« PreviousContinue »
Capital. Revenue. Common School Fund,
$2,383,257.23 $ 465,888.50 United States Deposit Fund,
4,014,520.71 256,227.56 Literature Fund,
$ 6,666,858.06 $775,817.09 Common Schools. --Of the funds devoted to education, what was exclusively the Common School Fund in 1853 may be stated as follows:Productive capital of the Common School Fund,
$2,383,257.23 Amount from United States Deposit Fund which will produce $ 165,000,
the sum annually appropriated therefrom, for the support of Common Schools, at six per cent. interest,
2,750,000.00 Amount from same fund which will produce at six per cent. $ 25,000 an
nually, that being the sum reserved by the constitution to be added annually to the capital of the School Fund,
416,666.67 Making a total of
$5,549,923.93 The annual interest on this sum, at six per cent., is $332,995. The balance of the income of the United States Deposit Fund is appropriated to the support of Colleges, Academies, the Normal School, Indian Schools, Teachers’ Institute, &c. The income of the Literature Fund must, by the constitution, be applied to the support of Academies.
The whole amount of public money received from all sources by the Commissioners of cities, and town Superintendents, during the year ending July 1, 1853, was $1,623,376.50. Apportioned for teachers' wages, $ 1,273,426.49; for libraries, $ 49,499.39. Leaving a balance for contingent expenses, &c. of $ 302,450.62. The amount of taxes levied during the year, exclusive of the city and county of New York, for purchasing school-houses was $33,877.15; for building do. $203,118.33; for hiring do. $3,750.82; repairing do. $68,141.17; insuring do. $6,316.84; fuel, $ 92,248.35; books, apparatus, &c., $ 8,976.73. The amount paid for teachers' wages, besides public money, was $595,335.74. Aggregate expenditures for school purposes during the year, $ 2,469,248.52.
Statistics of the Common Schools for the Year ending July 1, 1853. Whole number of districts, the school-houses of which are situated within the town, 11,654. Number of "whole districts in the State, 8,788. Number of parts of districts, 5,992. Returns were re
ceived from 8,655 whole and 5,717 parts of districts. Average length of schools in all the districts, 7.9 months, Volumes in district libraries, 1,604,210. 866,935 children were taught during the year. 1,150,532 were returned between 4 and 21 years of age. 182,795 pupils attended school less than 2 months; 179,407 attended 2 months and less than 4; 166,453, 4 and less than 6; 119,809, 6 and less than 8; 52,349, 8 and less than 10; 18,195, 10 and less than 12; and 3,255 attended school for 12 months. There are 1,680 colored children between 4 and 21 in the 28 colored schools reported. $3,745.49 of public money were received on account of colored schools, and, besides public money, $ 1,853.21 were paid for teachers' wages. Number of unincorporated, select, and private schools reported in the districts, 1,517. Average number of pupils therein, 36,844. There are, besides, schools for the instruction of Indian children in the several reservations. - About 250 attend the Normal School at Albany annually. In September, 1853, there were 273 pupils in the school, 85 males and 188 females. The whole number of graduates is 692,361 males and 331 females. In this school in 1852-53, 16 Indian youth, 15 males and 1 female, were taught to prepare them for teachers among their own people. Nearly every county in the State is represented in this school. The miscellaneous library in 1852 consisted of 759 volumes and 127 pamphlets ; that of text-books of 5,464 volumes. The expenses of the school for the year were near $ 14,862.73. Mr. Samuel B. Woolworth is Principal of the school.
FINANCES. Debt of the State. The general fund and railroad debt, at the close of the fiscal year ending September 30, 1853, was $6,355,654.37; the canal debt was $ 15,501,269.16 ; canal reve. nue certificates under the law of 1851, $1,500,000; making an aggregate of $ 23,356,923.53. -on which accrues, annually, nearly $ 1,320,000 interest. There is also a contingent debt,
consisting of State stock and comptroller's bonds, of $ 931,644.83, upon which the State does not pay interest. This will make the total indebtedness of the State $ 24,288,568.36.
The property of the State, in addition to the educational funds mentioned above, consists of the works of internal improvement, which, at their cost valuation (i. e. the amount expended upon them to 1851), are worth $35,115,237.75. But the whole amount of tolls derived from them during the year 1851 was $3,179,145.78. This is six per cent. interest upon $ 52,985.763, which may be taken as the worth of the works of the State. The average net annual income for the five years ending September 30, 1851, is $2,518,044.87, which is equal to a capital of $ 41,967,414.50, at six per cent. interest. The amount of debt incurred for their construction and yet unpaid, is as stated above, $ 15,501,269.16, in addition to the $1,500,000 of canal revenue certificates. The taxable property of New York in 1853 was $1,266,666,190, being $ 1,015,762,791, the assessed value of 28,048,845 acres of real estate, and $249,720,727 of personal estate. The State and county taxes were $ 7,969,279.57; the town taxes, $ 1,357,484.40. Total taxation, $ 9,326,763.97, making the rate of State, county, and town taxes, 7.3 mills on a $ 1 valuation. The highest rate was 18.1 mills on $ 1, in Hamilton County ; the lowest, 2.4 mills in Rockland County.
General Fund, on which are charged the ordinary Expenses of Government. Revenue for the year ending Sept. 30, 1853,
$801,139.54 Expenditures during same period,
$ 1,032,008.97 Deficiency Sept. 30, 1852,
1,220,352.50 Deficiency of revenue on hand, September 30, 1853,
419,212.96 Increase of deficiency for year ending, September 30, 1853,
230,869.43 Ordinary expenditures for 1853 exceeded receipts, .
230,869.33 The amount received and expended at the Treasury during the year was as follows: Balance, October 1, 1852,
$ 1,499,147 89 Receipts from all sources from October 1, 1852, to September 30, 1853, 5,653,323 53
7,152,471.42 Payments during same period,
5,911.774.67 Balance, September 30, 1853,
$ 1,240,696.75 Chief Sources of Income to General Fund. Fugitives from Justice,
2,911.81 Auction duty, $ 94,443.14 Apprehension of criminals,
1,134.95 Salt duty,
52,159.85 Slate Normal School, Indian youth, 1,000.00 Fees of Secretary's office,
4,194.25 Reformation of juvenile delinquents, 29,000.00 Peddlers' licenses, 1,595.00 State printing,
135,363.95 Foreign insurance companies, 621.48 Deaf and dumb,
29,223.08 Surplus revenue of canals, annual
11,151.40 appropriation, 200,000.00 Agricultural societies,
7,762.00 State tax, 260,864.50 Onondaga Salt Springs,
24,826.70 Sales of land, 48,928.40 State Prisons,
101,637.20 Redemption of land sold for taxes, 6,585.39 State Library,
47,050.00 Arrears of county taxes, 57,730.31 Postage,
1,862.24 Interest on arrears of county taxes, 13,674.88|Hospitals, .
.24,300 00 Banking Department,
18,770.87 House of Refuge for Western N.Y., 22,000.00 Miscellaneous receipts,
9,710.76 Orphan Asylums in State, . 35,300.00 State Lunatic Asylums,
23,373.75 Principal Items of Expenditure.
Asylum for idiots,
12,546.73 Executive, 48,376.41 Eye and ear infirmary,
1,000.00 Judiciary, 101,932.26 New York Volunteers,
15,082.00 Legislature, 138,844.15 Geological survey,
13,463.63 Commissary's department, 9,404.06 Miscellaneous,
$ 978.00 Banks. - There were in the State doing business, December 1, 1853, 60 incorporated banks, 169 bank associations, and 94 individual bankers. 50 banking associations and 8 individual bankers deposited securities and commenced the business of banking during the
year. The following statement shows the conditions of these banks, banking associations, and individual bankers, Sept. 17, 1853. Resources. — Loans and discounts, $ 145,767,770; due from brokers, $ 3,900,349 ; real estate, $5,061,745; bonds and mortgages, $ 6,198,229; stocks, $ 20,787,197; specie, $ 12,909,249; cash items, $ 17,654,305; bills of other banks, $3,207,393; due from banks $ 13,042,264. Liabilities. — Capital, $ 76,692,075; profits, $ 10,233,894 ; circulation, -notes not registered, $335,628, – registered, $ 32,427,022; de. positors, $ 77,167,075; due banks, $ 28,262,667; due State Treasurer, $ 1,640,650; other dues, $4,417,283.
The amount of circulating notes issued to individual bankers and banking associations outstanding Dec. 1, 1853, was $ 23,743,716; to redeem which the Superintendent of the Banking Department had securities amounting to $ 24,886,737 30, made up of bonds and mortgages, $5,777,577.39; New York State stocks, $ 10,962,172 42; canal revenue certificates, $ 1,403,500; Illinois State stocks, $ 646,697.83; Arkansas do. $327,000; Michigan do. $ 172,000 ; United States stocks, $5,339,149.02; cash, $ 253,650.64. The amount of mutilated notes returned to the Bank Department for destruction during the year was $9,174,924, being an average of more than $ 29,000 for each business day in the year. One bank (the Farmers' Bank of Onondaga) failed to redeem its circulation. The securities held in trust by the superintendent were sold at public sale, converted into cash, and a dividend of 85 per cent. was paid to bill holders. The bonds and mortgages were sold at a large discount. The bank was not one of discount and deposit, but of mere circulation.
The New York city banks now make their returns weekly. The following table shows their condition since July 1, 1854.
Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Nero York. - Harvey P. Peet, President. Num. ber of pupils Dec. 31, 1852, 260; left during the year, 44; admitted, 62; whole number, Dec. 31, 1853, 278. Of these 192 were supported by New York; 16 by the city of New York; 17 by New Jersey; 33 by their friends; and 19 by the Institution. The time of admission is the first Wednesday in September; terms, $ 130 per annum for each pupil, clothing and travelling expenses excepted, to be paid semiannually in advance, and satisfactory security for punctual payment of bills and clothing, which, if desired, is furnished by the Institution at an additional charge of $30 a year. The receipts of the Institution from all sources for the year were $44,256.07. Expenditures, including balance last year, due the treasurer, of $5,272.90, $47,717.60. Due the treasurer, $3,461.53.
State Prisons, at Sing Sing, Auburn, and Clinton. — The whole number of convicts in these prisons, Dec. 1, 1852, was 1,837. Received during the year, 685; discharged during the year, by expiration of sentence, 412; by death by disease, 40; by escape, 3; by pardon,
127; to Lunatic Asylum, 3; by reversal of judgment, 4; sent to House of Refuge, 1; in all, 592. Remaining in prison, Dec. 1, 1853, 1,952, of whom 101 were females. There were three births in the female prison during the year.
The daily average of all the three prisons was 1,916. There were 101 female convicts in Sing Sing at the end of the year. The number of punishments in all the prisons is not reported. The punishments were the shower bath, cropping the hair, confinement in a dark cell, yoking, bucking, and wearing ball and chain. Of the 659 received at Sing Sing and Auburn, 265 were for grand larceny, 47 for petit larceny, 131 for burglary, 18 for robbery, 8 for arson, 42 for forgery, 9 for manslaughter, 9 for rape, 44 for felonious assaults, 6 for bigamy, 8 for incest, 18 for counterfeiting, 7 for receiving stolen goods, 8 for carrying slung shot. 5 are sentenced for life, 51 for periods between 10 and 20 years, 102 for 5 and under 10 years, and the remainder for shorter periods. 5 were under 16 years of age, 145 between 16 and 20, 23 were over 50. 536 were natives and 303 were foreigners. The average cost of each daily ration at Sing Sing is nearly 8.625 cents; at Auburn, 7.875 cents; and at Clinton, 8.5 cents. At the Auburn prison the receipts were $ 92,125.56 Expenditures, $ 94,753.67. Excess of expenditures, $ 2,628.11. At Sing Sing the receipts were $110,553.05. Expenditures, $ 120,818.73. Deficiency, $ 10,265.68. At Clinton, receipts, $ 47,847.26. Expenditures, $ 49,499.00. Excess of expenditures, $ 1,651.74.
State Lunatic Asylum, Utica. – N. D. Benedict, Superintendent., The number of patients at the commencement of the year (Dec. 1, 1852) was 425, -215 males, 210 females ; admitted during the year, 424, — 251 males, 173 females; whole number treated during the year, 849, — 466 males, 383 females. Discharged during the year, 403, — 227 males, 176 females. Remaining Nov. 30, 1853, 446, — 239 males, 207 females. f those discharged, 169, 95 males and 74 females, were recovered ; 21, 11 males and 10 females, were much improved ; 45, 26 males and 19 females, were improved; unimproved, 129,- 76 males, 53 females ;
19 males, 20 females. Total admissions since asylum was opened, July 16, 1843, 3,923. Discharged, 3,477. Discharged recovered, 1,625; much improved, 55; improved, 598; unimproved, 753; died, 446. Of the 424 admitted during the last year, 215 were married, 185 single, 10 widowers, and 14 widows. 69 were farmers ; 25 farm laborers; 52 laborers; 11 merchants; 10 carpenters; 65 housekeepers ; 84 employed at housework; 14 seamstresses. 64 were made insane by intemperance and vice; 57 by masturbation ; 14 by spiritual rappings; 30 by domestic trouble. The percentage of recoveries on the whole number of admissions since the opening of the asylum, is 41.42 per cent., and on the average number of patients 40.90 per cent. The receipts during the year were $ 114,807.42. Expenditures, $ 112,246.37. Balance in treasury, $2,561.05.
Pauperism. — Paupers relieved or supported during the year ending Dec. 1, 1853, 130,027 ; county paupers, 112,058; town paupers, 10,452; received into poorhouses, 28,129. The nativity of 99,711 is reported : of these 53,198 are males, and 46,513 are females. 66 are colored persons ; 40,329 are natives of the United States ; 40,993 natives of Ireland ; 4,384 of England; 1,128 of Scotland ; 9,421 of Germany; 774 of France; 1,795 of Canada. The total poorhouse expenses were $641,595.57 ; do. of temporary relief, $ 367,793.08; total expenses, $ 1,009,747.65. Value of labor of paupers, $ 65,230.76. Expenses of each pauper beyond earnings per year, $ 37.86, or .725 cents per week.
Joint Stock Fire Insurance Companies. - For the year ending Dec. 31, 1853. Capital, $ 13,306,000. Loaned on bonds and mortgages, $ 12,773,084.25. State and United States stocks, $ 325,703.60. Cash, $ 965,633.99. Total assets, $ 16,039,338.96. Total liabilities, including losses and dividends, unpaid and borrowed money, the amount at risk is not given, - $ 1,204,475.38. Income, including premiums, $4,720,945.14. Expenditures, in. cluding $ 1,732,072.14, losses, and $ 1,502, 273.99, paid dividends, $4,128,279.79.
VIII. NEW JERSEY.
Salary. Rodman M. PRICE, of Hoboken, Governor, January, 1856, $ 1,800 & fees. Thomas S. Allison, of Trenton, Secretary of State,
500 & fees. R. M. Smith, of Hightstown, Treasurer, $1,000 and fees. John H. Phillips, of Pennington, Superintendent of Public Schools, 500 Wm. C. Alexander, of Mercer Co., Pres. of the Senate, $ 4.00 a day. John W.Fennimore, of Burlington, Speaker of the Assembly, 4.00 a day. Samuel A. Allen, of Salem Co., Secretary of the Senate, 3.50 a day. David W. Dellicker, of Somerset Co., Clerk of the Assembly,
3.50 a day. JUDICIARY.
Court of Errors and Appeals. This court is composed of the Chancellor, the judges of the Supreme Court, and six other judges appointed by the Governor, with the consent of the Senate, who hold office for six years, one judge vacating his seat each year in rotation. The court holds stated terms at Trenton, on the second Tuesday in March, and third Tuesday in June and November. The Governor, Chancellor, and the six judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals, constitute the pardoning power. A major part of them, of whom the Governor shall be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, after conviction, in all cases except impeachment.
Term expires. Caleb H. Valentine,
of Warren Co.,
Judge, 1854. John M. Cornelison, of Hudson Co.,
1855. Joseph L. Risley, of Salem Co.,
1856. Moses Wills, of Burlington Co.,
1857. Thomas Arrowsmith, of Monmouth Co.,
1858. John Huyler, of Bergen Co.,
1859. Court of Chancery. The Chancellor is appointed by the Governor, with the consent of the Senate, for seven years. This court holds three terms annually at Trenton, on the first Tuesday in February, and third Tuesday in May and October.
Term expires. Salary. Benj. Williamson, of Elizabethtown, Chancellor, 1859, $1,800 and fees. Daniel B. Bodine, of Trenton, Clerk, 1856,
Fees. Supreme Court. The judges are appointed by the Governor, with the consent of the Senate, for seven years. This court holds three terms each year at Trenton, on the fourth Tuesday in February, and the first Tuesday in June and November; and the judges of this court hold Circuit Courts and Courts of Oyer and Terminer three times a year in each county, except the counties of Atlantic and Cape May, in which only two terms are held. Courts of Common Pleas are held three times a year in each county, by judges appointed by the Legislature for five years, who receive fees, but no salary, and the number of whom is limited to five in each county.