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Master of himself, that whenever his Affairs requir'd it, he was one of the most regular Men in the Universe.
The. Duke of Buckingham, who has long ago resembled him in a thousand other Qualities, was resolv'd of late to imitate him too in this. Thus I have shown you, Monsieur Borne, from whence proceeds this Alteration in his Grace's Life, which you, it seems, have mistaken for a Conversion.
But with both these Gentlemen's Leave, I shall account for it after another Manner.
'Tis a certain Maxim with me, that no Man of a nice Palate can love Vice, when once it ceases to be agreeable ; so, for my Part, I don't wonder that a Percon of so refin’d and delicate a Taste as your Grace, takes up with the Vertue of Continence in the North, where you have no. Objects to tempt and disturb you. But I dare engage that if we had you here in Town, and Thew'd you some of our topping Beauties, that have Charms enough to conquer the most insensible, we fhould foon find the new Convert of Monsieur Borre, and Mr. Waller's new Petronius, to be nothing in the World but the true genuine Duke of Buckingham.
Heaven forbid that I should ever be so wickedly given as to dissuade your Grace from so comfortable a Quarter as Love. But I have another Sin to propose to you, which of your self
youi would never guess, and yet I recommend it fincerely to you, and from the Bottom of my Heart. I confess it has a scurvy Name, and the World calls it Covetousness; however, it would be of more Advantage to your Grace, than the Wisdom of Philosophers, and the Glory of Conquerors. To be short, I should rather chuse to see your Grace copy any of the Heroes in Lombard-strees, than ei. ther Socrates or César. Where the Difficulty is great, the Merit of surmounting it is great. Now ali the World knows that your Grace will find it in.
initely more troublesome to you to imitate the former, than the two latter Gentlemen.
As we don't all on the sudden arrive to the Heighth of Perfection, I am
not so vain as to expect you
should practise all the Rules of Oeconomy at first Sight, nor so morose as to advise you to deny your Self every Thing amongst so great an Afluence as surrounds you,
All I beg of your Grace, is, that you would have a watchful Eye upon your City Friends, that have the fingering of your Money, to keep them honest in spite of. themselves. For unless, out of Tenderness to their Souls, you hinder them from playing the Knaves, I dare swear for them that they would venture Damnation a hundred Times a Day, and all in your Grace's Service.
And now if you think it worth your while, when you come next to London, to bring a small Retinue with you, but a great deal of Money in your Pocket, you will certainly be the Wonder of the whole Nation. If you neglect this Advice, the greater Pårt of the World will never be for you, and you must content your self with a few Admirers in private, of whom I Mall always be the first, who am,
A Letter to the Dutchess of MAZARINE,
out of French.
Have' presum'd, Madam, to send you some
Advice, tho I am sensible how little you Ladies care to receive any. But let the Effect be what it will, I am too much in the Interest of
your Beauty, not to inform you, that you'll in. jure ic extreamly, should you be so ill advised as to fet off and adorn your self after the FaThion of the Court-Ladies on the Queen's BirthDay. Let others of your Sex make Use of Ornaments; for, properly speaking, they are but fo many artificial Helps, which we employ to cover the Defects of Nature, or else to give us some Agreements that are wanting in our Persons. But, Heaven Le praised, Madam, you lie under no such Neceflity : Every Ornament that is bestow'd upon you, hides a Charm, as every Ornament that is taken from you, restores you some new Graces; and you are never fu lovely, as when we behold nothing in you but
The greatest Part of the Ladies lose themselves very advantageously under their Dress. How many indifferent Faces pass well enough with Jew. els and Diamonds, and conquer Hearts by Can. dle-light, that would make a very sorry Figure without them. The richest Necklace in the World would have an ill Effect upon you. It would make fome Alteration in your Persong
every Altera tion that happens to a perfect -Beauty, would cere tainly be for the worse.
Leave others then to ruin themselves by their Jewels, and other Decorations; Nature that has been at fo vaft an Expence to frame you, has favod you
that Charge. You, Madam, would be very ingrateful, and we should discover but a wretched Taste, should we not be equally content with chat Profusion of Gifts she has heap'd upon you.
I would counsel you, Madam, to take the same Measures on her Majesty's Birth-Day, which the famous Bussi d' Amboise formerly observ'd at a Tours nament. Being inform'd before-hand, that all the Noblemen of the Court design'd puc themselves to an extraordinary Expence in their Equipages and Cloaths, he order'd those of his Retinue to be dress’d. like Lords, and appear'd himself in
the plainest Dress in the World, at the Head of lo
the other Noblemen, that rely'd so much upon the Magnificence of their Habits, pass’d 'sur for Valers.
Govern your self, I beseech you, · Madam, by the Example of Bufli: Let your Women be attir'd like Dutchesses, but as for your self, appear in the ordinary Dress of a Country Nymph, with nothing but the Charms of your Beauty: to
recommend you. All the Ladies will be taken for your Women, and the Plainness of your. Habit will not hinder you from out-shining all the Queens in the Universe.
I have no great Inclination to tell Stories, which, perhaps, is nothing but the Effect of an ill-grounded Vanity, that makes me prefer the exprefing of what I imagine, to the reciting of what I have seen. The Profeffion of a Storyteller: fics but awkardly, upon young people, and is dowlright Weakness in old Men. When our Wit is not arriv'd to its due Vigour, or when ic begins to decline, we then take a Pleasure in telling. what does not put us to any great Expence of Thought. However, I will for once renounce the Plealure which I generally take in my own Imagination, to recount to you a Mort Advençure; which I once saw happen at the Hague.
During my Residence in that Place, fome malicious Demon put it one Day into the Head of a certain Count and his Friend, to draw the Eyes of the Spectators after them. To
which noble Delign in Execution, they both resolv'd that their Dress should have all the Magnificence wbich this Part of the World was able to give it, and at the same Time discover the Goodness of their Invention.
The Count, who was one of the niceft Men of his Age, had a thousand Singularities to distinguish him. He had a Plume of Feathers in his
Hat, which was button'd up by a Diamond, the largest that could be found for this Occasion : He wore about his Neck some point de Venise, which was neither a Cravat nor a Band, but a small Ruff, which had serv'd him formerly instead of a Golille when he liv'd at Madrid. After this, Madam, you would expect to find him in a Doublet, after the Spanisl manner, but, to your Surprize, i must tell you, it was an Hungarian Vest. Then the Ghost of Antiquity haunted his Memory, he cover'd his Ancles with Buskins, but infinitely richer than the ancient Romans us'd to wear theni, on which he had order'd his Mistress's Name to be written in Letters that were extreamly well design'd upon an Embroidery of Pearls.
From his Hat downl to his Veft 'twas all fin: gular, and old, and fanciful : By the latter you would have taken him for the Count de Serini, or some Beau of Quality, dropt out of the Hreng arian World ; and an old Picture of Cæfar or Scipio had infpir'd him with the noble Thought of wearing Bulkins.
As for his Friend, he had apparelld himself after as extraordinary a
he posibly could, but it
was in the modern French Way : His Cravat reach'd down to his Middle, and had Stuff enough in it to make a Sail for a Barge. A most prodigious Cravat-tring peep'd from under his Chin, the two Corners of which, in Conjunction with a monstrous Perriwig, that would have made a Laplander sweat under the Northern Pole, eclips'd three quarters of his face. In short, he
was so Le-ribbon'd all over, that one would have thought all the Milleners in the Place had join'd their Scocks to furnish him.
This, in short, was the Equipage of our Mer fieurs, when they made their Appearance in the Voorhout, which is the place where Persons of Quality use to take the Air, and divert themselves,