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July 20. - In Buckland, near Lymington, Mrs. Caroline Southey, the widow of the late poet laureate. Mrs. Southey was well known before her marriage, in 1839, as Caroline Bowles, the poetess.
July 26. – In Hornsey Road, George Brettingham Sowerby, F. L. S., author of several works on natural history, aged 64.
March 21. - At Port Natal, Dr. Stanger, one of the survivers of the ill-fated Niger expedition. He was the Surveyor-General of Port Natal until 1851, when ill health compelled him to resign.
March 13. -- In Stafford, while charging the Grand Jury, Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd, D. C. L., aged 57. The career of Mr. Justice Talfourd was singularly successful. He was born at Reading, in 1793. His father was a brewer, his mother, the daughter of the Rev. Thomas Noon, an Independent minister. Educated at the Reading Grammar School, under Dr. Valpy, Talfourd went to Lon. don in 1813, and commenced the study of law under Chitty, the celebrated pleader. He was called to the bar, by the Middle Temple, in 1821, and was married in the following year. Joining the Oxford Circuit, he made his way to the position of leader in a comparatively short period, and in 1833 assumed the Sheriff's coif. Elected in that year as a member for Reading, he sat for the borough, in successive Parliaments, till 1841, and he was again elected in 1847. In 1848, while in the court-house at Stafford, the telegraph brought him intelligence that he was made a Judge of Common Pleas. Talfourd successfully cultivated literature as a refreshing relief from the labors of his profession. At the early age of eighteen he wrote a small volume of poems. "Ion " was his greatest literary success, and his subsequent dramas,“ The Athenian Captives," and “Glencoe, were but inferior copies of the same school. The “ Vacation Rambles” and the “Memoirs of Charles Lamb" are his best-known prose works.
January 8. - At Haccombe, Devon, Major-General Thomas William Taylor, C. B., of Ogwell House, Devon, Lieutenant-Governor of the Royal Military Collcge, Sandhurst, and Colonel of the Seventeenth Lancers, aged 70.
March. - In Paris, France, Count Thibaudeau, once a member of the National Convention, subsequently a Councillor of State under the first Napoleon, and Senator under the present Emperor, aged 88.
March 10. - At Bedwelty House, Monmouthshire, William Thompson, Esq., M. P., of Underley Hall, Westmoreland, and Penydarran House, Glamorganshire, President of Christ's Hospital, Senior Alderman of the City of London, and Colonel of the Royal London Militia, aged 61.
July 6. — At the Rectory, Broad Somerford, Wills, the Rev. S. G. F. Triboudet Demainbray, B. D., formerly a Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, and for more than fifty-five years Rector of Broad Somerford, aged 94. He was appointed a Whitehall Preacher in 1794, a chaplain in ordinary to her Majesty, and was the Astronomer at the late Royal Observatory at Kew, which latter post was previ. ously held by his father, s. c. Triboudet Demainbray, Esq., LL. D.
March 6. - At Holdernesse House, Charles William Vane, Marquis of Londonderry, aged 75.
June 8. In Paris, M. A. Vivien, Ex-minister of Justice, and Minister of Public Works in 1848.
April 3. -- In Edinburgh, Professor John Wilson, aged 69. Professor Wilson, better known, perhaps, as the Christopher North of Blackwood's Magazine, was the son of a successful manufacturer in Paisley, Scotland, where he was born, on the 19th of May, 1785. At the age of thirteen he entered the University of Glasgow, and, five years later, removed to Magdalen College, Oxford, where, in 1806, he gained the Newdigate prize in English verse; the subject being in “Recommendation of the Study of Grecian and Roman Architecture." In 1812 he published “The Isle of Palms," a poem that placed him at once among the best living authors. In 1815 he was called to the Scottish bar, but never had practice as an advocate. In 1816 “The City of the Plague appeared. In 1817 Blackwood's Magazine was started, and Mr. Wilson soon became one of the principal contributors, and continued to write for it until 1850. In 1820, on the death of Dr. Thomas Brown, he was appointed to the Professorship of Moral Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh, which he held till smitten with paralysis, in 1853. In 1842 he made a selection from his contributions to Blackwood, under the title of “Recreations of Christopher North,” in three volumes. The other writings of Wilsop are very widely known. His principal prose works are, Lights and Shadows of Scottish Life,” “ The Trials of 'Margaret Lindsay,” and “ The Forresters."
CHRONICLE OF EVENTS.
Sept. 8. - The First Chamber in Holland adopt the much-disputed Law on Religious Liberty, by a majority of 22 to 16. Sept. 8.
- A shock of an earthquake is experienced at New Bedford, Mass. Sept. 9. -The remaining portion of “ Table Rock,” at the Falls of Niagara, breaks off, and falls with a tremendous crash.
Sept. 11. – A violent shock of an earthquake is felt at Biloxi and several of the watering-places on the Gulf coast.
Sept. 14. — The first sod of the European and North American Railroad is turned, at St. John, by Lady Head, assisted by the Lieutenant-Governor, in the presence of 25,000 persons.
Sept. 14. — The engine of a freight train on the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad blows up, when under way, near Franklin, about 65 miles from Pittsburg. The force of the explosion is very great, lifting the locomotive from the track, and hurling it a distance of 50 feet.
Sept. 16.- A collision occurs between a passenger and freight train on the New York Central Railroad, at Oneida. The passenger cars are badly broken, and several persons are killed and wounded.
Sept. 25. - The Divan unanimously decide that the Porte cannot accept the Vienna note, and agree that the Grand Council must be convoked.
Sept. 26. — The Grand Council, composed of 140 persons, assembles, and comes to the decision that the system of negotiations is exhausted, and that the time has arrived for the Sultan to declare war in form.
Sept. 28. - A deputation from the Protestant Alliance, headed by the Earl of Shaftesbury, wait upon Lord Clarendon, to state the case of Miss Cuninghame, arrested at Lucca for distributing an Italian version of the Bible, and also of the Pilgrim's Progress, and to urge the government to procure her immediate liberation. Lord Clarendon concurs with Lord Shaftesbury in his opinion of the law in question, as contrary to the principles of the Gospel and the spirit of the age.
Sept. 28. --The ship Annie Jane, from Liverpool, is driven on the Barra Island, one of the Hebrides, and out of 450 passengers 348 are drowned.
Sept. 29.- Queen Victoria assists at the laying of the corner-stone of the great tower of the new royal palace at Balmoral.
Oct. 1. - The Divan resolve on the most vigorous measures, and the Sultan signs the declaration of war. The Sultan also signs and issues a spirited proclamation to the people, appealing to their loyalty and spirit of independence, stating the justice of their cause, and demanding the moral and material aid of the Western Powers. The ambassadors of England and France are requested, at the same time, to order the allied fleets to pass the Dardanelles.
Oct. 3. The bronze statue of Sir Robert Peel is successfully placed on its pedestal in front of the Royal Infirmary at Manchester.
Oct. 4. The manifesto of the Sultan, containing the declaration of war, is read in all the mosques.
Oct. 4. - The “Great Republic,” a mammoth clipper of 4,000 tons, and the largest merchant-vessel in the world, is Jaunched from the yard of Mr. Donald McKay, at East Boston, Mass.
Oct. 5. A collision occurs on the Great Southern and Western Railway of Ireland, near Dublin,
between a cattle and passenger train, by which thirteen persons are killed, and fifty badly wounded.
Oct. 7. - Captain Inglefield, of the Phenix, arrives at the Admiralty, from the Arctic regions, with the news of the discovery of the Northwest Passage, by Captain McClure, of the Investigator, Oct. 26, 1850.
Oct. 9. -- An order is signed for the immediate release of Miss Cuninghame at Lucca.
Oct. 10. - Queen Isabella, in commemoration of her birthday, orders three screw-frigates, each carrying 31 guns, to be constructed, and to be called the Berenguela, Petronila, and Blanca, in memory of the three queens from whom her Majesty derives the crowns of Castile, Aragon, and Navarre.
Oct. 12. - John Mitchell arrives at San Francisco, Cal., from Australia, via the Sandwich Islands.
Oct. 17. — A party of forty-five men, commanded by Colonel Walker, sail from San Francisco, Cal., for the purpose of establishing a republic in Lower California.
Oct. 19. — A great “ National Horse Show" commences at Springfield, Mass. It is a pioneer enterprise of the kind, continues for three days, and is perfectly successful.
Oct. 20. - The Turks have a fleet of twenty-two ships of the line and nine warsteamers in the Bosphorus, mounting 1,116 guns, and the Egyptian contingent, consisting of ten ships of war and two steamers, mounting 614 guns.
Oct. 20. - Selim Pacha defeats a Russian corps of 15,000 men, on the frontiers of Georgia.
Oct. 22. The combined fleets enter the Bosphorus.
Oct. 26. Capt. J. W. Gunnison, of the Corps of Topographical Engineers, with seven other members of the party of exploration, while attempting to survey the lakes in Utah Territory, is massacred by the Indians.
Oct. 27. - A deputation of clergymen and others, headed by Sir Culling Eardley, wait upon Lord Clarendon, and thank him and the government for the exertions made to procure the liberation of Miss Cuninghame.
Nov. 1. --The imperial manifesto, making a declaration of war, is published in the gazette of St. Petersburg.
Nov, 2. A second grand festival of the sons of New Hampshire resident in Boston, occurs at the Fitchburg Depot hall, 2,000 being present at the dinner.
Nov. 2. The jury, in the case of the captain of the Henry Clay, indicted for manslaughter from the mismanagement of his boat, in racing at the time of the disaster, bring in a verdict of not guilty, in the District Court of the United States for New York.
Nov. 4. - There is a battle between the Turks and Russians at Oltenitza, with a loss to the Russians of 1,200 killed and wounded.
Nov. 6. — The first Presbyterian Chinese church is organized at San Francisco.
Nov. 8. - A new planet, in the constellation Taurus, is discovered by Mr. Hind, the English astronomer. This planet is the ninth discovered by Mr. Hind since 1846, and raises the number of that extraordinary group of worlds between Mars and Jupiter to twenty-seven.
Nov. 9. - The ceremonies at the inauguration of the Washington aqueduct take place at the Great Falls of the Potomac, President Pierce turning the first turf, followed by the Secretary of War, Senator Douglas, the Mayor of Washington, and other distinguished gentlemen.
Nov. 10. - Maria, Queen of Portugal, dies in childbed. Her husband, Ferdinand, a Prince of Saxe-Coburg, is declared regent during the minority of her son and successor, Pedro V., now aged 16.
Nov. 17.-- The Duke de Nemours, on behalf of the entire Orleans House, effects a reconciliation with the Count de Chambord.
Nov. 19. --The late Queen of Portugal is buried with great solemnity, and demonstrations of public regret.
Nov. 30. -- A Turkish squadron, consisting of three frigates, two steamers, and some transports, is destroyed by the Russians at Sinope. 5,000 Turks are killed, and Osman Pacha is taken prisoner.
Dec. 2. - The steamship Winfield Scott, having on board five hundred passengers, and $1,100,000 in gold, is lost during a dense fog, in the middle of the night, about 500 miles from San Francisco. The passengers and gold are saved.
Dec. 3.- Madame Goldschmidt, the world-renowned Jenny Lind, makes her first public appearance in Europe since her marriage, at Dresden.
Dec. 4. --The Russians attack Kalafat, but are repulsed with great slaughter.
Dec. 5. The steamship Humboldt, of the New York and Havre line, while attempting to put into Halifax for coal, runs ashore, north of the harbor, on a ledge off Sambro Light, with ninety passengers and 450 tons of freight. The passengers are saved, but the steamship is totally lost.
Dec. 7. – John Flannery, for stabbing and killing a man at St. Louis, while in a state of intoxication, is convicted of murder in the second degree, and sentenced to ninety-nine years' imprisonment in the State penitentiary.
Dec. 7.- The inauguration of the statue of Marshal Ney occurs at Paris, on the anniversary of his execution, the statue being placed in the garden of the , Luxembourg, on the spot where he was shot.
Dec. 8. -- The Revenue Cutter Hamilton is lost in a hurricane, off Tully Breakers, Charleston Bar; and Capt. Rudolph, the Quartermaster, four men, and two boys, are drowned.
Dec. 8. - Te Deum is sung in the Imperial chapel, and in all the churches of St. Petersburg, for the victories at Sinope Akhaltsich.
Dec. 9. - The men and women of Harbor Creek, near Erie, turn out in large numbers, tear up the railroad track, burn the ties and bridges over the culvert, and plough down the track to its former level.
Dec. 10.-The French and British fleet enter the Black Sea.
Dec. 10. - The extensive printing and publishing establishment of the Messrs. Harper, at New York, consisting of six lofty buildings, is totally destroyed by fire, together with their entire set of stereotype plates, and very large stock of books, involving a loss of more than a million of dollars.
Dec. 12.- The first stone of a Roman Catholic Cathedral is laid at Shrews. bury, by Bishop Brown, the young Earl of Shrewsbury giving £15,000 towards its erection.
Dec. 15. - The Dublin Exhibition Building is formally opened as a winter garden, by the Lord Lieutenant and the Countess St. Germans.
Dec. 15. A duel is fought between Mr. Soulé, Jr., son of the American Minister to Spain, and the Duke of Alba, near the Prado, Madrid, without either party being materially injured.
Dec. 15. There is a large fall of snow at Vienna, a very unusual occurrence so early in the season.
Dec. 15. — A fine new church, built for the Waldenses, is opened and consecrated, with imposing ceremonies, at Turin.
Dec. 17. - The Irish coasts are visited with a very severe hurricane, causing great damage to shipping, and also loss of life.
Dec. 18. -- A Divan is held to discuss the collective note of the Four Powers. After a full discussion, it is resolved to accept the note, and renew negotiations, subject to certain conditions.
Dec. 18. - A duel is fought between Mr. Soulé, the American Minister to Spain, and M. de Turgot. The latter gentleman is badly wounded in the thigh.
Dec. 18. - A shock of an earthquake is felt at Memphis, Tenn.
Dec. 22. -- A violent gale prevails at Halifax, sinking a large number of vessels at the wharves.
Dec. 22. - - The Pope, in person, confers scarlet hats upon two new Cardinals, Brunelli and Pecci.
Dec. 27.- A large mob of armed men tear up the railroad track at Harbor Creek, near Erie, where it had just been relaid. The Mayor, the Sheriff, and militia of the County, arrive on the spot, take possession of the track, and drive away the laborers.
Dec. 27.-- The mammoth clipper“Great Republic" is destroyed by fire, at her wharf, in New York city, together with the packet ship Joseph Walker, the clipper ships Red Rover, Whirlwind, White Squall, and five large four warehouses.
Dec. 28. -- A very severe snow-storm commences, continuing for thirty-six hours, extending over the New England States, and causing great interruption to business and travel.
Dec. 28. — The extension of the South Wales Railway, from Carmarthen to Haverfordwest, is inaugurated, and speeches are made by Lord Evelyn and other members of Parliament, the greatest enthusiasm prevailing.
Dec. 29. — A terrible gale prevails at Cape Cod. Many vessels are swamped, with all on board, and more than one hundred are driven ashore.
Dec. 30. — The ship Staffordshire, Capt. Richardson, from Liverpool for Boston, strikes on Blande Rock, south of Seal Island, and soon sinks, carrying down with her the captain and one hundred and seventy-seven of the passengers and
1 8 5 4. Jan. 1. - A terrible fire occurs at Constantinople, destroying four hundred houses, among them those of the Greek Patriarch and the Patriarch of Jerusalem.
Jan. 2. The authorities of Glasgow, headed by the Lord Provost, formally open the Victoria Bridge.
Jan. 3. — There is a great fall of snow in England, causing very serious interruption to travel on the railroads, and in the metropolis.
Jan. 4. Albion College, at Albion, Michigan, is totally destroyed by fire.
Jan. 5. — The steamer San Francisco, bound for San Francisco, Cal., with U. S. troops on board, founders at sea, having been much disabled in the gale of December 23d. The gale continues with more or less violence until the 31st of
December, during which time two hundred and forty of the seven hundred human beings on board are swept from the decks, and perish in the sea, among them Col. John M. Washington, Major George Taylor, Capt. H. B. Field, and Lieut. R. H. Smith. The rest are rescued by the ship Three Bells, the barque Kilby, and the Antarctic.
Jan. 6. -- The Russians are defeated at Citale, near Kalafat, with a loss of 2,500 men.
Jan. 8. — Metropolitan Hall and the Lafarge Hotel, two of the finest buildings in New York City, are totally destroyed by fire.
Jan. 8. — The Custom House at Portland, Me. is entirely destroyed; also a fine collection of natural history, and the valuable Law Library of Judge Ware.
Jan. 9. - The Astor Library, in New York city, is opened for the admission of visitors, and the use of the public.
Jan. 12. - A violent snow-storm prevails in the State of Illinois, causing great obstruction to travel. A train of cars, containing one hundred and fifty passengers, is stopped by a huge snow-drift at Grand Prairie, and can make no progress for thirty-six hours. The passengers suffer severely from cold and hunger,
Jan. 13. — A terrible earthquake occurs at Finana, in Spain, crumbling down the greatest part of the Alcazaba, an ancient castle of the Moors, breaking houses to pieces, causing large chasms in nearly all the streets, and destroying several of the inhabitants.
Jan. 17. -- Two railroad bridges, and the crossings at High Street and French Creek, at Erie, are demolished by a mob of women, who are afterwards escorted through the town, headed by a band of music, bearing banners inscribed “six feet or four feet eight and a half inches,”— those being the railroad guages for which they contend.
Jan. 18. William Walker proclaims the republic of Sonora, and by a second decree of this date divides it into two states, Sonora and Lower California.
Jan. 20. :--- A fierce tornado occurs in the State of Ohio, extending about half a mile in width, demolishing everything it encounters, and almost entirely destroying the town of Brandon.
Jan. 21. -- The Tayleur, a magnificent vessel of the White Star line, bound for Melbourne, is wrecked on Lambay Island, on the Irish coast, and three hundred and seventy persons are drowned.
Jan. 23. - The combined fleets return to the Bosphorus.
Jan. 28. -- A factory, for the manufacture of ball cartridges, blows up, with a terrible explosion, at Ravenswood, L. I., killing in a shocking manner about twenty of the workmen, and destroying fifty thousand ball cartridges, - throwing the balls in every direction.
Jan. 28. — The steamer Georgia, froin Montgomery, Ala., containing two hundred passengers, and one thousand bales of cotton, is destroyed by fire at New Orleans, and sixty of her passengers perish in the flames, or by drowning.
Jan. 31. - The opening of Parliament takes place, the Queen delivering her speech in person, alluding to the Eastern difficulties, and expressing a desire that exertions for an amicable settlement should be persevered in.
Jan. 31. --The railroad track at Erie is again torn up by a furious mob.
Feb. 1. The splendid Parliament House, and buildings adjoining, at Quebec, including the fine Government Library and philosophical apparatus, are destroyed by fire.
Feb. 4. ---Eight steamboats, the Charles, Baltimore, Natchez, Leach, Lima, Mohegan, Saxon, and Grand Turk, are totally destroyed by fire at New Orleans, and thirty-seven persons perish in the flames.
Feb. 16. -- The boiler of the Kate Kearny, bursts, while at her wharf, at Louisville, Ky., killing and wounding a large number of people.
Feb. 20. -- The most violent snow-storm that has occurred since 1831 com. mences at Washington, and extends over the Middle and New England States.
Feb. 23. - A mass meeting, composed of the most respectable citizens of Bos. ton, is held in Faneuil Hall, to remonstrate against the violation of the Missouri Compromise and the passage of the Nebraska Bill.
Feb. 24. -- Two men fall from the suspension bridge across Niagara Falls, two hundred and forty feet high, and are dashed to pieces.
Feb. 26. -- The gallery of the French Opera House, at New Orleans, La., falls during the performance (Sunday night), carrying away the second tier, killing three persons, and badly wounding fifty-six. The house is crowded, and the occupants of the galleries, mostly ladies, are precipitated into the parquette.