grammar, and fix its principal rules in their memory. Next, of the intention of the writer, or the scope of the piece, the meaning of each sentence, and of every uncommon word. This would carly acquaint them with the