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Circuit Courts. July, 1854.
Circ.
President Judges.

Prosecuting Attorneys.
1st. Alex. C. Downey, of Rising Sun. Robert P. Moore, of Rising Sun.
2d. George A. Bicknell, of New Albany. Patrick H. Jewett, of Scott Co.
3d. Wm. E. Niblack, of Martin Co. Andrew L. Robinson, of Evansville.
4th. Reuben D. Logan, of Rushville. Oscar B. Hord, of Greensburg.
5th. Stephen Major, of Indianapolis. Reuben A. Riley, of Greenfield.
6th. James Hughes, of Bloomington. Wm. E. McLean, of Terre Haute.
7th. Joseph Anthony, of Muncie.

Silas Colgrove,

of Winchester. 8th. Wm. P. Bryant, of Rockville. Daniel W. Voorhees, of Covington. 9th. Thos. S. Stanfield, of South Bend. D. J. Woodward, of 10th. Elza A. McMahon, of Fort Wayne.

E. R. Wilson,

of Bluffton. 11th. John W. Pettit, of Wabash.

John M. Connell, of Wabash. The salary of each of these judges is $ 1,000. Heretofore the number of circuits has been thirteen, but the last Legislature reduced the number to eleven, by distributing the counties. The Legislature also established a Court of Common Pleas. It divided the State by counties into 44 districts, each of which elects a judge to serve for four years, and until his successor is elected and qualified. Their salaries vary, according to the population of their district, from $ 300 to $ 800 per annum. Four terms a year are held in each district, on the first Monday of January, April, July, and October; but if the Circuit Court of any county is in session, then the Common Pleas shall be held on the Monday succeeding the Circuit term. This court has concurrent civil jurisdiction with the Circuit Courts, with certain exceptions, in cases where the ad damnum does not exceed $1,000, and with justices of the peace where the sum demanded is not less than $50; criminal jurisdiction in cases of misdemeanors and of felonies not punishable with death, under certain restrictions; and probate jurisdiction. The following is a list of the districts, judges, and prosecuting attorneys of the

Court of Common Pleas.
District. - Counties.

Judges. Prosecuting Attorneys. Posey and Gibson,

John Pitcher,

Harrison F. Kiger. Warwick and Vanderburg,

Conrad Baker,

Morris S. Johnson. Spencer, Perry, and Dubois,

Lemuel Q. De Bruler, Wm. A. Wandell. Pike, Knox, Daviess, and Martin,

Richard A. Clements, James H. McConnell. Crawford, Orange, Washington, and Harrison, William Morrow, David W. Lafolett. Floyd,

Nathaniel Moore, Norman I. Coleman. Clark and Scott,

Amos Lovering, Patrick H. Jewett. Jefferson,

Charles E. Walker, James Y. Allison. Switzerland and Ohio,

Robert Drummond, Carter Gazley. Dearborn and Ripley,

Wm. S. Holman, Charles N. Shook. Jennings,

Ezra F. Pabody,

Jeremiah Bundy. Bartholomew,

Zachariah Tannehill, Samuel H. Kridlebaugh. Jackson and Lawrence,

J. R. E. Goodlett, E. D. Pearson. Clay, Owen, Green, and Sullivan,

Wm. M. Franklin, Frederic T. Brown. Vigo,

Amory Kinney, Salmon Wright. Monroe, Brown, and Morgan,

Wm. G. Quick, Daniel W. McClure. Johnson,

Franklin Hardin, Samuel P. Oyler. Shelby,

James M. Sleeth, Thomas A. McFarland. Decatur and Rush,

Royal P. Cobb, Morris I. Williams. Franklin, Fayette, and Union,

John S. Reid,

James R. McClure.

District. Counties.

Judges. Prosecuting Attorneys. Wayne,

Nimrod H. Johnson, Wm. P. Benton. Henry,

Martin L. Bundy,

Elijah B. Martindale. Madison and Hancock,

David S. Gooding,

James W. Sansburg. Marion,

Levi L. Todd,

John T. Morrison. Hendricks and Putnam,

John Cowgill,

Addison Daggy. Parke and Vermilion,

Samuel F. Maxwell, Lyman G. Smith. Fountain,

David Rawles,

Horatio R. Claypool. Boone and Montgomery,

Lorenzo C. Dougherty, Abner V. Austen. Tippecanoe and White,

David Turpie,

Luke Reilly. Carroll and Clinton,

John W. Blake,

Robert P. Davidson. Hamilton, Tipton, and Howard,

Earl S. Stone,

C. E. Shipley Delaware, Blackford, and Grant,

Walter March,

Wm. Brotherton. Jay and Randolph,

Nathan B. Hawkins, Wm Moorman. Huntington and Wells,

Wilson B. Loughridge, Benedict Burns. Wabash and Kosciusko,

John L. Knight, Joseph H. Matlock. Miami and Cass,

Robert F. Groves, Samuel L. McFadden. Warren, Benton, and Jasper,

Dan Mills,

James R. M. Bryant. Pulaski and Fulton,

Hugh Miller,

Cline G. Shryock. Noble and Whitley,

Stephen Wildman, Isaiah B McDonald. Adams and Allen,

James W. Borden,

David Studabaker. DeKalb and Steuben,

John Morris,

W. W. Griswold. Lagrange and Elkhart,

Joseph H. Mather, Robert Parrett. Laporte, Porter, and Lake,

Herman Lawson,

Daniel Noyes. St. Joseph, Marshall, and Starke,

Elijah Egbert, Horace Corbin.

FINANCES. Balance in the treasury, November 1, 1852,

$ 402,719.48 Total receipts into the treasury for year ending November 1, 1853,

1,620,943.74 Total revenue, .

$2,023,663.22 Total warrants on treasury for same period,

1,509,305.32 Balance in treasury, November 1, 1853,

8514,357.90 Chief Sources of Income. State prison,

$5,553.74 Permanent revenue,

$546,385.58 Treasury-notes cancelled, and interSale of swamp lands,

210,359.67
est on same,

130,250.89 Common school fund, 547.30 Interest on public debt,

249,127.75 University fund,

19,008.79 State agency in New York, . 3,103.10 Bank tax,

6,048.51 Purchase of 24 per cent. State stock, 31,429.00 Saline fund,

5,804.38 Wabash and Erie Canal, by trustees,628,118.41 Wabash and Erie Canal, by trustees,660,473.99 Deaf and dumb, .

43,420.88 Sinking fund, 34,239.03 Blind,

56,597.50 Township library tax,

66,605.50 Insane Hospital and buildings, 58,853.93 Loan to pay interest on State debt, 52,778.40 University fund,

16,910.88 Saline fund,

6,750.87 Principal Items of Expenditure. Bank tax fund,

4,580.81 Legislature, 45,835.02 Swamp lands,

27,257.53 Executive, 9,483.91 State board of agriculture,

2,576.71 Judiciary, 22,896.51 Militia,

464.94 Prosecuting attorneys, 3,173.88 Interest and exchange,

17,780.24 Public printing, .

17,085.29 Loan to pay interest on State debt, 55,927.50 State library, . 1,538.04 Revised statutes,

37,333.43 The Auditor's Report shows that the lands assessed for taxes of 1853 amounted to 18,363,856.13 acres. These lands, for the purposes of laxation, were valued at $ 99,028,522 ; improvements at $ 34,875,819.; town lots and buildings at 826,167,162; railroad stock, $ 9,498,740; other corporation stock at $4,552,686 ; other personal property, $ 92,974,785.

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Total of taxable property, $ 266,097,614. Polls assessed for 1853, 164,992. There is a polltax of 75 cents, and an ad valorem tax upon property of 25 cents on the $ 100, for State purposes. State tax for year 1853, $603,256.05; county tax, $ 833,817.61; road tax, $ 123,733.07 ; school tax, $283,202.94 ; sinking fund tax, $ 112,626.55; delinquent taxes, 8113,637; total taxes, $2,457,544.77.

State Debt. -- Prior to 1847, the State owed on her foreign debt, principal, $ 11,048,000 ; interest, $3,326,640; total, $ 14,374,640. By the acts of the Legislature of 19th January, 1846, and 27th January, 1847, proposals were made to the holders of bonds that they should complete the Wabash and Erie Canal, and take the State's interest in it for one half of this debt, and the State would issue new certificates for the other half, upon which she would pay interest at the rate of 4 per cent. per annum until January, 1853, and after that time at 5 per cent. This constitutes the Five per Cent. State Stock. Certificates were also to be issued for one half of the arrears of interest, upon which the State would pay interest at the rate of 24 per cent. per annum after January, 1853. This constitutes the Two and a half per Cent. State Deferred Stock. In this 24 per cent. stock is also included 1 per cent. per annum upon the principal, which gives the holder of the old bond, when surrendered, 5 per cent. per annum upon the new 5 per cent. stock from the dividend day next preceding his surrender of the old bonds. The above are the only stocks upon which the State is bound to pay either principal or interest, under the arrangement.

“The Canal Stocks are divided into two classes, Preferred stocks, and Deferred stocks. The former are issued to the holders of original bonds, who, at the time of surrendering the same, subscribed to the loan for the completion of the canal, and are entitled to preference in payment, both of principal and interest. The deferred stocks are issued to the holders of original bonds at the time of their surrender, who did not subscribe to the loan for the canal, and payment is therefore deferred until the preferred stocks are entirely liquidated.

“Two sets of stocks are issued in both of these cases, as in the case of State stocks; one for principal, bearing 5 per cent. interest, and the other for interest, bearing 24 per cent. interest. The former are termed Five per Cent. Preferred Canal Stock, or Fire per Cent. Deferred Canal Stock, as the case may be ; and the latter 25 per cent. Special Preferred Canal Stock, or 24 per cent. Special Deferred Canal Stock.

“The revenues of the canal are appropriated by the trustees, under the act, to the pay. ment of liabilities incurred or assumed by the trust, in a certain order."

October 31, 1853, there had been surrendered of the old bonds, and new certificates taken under this proposition by the State, of principal, $ 10,138,000, leaving then outstanding of her old bonds, of principal, $920,000. The State has issued of the new certificates of stock, paying 4 per cent. until 1853, and after that time 5 per cent., 85,059,000; of 24 per cent. stock, she has issued $1,870,191, of which $ 20,000 has been redeemed, and $ 17,850 has been transferred to the State. The above statement is that of the State agent. The accounts of the State agent in New York do not agree exactly with those of the State auditor, The auditor

says, “The presumption is that the agent is correct.” The State keeps an agency in the city of New York for the surrender of the old stock, issuing the new, and receiving transfers of the new.

The State in 1839 - 40 authorized the issue of one and a half millions of treasury.notes to pay off her internal improvement liabilities. These notes were made receivable for all State dues, and have been annually returning into the treasury, and are now nearly all withdrawn from circulation. The State also issued bonds for the bank capital, and treasury-notes to pay the bank a debt which the State owed it. These bonds and notes are all redeemed, and there is now no domestic debt.

The liabilities of the State and Canal, October 31, 1853, may be thus stated :

.

State Debt.

$5,059,000.00

State's half principal of bonds surrendered,
State's half interest on bonds with 1 per cent. of principal, with half of cou-
pons added,

Total State debt,

1,832,341.00 $6,891,341.00

.

State and Canal Stocks, October 31, 1853. The amount of the several stocks issued and outstanding under the act for liquidating the public debt, up to October 31, 1853, is as follows:State Stock.

24 per cent. special preferred 5 per cent. State stock, . $5,059.000,00

Canal stock,

$1,216,737.50 24 per cent. State stock, 1,832,341.00 5

per cent. deferred Canal stock, 979,500.00 Total State stock,

$6,891,341.00 24 per cent. special deferred
Canal Stock.
Canal stock, .

294,262,50 5 per ct. preferred Canal stock, 4,079,500.00 Total Canal stock,

$6,570,000.00 The State now pays 5 per cent. interest on its 5 per cent. stock, and 24 per cent. interest upon the 24 per cent. State stock. The remaining stocks are thrown upon the Canal, and their redemption, principal and interest, depends upon the receipts from the Canal, in ac. cordance with the provisions of the act above referred to. The provisions of the constitution in relation to the State debt are as follows:—“The revenues of the public works and surplus taxes, after paying the ordinary Stale expenses and interest on the State debt, shall be ap. plied to reduce the principal of the debt. No new debt shall be contracted, unless to meet casual deficits in the revenue, to pay the interest on the State debt, or to repel invasion, &c. The Assembly shall never assume any debts, nor shall any county lend its credit to, or borrow money to buy stock in, any incorporated company."

Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, Indianapolis, 1853. - Thomas MacIntire, Principal, salary, $1,000. The constitution provides that “institutions for the instruction of the deaf, dumb, and blind, and or the treatment of the insane, shall be supported by law. Houses of Refuge for the reformation of juvenile offenders shall be established by the Assembly, and the county boards may provide farms as an asylum for those who have claims upon the sympathies and aid of society." All the deaf and dumb of the State between the ages of 10 and 30 are entitled to an education, without charge for board or tuition. The session is annual, and lasts ten months, from first Wednesday in October to last Wednesday in July. The course of instruction is for five years. Pupils in attendance November 1, 1852, 121 ; admit. ted during the year, 47, 10 of whom were readmissions; whole number in attendance during the year, 168; 103 males, 65 females. During the year 13 completed the course and left; 2 died; I was removed to insane hospital, and 24 failed to return, leaving in the institution November 1, 1853, 128. Of these 119 are supported by Indiana; 3 paying pupils come from Ohio, 3 from Tennessee, and 1 from each of the States of Michigan, Alabama, and Kentucky. The receipts during the year were $ 43,859.67. The expenses were $ 42,297.85. Balance, $ 1,561.82.

Institute for the Blind, Indianapolis, 1853. - George W. Ames, Superintendent, salary, $ 800. The boarding and tuition of pupils who are children of residents in the State are free. Generally, applicants over 21 years of age are not admitted. The whole number of pupils during the year was 53, 11 of whom were admitted during the year. The expenses of the institution, from March 8th to October 31st, including improvements of grounds and payment of debts, were $ 52,793.04. Articles manufactured by the pupils, $ 1,075.91. The session is for ten months, from first Monday in October to last Wednesday in July,

Hospital for the Insane, Indianapolis. — James S. Athon, Superintendent, salary, $1,200. October 31, 1852, there were in the hospital 159 patients, 81 males and 78 females. During the year ending October 31, 1853, 156 were admitted (74 males, 82 females); 152 were discharged (77 males, 75 females) ; leaving in the hospital at the end of the year,

163 (78 males, 85 females). Of the 152 discharged, 86 (47 males and 39 females) were recovered ; 35 (14 males and 21 females) improved; 17 (9 males and 8 females) unimproved, and 14 (7 males and 7 semales) died. This institution was opened (part of its buildings only being completed) in Deceniber, 1848. The annual expenses of the institution average about $ 120 a patient.

State Prison, Jeffersonville. — D. W. Miller, Warden. Number in prison, November 30, 1852, 217; received since, 142; fugitives retaken, 7; discharged during the year, by expiration of sentence, 66; by escape, 20; by pardon, 21; by death, 7; giving in all, 115. In prison, November 30, 1853, 251. Of these, 29 are less than 20 years old; from 20 to 30, 125 ;

from 30 to 40, 47; from 40 to 50, 36; from 50 to 60, 11; over 60, 3. 9 prisoners are commit. ted for life, 1 for 36 years, and 116 for terms of two years or less. 69 have no education, 48 can read only, 120 can read and write, and 14 have a common English education. 92 are married, 12 are widowers, and 147 are single. 98 are intemperate, 94 moderate drinkers, and 59 temperate. 45 are natives of Indiana, 60 of foreign countries, and the remainder of other States. 234 are whites, and 17 (including 1 female) are blacks. 202 are committed for offences against property, and 48 for offences against the person, and I for an offence against the person and property.

Common Schools. — The constitution provides that the “Common School Fund shall consist of the Congressional Township Fund and the lands belonging thereto, of the Surplus Revenue, Saline, and Bank Tax Funds, the fund to be derived from the sale of county seminaries, and moneys and property heretofore held for such seminaries, all fines, forfeitures, and escheats, and lands not otherwise specially granted, including the net proceeds of the sales of the swamp lands granted to the State by the act of Congress of September 28, 1850. The principal of the fund may be increased, but shall never be diminished, and its income shall be devoted solely to the support of common schools. The Assembly shall provide for the election by the people of a Superintendent of Public Instruction, to hold office for two years."

The number of townships reported is 938; number of cities and incorporated towns, 82; whole number of school corporations, 1,020; number of children reported between 5 and 21, 430,925; number of traders returned as licensed, 2,491.

School Fund. - The amount of permanent School Fund derived from the Congressional Township Fund, the Surplus Revenue, Saline, Bank Tax, and Seminary Funds and unclaimed fees is $2,460,609. The amount expected from the Sinking Fund, due in 1857, is about $1,500,000. Of this, $ 781,171 are already paid into the State Treasury, and will be, until refunded from the general fund and the School Fund, on interest at six per cent. This interest is not paid annually and distributed, but is permitted to accumulate, and amounted, October 31, 1853, to nearly $300,000. There are besides school lands, seminary property, and swamp lands, the proceeds of the sales of which will go to the common fund. In addition to this sum, the fund is augmented by the receipt of fines and forfeitures, escheats and corporation taxes, to an amount which will exceed $ 5,000,000.

Banking. - Under the law of 1852, “lo authorize and regulate the business of general banking,” up to December 31, 1853, twenty-nine banks have been organized with a nominal capital of $ 6,850,000, and have deposited securities for the redemption of their bills to the amount of $3,096,282. They had issued notes to the amount of $3,025,156. The condition of the free banks, December 31, 1853, is thus : capital, $ 3,404,445; discounts, $821,618; real estate, $35,297 ; specie, $ 442,957; bills of exchange and remittances, $ 1,341,571 ; debts due, $ 1,020,768; stocks deposited with auditor, $3,257,064 ; circulation, $3,167,547 ; depositors, $1,035,236 ; due other banks, $ 241,393 ; dividends, $ 199,526. The general condition of the State bank and branches, October 31, 1853, was as follows: bills of exchange and discounts, $ 5,037,394 ; property and debts due, $ 1,483,818; specie, $1,377,805; capital, $2,150, 107; circulation, $ 3,834,765; depositors, $ 716,049; other debts, $ 489,713; surplus fund, $ 979,199. The charter of the bank expires December 31, 1856.

XXVII. ILLINOIS.

Government for the Year 1855.. Joel A. MATTESON, of Will Co., Governor, and ex officio Land Salary.

Commissioner (term ends 2d Monday in January, 1857), $1,500 Gustavus Koerner, of St. Clair Co., Lieutenant-Governor, $3 a day during

[session, and 10 cents a mile travel. Alexander Starne, of Pike Co., Secretary of State, (exclusive of clerk hire)

[Fees and 800. Thomas H. Campbell, of Springfield, Auditor, (excl. of clerk hire) 1,000

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